Chief Logan



We have found in various publications that Robert Moore was an adopted son of 
an Indian warrior. Which Indian warrior or tribe is unknown to us. But we
do know that Robert Moore was in close contact with Chief Logan, possibly
through Moore’s employer Judge William Brown, Reedsville, Pa.


Chief James Logan, Centre County, Pa
Son of Shikellimy, governing chief of the Delawares and the Shawanese (Six
Nations)
Brother of Chief Bald Eagle


Logan, who has left the impress of his name on many localities in this and
other counties, was a son of Shikellimy, who was the governing chief of the
Delawares and Shawanese, set over them by the Six Nations about the year
1728. Shikellimy lived at Muncy old town, about three miles above
Lewisburg, on the river, where Conrad Weiser visited him in 1737. He had
his post at Shamokin (Sunbury now), and died there December 17, 1748.
The late Edward Bell, Esq. (Jones’ “Juniata Valley,” page 116), says he left
Kishacoquillas valley in 1771, which corresponds pretty well with
Heckewelder’s statement that he was introduced to him as Beaver, when Logan
told him he meant to settle on the Ohio below Big Beaver. It also is
consistent with the anecdote related by Mrs. John Norris: When my sister,
afterwards Mrs. James Potter (Judge Potter), was just beginning to learn to
walk (Mary Potter, daughter of Judge William Brown, of Reedsville, born
June 15, 1770), my mother happened to express a regret that she could not
get a pair of shoes to give more firmness to her little step. Logan stood
by but said nothing. He soon after asked Mrs. Brown to let the little girl
go up and spend the day at his cabin. The cautious heart of the mother was
alarmed at the proposition, but she knew the delicacy of an Indian’s feelings, and she knew Logan too, and with secret reluctance, but apparent cheerfulness, she complied with his request. The hours of the day wore very slowly away and it was nearly night and her little one had not returned. But just as the sun was going down the trusty chief was seen coming down the path with his charge, and in a moment more the little one was trotted into her mother’s arms, proudly exhibiting a beautiful pair of moccasins of her little feet, the product of Logan’s skill. Judge Brown said Logan soon after went to the Allegheny, and I saw him no more. Heckewelder says, I called at Logan settlement in April, 1773, and was received with great civility. In May, 1774, his family was murdered by some marauding whites, led by a man named Daniel Greathouse, and he himself became addicted to drinking, and was murdered between Detroit and his won home in Miami. He was at the time sitting with his blanket over his head, before a camp-fire, his elbows resting on his knees, when an Indian who had taken some offense stole behind him and buried his tomahawk in his brains. In October, 1781, while a prisoner on my way to Detroit, I was shown the spot where hit is said to have happened. Loudon, in his collections, says Logan could speak tolerable English, was a remarkably tall man, over six feet high, and well proportioned, of brave, open, and manly countenance, as straight as an arrow, and apparently afraid of no one. Some one, quoted by Mr. Jones, page 114, “Juniata Valley,” in describing him to Mr. Maguire, says he saw Logan at Standing Stone (Huntingdon), and that he was a fine-looking, muscular fellow, weighing about two hundred pounds, had a full chest, and prominent and expansive features. His complexion was not so dark as that of the Juniata Indians, and his whole action showed his intercourse with the whites. Rev. John Harris Boggs, of Boone, Boone Co., Iowa (Sept. 18, 1882), says his grandfather, Andrew Boggs, and the first settlers crossed Muncy, Nittany, and the Seven Mountains to a mill on the Juniata for flour and carried their wheat to market at Northumberland in canoes, returning home with their year’s supply of necessaries, encamping on the bank of the river or creek every night. The Indian Logan lived at Hecla Gap, and my grandfather had gone to Philadelphia to recruit his stock of goods, and my grandmother was alone with the children. Logan’s wife took a sack of corn on her pony to the mill on the Juniata, had it ground, and on her return, thinking that Mrs. Boggs might possibly be out of meal, instead of going home came around by the end of the mountain (Lemont), crossed into Bald Eagle valley and down to Boggs’, and, not finding her at home, told her little girl to get something to put some meal in, and thereupon emptied out about one-half the meal for them, threw the sack upon the pony, recrossed Muncy Mountain to her home. This was the woman who was afterwards so cruelly murdered, in April, 1774, near the mouth of Big Yellow Creek, not far from Wheeling, W. Va., by Greathouse and his party. Logan Township was named in honor of that noble Indian Chief, Logan, who, according to tradition, had a path across the valley, which, with his dusky followers, he used to tread in passing to and from the hunting-grounds of his brother chieftain, the noted Bald Eagle. The place where he crossed Nittany Mountain is still called “Logan’ Gap.” As having been conspicuous in the Indian history of Central Pennsylvania, as well as giving the name to an important township, Logan is certainly entitled to especial notice in this sketch. He was the son of the Cayuga chief, Shikellimy, who dwelt at Shamokin (now Sunbury) in 1742, and was then converted to Christianity by the Moravian missionaries, by whom he had his son baptized, giving him the name by which he was ever afterwards known, in honor of James Logan, at the time secretary of the province of Pennsylvania. The Delaware Indians inhabited Centre County prior to 1728, by which time they had moved westward. In 1698 sixty families of Shawnees, the first to come to Pennsylvania, settled at Conestoga. Linn's History of Centre, Clinton, and Clearfield Counties tells us that they migrated from Florida, displaced by the Spaniards. In 1701, William Penn ratified a treaty of friendship with them. The Delawares and Shawnees were both under the dominion of the Iroquois Six Nations, who had their council house at Onandaga (Syracuse), NY. The executive deputy of the Grand Council was Shikellimy, father of the celebrated Chief Logan. In 1728, Shikellimy was appointed to reside among the Shawnees and came and lived about three miles above Lewisburg. The proprietaries of Pennsylvania always recognized the Six Nations as the owners of the soil of the province and made their treaties with them. The earliest land purchases by the proprietaries which included any portion of Centre County land was that of July 6, 1754. Chief Logan was a resident of Kishacoquillas Valley as early as 1766. That he frequented much of Centre County was well known to the surveyors of 1769: his name was attached to many landmarks, paths, gaps, and streams. George McCormick, in an old deposition, speaks of the path coming from Bald Eagle to his house (Spring Mills). Here one fork, called Logan fork, took off to Kishacoquillas; the other went to Buffalo Valley. Logan fork went from Spring Mills across Georges Valley, probably through Vonada Gap. Very recently there was still a sign for 'Indian Trail' on the Decker Valley Road. This trail then went over the mountain, crossing Old Sand Mountain Road, Poe Valley, and eventually reaching Kishacoquillas 'ten miles from the great plain.' Logan was a good friend of the white man. He always exerted his influence in their behalf. But his story ends in tragedy. In April, 1774, a group of marauding whites, led by Michael and Thomas Cresap, murdered a group of helpless Indians, including women and children. The murdered Indians were the entire family of Chief Logan. Logan took revenge by leading his Shawnees against white settlers, murdering many including women and children. Eventually the Indians were defeated and Logan was captured at the Battle of Point Pleasant. The captured chief made an eloquent speech in his own defense which became justly famous. "I appeal to any white man to say, if ever he entered Logan's cabin hungry, and he gave him not meat; if ever he came cold and naked, and he clothed him not. During the course of the last long and bloody war Logan remained idle in his cabin, an advocate for peace. Such was my love for the whites, that my countrymen pointed as they passed me and said 'Logan is the friend of white men.' I had even thought to have lived with you, but for the injuries of one man, Colonel Cresap, the last spring, in cold blood, and unprovoked, murdered all the relations of Logan, not even sparing my women and children. There runs not a drop of my blood in the veins of any living creature. This called on me for revenge. I have sought it: I have killed many: I have fully glutted my vengeance: for my county I rejoice at the beams of peace. But do not harbor a thought that mine is the joy of fear. Logan never felt fear. He will not turn on his heel to save his life. Who is there to mourn for Logan? -Not one." (pp. 11-12) Logan County, WV Logan County was created by an act of the Virginia Assembly on January 12, 1824, from parts of Cabell, Giles, Kanawha and Tazewell counties. The county was named in honor of the famous Mingo Indian Chief Logan, who was named by his father after his friend James Logan, secretary of the province of Pennsylvania, who was partially responsible for Logan’s education. Logan was considered friendly and cooperative by most settlers, until ten Indians, including two women, were killed and scalped by Englishmen on April 30, 1774 on Yellow Creek, in the Northern Panhandle. Among the victims were members of Logan’s family. Several versions of the massacre circulated on the frontier. Lord Dunmore blamed a settler named Daniel Greathouse while Logan, called Tah-gah-jute by his people, blamed Michael Cresap, a Maryland soldier and land speculator who was building cabins along the Ohio River as a means of securing land. Although the evidence suggests that Cresap was in the vicinity at the time of the massacre, most historians believe that he was not involved in the murders. In any case, following the massacre, Logan allied his tribe with the British and went on the warpath, leading four deadly raids on the Virginia and Pennsylvania frontiers and instigating what would later be called Lord Dunmore’s War of 1774. Logan gained national fame for his eloquent speech that was delivered during the peace negotiations following the Indians’ defeat at the Battle of Point Pleasant in 1774: “I appeal to any white man to say if he ever entered Logan’s cabin hungry and I gave him not meat; if ever he came cold and naked and I gave him not clothing. ...There runs not a drop of my blood in the veins of any human creature. ...Yet, do not harbor the thought that mine is the joy of fear. Logan never felt fear. He will not turn his heel to save his life. Who is there to mourn for Logan? Not one.” Logan was not at the decisive Battle of Point Pleasant, but returned to the main Indian camp during the peace negotiations. His famous speech was not delivered in council, but was given to Colonel John Gibson who wrote it down and delivered it on Logan’s behalf during the negotiations. The speech was later published in many newspapers across the nation. After Lord Dunmore’s War concluded, Logan moved from place to place and, in 1789, joined an Indian raiding party that attacked settlements in southwestern Virginia. He was killed by one of his own relatives in 1780, near present day Detroit. He said before his death that he had two souls, one good and the other bad, as he put it “...when the good soul had the ascendant, he [referring to himself] was kind and humane, and when the bad soul ruled, he was perfectly savage, and delighted in nothing but blood and carnage.” Chief Logan State Park, Logan County, WV There are 3,300 acres of pure beauty in what is called the Little Buffalo Creek Watershed that is filled with a variety of wildlife and recreational diversions. Many people come just to sit and watch the numerous deer, turkey, squirrels and other wildlife. Chief Logan State Park is located in Southern West Virginia approximately four miles north of the town of Logan and is named after the chief of the Cayuga Tribe (also known as the Mingo Tribe). Famous for the eloquent speech he gave to Lord Dunsmore, a representative of the British Governor of Virginia, following the Battle of Point Pleasant, Logan was named after a white man. Logan had always been friendly toward whites, until his family was murdered, and then he started a series of retaliatory raids along the Virginia Frontier. Later, he joined Cornstalk at the Battle of Point Pleasant. Although Logan never surrendered, his tribe was virtually wiped out. He later died in Detroit, a broken and lonely man. His story is wonderfully told in the Princess Aracoma Story, a play put on every year at the Chief Logan State Park Outdoor Amphitheater.



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