The theory that all continents once fit together in one large supercontinent, called Pangea, is mentioned in almost all science texts. This theory has no scientific proof; in fact, there is quite a bit of scientific evidence to suggest that Pangea ever existed. The only shred of evidence that supports Pangea is the fact that the North America is approaching Europe at about the speed a fingernail grows. What cannot be proven is whether North America was always moving in that direction and if it was always going at the same rate of speed. The continents are not just lily pads floating around in a pond. There is dirt under the oceans, meaning that a continent can only move so far on its tectonic plate before it hits another plate, causes an earthquake, and is forced to move in a different direction.

A model of Pangea is shown in figures 1-3. India has been rotated 90į to fit into Africa. In reality, no rotation of any of the continents has ever been observed.

In Pangea, Mexico and all of Central America are missing. In reality, there are distinct geological differences between the continents and the oceans. The crust of a continent is 30 times thicker the crust of the ocean. Mexico and Central America canít arise from the ocean.

The tectonic plates donít even follow the coastlines of the continents (Fig. 4), Thus showing the tractor theory (even though it has never been proven) impossible. The tractor theory suggests that the dirt under the oceans churned in a circular motion, acting as sort of a conveyor belt to move the continents.

The Pangea theory has been fabricated to satisfy two embarrassing flaws in evolution. The first is the commonality of animals between multiple continents. The second problem lies within the fact that there are not enough sediments in the ocean to account for millions of years of beach erosion.

Because of these problems and more, Pangea can hardly be considered scientific.



Figure 1&2

Figure 3

  Figure 4