AFIJOS

AFIJOS

 

Afijos son un grupo de letras colocadas al comienzo o final de una palabra.

 

TIPOS

Prefijos y Sufijos(inflexionales y derivacionales)

 

Underestimatedly

 

Under  -  estim  -  ate  -  d - ly

        Pref    +  raíz +        suf. + des + suf.

 

 

SUFIJOS INFLEXIONALES

 

Los afijos inflexionales son los que no determinan funciones pero nos dan una extensión del significado de las palabras básicas. Como afijos inflexionales existes las desinencias sustantivales, desinencias verbales y las desinencias adjetivales.

 

Desinencias sustantivales

 

Plural:    -s, -es – ies                 /             cars, processes, entries

Plurales irregulares                    /            glasses, pants, fish

Plurales de origen latino            /            alumnus-alumni, datum-data

 

Desinencias verbales

 

3ª persona del singular en presente          

pasado regular:  - d, -ed, -ied            /            evaluated, collected, applied

pasado irregular: -en, irreg.    /            frozen, written

 

Desinencias Adjetivales

 

Adjetivos comparativos: -er, -ier  /            bigger, smaller, greasier

Adjetivos Superlativos: - est, -iest            /            biggest, smallest, greasiest

 

 

 

PREFIJOS

 

Los prefijos extienden los significados y determinan funciones de las palabras.Se colocan al inicio de una palabra y cambian su significado. 

 

 

 

 

Lista de prefijos mas comunes:

 

un

in

im

il

ir

non

mis

dis

anti

de

under

re

over

semi

mini

inter

super

trans

ex

extra

sub

infra

peri

ante

pre

post

retro

mono

bi

pro

auto

 


 

 

 


 

 

 

SUFIJOS DERIVACIONALES

 

Se colocan al final de una palabra y cambian su función. Lista de sufijos comunes:

 

Sustantivales

 

ance

ence

ion

tion

ation

er

or

ian

ist

yst

ness

ment

ity

ism

dom

ship

ing

 

 


 


Adjetivales

al ar

ic

ical

able

ible

ous

ious

ful

less

ish

ive

ed

ing



Verbales


ate

fy

en

ize

ed

ing


Averbiales


ly

wards

wise


 

Ejemplos de palabras compuestas con Afijos.

 


analyst

autonomous

availability

careless

cleanliness

clockwise

comparable

compared

computarize

darkish

disagreeable

disconnected

divisible

economic

educatyional

electricity

extracurricular

finished

freedom

friendship

harden

prestigious

progrgammer

promotion

related

tachnician

typist

underestimate

upwards

useful

useless

objective

operator

overfill

pentionic

political

magnetims

measurement

Untruthfulness

logically

Interactively

Bluishness


helpful

ignorance

impossibly

incorrectly

independence

information

invalid

irrelevant

learning

 

 

Texto

 

 

         A basic objective of higher education for business is the development of potencial managers and updating of the skills of practicing managers. Students pursuing collegiate programs of study designed to better prepare them for administrative positions in such functional areas of business as marketing, production, finance, accounting, and management will find their business carrers greatly affected by the use of electronic computers. Therefore, present and potential managers must prepare for a successful working relationship with computarized information processing.

 


Texto

 

 

         Ownership of a business organization may take many different legal forms, each of which carries certain priovileges and responsibilities. The three most prevalent forms are the sole or single proprietorship (one person as the individual owner), the partnership (joint ownership), and the corporation (stockholder ownership). Each business determines which form of ownership is the most desirable for the firm, no one form is superior to the other.

         The following considerations are of critical importance when planning for any new business: capital needs, legal status of the firm, transferability of ownership, the owner´s liability for debts, ease of organization and dissolution, government regulations, and continuty of ownership.

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