MINIMIZE RISK OF FIRE

MINIMIZE RISK OF FIRE

 

Objective

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Fire is one of the greatest maritime perils at sea.

 

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A few good practices can reduce risk of fire.

 

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Fire safety objectives onboard a ship are:

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Prevent the occurrence of fire and explosion.

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Reduce the risk to life caused by fire.

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Reduce the risk of damage to ship, cargo or environment caused by fire.

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Contain, control and suppress fire and explosion in the compartment of origin.

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Provide adequate and readily accessible means of escape for passengers and crews.

 

Procedures

 

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Cleanliness and good housekeeping.

 

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Avoid accumulation of oil, especially in engine room.

 

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Settling tanks and other oil tanks must not overflow.

 

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Any oil leak must be treated immediately.

 

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Discarded cotton waste and cleaning rags should be put into metal containers which are emptied regularly.

 

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All the equipments used in hazardous areas must be approved type.

 

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Smoking regulations to be followed.

 

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All fire fighting equipments should be well maintained and ready for immediate use.

 

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Especial precaution to be taken when doing hot work or any operation which renders a risk of fire.

 

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Electric circuits should not be overloaded.

 

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Unauthorized electrical equipments should not be used onboard.

 

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All electrical wirings and fittings should be of approved type and well maintained.

 

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Clothing should not be left for drying near any hot electrical equipment.

 

 

 

Especial measures in port

 

 

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Risk of fire is greater especially when ship in port.

 

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Extra precaution to be observed when hot works are being carried and flammable materials being loaded or discharged.

 

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Before any hot work, inflammable materials must be removed from adjacent spaces.

 

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During hot work, fire fighting appliances should be kept ready for immediate use.

 

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Smoking regulations to be strictly observed.

 

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Unauthorized visitors should not be allowed.

 

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Warnings and notices to be posted for not smoking, especially in special types of ships.

 

 

 

 

Updated: September 16, 2007

 

 

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