Part 2
POWER AND THE PEOPLE: DICTATORSHIP, DEMOCRACY
AND SOCIETY IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY EUROPE
 
 
HI-XXX.  NATIONALISM, CULTURE, AND VIOLENCE IN YUGOSLAVIA
Tutor: Dr. Alexander Maxwell
 
 
Yugoslavia was a state that was born, lived and died in the twentieth century, and its history reflects that of the century.  This course examines the creation of Yugoslavia in light of modernisation theories of nationalism, the role of Tito’s dictatorship in sustaining Yugoslavia after the Second World War, and the influence of culture on Yugoslavia’s decline and fall.  We will also discuss the Yugoslav version of socialism and the role of music in Milosević’s Serbia.
 
Assessment:  One essay of 5,000 words, excluding notes and bibliography.
                        One book review.
 
Preliminary Reading
Lampe Yugoslavia: Twice There Was A Country
Joseph Rothschild Return to Diversity, particularly the bits on Yugoslavia (pp. 44-58; 65-70; 104-106; 125-132; 140-145; 180-190).
You might also wish to browse the following collection of articles from the Serbian Academy of Sciences  http://www.rastko.org.yu/strani/e-index.html#history
 
Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of the module, students ill be able to demonstrate:
-         the ability to apply recent nationalism theory to specific historical cases
-         familiarity with Yugoslavia’s history
-         the impact of socialism to questions of nationalism
-          the relevance and limitation of the Yugoslav experience to other places which suffer from national conflict.

Week 1 – When Nationalism came to a non-National world: The Ottoman Balkans in 1905.
Brailsford Macedonia: Its Races and its People  “Village life, The Orthodox Church, Races of Macedonia.” 42-109
Howden-Smith “Attack on the Bashi-Bazouks” http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1907bashi.html
 
Extra Reading
Edith Durham, High Albania.                                            Spiridion Gopčević, Makedonien und Alt-Serbien
G. F. Abbott, The Tale of A Tour in Macedonia
 
Week 2 – Nationalised culture as a product of industrialisation: modernisation theory
B. Anderson Imagined Communities.
 
Extra Reading
Eric Hobsbawm Nations & Nationalism since 1780.   Anthony Smith Theories of Nationalism
Otto Bauer Die Nationalitätenfrage und die Sozialdemokratie (has been translated)
 
Week 3 – The Intellectual Development of Nationalism in Yugoslavia
Ivo Banac The National Question in Yugoslavia
David MacKenzie, "Serbia as Piedmont and the Yugoslav Idea, 1804-1914," East European Quarterly 28/2 (June 1994), 153-182.
 
Extra Reading
Jelavich History of E. Central Europe VIII “The Establishment of Balkan Natn’l States” 247-265.
Wilkenson Maps and Politics
Djoko Slijepcevic The Macedonian question: the struggle for Southern Serbia
 
Week 4  – The Uses of Literature
Baruch Wachtel Making a Nation, Breaking a Nation
Branimir Anzulović Heavenly Serbia
 
Extra Reading
Njegos The Mountain Wreath, available online at
                http://www.rastko.org.yu/knjizevnost/umetnicka/njegos/mountain_wreath.html
 
Week 5 – Andrić’s Bosnia
Ivo Andrić, The Bridge on the Drina
 
Extra Reading
Noel Malcolm Bosnia: A Brief History
Robert Donia, Islam Under the Double Eagle
 
Week 6 – The Second World War
Steinberg All or Nothing, 15-49;       Phylis Auty Tito 229-263
Christman, ed. The Essential Tito II, III, the 1st and 2nd AVNOJ conferences
 
Optional
Browse the U.S. Holocaust Museum’s flashy website on the Jasenovac camp
                http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/jasenovac//
.
Week 7 – Socialism in Yugoslavia as an alternative to nationalism
Djilas The New Class
Vacláv Havel The Power of the Powerless
 
Extra reading:
Susan Woodward Socialist Unemployment
Wilson Tito’s Yugoslavia
N. Popovic The New Class in Crisis
Slavenka Drakulić “How We Survived Communism and Even Laughed”
 
Week 8 – The Collapse of Yugoslavia
Rogers Brubaker Nationalism Reframed, chapters 1 and 3.
At the website:                                        http://condor.depaul.edu/~rrotenbe/aeer/aeer11_1/aeer11_1.html
T Bringa “Nationality Categories, Nat’l Identification & Identity Formation in ‘Multinational’ Bosnia
Denich “Unmasking Multi-ethnicity in Yugosl.” (from Anthropology of E. Europe Review 11, 1-2.)
 
Extra Reading
Misha Glenny The Fall of Yugoslavia
Kate Hudson Breaking the South Slav Dream
Robert Donia, John Fine, Bosnia and Herzegovina, A Tradition Betrayed
Brian Hall The Impossible Country
 
Week 9 – Macedonia between Greeks and Slavs
Loring Danforth The Macedonian Conflict
Also: M.Jeffries, “Macedonia is Australian” modern Greek Studies, 3 (1995, 83-96)
 
Kindly examine these webpages:
http://macedonia.com/english/history/
http://faq.macedonia.org/history/
http://www.greece.org/themis/macedonia/faq2.htm
 
Week 10 –Music and State Power in Milosević’s Serbia
Eric Gordy, The Culture of Power in Serbia, 61-164 (chapters 3, 4)
Gregot Tomc “The Politics of Punk” in J. Benderly Independent Slovenia, 113-138.
 
Extra reading:
Matthew Colin This is Serbia calling : rock'n'roll radio and Belgrade's underground resistance
Alexei Monroe “Balkan Hardcore” Central European Review,
                http://www.ce-review.org/00/24/monroe24.html
 
 
Week 11 – Orientalism in the Balkans
Bakić -Hayden, Hayden “Orientalist Variations on the theme Balkans…” Slavic Review, 50 (1992) 1-15 (on JSTOR)  
 
Extra Reading
Todorova Imagining the Balkans