Odin
Pantheon: Norse Mythology

Odin is the god of wisdom and the protector of warriors whose hearts are pure and couragious. Odin was one of the first gods, he was the first son of Bor and Bestla. He helped to slay the giant Ymir and create the world with his brothers Vili and . He is usually depicted as a distinguished old man, with one eye and a floppy wide brimmed hat. He is the father and leader of the Aesir and rules over Asgard from his throne Hlidskjalf.

Odin, along with Vili and Vé were the gods who created man. They had found a pieces of Ash and Elm wood along the beach to which Odin gave souls, Hoenir gave motion and Lodur gave the blood of life. These were the first man, Ask, and woman, Embla to live in Midgard. As these gods had created man, they felt it was their duty to watch over and protect them.

He is called All-father because he is the father of the gods. Odin was first married to the goddess Jord, with whom he sired Thor. His second wife was the goddess Frigg, with whom he sired Balder, Hod, and Hermod. Odin's third and final wife was the giantess Rind (or Grid), with whom he fathered Vidar. He ruled for the few short summer months of the year, then relinquished rule over to Uller, the god of winter.

Odin is a god of war and death, but also the god of poetry and wisdom. He hung for nine days, pierced by his own spear, on the world tree Yggdrasil. Here he learned nine powerful songs, and eighteen runes. Odin can make the dead speak to question the wisest amongst them. His hall in Asgard is Valaskjalf ("shelf of the slain") where his throne Hlidskjalf is located. From this throne he observes all that happens in the nine worlds. The tidings are brought to him by his two ravens Hugin and Munin. He also resides in Valhalla, where the slain warriors, Einherar, are taken.

Odin sacrificed one of his eyes for a single drink from the Well of Wisdom. The eye that was sacrificed was left in the well and represents the moon, his remaining eye represented the sun. Drinking from the well gave him the ability to see in to the future. With this ability he saw the downfall of the gods at Ragnarok. This knowledge caused Odin to become morose and for this reason he refrained from eating, instead he gave all meat set before him to his two wolves that always accompanied him, Geri and Freki, preferring instead to drink only the mead served in Valhalla.

On the day of the final battle, Odin will be killed by the wolf Fenris.

Odin's attributes are the spear Gungnir, which never misses its target, the arm band Draupnir, from which every ninth night eight new rings appear, and his eight-legged steed Sleipnir.

Odin had three main palaces in Asgard: Gladsheim, Valaskialf, and Valhalla. The day Wednesday is named after him.

He was called Father of Battle, God of the Hanged

Also known as: Alfadir, All-Father, Baleyg, Biflidi (Biflindi), Bileyg, Farma-god (god of cargoes), Fiolnir, Gangleri (the wanderer), Grim, Hanga-god (god of the hanged), Hapta-god (god of the prisoners), Helblindi, Herian, Herran, Herteit, Hialmberi, High, Hnikar, Ialg (Ialk), Nikar, Nikuz (Hnikud), Omi, One-eyed, Oski, Othinn, Sann, Sanngetal, Svider, Svidrir, Svipal, Thekk, Third, Thunn, Unn, Val-father (father of the slain), Vidrir, Wodan, Woden, Wotan


Home, Norse Mythology Page, Norse Mythology Index 1