It is very important to know the
difference between food allergy and food intolerance. These terms
are often used interchangeably when there is an adverse reaction
to food, but they do not mean the same thing.
Allergy Occurs when
- Is an adverse reaction to a
food that does not involve the immune system
- Triggered by a physical reaction
to a food or food additive
- i.e. lactose intolerance
See the table
below to compare.
are the symptoms of milk allergy?
An allergy is caused when an allergen
(for a list of other common allergens click here) enters our body
system. The symptoms of a milk protein allergy fall into 3 types
- Itchy red rash
- Swelling of lips, mouth, tongue,
face or throat
- Allergic "Shiners" (black eyes)
- Abdominal pain and bloating
- Diarrhea (usually very runny)
Throat and Lung Reactions:
- Runny Nose
- Watery and/or Itchy eyes
- Shortness of Breath
milk allergy symptoms are not only restricted to people suffering
from milk allergy. Many other people can show these symptoms to
basically any other immune reaction. This could be from a simple
mosquito bite to a drug reaction such as penicillin. Common food
allergies, all with similar symptoms include sea shells, peanuts,
banana and eggs.
are the symptoms of lactose intolerance?
The symptoms listed below are caused
by the fermentation of lactose. Since lactose is not broken into
glucose, and hence left unabsorbed by the body, the perfect conditions
found in the intestines help the lactose to ferment and this leads
to the formation of gases. A particular gas is methane that is usually
the cause for the pain and aggressive flatulence.
Common symptoms include:
- bloating gas,
- wind diarrhea, which may begin
from after half an hour to 2 hours after eating or drinking
foods containing lactose.
Persons who suffer from lactase
deficiency and do not avoid lactose may suffer from weight loss
The severity of symptoms varies
depending on the amount of lactose each individual can tolerate.
Some of the symptoms may be similar to those of milk allergy but
milk allergies can cause the body to react quicker, more often
within a few minutes.
Compare the symptoms of lactose
intolerance with those of milk allergy.
do you have lactose intolerance or milk allergy?
Table of Comparisons.
Below is a table of comparisons
between MA and LI. It is important to establish under which category
you fall to be able to eliminate the wrong food product. In some
cases a person can be subjected to both.
immune reaction to milk proteins
lactase enzyme being produced to break down the sugar lactose
from early infancy
in early childhood but most common in adults
and affecting more that one part of the body:
digestion: nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps and diarrhea
skin: swelling eczema, hives
airways: wheezing, coughing, congestion and a runny
anaphylaxis: unlike some other allergies (e.g. peanuts)
milk is not known to cause life threatening reaction.
LI affect the digestive system only: diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal
bloating, gas, wind, stomach cramps.
of the above symptoms are inversely related to the amount
of lactose produced.
questions? Ask here.