Let's start with a look at the basic electrolysis cell. It will work just fine in a stand alone capacity as will all of the components that I will present here. I didn't start out to create some kind of over unity device. I just wanted to see if water could be made into a viable fuel. I tried to design the best individual components that I could and if they do all happen to be able to work in a "loop" system then so much the better.
One last thing that I should note before I begin is that all of the devices that I have designed make use of both the H2 and O2 gasses. Someone will want to argue safety here but don't bother. I feel that with a little bit of engineering all could be made just as safe as sitting on 20 gallons of gasoline is today. I wanted to design the most efficient systems possible and I feel that to do so you need to use the O2.
I am not saying that these concepts can't be improved upon. I'm sure that they can. As a matter of fact, I hope that someone actually does create them. I feel that I have put together a very good framework from which someone could finish them.
Here is the Electrolysis cell:
I drew this myself on Microsoft Paint so no apologies for quality. You
get what you pay for and you're getting this free <lol>.
Let's take a basic overview first. You can see that the system consists of a two chambered cell. I would suggest making the cell out of a non-conducting material (like PVC Plastic). There is a central wall which separates the unit into two halves. As long as your water level is above the lowest part of the wall you can keep the two gasses that are produced within it separate.
The electrodes are fitted into the bottom of the unit through two holes. They should be made out of a material which is a good conductor and which does not react too much with water (rust). Copper might be an easily available choice. Gold would be better ;-)
If you notice the tops of the electrodes are brought to a sharp point. This is because I noticed during my initial experiments that such areas (pointed ones) produce the really nice, steady, streams of gas. I imagine that this is due to the fact that the magnetic lines of force are concentrated at these points.
Second, please note the little circles at the top and bottom of the cell and how they are connected by lines. These represent coils of wire wound around the cell so that an electromagnetic field is induced. The strength of this field can be adjusted by the amount of electricity you put through it and by the number of "windings" in your coil. This is supposed to be a cut-away view from the side.
Notice the openings at the top of the cell. These are for the gasses created by the cell to be drawn off and used or stored. At this point several things could be added, depending on how you want the system to work. For example we could put a pressure controlled valve in to open up whenever a certain internal pressure was reached or whenever the pressure in the
line leading away fell to a certain point. In other words, make it into a supply or demand governed system. We could also rig it so that there is a switch that cuts the power to the electrodes once a certain maximum pressure is reached and turns it back on once a certain minimum pressure is reached.
If you wanted to use it on an ongoing basis you also need to put in a water inlet (gravity fed would be fine) regulated by a float switch. A drain plug on the bottom wouldn't be a bad idea either.
The box P on the right side of the drawing represents your power supply. It doesn't matter here what it is, where it's from or what fuel you use to generate it. The line from box P to box T is an electrical transmission line. Box T represents whatever kind of transformer/controls you need to put on to regulate your electricity into the best form i.e.: voltage + or - and amperage + or -.
From box T you notice that we split the line into two. One feeds the electrolysis cell and the other runs through the electromagnetic coil which surrounds the cell. I did this because we assume that we might want to synchronize the regulation of the field strength as opposed to the amount of current running through the cell. We want to do this because as one increases the amount in one, the amount required in the other decreases.
Some important factors come into play here and must be considered before we go any further. If you look at the other end of the unit you will see that the transmission line exits both the cell and the coil and comes together again at box J. This represents a simple junction box which may or may not be required or an additional device such as another transformer may be required here.
The next thing to consider will be that we really aren't losing/using very much electricity in this device at all. How so? Because we have made it all work in line as part of the transmission line. Imagine if you will that this is a commercial power plant. The power source is putting out 100,000 volts and we are putting the separator unit in line on our main transmission line to our first substation. The only electricity that we lose here is what is normally lost to resistance in the wires and in the water. We are not
grounding the system out at any point here and whatever electricity is left over after passing through this (which should be quite a bit) will then continue on down our transmission line to be used wherever it is needed!
Notice that the line feeding the electrodes enters at the first one and exits at the other one directly into the transmission line. So we are sending that 100,000 volts through this. If we follow the basic law then we need to pass 100,000 volts of electricity through this to generate enough gasses to produce the equivalent of 100,000 volts of electricity when they are burned together.
Think about that. Water, with a good electrolyte, is a very GOOD conductor of electricity. Better than the wires hooked up to the electrodes in all probability. So we won't be losing any more of our charge through the cell than we would in a piece of wire of the same length would we? All you have to worry about is the resistance losses. Oh yes and also the losses in radiant heat that will occur due to the winding of the coil. There is another bonus. You could probably utilize that radiant energy to heat
the water in your cell to the previously mentioned, desired temperature of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit to obtain maximum susceptibility to separation in the water. Maybe you could also include a thermostat controlled electric fan at one end of the unit. That way if the unit gets too hot it will kick on and blow air through the coil until the water temperature drops back to
where you want it to be.
Remember also that the stronger you make your surrounding coil (more turns) the less of your energy that you need to send through the cell itself. That way you can cut the losses there even more if it seems indicated. Another thing to consider would be to eliminate the current going through the cell entirely and instead just put a piece of stainless steel rod through the unit with an electrode on each end of it. The field you see will automatically orient itself into N and S poles and will transmit this orientation to the steel and you should be able to cause separation in this manner and still recover the gasses individually at the proper poles of the magnet.
We will consider further additions and modifications to this basic unit as we progress with looking at various devices which are designed to make use of this fuel.