Glossary of Ingredients used in Indian Cooking

Hindi Other Indian Languages English Equivalent Type of Ingredient
Aam Mavu, Ambiram, Amba Mango Fruit
Adrak Shunti, Ingee, Ada Ginger Vegetable (root)
Ajwain Omu, Jowan, Omam Thymol Seed Spice
Aloo Aloogadde,Batata Potato Vegetable
Amchoor, Amchur Amchoor Dry Mango Powder Spice
Amla Nellikai, Avla Gooseberry Fruit
Ananas ------ Pineapple Fruit
Atta Godihittu Wheat Flour Flour
Badam Badami Almond Nut
Badi Elaichi Yalukalu Black Cardammom Spice
Baigan Badanekai, Gulla Brinjal, Eggplant Vegetable
Besan Kadilehittu Channa Dal Flour Lentil Flour
Bhindi, Bindi Bendekai, Bhinda, Vendakkai Lady's Finger, Okra Vegetable
Channa Dal KadileBhele Channa Dal Lentil
Dahi Thair, Mosaru Curd, Yoghurt Dairy Product
Dalchini Chakke, Erikkoloam Cinammon Spice
Dhaniya,Dhania Kothambari, Kottamalli Coriander Spice, Herb
Elaichi, Choti Elaichi Yalakki Green Cardammom Spice
Gajar ----- Carrot Vegetable
Ghee Thuppa Clarified Butter Dairy Product/Cooking Medium
Gur Bella, God, Vellum, Gol Jaggery Condiment
Haldi Halodi, Arishina, Manjal Turmeric Spice, Vegetable (root)
Hara Kela Balekai, Vazhakai, Kele Raw Banana, Plaintain Vegetable
Hari Mirch Tarnimirsang, Hasimenasu Green Chilli Vegetable
Hing Ingu, Hinguva, Perungayam Asoefetida Spice
Imli Hunse, Huli, Chinch Tamarind Fruit (dried), Condiment
Jaiphal -------- Nutmeg Spice
Jeera Jeerige, Jeere Cumin Spice
Kaddu Sihikumbala Kayi, Kohlu Pumpkin Vegetable
Kaju Gerubheeja, Kajubi Cashewnut Nut
Kala Jeera ----- Black Cumin Spice
Kali Mirch, Gol Mirch Kappumenasu, Milagoo, Kuru-mulagu Peppercorn Spice
Kari patta Karbevu, Karbevenasoppu, Karuvepila Curry leaves Spice, Herb
Karela Hagalakai, Kaipakka, Pavakkai Bittergourd Vegetable
Kasoori Methi ------- Dry Fenugreek leaves Herb (dried)
Kela Balehannu, Vazhapazhum, Kele Ripe Banana Fruit
Kesar, Zafraan Kesar, Keshar, Kungumapu Saffron Spice
Khajoor Kharjoora Date Fruit (dried)
Khus Khus Khus Khuse Poppy Seed Spice
Kishmish, Khishmish Drakshi, Drakshai Raisins Fruit (dried)
Kunthru Thondekai, Thendle, Tindora, Thondli Gherkins Vegetable
Lal Mirch Sukki Mirsang, Menasinakai, Mulagu, Mirapakaya Dry Red Chilli Vegetable (dried)
Lasan Belluli, Vellay poondoo, Tellagadda Garlic Vegetable (root)
Lavang Lavanga Clove Spice
Limbu Nimbe, Elimichcham Lemon Fruit
Maida Maida All Purpose Flour Flour
Makhan Loni Butter Dairy Product
Malai ------ Cream Dairy Product
Masoor Dal Masoor ------ Lentil
Mattar, Matar Vatana, Batani, Pattani Green Peas Pulse
Methi Menthe, Venthiam, Vendayam, Mentula Fenugreek Spice
Mirchi Mirsang, Menasu Chilli Vegetable
Moong Dal, Mung Dal ----- Green Gram Dal Lentil
Moong Phali Kadlekai, Bhoising Groundnut, Peanut Nut
Muli Moolangi, Mula Radish Vegetable
Narangi Santra, Kithilai Orange Fruit
Nariyal Narlu, Kayi Coconut Fruit, Vegetable
Palak Basale, Vali, Pasalai keerai Spinach Leafy Vegetable
Papital Papalli Papaya Fruit
Patha Gobi Kosu Cabbage Vegetable
Phool Gobi Hookosu Cauliflower Vegetable
Piyaz, Pyaaz Nirulli, Dungari, Kanda, Vengayam Onion Vegetable
Podina Pudina, Pothina, Putiyina Mint Herb
Poha Povu, Avalakki Beaten Rice Rice
Rajma Sigappu beans, Yerra beans Red Kidney Beans, Dry Red Beans Lentil
Rai Sasive, Sasama Black Mustard Spice
Rava Soji Semolina Flour
Saunf, Moti Saunf Badisopu, Sohikirai, Somp Fennel, Aniseed Spice
Shahajeera -------- Caraway Spice
Simla Mirch Dodd Mensenkai Green Bell Pepper (Capsicum) Vegetable
Sui Bhaji Sabakkisoppu Dill Leafy Vegetable
Tejpat Patraka,Tejpatra, Talishappattiri, Patta akulu Bay leaf Herb (dried)
Til Yellu, Tilu Sesame Spice
Urad Dal Uddinabhele Black Gram Dal Lentil


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