History of the German-Speaking Peoples 1860-2000
This course provides basic cultural literacy in German history by
exploring the modern political history of German-speaking peoples in Germany and Austria (though not Switzerland). It focuses
specifically on the desire to found a state that expressed German
the destructive effects of German nationalism on the European Balance
once this state was founded, and the contemporary submersion of German
nationalism in European Unity.
course meets three days a week. Students have three lectures on
Monday, Wednesday and Friday, and one discussion section. The
sections will discuss the course readings.
Gordon Craig Germany 1866-1945;
Henry Turner Germany: From Partition
to Reunification; Alan Bullock Hitler: A Study in
Tyranny; Course reader
The midterms check that
students have mastered the basic facts of German history.
includes, in essence, both a third midterm covering the last third of
class, and a review exam. All include paragraph-long “ID” questions and
sections are graded on attendance. To receive credit for attending class,
students must (1) be present, and (2) have completed the response paper
weekly readings printed in bold letters. The response paper is not
content, though I will give feedback on it. It may not be handed in
encourages students to have done the reading, but should also teach
read secondary sources critically, which is in turn important for the
The research paper must
examine primary sources in the light of historiographical debate. Students must describe a debate, referring to
at least three secondary sources, and then analyze at least two primary
in terms of that debate. The
bibliography must have at least ten printed sources (i.e. no webpages.)
Students will receive a list of sample topics, or may select their own
students interested in visual culture, this course includes a
series of 14 films related to themes discussed in the course. Students present at 11 of the 14 films may
write a paper and receive extra course credit.
Week 1: Introduction
Problems of German history: National history vs. state history.
W Lands inhabited by German-speakers in
1848. Empires, Principalities, City States.
F The Monarchical Principle,
the German “nation.” Grossdeutch vs.
popular nationalism and the problem of Jews.
Rónai Atlas of Central Europe
1989 (1945), pp 100-101; 114-15; David
Hargreaves Bismarck and German
Week 2: The struggle for
Der Hauptmann von Köpenick
Austro-Prussian war. Austria’s expulsion from
the German Confederation.
W Habsburg retrenchment: the
German-Czech tensions in Bohemia. Austro-German
F Bismarck and the
Franco-Prussian war. Sedan and Versailles. Map Quiz 1
Craig: 1-60 (“Unification,
Institutional structure”) Robin
Okey The Habsburg Monarchy 193-227; David
Hargreaves Bismarck and German
Week 3: The Happy Empires
Der blaue Engel (The Blue Angel)
M The Gründerzeit. Optimism, Industrialization,
Technological Progress. Nietzche.
of the century art and society. Freud, Mahler, Schiele, Klimt.
and its discontents: Socialism, Anti-Semitism, Hyper-Nationalism
186-213 (on Education, 27 p); George
Mosse The Crisis of German Ideology
“The Jew” 126-145; Schorske Fin-de-siecle
“Politics in a new Key” 116-146 (Optional:
read to 175)
4: The “Great War”
Radetzkymarsch (Radetzky March)
Jingoism. The Boer
war and Naval Armarment. Germany’s African
Empire. The Alliance system.
W Austrian interests in the Balkans: Bosnia, Macedonian
reform, railways, Sarajevo.
F August: The Von Schlieffen
Plan. Quagmire and trench warfare in the West.
Craig: 302-342; Ernst Jünger Storm
of Steel “Guillemont, Somme
Retreat, Against Indians” (39 p.)
Week 5: Victory and Defeat
All Quiet on the W. Front
M The Eastern
Occupation of Serbia. Tannenburg, the Brusilov offensive, Brest Litovsk.
W Somme, Verdun, Jutland. Submarine
warfare, American Intervention. Mutiny and defeat.
F The Räterepublik, the Kapp Putsch.
Socialism, the Freikorps, Weimar
396-433 (Kiel mutiny to Kapp putsch) Liulevicius.
War Land on the Eastern Front. “The ‘Kultur’ Program”
6: The Weimar Republic
M The Paris
W Germany’s first liberal democracy.
Social freedom, political extremism. Modern art, architecture, theater.
F French occupation of the
Saar. Hyperinflation. The Great Depression.
Kaes, Weimar Republic Sourcebook,
40-51 (KPD Manifesto, Weimar Constitution)
Craig 470-495 (“Weimar Culture”); Martin Kitchen
The Coming of Austrian Fascism “Economic Problems of
the Austrian Republic,”
7: The Question of Hitler
Triumph of the Will
M MIDTERM 1 – 10 “ID” questions,
choose one of three essays.
W Hitler’s biography to 1930.
initial supporters. Hitler’s view of Jews.
F The fateful year, 1933.
Hindenburg, von Papen, Schleicher. The Reichstag fire, Ermächtigungsgesetz. “Who
voted for Hitler?”
Bullock: “Formative Years, Months
of Opportunity.” 187-250; Kaes, Weimar Sourcebook, 133-141
(Breeding, Antisemitism, Hitler’s speech)
Week 8: National Socialism in
Austria and Germany
social policy of the National Socialists (KdF, Hitlerjugend)
W Seipel, Dollfuss, Schuschnigg.
Austrian Nazis and Germany.
F Germans in Eastern
Sudetenland, Banat, Transylvania.
618-663 (Social and cultural developments) Barbora
Jelavich Austrian History 173-224.
World War Two
Der Blechtrommel (Tin Drum)
Rhine Occupation. The Anschluss. The
Munich pact. Hitler-Stalin pact.
of Poland. German victory in France and Yugoslavia. Barbarossa.
political structure of Nazi-occupied Europe
442-553 (“From Vienna to Prague,
Hitler’s War”); Craig,
from the Second World War
Film: Bittere Ernte (Angry Harvest)
of the Camp System. Intentionalism vs. structuralism. Numbers.
Non-German perpetrators. Eichmann.
Hitler’s Willing Executioners “Exploring
the popl.’s actions” 379-406; Browning
Ordinary Men ‘Conclusion’ 159-189
11: Defeat and Destruction
Das Boot (The Boat)
Kursk. German and Soviet weapons programs.
War, Speer. The Normandy invasion. Defeat. Hitler’s suicide.
F “Stunde Null.” Expulsions. Occupation, border changes.
740-762. Fritz Stern. Dreams
and Delusions. “Einstein’s Germany,” 25-50.
The Re-division of Germany
One, Two Three
M MIDTERM 2 – 10 ID questions, one of
Cold War alliance system. Austrian Neutrality. The
Bundesrepublik and its parties.
EEC. Wirtschaftswunder and the
Deutschmark. The Franco-German alliance.
1-103 (including pages with pictures) de Zayas The German Expellees, 85-121
13: Cold War Germanies
Die Verlorene Ehe Katarina Blum
Soviet Sector to DDR. 1953. The Berlin Airlift, the Berlin Wall.
of the Past: Willi Brandt and Kurt Waldheim. Verfassungspatriotismus.
Change in the Federal Republic: Student movement, Turkish immigration.
148-190; Miller Narratives of Guilt and
Unified Germany “If only I had known”
14: The End of Socialism
German Terrorism. The Autonomen. West
Berlin and its culture.
Stasi. Fluchtversuche. Economic
stagnation, 1968 and the end of Socialism.
and the Sinatra Doctrine. 1989:
“Why we are not a nation”
in James, When the Wall Came Down. 60-70
Unified Germany and Unified Europe?
M German reunification. The end of
the Warsaw Pact. Austria in United
Europe and Austria’s response.
W The D-Mark and the Euro. “The
wall in the head”Ossi-Wessi tensions. Ausländerfeindlichkeit: Haider, Skinheads.
Review for Exam
J. Habermas The Past as Future “The Normative
Defects of Unification,” 33-54.
Final exam: 20 ID questions,