Fajr - How to perform salat al-Fajr - Fajr namaz in Islam

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the Name of Allah, The Most Merciful, The Most Kind


How to perform salat al-Fajr
(morning prayer)

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A detailed account of how to perform salat al-Fajr (morning prayer) is given below:



 

HOW TO PERFORM SALAT AL-FAJR
1

Make niyyah (intention) for Salat al-Fajr in your heart
Make Niyyah. Say to yourself that you intend to offer this Salat al Fajr, Fard of 2 rakats.
2
Takbeer Tahreema
Look at the ground in the location where you will place your forehead, then raise your hands to your ears (ladies lift their hands up to their shoulders) and say:

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great
3



















Qawam
Now place your right hand on the left, just below, above or on the navel (ladies placing their hands on their chest), and say:

سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ

Subhanaka Allahumma wa bihamdika wa tabaara kasmuk wa Ta'ala jadduk wa la ilaha ghairuk

Glory be to You, O Allah, and Yours is the praise and blessed is your Name, and exalted is Your Majesty, and there is no god besides You.


Then recite the opening Surah Al-Fatiha:

أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ رَبِّ العَالَمِينَ () الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ () مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ () إيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ () اِهْدِنَا الصِّراطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ () صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّيِنَ()

A'udhu Billahi Min ash-Shaitan ir-Rajeem
Bismillahir ramanir rahim
Alhamdulilahi rabbil alamin () Ar-Rahmanir rahim () Maliki yawmid din () iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'in () ihdinas siratal mustaqim () siratal ladhina an'amta 'alaihim ghairil maghdubi 'alaihim wa lad-dallin ()
(Ameen)


I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds () Most Gracious, Most Merciful () Master of the Day of Judgment () Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek () Show us the straight path () The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace, those whose (portion) is not wrath, and who go not astray ()
(Please accept)


Following 'Ameen', you must recite another passage of the Qur'an of your choice. The following chapter (Surah) 'Pure Faith' (al-Ikhlas) is a good short example for Muslims to memorize:

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

قُلْ هُوَ اللهُ اَحَدٌ () اَللهُ الصَّمَدُ () لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ () وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُُفُواً اَحَدٌ ()

Bismillahir ramanir rahim
Qul hu Allahu Ahad () Allahu Samad () Lam yalid wa lam yulad () Wa lam yakul lahu kufuwan ahad ()


In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Say, he is Allah, the One () Allah, the Eternal () He begets not, nor was He begotten () And there is none comparable to Him ()

4



Ruku
Now bow down saying:

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great


Place both your hands on your knees and in this inclined position (Ruku as shown in the figure) recite these words three times:

سُـبْحَانَ رَبِّـَى الْعَظيِمِ

Subhana rabbi al adheem

Glory to my Lord The Great.
5
Qawam
Then come to the standing position saying:

سَمِـعَ اللهُ لِمَـنْ حَمِـدَه رَبَّنـا وَلَكَ الحَمْـدُ

Sami' Allahu liman hamida. Rabbana lakal hamd.

Allah has heard all who praise Him. Our Lord, for You is all praise.
6
Sajdah
Now, while saying "Allahu Akbar", prostrate on the ground. Position yourself so that your forehead, knees, nose and palms of both hands are all touching the ground. Toes should be bent forwards, pointing towards the Qiblah. Elbows should also not touch the ground.

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great


In this position, repeat these words three times at least:

سُبْـحانَ رَبِّـيَ الأَعْلـى

Subhana rabbi- al 'ala

Glory to my Lord The Most High.
7
Jalsah







Sajdah







Jalsah
Raise your head and sit upright with knees still on the ground, saying:

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great

When you sit, tuck your left foot under your right foot, bent towards the right; make sure that it is vertical to the mat with the toes touching the mat. The palms should be lifted from the mat and placed on the knees. Left hand on left knee, and right hand on right knee (as shown in the figure)


Rest for a moment in this position.

Now go down into the second Sajdah, saying:

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great


In the second Sajdah, as before, recite the following words three times:

سُبْـحانَ رَبِّـيَ الأَعْلـى

Subhana rabbi- al 'ala

Glory to my Lord the Most High.


Raise your head again, and sit upright with knees still on the ground, saying:

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great


This completes one rakat of Salah for Fajr. Now we begin the second ra'kat.
The second rakat is said in the same way, except that after the second Sajdah (as above), you sit back and don't get up again.
8
Qawam (of 2nd rakat)
Rise to the standing position again, saying:

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great
9



















Qawam
Now, again look at the ground in the location where you will place your forehead. Place your right hand on the left again, just below, above or on the navel (ladies placing their hands on their chest), and recite the opening Surah Al-Fatiha:

أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ رَبِّ العَالَمِينَ () الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ () مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ () إيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ () اِهْدِنَا الصِّراطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ () صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّيِنَ()

A'udhu Billahi Min ash-Shaitan ir-Rajeem
Bismillahir ramanir rahim
Alhamdulilahi rabbil alamin () Ar-Rahmanir rahim () Maliki yawmid din () iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'in () ihdinas siratal mustaqim () siratal ladhina an'amta 'alaihim ghairil maghdubi 'alaihim wa lad-dallin ()
(Ameen)


I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds () Most Gracious, Most Merciful () Master of the Day of Judgment () Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek () Show us the straight path () The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace, those whose (portion) is not wrath, and who go not astray ()
(Please accept)


Following 'Ameen', you must recite another passage of the Qur'an of your choice. The following chapter (Surah) 'Pure Faith' (al-Ikhlas) is a good short example for Muslims to memorize:

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

قُلْ هُوَ اللهُ اَحَدٌ () اَللهُ الصَّمَدُ () لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ () وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُُفُواً اَحَدٌ ()

Bismillahir ramanir rahim
Qul hu Allahu Ahad () Allahu Samad () Lam yalid wa lam yulad () Wa lam yakul lahu kufuwan ahad ()


In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Say, he is Allah, the One () Allah, the Eternal () He begets not, nor was He begotten () And there is none comparable to Him ()

10



Ruku
Now bow down saying:

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great


Place both your hands on your knees and in this inclined position (Ruku as shown in the figure) recite these words three times:

سُـبْحَانَ رَبِّـَى الْعَظيِمِ

Subhana rabbi al adheem

Glory to my Lord The Great.
11
Qawam
Then come to the standing position saying:

سَمِـعَ اللهُ لِمَـنْ حَمِـدَه رَبَّنـا وَلَكَ الحَمْـدُ

Sami' Allahu liman hamida. Rabbana lakal hamd.

Allah has heard all who praise Him. Our Lord, for You is all praise.
12
Sajdah
Now, while saying "Allahu Akbar", prostrate on the ground. Position yourself so that your forehead, knees, nose and palms of both hands are all touching the ground. Toes should be bent forwards, pointing towards the Qiblah. Elbows should also not touch the ground.

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great


In this position, repeat these words three times at least:

سُبْـحانَ رَبِّـيَ الأَعْلـى

Subhana rabbi- al 'ala

Glory to my Lord The Most High.
13
Jalsah







Sajdah







Jalsah
Raise your head and sit upright with knees still on the ground, saying:

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great

When you sit, tuck your left foot under your right foot, bent towards the right; make sure that it is vertical to the mat with the toes touching the mat. The palms should be lifted from the mat and placed on the knees. Left hand on left knee, and right hand on right knee (as shown in the figure)


Rest for a moment in this position.

Now go down into the second Sajdah, saying:

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great


In the second Sajdah, as before, recite the following words three times:

سُبْـحانَ رَبِّـيَ الأَعْلـى

Subhana rabbi- al 'ala

Glory to my Lord the Most High.


Raise your head again, and sit upright with knees still on the ground, saying:

اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great


14
Jalsah








Rise index finger when reciting kalima








Jalsah
In this (jalsah) position, silently say these words (Tashahhud):

التَّحِيّـاتُ للهِ وَالصَّلَـواتُ والطَّيِّـبات ، السَّلامُ عَلَيـكَ أَيُّهـا النَّبِـيُّ وَرَحْمَـةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكـاتُه ، السَّلامُ عَلَيْـنا وَعَلـى عِبـادِ كَ الصَّـالِحـين . أَشْـهَدُ أَنْ لا إِلـهَ إِلاّ الله ، وَأَشْـهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمّـداً عَبْـدُهُ وَرَسـولُه .

At tahiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibatu, as-salamu'alaika ayyuhan-Nabbiy wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu.
As-salamu 'alaina wa 'ala' ibadil-lahis salihin. Ash hadu an-la Ilaha illAllahu Wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasulu.


Our salutations, our prayers and all pure things are for Allah. Salutation to you, O Prophet and Mercy and Blessing of Allah. Peace be on us and on all pious servants of Allah. I testify that there is no god but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the servant and messenger of Allah.

When you reach the point of giving testimony (when you say "La illaha ilAllahu" (I testify that there is no god but Allah), raise the index finger of the right hand. Drop it back down again upon reaching "ilAllahu" (but Allah).


After reciting tashahhud, you recite Durud or salat an-Nabi, blessing upon Muhammad (salAllahu alayhi wasalam):

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ عَلَى آلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ،
اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إئبْرَاهِيمَ وَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهَيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ

Allahumma salli 'ala Muhammadin wa 'ala 'aali Muhammadin, kama salaiyta 'ala Ibrahima wa 'ala 'aali Ibrahima innaka Hamidun Majeed.
Allahumma barik 'ala Muhammadin wa 'ala ali Muhammadin, kama sallaiyta 'ala Ibrahima wa 'ala ali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidun Majeed.


O Allah! Let Your Blessings come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You Blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Verily You are the Pariseworthy Glorious.
O Allah! Confer Your Blessings on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You conferred blessings on Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Verily You are the Praiseworthy, Glorious.


After this, say any du'a from the following:

اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّـي ظَلَـمْتُ نَفْسـي ظُلْمـاً كَثـيراً وَلا يَغْـفِرُ الذُّنـوبَ إِلاّ أَنْت ، فَاغْـفِر لي مَغْـفِرَةً مِنْ عِنْـدِك وَارْحَمْـني، إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الغَـفورُ الرَّحـيم .

Allahumma inni zalamtu nafsi zulman kathiran, wa la yaghfirudh-dhunuba illa Anta, faghfir li maghfiratan min 'indika, warhamni, innaka Antal Ghafur-ur Rahim

O Allah! I have considerably wronged myself. There is none to forgive the sins but You. So grant me pardon and have mercy on me. You are the Most Forgiving, the Most Compassionate.
[Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim]

رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِيمَ الصَّلاَةِ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي رَبَّنَا وَتَقَبَّلْ دُعَاء رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الْحِسَابُ

Rabbij'alni muqimas-salati wamin dhur-riyyati. Rabbana wa taqabbal du'a. Rabban aghfirli wali-walidayya wal-lil-mu'minina yauma yaqumul hisab.

O Lord! Make me and my children steadfast in prayer. Our Lord! Accept the prayer. Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents and the believers on the day of judgement.
[Surah Ibrahim, 14: 40-41]

اَللَّهُـمَّ إِنيِّ أَعوُذُ بِكَ مِنْ عَذاَبِ جَهَنَّمَ،وَمِنْ عَذاَبِ الْقَبْرِ وَمِنْ فِتْـنَةِ الْمَحْياَ وَالْمَماَتِ وَمِنْ فِتْـنَةِ الْمَسيِحِ الدَّجاَّلِ

Allahumma inni a'udhu bika min 'adhabi jahannam, wa min 'adhabil-qabr, wa min fitnatil-mahya wal-mamat, wa min fitnatil-masihid-Dajjal.

O God! I seek Your protection from the torture of hell, and I seek Your protection from the torture of the grave, and I seek refuge with You from the mischief of life and death, and I seek Your protection from the mischief of Dajjal pretending as Messiah.
[Muslim, 588]

15
Turn face to right


Turn face to left
Now turn your face to the right and say:

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ

Assalamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullah

Peace be on you and mercy of Allah.

Then turn your face to the left, and repeat, saying:

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ

Assalamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullah

Peace be on you and mercy of Allah.


This concludes a two rak'at Fajr prayer. Salat al-Fajr is complete.


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Any good is only from Allah Ta'ala. Any errors are due to the Shaitan and my own shortcomings. May Allah forgive us for any mistakes, may He bless us, grant us steadfastness, forgive our sins, and guide us to that which pleases Him. Ameen. namaz namaaz fajr fajar morning subh prayer how to pray fajr perform

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