Born in 1866,
G. I. Gurdjieff brought
to the West in the first quarter of the 20th century. During his youth and
early adulthood, Gurdjieff sought the meaning of life in Asia, Tibet, Egypt,
and other areas of the Earth. Gurdjieff found secret and esoteric schools
where he learned various spiritual traditions, in particular one ancient
oral tradition called The Work which has been handed down from
teacher to pupil for thousands of years. After this long search, Gurdjieff
went to Moscow and St. Petersburg in Tsarist Russia about 1913, just before
the Russian Revolution.
Here Gurdjieff began his lifelong work of teaching the Work in the West,
and during this phase he met his most prominent pupil and friend,
P. D. Ouspensky, who later placed the Work in a form suitable for the Western mind.
At the outbreak of the Revolution in 1917, Gurdjieff went to the city
of Essentuki in the Caucasus, then in 1919 he established
The Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man in
Tiflis (now Tbilisi), Georgia.
Later Gurdjieff attempted to re-establish his Institute
in Hampstead in London, England, but was unable to obtain a visa from
the British government to do so. He then went to France and rented a
house in Paris Auteil in 1922. Gurdjieff finally settled near Paris
at the Chateau du Prieuré near Fontainebleau in October 1922, and
stayed there until 1933. He then went to Paris, where he lived in a
flat in 6 Rue de Colonels Renard, met with pupils and wrote his books
in the Café de la Paix, and taught the Work until his death on 1949.10.29.