Hodgsons appear on the earliest recusant lists. John Hodgson and his wife Jane from 'Gromanhurst' were actually born in pre-recusant days long before the term became one of contempt classifying those stubborn adherents to the old faith. They had, by 1614, been guilty of this 'crime' for twenty-four years, that is ever since it became an indictable offence. He was summoned for a debt to the Exchequer of £20 a month for the preceding six months "£120 for the like recusancy" and his name is among nine other local recusants in the second recusant roll previously mentioned. As he was a 'yoman' with a little property his enrolment as a Crown deptor was quite certain, but as he is omitted from the succeeding roll, his wealth appears to have gone.
Robert Hodgson, a tanner from Mirkebecke, and Isabell are also listed in 1614, he being a recusant since he was twenty, and she since she was sixteen. He was not enrolled although he was listed as "worth £20 in goods and had a farm"
Margery Hodgson, a widow, another long standing recusant is listed in 1614 together with George Hodgson a Cordwainer perhaps her son. However at Helmsley on 1st October 1616 was produced a certificate indicating that the following convicted Popish recusants conformed and went to their parish church. lt included Margery and George.
Christopher Hodgson and Jane were presented in a list of twenty-five in 1625. He too was a yeoman. Meanwhile Egton Parish registers show Ellicia, daughter of Richard Hodgson baptised on 3rd December 1617 and George son of George on 22nd June 1628. Out of a massive presentation of 158 Egton names in 1641 there are no Hodgsons but Cuthbert Hodgson senior, Andrew and John appear among eleven names for Ugthorpe in the same year. No doubt the authorities intended to round up possibly dangerous elements in the mounting civil strife of that period. It was, in fact, during the Civil War that the Egton records show considerable Hodgson activity.
William, son of George born in October 1642, and George himself died on 24th April 1645. Isabell and Catherine marry in 1643 and James married Isabell Harwood in 1648. Mary and Margaret being born in 1648 & 1651 respectively, and Thomas and Cuthbert were born to Thomas in exactly the same years. William Hodgson married Elizabeth Spedlin in June 1660 and Robert married Ann Yeaman on 25th November 1675.
Thomas died 5th January 1667 Christopher, on 29th January 1670. William son of William was born 26th January 1673. The remaining entries are burials:-
|Ann||(died)buried 28th August 1673||William of Egton||buried 8th June 1693|
|Jaine or Jane||buried 26th Feb. 1680||Margaret of East End||buried 25th Aug. 1693|
|Andrew||buried 27 April 1681||Mary||buried 31st Jan. 1694|
|John||buried 27th April 1634||Ann of Biggin Houses||buried 23rd Feb. 1697|
|William||buried 6th July 1686|
The last entry gives the home of some of the Ugthorpe Hodgsons for the first time.
It was politically expedient after the deposition of James II to round up the recusants once more and in 1691 an even more massive presentment was made numbering 172 names for Egton alone. There were four Hodgsons from Egton included. They were Jacob Hodgson, his wife Frances and Margaret and Maria, though it is not known whether these last were his children. Ugthorpe provided ten more:-
Thomas and Maria his wife
George and Elizabeth his wife
John and Anna his wife and Francis
Anna William and Maria, children perhaps.
Two possibilities for the home of Biggin houses! A small list for 1708 has Thomas Hodgson of Ugthorpe, yeoman, and a Jacobite scare caused a longer list in 1716 including William Thomas and John for Ugthorpe but none for Egton.
All the above lists of recusants are civil lists, all the ones below are ecclesiaical and have been referred to before, with the exception of that for 1745 brought about by Bonnie Prince Charlie's attempt to regain the throne for the house of Stuart. The 1735 return lists two widows only for Lythe parish which covers Ugthorpe. Their names are Elizabeth and Ann. Egton also has a single name, another widow Elizabeth, the same return for Whitby shows four spinster sisters Mary, Elizabeth, Dorothy and Alice. Lythe Parish registers show Cuthbert Hodgson and Mary Clark married 26th April 1726. Sometime before 1730 Jane Hodgson, wife of Joseph Harrison 5 is recorded in Ff. Hervey's registers, Thomas marries Alice Sleightholme at Egton on 24th October 1727 and Robert marries Ann Lacy at Lythe on 17th May 1731.
Fr. Hervey enters Cuthbert Hodgson from Stockton as godfather to WilIiam Watsons son William in November 1737. That raises a number of interesting queries. The next return giving names is that of 1780, intervening ones being numerical. An exception is the special return for Egton in 1753 which has been used already, and it contains 'John Hodgson and three children' only. Francis Hodgson is the only entry for that village of that family in 1780. For Lythe in the same year quite a different picture is revealed. Perhaps the whole family of William and Dorothy is named. The full details are:
Ann Hodgson and Ann daughter
Willliam Hodgson and Elizabeth wife & Eliz. da.
William & Dorothy wife, Cuthbert, Joseph, Thomas, John, Mary, Dorothy and Ann children.
Thomas & Ann wife, John, Mary, Elizabeth and Jane children.
The marriage of William and Dorothy took place on June 4th 1757 at Lythe in the prescence of Henry Harrison, most likely the bride's brother. The register also gives the home namely Tranmire. The home of Thomas and Ann has been identified as Biggin House.
The distribution of the various branches of the fainily in the Ugthorpe area can now be followed using the place names from the Easter Communion lists between 1781 and 1827. At this time there was a Hodgson home in Greenhouses, the entry being 'Nanny Lyth and Nanny Hodgson daughter. Now as Thomas Hodgson took the oath of allegiance at Northallerton on October 4th 1791 styled as 'Greenhouses, farmer' it is safe to say that Thomas married Ann Lyth and lived in that hamlet. John Hodgson of Ugthorpe also took the oath at Stokesley on July 19th 1791. Ginny, Betty, Ann and Margaret are at Ugthorpe too in 1731 and could well be the wife and children of Thomas of Biggin House. In fact, Thomas John and Jane are there in 1788. The same year finds Thomas still at Greenhouses, Ann and Nancy at Ugthorpe, and Mary and Joseph at Tranmire. There are ten Hodgson communicants in 1795 though not written with place names, and in the same manner 31 between 1795 and 1800, and 21 during the next five years. By 1810 William, Sara and Elizabeth are in Ugthorpe, John and Sara at Biggin House and William, Elizabeth and John at Fr. Postgate's on Ugthorpe Moor. There are no references to Greenhouses so that family must have moved. 1815 finds Joseph arid Sara 'near Ugthorpe' John and Sara still at Biggin House with Daniel Wilson's family making the place a number of homes. Thomas Sara and John are at Fr. Postgate's, continuing to live there till 1827. By this time Elizabeth a widow has died in Ugthorpe, Thomas and Elizabeth have moved to Biggin Houses with John and Sara's family. Yet another John and Sara are at Scaling Dam by 1818 and William and Mary are at Tranmire.
The two available lists for Egton have one Hodgson entry only namely John of Biggin Houses.
The families valiantly supported Fr. George Leo Haydock when he asked for subscriptions, firstly to enlarge the chapel at Ugthorpe and five years later to renew it. The relevant Hodgson names in the first list of 1803 are:
|John Biggin House||1||1||0|
|William near Ugthorpe||5||0|
Those of the second list of 1808 are:-
|John Biggin House||5||5||0|
|one load of heavy stones||10||0|
|Sara near Ugthorpe||5||0|
|Francis one load of heavy stones||10||0|
The total cost of the enlargement was £35 9s 3d and it was paid for on December 19th 1803 and to show his gratitude Fr. Haydock had written beneath in plain chant notation Te Deum Laudamus: The new church necessitated by sheer weight of numbers cost £614 of which sum £244 was collected leaving a debt of £370, which it was start to reduce by a system of bench rents graded according to nearness to the altar. The top five rows were rated at sixpence, the next five at five pence, the next three at four pence, the next three at two-pence halfpenny, and the last two were free. The last was allocated to strangers and poor. This church lasted until 1855 when it was replaced by the present church.
|1.||13/8/1643||Egton||Christopher Hodgson||Isabell Hodgson|
|2.||14/11/1643||Egton||John Rodes||Catherine Hodgson|
|3.||2/7/1648||Egton||James Hodgson||Isabell Harwood|
|4.||19/7/1655||Lythe||Robt. Huborn Roxby||Marie Newt. Hulg.||Cuthbert Hodgson|
|5.||/6/1660||Egton||Robert Hodgson||Eliz. Spedlin|
|6.||30/11/1662||Lythe||John Hodgson||Eliz. Net. Hulg|
|7.||25/11/1675||Egton||Robert Hodgson||Ann Yeaman|
|8.||Andrew Hodgson||Margaret||Recusants on 1674 Egton returns|
|9.||James Hodgson||Margaret||Recusants on 1674 Egton returns|
|10.||John Hodgson||Ann||Recusants on 1674 Lythe returns|
|11.||Thomas Hodgson||Ann||Recusants on 1674 Lythe returns|
|12.||John Hodgson junior||Ann||Recusants on 1674 Lythe returns|
|13.||Thomas Hodgson||Mary||Recusants on 1691 Lythe returns|
|14.||George Hodgson||Elizabeth||Recusants on 1691 Lythe returns|
|15.||Cuthbert Hodgson||Ann||Recusants on 1674 Lythe returns|
|16.||26/4/1726||Lythe||Cuthbert Hodgson Yeoman||Mary Clark|
|17.||42/10/1727||Egton||Thomas Hodgson||Alice Sleightholme|
|18.||John Hodgson||Jane||Biggin House Fr. Hervey 1734|
|19.||John Hodgson||Elizabeth||Wall Slack Fryup, Fr. Hervey 1744|
|20.||4/6/1757||Lythe||William Hodgson||Dorothy Harrison||Tranmire wit. Henry Ha.|
|21.||29/1/1759||Egton||Francis Hodgson||Mary Petty|
|22.||John Hodgson||E.R.R. for 1753|
|23.||William Hodgson||Elizabeth||L.R.R. for 1780 Fr. Post.|
|24.||Thomas Hodgson||Ann||Biggin House L.R.R. for 17??|
|25.||John Hodgson||Sarah Heslop||Children's baptisim in U.|
|26.||3/9/1812||Egton||George Harrison||Anna Hodgson||Rich. Smith & Robt. Har.|
|27.||/10/1813||Ugthorpe||John Hodgson||Sarah Winspear||Scaling Dam|
|28.||Joseph Hodgson||Mary||Tranmire, Ugthorpe Eater Comm. 17??|
|29.||1821||Ugthorpe||Thomas Hodgson||Jane Fawcett|
|30.||20/12/1815||Egton||Richard Smith||Elizabeth Hodgson||Henry Harr. S. Cl.|
|31.||12/10/1820||Lythe||William Hodgson||Jane Hodgson spr.||Jos. Fra. & Hannah Hodgson|
|32.||John Hodgson||Elizabeth Cooper|
|33.||Peter Hodgson||Ann Harrison|
|34.||29/11/1832||Lythe||John Hodgson||Jane Trattles|
|35.||Francis Hodgson||Jane Frankland|
|36.||William Hodgson||Catherine Robinson|
Fr. Aveling in 'Northern Catholics' refers to the Hodgsons in a number of places. Following information given by the apostate priest Thomas Clarke to the Privy Council, a raid was made upon the home of John Hodgson at what is now known as Grosmont Priory. This took place in 1599 and was led by Lord Sheffield who had ousted the recusant Radcliffes from Mulgrave Castle. Resistance was met and blows were struck and apart from the discovery of vestments and some curious passages, no priests were caught. Whatever the result to the goverment was it seems to have driven the Hodgsons away, at least from Grosmont. They appear on the recusant lists until 1614, Christopher Hodgson and Jane his wife one family in 1625 and by 1641 they have gone from the Egton lists completely. Where? Absence from the presentments implies conformity, in which case the Egton records should show some evidence. What is seen is one baptism only before 1645 when some more entries occur (see Above). Lythe records during the same period show the death of two of John's children and the baptisms of five others. The actual years being between 1627 and 1638, there are also two children born to Cuthb. There are therefore teo Hodgson families at least in Lythe parish. It is thought that the Lythe-John is th same person as the John above.
At this time the parish of Lythe included the whole of the present Egton parish but the great number of recusants were seldom, if ever compounded, a fact quite helpful in locating the various families. During the Civil War and the Commonwealth (?) records show increasing Hodgson ocourences, and, in addition, place names. The practice of duclicate marriages has already been given mention, the practice of a church marriage long after a secret one is strongly suspected, but the Hodgsons are the ones where the practice of duplicate baptisms first comes to light. It is hard to understand whether recusancy is a motive or not. The details are:-
4/ 4/1649 Thomas son of Thomas, Tranmire, a baptismal entry from the Lythe records
14/10/1651 Cuthbert son of Thomas, Tranmire, a baptismal entry from the Lythe records
30/4/1648 Thomas son of Thomas, Tranmire, a baptismal entry from the Egton records
30/11/1651 Cuthbert son of Thomas, Tranmire, a baptismal entry from the Egton records
Ignoring the marriages of the two Hodgson girls in 1643 and putting the two Egton entries into Lythe there remains one Egton marriage, that of James and Isabell in 1643. The really massive return of 1674 recently re-discovered in "North Riding Quarter Sessions" Volume VI lists no fewer than 227 Egton recusants, 109 from Lythe and 19 from Eskdaleside including Matthew and Margaret Lyth the parents of the chiildren whose Baptism resulted in the arrest and subsequent execution of Fr. Nicholas Postgate. Although James and Isabell avoid listing there, Isabell figures in that of 1691, a recusant wife a not uncommon practice at that time. This perhaps can explain
some part of the apparent conformity seen in the parish records. That it is apparent is evidenced in the fact, again relating to a Cuthbert namely that a daughter Jane was baptised on February 2nd 1640 belonging to Cuthbert Hodgson junior, whilst the 1641 list for Lythe has Cuthbert Hodgson senior.
The separation of the Lythe parish entries according to the place mentioned illustrated another peculiar thing. The main Hodgson homesteads lie in the village of Ugthorpe, Sandsend, Newton Mulgrave and the scattered hamlet of Tranmire. Between the years 1659 and 1715 the incidence of births marriages and deaths in the respeive homesteads is tabulated below:-
The Sandsend branch of the family are using the parish church and the Ugthorpe branch only the churchyard. The other two are not so clear as to be certain. Yet again only 23 recorded baptisms for some dozen or so Hodgson families over a period of more than half a century is hard to believe. Burials elsewhere is a point not forgotten. During this time there were single families in each of the villages of Lythe, Barnby and Ellerby and another in the farm of Birkhead.
As the years pass the actual homes of some of the families become known, the Ugthorpe families living at Biggin Houses and Broom House, each place perhaps providing accommodation for younger members when they marry.
Before attempting to build up the picture using the information found in the wills of some of these yeoman Hodgsons, a sorting out of the different Cuthberts becomes necessary.
In the Newton Mulgrave branch of the family a Cuthbert died on December 29th 1676 and it is not known whether he left a will. On December 11th 1689 Cuthbert 'of Ugthorpe' died leaving a will which has been found and noted. Cuthbert son of Thomas of Tranmire was born on, or rather baptised on October 14th 1651, an item referred to above, and a will of Cuthbert of Tranmire was noted for September 9th 1701. This has not been found, though it could relate to the son of Thomas. George son of Cuthbert was baptised on September 27th 1627 and it has already been pointed out that there were Cuthberts senior and junior in 1640. George therefore had a brother Cuthbert their father being Cuthbert 'of Ugthorpe'.
His will dated curiously enough January 1689 since that year did not end until Lady Day March 25th, makes bequests to his grandchildren John and Ann Dayle, and William, Elizabeth and Jane Hodgson, and was signed by Wiilliam and Cuthbert Hodgson. It concludes with an injunction to them to carry out his wishes and 'to look after your grandmother.' This good lady survived her husband for three years and also left a much more informative will. These black dusty rolls, bundled according to deanery, and boxed according to month and year, also include an inventory of all they possed. So widow Ann was worth £46/6/4d which sum included a debt of £14 owing to her. She carefully distinguished between her two granddaughters named Bridget Dayle by identifying their fathers as John Dayle senior and John Dayle junior. Ann, daughter of William Hodgson, and Jane and Anna daughters of George Hodgson, to all these a bequest of £5 is made. Mary daughter of George receives £3, Ann Dayles 5/-, Elizabeth Hodgson 4/- both being grandchildren, and 1/- to Thomas Hodgson of Hinderwell, and finally John Dayle receives £3. George her son, and William her grandson are executors, and the witnesses are John and Gabriel Dayle.
George of Ugthorpe, yeoman died on June 1st 1713 and in his will dated July 4th the same year it is found that his wife was Elizabeth, his sons, in order of birth Cuthbert, George, William and John and his daughters Jane, Ann, Mary and Elizabeth.
A most interesting will, answering some of the questions posed above, is that of John Hodgson of 'Growman' near Egton. It is dated November 22nd 1715. Elizabeth, his wife receives two cows and a bedstead, Francis his son receives Biggin House Farm in the tenancy of Leonard Rowntree, John his son £50 and bedstead. A daughter now wife of William Hall £?, his daughter Elenor £40, and his son Cuthbert £5, whilst the whole estate is charged with 10/- a year for the poor of Ugthorpe. His goods are listed below:-
|Ready money and apparel|
|Two ordinary beds in parlour|
|One iron pot and pan|
|Forehouse, 1 cupboard and three small chairs|
|Two cows and hay|
|Glass and pewter|
|1 table 4 chairs 1 firmer and three iron rollers|
|Milkhouse, 10 bowls, 1 can, lstd.|
totaling £14 8s 2d less £5 debt owing to Ellicia Whitfield leaving £9 18s 2d. It is obvious from this and others which will follow that the government's seizure of two-thirds of a recusants goods and chattels would seldom be worth while where yeomen were concerned. This John cannot be a son of John and Jane with whom this chapter opens, but is more likely to be their grandson. Furthermore, as the names of John and Elizabeth are absent from the Egton lists their recusancy is in doubt. The earliest reference to Biggin House so far discovered is a baptism of Ann son of John Biggin House on December 2nd 1656 and Lythe registers also show John son of John baptised May 26th 1638 without showing the name of the place. It may be that there were three generations and John 1638 is the testator of the will above.These parish entries seem to confirm the suspicion, supported by the non listing as well, that some conformations have taken place. It has been seen, however, that Biggin House Hodgsons are in the later Recusant lists. They show too that before the bequest to Francis there were Hodgsons in occupation but the will proves that the early Grosmont family and the later Ugthorpe ones are the same Hodgson stock.
The statatory registration of Papist Estates which took place in 1717 and the years immediately following and is recorded in North Riding Records volume 8 page 20ff provides some other useful information.
William Hodgson registers Arthray Banks House in a place commonly called Broadfield inherited from his father Cuthbert and charged with 10/- per annum for ever to the poor of Ugthorpe. He also registers Broom House Farm let in part to Peter Johnson at 15s per annum, and to Joseph Radcliffe at 6s per annum. To recall that just over on hundred years earlier the Radcliffes were landed gentry in Mulgrave Castle is an extremely sad reflection.
Elizabeth Hodgson widow of George whose will is above registers Lawhall Farm in the tenancy of Leonard Knaggs, and Lawlease or Smallwood Farm.
John Hodgson, Bigginthorpe, yeoman, registers a messuage and garth called Biggin House.
Francis Hodgson, Foggithwait, yeoman, registers his home and refers to the bequest made by his father John of Growmont to his mother Elizabeth, a papist, of 40s yearly, to his brother John, and to himself. The father John left the annuity to his wife and to his sons. Francis, apparently holding Foggithwait in his own right, transfers his inheritance Biggin House to his brother John. Arthray Banks House is most likely Barry Banks House of today, Foggithwait, Foggitfoot.
Francis died intestate early in 1728. That he was wealthier than either his father or his brother is evident from the inventory accompanying the letters of administration granted to John. If Francis was unmarried then his brother is his administrator.
|Purse and apparel|
|Forehouse: 10 pewter dishes, 1 cupboard, 1 table|
|Low Parlour: 3 beds and bedding, 2 tables & 4 chests|
|High Parlour: 1 bed and bedding, 1 table|
|In another parlour several other things|
|Three two-year olds|
|Three one-year olds|
|Fifteen old sheep|
The four witnesses, Richard Lyth, John White, John Hodgson, and George Pearson all signed their marks.
Another Francis Hodgson died intestate in 1707. He was from Scaling Dam and his papers have not been seen but he very likely was the father of James Hodgson of the same place whose will dated January 6th 172Ofollows:-
Bequests are made to his three grand-daughters Margaret, Elizabeth and Mary, daughters of his son Francis. Margaret wife of John Hall receives 4s, Mary wife of John Hodgson 4s, Ann wife of Peter Garbutt 4s, Roberta wife of Thomas Taylor 4s, and to Martha his daughter £20, who is co-executrix with her infirm mother Margaret. His goods and chattels are worth:-
|Purse and apparel|
|Forehouse: 1 cupboard, 1 chest with pewter etc.|
|Two bedsteads and clothes in next room|
|Owed by Thomas Wilson|
|Corn in ground and barn|
|Two horses and a saddle|
|One cow and calf|
|One cart & plough|
and rest of husbandry
|Hay in outhouse|
William Hodgson, who may very likely be he above mentioned, left a will dated February 6th 1730, bequeathed £60 to each of his six daughters Mary, Elizabeth, Jane, Margaret Simpson, Alice and Dorothy, and seemingly his lands to Francis Pearson and Ralph White. It may be however that the bequests were to follow the sale of all or some of the estate but this is not enjoined in the will, so is only a possibility. Margaret Simpson, may it be corrected, received £4 not £60 like the other sisters. His inventory is:-
|Purse and apparel|
|Forehouse: Table cup & other uts.|
|Chamber: 2 beds and other utensils|
|Horse, saddle and bridle|
|Parlour: one bed and other utensils|
The witnesses were Francis Pearson, Thomas Marshall, Christopher Simpson and Francis Pearson junior. Margaret Simpson is, no doubt, Christopher's wife.
At this stage it may be well to attempt to clarify the family pattern that has begun to emerge in the last few pages. Identity numbers will be used.
|1.||John Hodgson of Growmanhurst Jane his wife who was born 1555, her husband 1551|
|11.||Jno. Hodgson of Lythe||12.||Cuthbert Hodgson of Lythe||13.||Thomas Hodgson of Lythe|
|111.||Thomas b. 1634||121.||Cuthbert junior b. 16--||131.||Elizabeth b. 1639|
|112.||Isabell b. 1635||122.||George b. 1627||132.||Thomas TRANMIRE b. 1651|
|113.||John b. 1638||1211.||Jane b. 1640||133.||Cuthbert TRANMIRE b. 1651|
So far, Hodgson recusancy has virtualIy disappeared from Egton and appears in Ugthorpe or rather Lythe parish, where the family homes are found in Ugthorpe, Sandsend, Newton Mulgrave and Tranmire, with little or no recusancy apparent in Sandsend. The Egton presentment of Isabell wife of James in 1691 ties up with the Hodgsons of Scaling Dam and leaves Egton almost wholly free for the following century. Between 1659 and 1705 four John Hodgsons from Ugthorpe were buried and one from Newton which may include those above.
William 123 who lived at Broom House is another son of Cuthbert 12. His children or perhaps his grandchildren were baptised as follows:-
123-1 Elizabeth b.1703
123-2 Joseph b. 1706
123-3 Benjamin b. 1711. This Benjamin died a Joiner in (?)
The family of 122 George, boys, eldest first, girls likewise, are:-
|1221.||Cuthbert||1225.||Jane||It has not been possible to find the dates of|
|1222.||George||1226.||Anna||birth of these children. It is thought likely|
|1223.||William||1227.||Mary||that Jane became the wife of Joseph 5 Harrison in|
|1224.||John||1228.||Elizabeth||the story of that family, some time before 1734.|
The Tranmire group, as far as is known, becomes:-
|1321.||William b. 1670||1331.||Thomas b. 1689|
|13211.||Thomas b.1695||1332||Ann b. 1695|
|13212.||Ann b. 1696|
Now John 'of Growman' who died in 1715 and whose will is above must obviously have lived in Priory Farm Egton Parish up to the time of his death, so is unlikely to be John 113 above. From what has already been seen, marriage 6 appears to be his and looks like being one between a conforming Hodgson of Egton and a recusant Hodgson from Lythe. At the moment therefore, he cannot be fitted into the pattern but is the direct forebear of the Hodgsons of Biggin House who according to the late Mr. G. Ward produced two priests Rev. Christopher and Rev. Francis Hodgson about this time. The former, a son of William and Elizabeth was born in 1729 and the latter
died in May 1726. This information coupled with that from the registration of the lands of John's son Francis provides suficient queries to warrant considerable research into this matter alone. That John's other son John, registers Biggin House in his own name two years after his father's death is also known. Before leaving Rev.Chris. it should be stated that Christopher E.E.R. 1625, died, or more correctly, was buried on January 29th 1670, Jane widow is on E.R.R. 1674 and died herself on February 26th 1680. John's grandson John was baptised by Fr. Hervey on May 16th 1735, the parents being John and Jane ? and the godmother Ann Hodgson widow of Ugthorpe. The same source shows Thomas and Ann at Biggin House(s) in 1744, and John and Elizabeth at WaIl SIack Fryup. Meanwhile Cuthbert 133 probably, died at Tranmire on April 5th 1743, and John's youngest son Cuthbert is possibly the one in marriage 16, and a Tranmire William is in marriage 20.
The Scaling Dam Hodgsons are another family which, at the moment, cannot be fitted in to the pattern but can be traced in the following manner:-
|James died 1703, married Isabell Harwood - marriage 3. - 1648.|
|Children:||Mary b.1648, Margaret b. 1651, Francis ? died 1707|
|Child of Francis:||James who married Margaret ? recusants on E.R.R. 1691, whose will dated 1720 cited already,|
|gives children:||Francis, Martha, Roberta, Margaret, Mary and Ann,|
|and grandchildren||daughters of Francis, Margaret, Elizabeth and Mary.|
L.R.R. 1780 show four Hodgson families identified as follows:-
Ann and Ann daughter probably Ugthorpe.
William b. 1739, Elizabeth wife and Elizabeth daughter living at Fr. Postgates
William & Dorothy w, Cuthbert, Joseph, Thos., John, Mary, Dorothy and Ann living at Tranmire
Thomas & Ann w, John, Mary, Elizabeth, and Jane living at Biggin Houses.
Following this slightly augmented recap of Lythe 1780 it is necessary to see what has been happening during the same period in Egton where it has been seen that John Hodgson and three childrean were recusants in 1753. The parish register shows the marriage of Francis and Mary Petty, marriage 21 on the list. It is not claimed that Francis is one of John's children because there is nothing to substantiate it, although the only entry, as prevously seen on E.R.R. 1780 was Francis. Four children of the marriage were baptised at Egton:-
Francis on June 19th 1764
Mary on May 6th 1770
Thomas on Oct. 25th 1772
Hannah on Mar. 9th 1776
Meanwhile William Hodgson marries Hannah Pierson at Egton on April 24th 1772, but no issue of this union has been traced. John labourer, died August 27th 1775. Around 1785 Francis Junior marries Mary ? and his children, or some of them at least, are to be found in U.P.R. the first post-recusant registers of St. Anne's Ugthorpe, they are:-
|Elizabeth||baptised October 27th 1789||also 'baptised' at Egton November 25th 1789.|
|William||baptised February 21st 1792||also 'baptised' at Egton January 22nd 1792.|
|Hannah||bapt. Eg. July 26th 1794||The Egton burials show that of the mother|
|Susannah||bapt. Eg. October 14th 1797||November 21st 1810, and of the father on July|
|Mary||bapt. Eg. January 14th 1799||4th 1812, and daughter Ann on July 4th 1801.|
Francis was a farmer living in Egton village, a tenant of the Egton Estate. He farmed the fields immeadiately south of the road from Egton to Glaisdale west of the viiiage itself and extending almost half way to the church. They comprised over thirty acres and carried a rental of £34 a year. Thomas was also a tenant farming one hundred and twenty-nine acres at Murkerside, a farm known today as Murk Side House stretching from the Goathiand road down to the Murk Esk. A third Francis was the godfather to one of Susanna's children in 1836 being styled junior and at the same time was rearing a family himself. Marriage 35 refers. Two children are known of this marriage:-
|Susana baptised April 14th 1835||Godparents Rev. Nicholas Rigby and Jane Roe.|
|Elizabeth baptised November 4th 1836||Godparents Francis Hodgson and Elizabeth Smith senior|
This shows that Fr. Rigby had not gone to Ugthorpe yet, and that Elizabeth's godfather Francis was most likely her grandfather.
To return to Biggin Houses. Thomas had died in 1795 on August 12th by which time his son John was married. Marriage 25 refers. His children entered in U.P.R. are:-
|Elizabeth baptised May 6th 1797||Godparents Matthew White and Mary Wilson.|
|Thomas baptised January 4th 1801||Godparents Ralph Hoggarth and Jane Cash.|
|Perhaps two preceded|
|John baptised November 2nd 1807||Godparents Luke Gallon and Sarah Heslop.|
|Perhaps one preceded|
|Anna baptised May 16th 1811||Godparents James Readman and Anna White.|
Thomas was exaetly six months old when his grandmother died and he was 20 when he married his wife Jane who was 19 in Ugthorpe chapel in 1821, Fr.George Leo Haydock officiating. His recorded children are:-
|Mary baptised September 24th 1821||Godparents John Gallon and Elizabeth Hodgson|
|Ann baptised September 26th 1823||Godparents John (Martin) Readman & Cath. Ro.|
|Sara baptised March 15th 1826||Godparents Thomas Heslop and Ann Hodgson.|
|Elizabeth baptised March 25th 1828||Godparents John Hodgson and Mary Harrison.|
|Thomas baptised June 10th 1830||Godparents Luke Hoggarth and Anna Lyth|
|John baptised March 26th 1833||Godparents Rev. Nicholas Rigby & Eliz.Fawcett|
|George baptised February 30th 1838||Godparents William Harrison and Ann White.|
These children refer to marriage 29.
Marriage 31 could well refer to William son of Francis above, and seems to be another instance of an Egton Hodgson marrying into the Ugthorpe family. The witnesses to the wedding, Joseph, Francis and Hannah Hodgson point to the last two being William's brother and sister.
Marriage 34 appears to refer to Biggin Houses and the grandson of Thomas the last recorded recusant. Two children are known of this union:-
|Thomas baptised March 25th 1834||Godparents James Heslop and Ann Hodgson.|
|Sarah baptised August 11th 1836||Godparents Thomas Heslop and Ann Trattles.|
Marriage 32 seems to be an Egton one, and Mary b. 1/1/1822 Gpts. Geo. Harrison & Mgt. Wa.
There is one child from marriage 36 namely Catherine baptised on March 10th 1836 with no godparents being given. She was an Ugthorpe baptism.
Marriage 27 is definitely relating to the Hodgsons of ScaIing Dam though why it possessed that name long before the present reservoir was constructed remains a mystery. John and Sara's children are at least five, the first being entered on the missing centre pages of the U.P.R. The family name Cuthbert occurs again.
|Cuthbert baptised October 10th 1818at Ugthorpe||Gpts. John Gallon & Eliz. Cornforth|
|Ellen Baptised November 25th 1820 at Ugthorpe||Gpts. Matthew and Ann Readman.|
|Elizabeth baptised April 5th 1823 at Whitby||Gpts. Zach.Trattles & Eliz. Hodgson|
|Jane baptised April 15th 1825 at Ugthorpe||Gpts. John and Jane Hodgson.|
Whether this family is really connected with those a century earlier it is hard to say. The name Cuthbert links it with that of Tranmire where John could be one of the sons of William and Dorothy. What became of that family has not been found out.
Some further information regarding the Egton family however, has come to light. Two other children of "Francis junior' on the previous page are Francis the third who was born in 1802 and Joseph who was born in 1803. By 1861 both are married and living in Egton. The former's marriage is 35 and this extra gives another sister and a brother to Suaanna and Elizabeth, Mary Ann and Jonathan, Mary Ann being born in 1842. Joseph married a Mary Ann himself but his wedding is not known although some of his offspring are. They were John born 1843, Matthew 1850, Joseph 1852 and Thomas 1856. He continues the tenancy of his father being named in the schedule of sale of the Egton estate in 1853, but by 1869 the tenancy is in the name of his widow.
Of Francis junior's daughters, the eldest ? became the wife of Richard Smith, and the mother of nine children by 1836, Hannah became the wife of George Harrison and the mother of eleven children by 1838, Susanna became Mrs. William Bell, and Mary Mrs. George Pringle all living at Egton. Three more Hodgson girls whose parents have not been identified were married and brought up families in Whitby. Elizabeth - Mrs. John Wilson, Sara - Mrs. Thomas Harrison and Frances - Mrs. Thomas Stanforth.
A last word on Tranmire. Hodgsons were there until 1818 when William and Mary made their Easter Communions. They have been been given marital status; marriage 28 refering to Joseph and Mary was assumed from the list of 1788 at which date they may have simply been brother and sister, children of William and Dorothy. It is a minor point yet it should be noted.
It cannot be said, in conclusion, that the Hodgsons were solidly recusant through out the penal times. By the time of the Civil War recusant Hodgsons had virtually disappeared from Egton, yet John of 'Growman' appears as conformed with a papist wife. Becoming a landed yeoman he leaves his property at Ugthorpe to Francis his son, but John his next son eventually becomes the owner and the founder of the long line of Biggin House recusants for two hundred years at least. Earlier Ugthorpe Hodgsons no doubt co-lateral with the Egton ones, were their tenants in the Biggin House property. By the time of George III a John Hodgson appears as a recusant at Egton again and is the possible forebear of the Francis Hodgsons of that village during the next hundred years. These are the poor relations being tenants on the Egton estate. That the landless recusants were dreadfully poor is seen from the inventories of their 'better of' namesakes who possessed a few acres. To say they literally scraped a bare subsistence from the earth cannot but be true, and at the same time they were ready with purse and labour to build, and even renew their chapel when the opportunity came. Such was the fruit of the life and death of their spiritual father Nicholas Postgate, the pioneer of those missionary priests out of whose debt we shall never be. These remarks however, relate not only to the Hodgsons and the other families whose stories are here but to still morewhom the cruel penal pressures overcame. Conformity under duress can always be understood for not everyone is made of sterner stuff. Lapsing in affluence is the ingratitude that can never be understood.
Never let us lose the faith for which our martyrs died:
Venerable Nicholas Postgate pray for us.