Links provided to the following sites and others, at bottom of page:
    Prime Minister Cajander's Address to the Finnish People Nov. 23, 1939
    The Response by the Soviet Union Nov. 26, calling Cajander a "Buffoon."
    Propaganda Leaflets Fall on Finland
    Molotov's Statement of Soviet Union's Foreign Policy March 29, 1940
    Winter War Stories
    Summary of the War
    Our Land: The Finnish National Anthem

The story of the survival of Finland as a free nation begins in the forests of Eastern Finland's Karelia Province, between the shores of the Gulf of Finland and the Arctic Ocean. It is about the historical epic life and death struggle of a tiny country against the "Evil Empire." Soviets invent different excuses for expanding their Communist empire, such as defense requirements. After becoming an ally of Hitler, the Soviet Union first annexed the Baltic countries then, claiming Finland attacked the Soviet Union, attacked Finland which refused to become a part of the Soviet Union peacefully. After 105 days of Winter War without any clear Soviet victory, peace negotiations began in 1940, which left Finland without its most loved province, Karelia, but with its freedom intact. The Finns had not capitulated, having fought hard and winning the right to negotiate their freedom.

The Soviet Union attacked Finland again in 1941 but Stalin claimed that Finland attacked the Soviet Union (again). This automatically made Finland an enemy of Britain and the United States. Finland finds itself allied with Hitler, who murdered 12 million people. United States and Britain become enemies of Finland and allies of Stalin, who murdered 40 million people.

Here you will find a lot of exclusive information. For example: 1) picture gallery of actual exclusive photos taken on the front during the Continuation War which broke out when the Soviets attacked Finland a second time, 2) detailed description of Finland's war indemnity to the Soviet Union 3) actual story of a Finnish family's experience during and after the Soviet attack, and much more. As for actual chronological details, links have been provided to sites specializing in war timelines.
    World War II
On August 23, 1939, Stalin and Hitler divided eastern Europe amongst themselves in a secret pact. Finland was placed in the Soviet "sphere of influence" along with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The pact was followed by Hitler's invasion of Poland. Stalin's Red Army came to the "aid of Poland" and invaded Poland from the East on September 17, 1939. The three small Baltic countries were then occupied/invaded by the Soviets as per the agreement. Finland was next. Finland had a choice: give up ground (Karelia) and then be attacked, or stand up against the aggressor. From a tactical point of view there really was no choice.

The Soviets requested minor adjustments to the border on the Karelian Isthmus and the lease of the Hanko peninsula at the mouth of the Gulf of Finland in return for a slice of East Karelia. Paasikivi and Tanner, Finland's negotiators, felt that the territories requested were of military importance and refused Stalin's proposal. They refused to accept at face value, Soviet concerns that a foreign power might attack Russia across Finland.

Stalin wanted to make a deal the Finns could not refuse: "say Finnsky, how about you all giving us Karelia, and we will more than compensate you with some wasteland up north." (not an exact quote but the spirit is there) The Finns have an uncanny ability to see through Russian demands; it comes with the territory. It was obvious that the Soviets, like the Nazis, were out to grab land and enslave nations.

Despite the long border possessed by Russia, Stalin insisted that a big power would choose to land in Hanko. But the Baltic accesses to the Gulf of Finland are easily mined and defended, precluding invasion from that direction. The element of surprise would be impossible. Besides, the Soviets controlled access to the Gulf of Finland after annexing the Baltic States. There was no realistic threat to Leningrad from Finland.

Winter War

The Soviets Attack

On November 30, 1939 the Soviet Army attacked Finland on all fronts with army, air force and navy; Helsinki was bombed, and 91 persons were killed. On Dec. 1, 1939, a puppet government headed by Finn-hater and Stalin's ghost writer-purge accuser, Otto Kuusinen, was installed by Stalin in Terijoki.

When the Soviet Union invaded Finland, Antti Joronen, the writer's father, was in one of nine divisions of Finns against an army of 600,000 men divided into four main army groups over a 1000 km front. The odds pitted against Finland were so overwhelming that observers abroad expected the Finnish resistance to collapse in a short time because Finland was not well equipped to wage war with Russia in 1939. But the Finnish Army was well trained and they improvised and captured enemy weapons. Unlike the Norwegian army which required 84 days military service, every Finn had to serve a full 365 days. They would need every bit of that training.

By the end of December, 400,000 Russians were dead, wounded, captured or trapped. After many defeats, Stalin was desperate for a victory, so he installed new leaders, changed his tactics, and sent in 1.2 million men with masses of artillery. Finally in March, after Stalin's Red Army, that was coming to "liberate" Finland, had become the laughing-stock to the whole world, the Finns began secret negotiations for peace.

The war lasted a little over 3 months. By March 1940, the brief but disastrous war was over. It was disastrous for the Soviets because they lost, by some Finnish estimates, close to one million men and for little Finland, especially the Karelian people, because Karelia was lost and over 420,000 people lost their homes, including the writer's parents and grandparents.

Juha Ilo's Version of Winter War

The Battles of Winter War

The case against the "Finnish Threat to Leningrad."

Statements By Soviets About the War

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, a native Ukranian, remembers very well. It speaks the truth, not the usual lies that come from Soviet leaders. I suppose it is fine to speak the truth when you are no longer in the power structure.

    "I had firsthand knowledge of what happened, including the strategic miscalculation on our side. The very day the war with Finland started, I was in Moscow with Stalin. He didn't even feel the need to call a meeting. He was sure all we had to do was fire a few artillery rounds and the Finns would capitulate. Instead, they rejected our terms and resisted. There was a false sense of confidence on our side; a few days would pass and we would polish off the Finns. But that didn't happen either. Many of our troops were ground up by the Finns...Stalin lost his nerve after the defeat of our troops in the war against Finland. He probably lost whatever confidence he had that our army could cope with Hitler. Stalin never said so, but I came to this conclusion watching his behavior."

    "We soon realized that we had bitten off more than we could chew. We found ourselves faced with good steel reinforced fortifications and effectively deployed artillery. The Mannerheim line was impregnable. Our casualties mounted alarmingly. In the winter it was decided to bypass the Karelian Isthmus and to strike a blow from Lake Ladoga to the north where there were no fortifications. But when we tried to strike from the rear, we found ourselves in an even more difficult situation than before. The Finns, who are a people of the North and very athletic, can ski almost before they can walk. Our army encountered very mobile ski troops armed with automatic high velocity rifles. We tried to put our own troops on skis too, but it wasn't easy for ordinary, untrained Red Army soldiers to fight on skis. We started intensively to recruit professional sportsmen. There weren't many around. We had to bring them from Moscow and the Ukraine as well as from Leningrad. We gave them a splendid send-off. Everyone was confident that our sportsmen would return victorious, and they left in high spirits. Poor fellows, they were ripped to shreds. I don't know how many came back alive...And so the war with Finland ended. We started to analyze the reasons why we were so badly prepared and why the war had cost us so dearly. I'd say we lost as many as a million lives...There's some question about whether we had any legal or moral right for our actions against Finland. Of course we didn't have legal right. As far as morality was concerned, our desire to protect ourselves was ample justification in our own eyes."

Stalin thought the problem was that his soldiers were poorly motivated, so he had political commissars there to encourage them and to follow them into battle. If they advanced against the Finns, then the Finns shot them down. If they retreated to the rear then the NKVD officers shot them down. They were also told that if they were taken prisoner their families would be arrested. And they themselves would be sent to Siberia or killed upon returning to their homeland. That is socialism. Russia the terrible!

A book called "Recalling The Past For the Sake of the Future - The Causes, Results and Lessons of World War Two" was published in Moscow in 1985 by Novosti Press. (perhaps a better title would have been "Inventing the Past For the Sake of Socialist Reality") It says the Following:

    "But the Finnish government, prodded by Western powers, rejected these proposals and broke off the talks on November 7, 1939. Helsinki apparently believed that taking a "firm line" toward the Soviet Union, with the support of Britain and the U.S., was in its best interests. Finland carried out mobilization amid frenzied militarist propaganda, concentrated its troops on the border with the U.S.S.R. and provoked one border incident after another. Armed provocation continued despite warnings from the Soviet side, and on November 30, 1939, hostilities began between Finland and the Soviet Union."
The Soviet newspaper "Pravda" (Truth) wrote the following on December 4, 1939:
    "The Red Army approaches the frontier of Finland at the request of the People's Government. It will depart from Finnish territory as soon as the People's Government asks it to leave. The Red Army is going into Finland to the aid of the Finnish people. Only the Soviet Union, which rejects in principle the violent seizure of territory and the enslavement of nations, could agree to placing its armed might at disposal, not for the purpose of attacking Finland or enslaving its people, but for securing Finland's independence and enlarging her territory at the expense of the Soviet Union."

Headlines in the Communist Party newspaper the "Daily Worker" announced on December 1, 1939 "Red Army Hurls Back Invading Finnish Troops."

Some historians have written that Stalin only wanted to move the Finnish border slightly away for the protection of Leningrad, and that Finland was being unnecessarily difficult with the "legitimate defense requirements" of the Soviet Union. This claim has been disproved. If there was ever any doubt that Stalin wanted all of Finland, rather than just a tiny part to protect Leningrad, let the following statement by Khrushchev stand as testimony. This was just after the infamous pact with Hitler. "He (Stalin) said then and there that the document we signed would give us Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bessarabia, and Finland." (pg. 46, Khrushchev Remembers, Jerrold L. Schecter, with Vyacheslav V. Luchkov)

Timeline of Winter War
Timeline - Naval

Russian attackers Bogged Down
Antti is out there somewhere.

Two Destroyed Russian Tanks
So this is what dad was talking about. To destroy a tank
with a Molotov Cocktail, "throw it into the engine air intake."
Apparently these tanks aren't moving anywhere.
Winter War AT tactics

Antti and Meeri's Wartime Experience

    Terijoki was the "Finnish Riviera" on the Gulf of Finland. With Kilometers of beautiful sand beaches, it was a favorite holiday spot for city folk who lived in Viipuri (Vyborg), the second largest and most cosmopolitan city in Finland. Meeri Saarnio (writer's mother) spent summers there on the Gulf of Finland with her family. During the summer of 1938, powerful spotlights were directed at the Finnish shoreline. They were military maneuvers out of Kronstadt - preparing, foreshadowing, the following year's campaign. Viktor, (Vihtori) Meeri's father cautioned against looking directly at the intense light, which disturbed the peaceful Finnish life. The Russians were already planning their move into Finland, and Stalin had been busy preparing East Karelia between 1937-38 by shooting Karelians and Finns by the thousands. Click Map.

    For Antti Joronen, life in the Finnish province of Karelia during the 1930's was nice. It was a good place to live and Viipuri was a fun place to be at the age of 19. He met Meeri Saarnio in the summer of 1939. Karelia was a wonderful place to be. Because of the free system and hard-working people, it was prosperous, a place where Antti and Meeri wanted to settle down and make a home. But things were about to change drastically, for Stalin and Hitler had other plans.

    Antti and Meeri must leave their home in Karelia

    According to a Polish friend of R.Pratt (Antti's friend) Stalin was worse than Hitler. When asked how he knew since the Poles fought the Germans, not the Russians, he said, "I know, I was in a Soviet prison camp." You see, while the Germans attacked from the west, the Russians attacked from the east. Many Poles thought they had come to help. But this was not so. Stalin was also responsible for the Katyn Massacre, he said. ( more than 14,500 Polish officers murdered) Between Lenin and Stalin, some 40 million people were massacred in Stalin's holocaust.

During the Winter War the Finns lost 25,000 people by fighting the Soviet Union. If they had given in to the Soviet demands, like the three other Baltic States, the chances are that they would have had over 400,000 people killed. It seems that they made the right decision, and at the same time saved the N K V D officers a lot of work.

Finnish Air Defenses
The Finnish Air Force
Finnish Brewster 239 "Buffalo"
FAF Aircraft in WWII
Finnish Fighter History WWII

Finnish Air Force "Aces"
Juutilainen Eino
Wind Hans
Luukkanen Eino
Lehtovaara Urho
Tuominen Oiva
Puhakka Risto
Puro Olavi
Katajainen Nils
Nissinen Lauri
Karhila Kyösti
Karhunen Jorma
Vesa Emil
Järvi Turo
Alakoski Klaus
Tervo Altto
Saarinen Jorma
Kinnunen Eero
Tani Antti
Myllylä Urho
Suhonen Väinö
Pyötsiä Viktor
Teromaa Erik
Pekuri Lauri
Huotari Jouko
Turkka Yrjö
Sarvanto Jorma
Lumme Aulis
Riihikallio Eero
Halonen Eero
Alho Martti
Nuorala Aaro
Lampi Heimo
Kokko Pekka
Pallasvuo Yrjö
Sovelius Per
Aaltonen Lasse
Sarjamo Urho
Paronen Onni
Koskinen Eino
Laitinen Ahti
Ahokas Leo
Törrönen Iikka
Nieminen Urho
Leino Hemmo
Erkinheimo Niilo
Kalima Martti
Metsola Kai
Peltola Eino
Lahtela Kullervo
Karu Veikko
Pasila Mikko
Kirjonen Mauno
Berg Paavo
Kauppinen Viljo
Hillo Jaakko
Mattila Ture
Savonen Joel
Inehmo Martti
Lyly Erik
Bremer Aulis
Porvari Valio
Jutila Lauri
Trontti Nils
Virtanen Väinö
Tomminen Toivo
Huhanantti Tatu
Linnanmaa Aarre
Salminen Pauli
Virta Kelpo
Avikainen Onni
Hattinen Lars
Durchman Matti
Nurminen Pentti
Gerdt Aimo
Ikonen Sakari
Magnusson Gustaf
Kauppinen Osmo
Lautamäki Lauri
Fräntila Mauno
Keskinummi Kosti
Mellin Paavo
Rimminen Veikko
Kiljunen Aaro
Tilli Pentti
Ehrnrooth Erkki
Myllymäki Jouko
Evinen Veikko
Lakio Vilppu
Lindberg Kim
Massinen Pauli
Nyman Atte
Pokela Väinö
Kajanto Jaakko
Koskelainen Arvo
Alapuro Veikko
Joensuu Antti
94 1/6 kills(Top Messerschmitt Bf 109 ace with 58 kills)
75 kills (Top Brewster B-239 ace with 39 kills)
56 kills
44 1/2 kills (Top Morane MS 406 ace with 15 kills)
44 kills (Top Fiat G.50 ace with 23 kills)
42 kills
36 kills
35 1/2 kills
32 1/3 kills
32 1/4 kills
31 1/2 kills
29 1/2 kills
28 1/2 kills
26 kills
23 1/4 kills (Top Curtiss 75A ace with 15 3/4 kills)
23 kills
22 1/2 kills
21 1/2 kills
21 kills
19 1/2 kills
19 1/2 kills
19 kills
18 1/2 kills
17 1/2 kills
17 1/12 kills
16 5/6 kills (Highest scoring ace during Winter War with 12 5/6 kills)
16 1/2 kills
16 1/2 kills
16 kills
15 kills
14 1/2 kills
13 1/2 kills
13 1/3 kills
12 5/6 kills
12 3/4 kills
12 2/3 kills
12 1/2 kills
12 1/2 kills
12 1/3 kills
12 kills
12 kills
11 1/4 kills
11 kills
11 kills
10 3/4 kills
10 1/2 kills
10 1/2 kills
10 1/2 kills
10 1/4 kills
10 kills
10 kills
9 3/4 kills
9 1/2 kills
9 1/2 kills
8 kills
8 kills
8 kills
8 kills
8 kills
7 1/2 kills
7 1/2 kills
7 1/2 kills
7 kills
7 kills
6 1/2 kills
6 kills
6 kills
6 kills
6 kills
6 kills
6 kills
6 kills
5 5/6 kills
5 5/6 kills
5 3/4 kills
5 1/2 kills
5 1/2 kills
5 1/2 kills
5 1/2 kills
5 1/2 kills
5 1/2 kills
5 1/3 kills
5 1/3 kills
5 1/6 kills
5 kills
5 kills
5 kills
5 kills
5 kills
5 kills
5 kills
5 kills
5 kills
5 kills
5 kills
5 kills
Finnish Air Force had altogether 96 aces

Finnish Air War video clip - Watch this movie
about some of the activities of the Finnish Air Force.

    When Hitler attacked the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, Finland knew the Soviet Union would strike because Soviet diplomats had said on several occasions that in the event of war with Germany, the Soviet Union would immediately launch an offensive against Finland. The Finnish government prepared a declaration of neutrality, but on June 22 and June 25, 1941 the Soviet air force dropped bombs on a number of towns in southern Finland. On June 25, the Finnish parliament declared that a state of war existed between Finland and the Soviet Union. The new war was called "Continuation War" by the Finns because Soviet Union broke the treaty of March, 1940, and continued the Winter War.
    More Continuation War Clips. Finland found herself alone again, and on the wrong side of the war. Hitler offered supplies, which Finland found hard to refuse under the circumstances. But the alliance was informal and Finland did not cooperate any more than necessary, and certainly not in turning over Jews to him as requested. The Finns knew what genocide was from experience, and wanted no part of it.

    Contrary to Soviet propaganda, Finland did not join Hitler in the siege of Leningrad either, in fact Finland did what it could to keep the Murmansk supply lines open, according to the writer's father who was there. Most of the nuisance was caused by Hitler's submarines in the North Sea. General Mannerheim himself said he did not want the blood of the Leningrad people on his hands.

    Unlike Russia, Finland would not sign a formal alliance with Hitler, but was only a co-belligerent fighting to regain Karelia. Stalin created this self fulfilled prophecy in his paranoia about everything and everyone including Finland. By attacking Finland, Stalin gave Hitler the confidence he needed to bring Barbarossa onto the Russian people, and forced Finland and any other country fighting Communism to fight with the Germans. Since Germany lost, history is told from the Soviet perspective, and as we know, it is "Soviet Reality," or just plain lies - like Viipuri (Vyborg) is an old Russian city. This is what visitors are being told when they visit my parents old city.

    Finland had a Social Democratic government since just after WW1 with no interest in fascism whatsoever. How did Finland suddenly become a fascist country? The Russians even today tell their people that the land taken from Finland was liberated from the "fascists." I suppose they think it makes their aggression permissible. If Finland was a fascist sympathizer, (as were the Soviets in 1939 in their pact with Hitler) then Churchill was a Communist sympathizer. Britain and USA ended up allied to a man who killed 40 million people, while Finland was forced to get aid from a man who killed 6 million Jews. Can Churchill claim to be more holy than Mannerheim? Both were fighting evil regimes were they not?
    "Finland, Rumania, Hungary and others of the Nazi ridden or Fascist ridden States."

    Finnish treatment of Russian POW's

    The River Syvari (Svir) - Finnish troops stopped their advance in the region of Syvari River. They did cross to the other side but mainly stayed on the north shore. This is the area the Finns claim on historical grounds.

    Stalin's Purging

    Hitler was responsible for the holocaust, Stalin for the purges. Much has been said, and continues to this day, about the holocaust. Very little is said about the purges, which were far worse. Are Jewish lives more important than any other group? I'm sure you will agree that everyone's lives are important. Further, the word "purge" softens the act of killing and doesn't always mean murder, but rather something desirable - a cleansing regimen to get rid of toxins and undesirable elements. "To purify, cleanse, or to remove from an organization, political party, or army" - Webster's Dictionary. It does not say that the person was also removed from this earth. However for Hitler's murders (which were horrible) we use the word "holocaust" which means "burnt offering, destruction."

    What's a good word for millions being shot in the back of the head which is just as bad? Both words: holocaust and purge refer to slaughter; there is no difference when used in these contexts. Why do we minimize one and maximize the other?

    Stalin had a plan to dominate the world. He needed excuses to attack neighboring countries which was provided by the war. The excuse used to attack Finland: the defense requirements of Leningrad, which Prime Minister Cajander correctly saw as ridiculous. (There is always a "valid reason" in aggression.)

    Here we see the Luciferian principle in action, whereby the real agenda is hidden inside a pretext or appeal to a highly righteous position, or positions. The annexation of Karelia was achieved by Stalin because he convinced his two allies of his righteousness.

United States: Arsenal of Democracy
for "...peoples of the world who are determined to remain free..."
    The Lend Lease Bill was introduced into Congress in January 1941 after Roosevelt's December 30 1940 speech calling for all out aid to Great Britain and her allies, becoming law in March 1941. This was to empower the president to sell, transfer, exchange, lease, or lend war supplies to any nation whose defense was deemed by the President to be 'vital to the defense of the United States.' "Rapid and united effort by all of the peoples of the world who are determined to remain free will insure a world victory of the forces of justice and of righteousness over the forces of savagery and of barbarism." He was a brilliant persuader of the American people to get them to agree to this plan. Initially the mandate was to supply Britain, but when Hitler attacked the USSR, Roosevelt could freely give aid to that country too. Many Americans did not agree with this policy because they did not trust Stalin like their president did. The agreement that the Soviets signed said that payment for the equipment would be made at mutually agreed terms at the end of the war. Another bad deal, for no final agreement was ever reached with the Soviet Union.

    Well, so much for Roosevelt as a good judge of character, for one of the most savage and barbaric of all was his friend and confidante Joseph Stalin. Is America repeating Roosevelt's mistakes with the KGB agent Putin? Once a KGB, always a KGB.

Lend Lease Weapons sent from the US to the Soviet Union

No free aid was offered to Finland from either Britain or the United States when Finland was attacked by the Soviet Union in 1939 even though the Soviets were fighting on the side of Hitler. Finland had to purchase weapons such as aircraft from the United States which were stripped of their guns.

Finland's Soviet War Debt
    The demands Russia made on Finland after the war were outrageous - and they had to be paid in eight years. Here are two of the 589 narrow gauge locomotives manufactured by Tampella and Locomo, bound for the Soviet Union. (What, they want payment and Karelia too?) This payment was just a slap, the real loss was Karelia itself, the price of which would be astronomical, in fact priceless. The Russians may have been given as many as 60 000 saunas.

    Here is a partial list of manufactured goods (US$300,000,000 - actual value was close to US$570,000,0000 - discrepancy due to pricing basis used) sent to the Soviet Union:
    Narrow gauge locomotives by Tampella and Locomo
    300 ton schooners with 225 hp diesels by Valmet -
    800 hp deep sea trollers -
    3200 ton freighters -
    2000 ton steel barges or tankers -
    1000 ton barges -
    150 hp river tug boats -
    Tampella TS 7 metal lathes -
    Paper machinery -
    Cardboard machines -
    Miscellaneous industrial electric motors -
    Modular houses (USD) -
    Lumber handling vehicles -
    Wire Cable (Tons) -
    Miscellaneous e.g.. Cranes by Kone oy
    The rich and beautiful province of Karelia
    The Karelian Culture
    27 431
    7 000 000
    21 087