|Common Martial Arts
|Hematoma formation ia a common injury in athletics involving physical contact. In martial arts it usually results from a blow or kick to a soft area. A hematoma is a collection of blood in a area near an injury. Bleeding from the injured tissue collects in one place pushing other tissue away, forming a pocket of blood. The primary goal of treating hematoma is aimed at stopping any more bleeding, then absorbing the blood that has already collected. Immediately applying pressure & ice to the injured area will help stop further bleeding & reduce swelling. An elastic wrap applied with an ice pack incorporated into the wrapping accomplishes both purposes. Large hematomas are best treated by puncturing the wound with a needle, but this should only be done by a physician under strict steril conditions. After pressure & ice have been applied the site should be protected from any further injury until the healing process is complete. Dicolouration of the skin may be extensive during the healing process & is par for the course of hematoma injury.|
|Martial Arts First Aid Kit|
|Being prepared is the first step in being able to adequately handle emrgency situations when they occur. The first aid kit should be large enough to hold the needed supplies & it Should be unlocked & available during class time. All supplies in the bag should be clearly marked & used items should be replaced immediately to avoid running out. It is also a good idea to tape the local emergency numbers to the outside of the kit. The recommended supplies for a martial arts first aid kit are :
Guaze bandages (sterile) cut into 2"x 2" & 4"x 4".
Guaze rolls 2" wide (one box of 12).
White porus tape in 1" & 2" (six of each).
A small packet of cotton balls.
Elastic bandages, 3" or 4" wide.
Oval eye bandages.
Band-Aids of assorted sizes.
One pair of bandage scissors (these have blunt ends & designed to remove bandages).
Bayonet forceps (you can get these from any medical supply shop)
Slings : A simple, adjustable sling, medium sized. A sheet or towel can be substituted for the sling, but it requires being folded into a triangular shape & then being tied around the neck.
Splints : These can be purchased or simple wooden boards 4" wide & 12" long cut out of 1/4" plywood. These should be wrapped with cloth or tape to avoid splinters. In a pinch, layers of cardboard or newspapers can be formed into a slint for tempary use. Finger splints can be purchased in assorted sizes from a chemist or medical supply store.
A rubber tournaquet : 1" or 2" wide. A wide belt can also be used.
A plastic oral airway tube small & medium size.
A small pocket flashlight.
An ice supply. This can be either a purchased cold compress that must be activated, or if you have an refrigerator ice cubes.
Medium sized plastic bags, used to apply ice to wounds.
A plastic container used to hold water for imersing a foot, ankle or elbow injury.
An antibiotic ointment (Mycitracin Ointment which is non-presciption).
Liquid soap, for washing skin wounds.
Isopropyl alcohol, for use as an antiseptic.
The actual kit only needs to be big enough to hold all of the supplies & can range from a doctors bag, to a small carrying case, to a fishing-tackle box.