Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 11251-256.

Antimicrobial activity of Abies Essential Oils

Eyüp BAGCI and Metin DIGRAK

Biology Department, Faculty of Arts and Science , Firat University, 23169 - Elazig, Turkey


In this study, the antimicrobial activity of essential oils of nine Abies species (Abies koreana, A. alba, A. pinsapo, A. concolor, A. firma, A. nordmanniana subsp. nordmanniana which are plantation form, and A. cilicica subsp. cilicica , A. cilicica subsp. isaurica , A. nordmanniana subsp. bornmüelleriana which are natural form.) from Turkey were evaluated against nine bacteria

( Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Bacillus megaterium DSM 32, B. subtilis IMG 22, B. brevis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa DSM 50071, Listeria monocytogenes, Klebsiella pneumoniae , Enterobacter aerogenes, Staphylococcus aureus COWAN 1 ) and two yeasts (Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans ) by using agar disc diffusion methods.

The essential oils tested could be classify into three groups: First group were inactive or had a few activity such as A. pinsapo and A. concolor partly; second group has higher effective on microorganisms i.e. A. alba and A. firma ; third group has highest effective on microorganisms such as A. koreana, A. cilicica subsp. cilicica, A. cilicica subsp. isaurica, A. nordmanniana subsp. nordmanniana and A. nordmanniana subsp. bornmüelleriana.

B. megaterium , L. monocytogenes and P. aerogenes bacteria hovewer S. cerevisiae, yeasts were the more sensitive organisms while E. coli and S. aureus were the most resistant bacteria except for against A. koreana, A. cilicica subsp. isaurica and little A. alba and A. firma essential oils. The essential oils were more active against yeasts than bacteria. The antimicrobial activity of Abies varied according to different species and microorganisms especially of the plants.

Keywords : Antimicrobial activity , Essential oils , Bacteria, Yeasts, Abies spp.


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