Thirukkural in Malayalam (മലയാളം)

 

 

 

 

 

 

     With 21 translations, Malayalam has seen the most number of translations in any Indian language. More and more translations continue to be produced, the most recent one being a translation by Shailaja Ravindran (In 2007; D.C. Books, Kottayam). Malayalam probably has the unique distinction of producing the first ever translation of Tirukkural in any Indian language. An unpublished manuscript of a Malayalam translation done in 1595 A.D. is reported in the Annual Report of the Cochin Archeological Department for the year 1933-34.[2]

Translations are of different types. Some in modern Malayalam and some in ancient Malayalam. Ancient Malayalam is dominated by Tamil words unlike modern Malayalam which is a hybrid of Tamil and Sanskrit. As a result, Malayalam has a rich vocabulary of both Tamil and Sanskrit origin. This is precisely the reason why Malayalees do not find Tamil movies difficult to understand when released in Kerala. Ramesan Nairs translation of Thirukkural (Trust Publications, Trivandrum) in ancient Malayalam reminds us how close Malayalam was once with Tamil.[3]

     The translation in verse presented here is that of V.V. Abdulla Sahib, first published in 2002. As in the case of the Hindi translation of the Kural, my wife K.T. Shahnaz typed the entire translation. All the 133 chapters have been presented in Acrobat.

imjxny Zykl

മുഖവുര

xyK RxZysxj Zykpסpdjdx Aknyj Zykl Hk sxcxkY sxtyZKZyjm, ZiyoMȵny p GlpI pyqyrixY Zykl F˧ Ahyx AhyexjeUˡ. Ziyopbi AekdxixmxY AZlyjeUZ.

Zykl pykPyZixj Kxmly PkyZKxkxyUjy AhyexjhyZj. Kyspyd i̧ kxI dlxymxY Zykpסp RzpyykˤZ˧ Pym AhyexjeUx il Pym KysZxgI dxmxI dlxxY˧ eljˡ. FdjxjxmI Zyklnyd eZyd dlxymcyKI eoi Kxky sIqjiym. Zykpעp Hk RdiZxkdxYxY Pym eYWyZxkU eI. BPxkIMsZI, DesxbqKI Fz RdiZMȵnym Bqj KlnymZxY KxkYI. Fx KlnymxK pyqxsekixj pRxZix pypPdix eZyfmyxZ Hk pyqekdxj BzjekrdxjyxY AtI ekymsyZ.

RxZyiZpYhZid idrKmyd BbkYzjpI BPkYzjpI pyxdbxjKpixj Kl KxmxZypyjxjy dymKxסˡ. AZy Aimnxj ZZnI DebqnI AUyjy. AZKxZ Kl idrKmy exZsxjyzkKjI sѥmxKI ePkyKjI Pj.

 

AdKI mxKhxrKnym Kl ekxpdI PФey˧ AZy pqyrI pynyxZˡ. AZ sIgixj Hk PlpypkYI esixY˧ KkZˡ.

 

Zykl- CZkhxrKny

Zxo KxYy hxkZzj hxrKnymI hxkZzjZk hxrKnymI Zykl pypdI PФey

 

hxkZzj hxrK

gIMxny, MRlxy, tyy, KU, ilxy, Hxlyj, exgy, kxRxdy, skxr, ZmM, Db, sIsܣZI, imjxnI.

 

Gr hxrK

AlgyK, gizs, Pdzs, Rexdzs, imj, syItxnzs, fzRyj

 

jlxe hxrK

Bid, P, W, CIMzr, fyyr, f, Ri, mxly, exnyr, lr, szWyr, Clxmyj.

 

imjxn hxrjy Zyklny em pypdnI CZydKI elylyjy. Fx DZ pybxhxsI mhyyymx sxcxkYx FneI idsymx dymjymI stbj AZypMI tbyixx sxcixK ZkymI mnyZhxrjy KxpkeymxY C pypdI dytyeyZ.

 

C imjxnebpypdI pyRjKkixjy eyjxZyd F k pyK AKioy stxjyy. H˧, CkxU Pyim sbqy, qzix ZpmixԪ gy.F., gy.Uy.

(ly. ts AxeK). k, imjxnyjI CkxU ykpxsyjI Kx Bkpbqxm fysyrdixj WxK ixtd pkyxy, Wy.F..FI hxrxekixjI BqjekixjI ilpycymI Cp Pjy spd dyeljpx DPyZixj hxr Fdy sxczdim. AeKxkI Z pypdqxK jaxKiI pxjy pymjyky Fdy p dyq dKyj qzix FI.sy. kxi ixԪ FI.F., gy.FW. ApKnU stxjstKkY Tx pnk dyjpdxY.

 

C pypdyd Fdy stxjKixjp Zxo Kly MȵnxY.

 

1. ekyimoKkU Ziyo pypdI. 

2. WxK idsxiy pkbkxR ApKnU Zykl Znypk.

3. Cx shxeZy ibmyjx ApKnU Zykl pynpk.

4. sy. kxRMxexmxPxky ApKnU ZkU Kl CkUyKnU CIMzr pypdI.

 

Hk Bzj MI exm spxeKixjy eqxhy Kl pxdyKpI pKxkyKpixj ZmnymU idrd DKrdxˡ. imjxnyK C KZy szKky AZy Dehxxnxjyzk˥ZxUxeI F DaxPyZI exxtyeyi pyqxsxUKUy Tx CZ gtRdsiI spydjI sieyKxסˡ.

 

 

kPjyZxp

ekydI

20-10-2002

py.py. Agmxsxtyg

ekydI, Zq 680 686

 (Source: Abdulla Sahib, V.V. 2002. Thirukkural (Malayalam). Printed at Gupta Press, 123, Periyar Street, Erode 638 001, Tamil Nadu)

 



[1] Kunhikrishan, K. 1999. Tirukkural in Malayalam. Book Review of Tirukkural translation in Malayalam by S. Ramesan Nair. In: The Hindu.

[2] George, K.M. 1973 Tirukkural and Malayalam. In: First All India Tirukkural Seminar Papers. (Editor: N. Sanjeevi). Pp 44-49

 

[3] நீல பத்மநாபன். 2000. இரமேசன் நாயரின் `திருக்குறள் மலையாள மொழியாக்கம்: சில சிந்தனைகள். வள்ளுவம்.

 

 பல்லடம் மாணிக்கம் திருக்குறள் பண்பாட்டு ஆய்வு மையம். November December, 2000. பக்கம் 39-42

 

 

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