Tadeusz Kościuszko

 

Jefferson to Kościuszko, 13 April 1811

Knowing your affection to this country, and the interest you take in whatever concerns it, I therein gave you a tableau of its state when I retired from the administration. Peace . . . has been our principle, peace in our interest, and peace has saved to the world this only plant of free and rational government now existing in it. If it can still be preserved, we shall soon see the final extinction of our national debt, and liberation of our revenues for the defence and improvement of our country.

These revenues will be levied entirely on the rich, the business of household manufacture being now so established that the farmer and laborer clothe themselves entirely. The rich alone use imported articles, and on these alone the whole taxes of the General Government are levied. The poor man who uses nothing but what is made in his own farm or family, or within his own country, pays not a farthing of tax to the general government, but on his salt ; and should we go into that manufacture also, as is probable, he will pay nothing. Our revenues liberated by the discharge of the public debt, and its surplus applied to canals, roads, schools, etc., the farmer will see his government supported, his children educated, and the face of his country made a paradise by the contributions of the rich alone, without his being called on to spend a cent from his earnings. However, therefore, we may have been reproached for pursuing our Quaker system, time will affix the stamp of wisdom on it, and the happiness and prosperity of our citizens will attest its merit. And this, I believe, is the only legitimate object of government, and the first duty of governors . . .

JEFFERSON'S LETTERS,
Arranged by Willson Whitman
Eau Claire, Wisonsin (no date, before 1962)

p. 272

 

From a note (1915) by David Eugene Smith

" J. Hoëné Wronski (1778-1853) served, while yet a mere boy, as an artillery officer in Kosciusko's army (1791-1794).   " (etc)

A BUDGET OF PARADOXES (1872) by Augustus de Morgan
Chicago, London : Open Court 1915, Vol. I, p. 250.

 

From STANISLAS KONARSKI, 1929 by William John Rose

By way of concluding this very inadequate account of Konarski's views on education, attention should be drawn to one criticism, partly justified but not altogether relevant. Already in his own time the Reformer was charged with overloading the school programme, with too much supervision. Judged by twentieth-century standards, the critics were right, though they themselves may not have known why. Nevertheless things were not as bad as they looked, and a sample of the sort of relief given, as well as a proof of the up-to-datedness of the institution itself, is furnished by the 1755 chronicle of the Lubieszoff College, attended for a time by Kosciuszko. We read that with the coming of spring the whole institution livened up in view of the daily excursions of the three senior classes to the open country beyond he town, where they were given thorough instruction in surveying and the drawing of maps.

`It is a notable fact,' says Professor Koneczny, `that while the school itself was only one story, the building which housed the apparatus for physics, chemistry and mathematics, together with the library, was a two-story one. The school had its own botanical garden equipped with a conservatory and hot-houses, and on the river-bank was an orchard known as "Venice," as it was shot up with canals socked with fish. One of the canals led straight to the stream, where a dock served for anchoring boats. T the school here also belonged a joiner-shop, with turning lathes, a smithy, a grist mill, a tread mill, as well as baths and other needed equipment. One thus sees that the sentiments uttered much later by Staszic were already realized here : "that in all the sciences theory should be linked up with experiment, and that all exact truth should be set forth in its relation to everyday living !"'60   ( pp. 217-8 )

60 Cf. Konieczny, Polskie Logos i Ethos, Vol. I, pp. 149-50.

STANISLAS KONARSKI : REFORMER OF EDUCATION IN XVIIIth CENTURY POLAND
London : Jonathan Cape 1929, pp. 206 ff.

 

From A HISTORY OF UNITARIANISM, Socinianism, etc., 1945 by Earl Morse Wilbur

... One of the owners of Andreaswalde [Kasinowo] late in the eighteenth century was the family Sierakowski ; and of this family came General Karol Sierakowski, who won fame under Kosciuszko in the war against Russia. He remained true to the faith of his fathers to the end of his life at Warsaw in 1824, and is said to have been the last Socinian in Poland.30

      30 cf. Józef Zajaczek, Pamietniki . . . albo historya revolucii . . . r. 1794 (Memoirs or history of the revolution of 1794), Poznan, 1862, chaps, 8 and 9 ; Merczyng, op. cit. [i. e. 'Ostateczny koniec Aryan polskich' (The last end of the Polish Arians), Przeglad Historyczny, xii (1908)] p. 88.

A HISTORY OF UNITARIANISM, Socinianism and its Antecedents.
Cambridge, Massachusetts : Harvard University Press 1945, pp. 520-21.

 

Selected bibliographic, http://melvyl.cdlib.org

Author Kościuszko, Tadeusz, 1746-1817 Title Manoeuvres of horse artillery [microform] : written at Paris in the year 1800, at the request of W.R. Davie, then envoy from the United States to France / translated, with notes and descriptive plates, by Jonathan Williams ; published by direction of the [U.S. Military Philosophical] Society Publisher New York : Campbell & Mitchell, 1808 Description 77 p. : plans

Author Kościuszko, Tadeusz, 1746-1817. Title Autograph letters of Thaddeus Kosciuszko in the American Revolution : as well as those by and about him ... / edited by Metchie J.E. Budka. Publisher Chicago : Polish Museum of America, 1977. Description 202 p. : ill. ; 31 cm. Note Cover title: Kosciuszko letters in the American Revolution. Note Includes bibliographical references and index.

Author Boynton, Edward Carlisle, 1824-1893. Title Guide to West Point, and the U.S. Military Academy. Publisher New York : D. Van Nostrand, 1867. Description 105, [9], 15 p., [4] leaf of plates (some folded) : ill., maps, plan (some col.); 15 cm. Note "With maps and engravings." Attributed to Edward Carlisle Boynton. Hand-colored maps. Text within ornamental borders. On map facing p. 10, first group : Map of West Point, made by Kósciuszko 1779 (Fac Simile). Engraving signed: Richardson, N.Y. Publisher's advertisement for the author's History of West Point: p. [2]-[9], second group. Publisher's catalogue: 15 p. at end. Binding: blue cloth cover boards; title in gold on front cover; yellow endpapers.

Title Jefferson/Kościuszko correspondence / edited and with an introd. and notes by Bogdan Grzeloński. Publisher Warsaw : Interpress, 1978. Description 127 p., [4] leaves of plates : ill. ; 21 cm. Note English and/or French. Language English Subject Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Kościuszko, Tadeusz, 1746-1817. Presidents -- United States -- Correspondence. Generals -- United States -- Correspondence. Added Entry Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Kościuszko, Tadeusz, 1746-1817. Grzeloński, Bogdan.

Author Kościuszko, Tadeusz, 1746-1817. Title Korespondecja, 1798-1817 / Tadeusz Kościuszko, Thomas Jefferson ; przeł. Agnieszka Glinczanka, Jozef Paszkowski ; wybrała i wstępem opatrzyła Izabella Rusinowa. Edition Wyd. 1. Publisher Warszawa : Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1976. Description 157, [1] leaf of plates : ports. ; 21 cm. Note Polish and English. Subject Kościuszko, Tadeusz, 1746-1817. Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Generals -- United States -- Correspondence. Presidents -- United States -- Correspondence. Added Entry Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826.

Author Kościuszko, Tadeusz, 1746-1817. Title Manoeuvres of horse artillery, [microform] by General Kosciusko. Written at Paris in the year 1800. Translated with notes and descriptive plates by Jonathan Williams. Published by direction of the Society. Publisher New York, U.S. Military Philosophical Society, 1808. Description 75 p. illus.

Author Kościuszko, Tadeusz, 1746-1817. Title Tadeusza Kościuszki opis kampanii r. 1792. Z autografu Biblioteki kórnickiej oglosil dr. Zygmunt Celichowski. Publisher Poznań, Nakładem Biblioteki kórnickiej, 1917. Description 27 p. 18 cm.

Author Kościuszko, Tadeusz, 1746-1817. Title Wskazania obywatelskie, wybrał stowem wstepmym i kalendarium Kosciuszkowskim opatryzł. Henryk Mościcki. Publisher [Warsaw] : 'Czytelnik', 1946. Description 30 p. port. 19 cm.

Author Elsner, Heinrich, 1806-1888. Title Befreiungskampf der Nordamerikanischen Staaten [microform] : mit den Lebensbeschreibungen der vier beru̇hmtesten mȧnner desselben : Washington, Franklin, Layfayette, und Koscinszko / nach den besten quellen historisch-biographisch bearbeitet von Heinrich Elsner. Publisher Stuttgart : J. Scheible, 1835. Description 768 p. : port. ; 22 cm. Series Selected Americana from Sabin's Dictionary ;10816-10824. Note Added t.p., engraved. "Die Lebensbeschreibungen der vier berühmtesten männer des Nordamerikanischen befreiungskampfs: Washington, Franklin, Lafayette, Kosciuszko": p. [497]-768.

Author Evans, Anthony Walton White, 1817-1886. Title Memoir of Thaddeus Kosciuszko, Poland's hero and patriot, an officer in the American army of the revolution and member of the Society of the Cincinnati, by A.W.W. Evans, for the Society. For private distribution only. New York, 1883. Publisher New York, Reprinted, W. Abbatt, 1915. Description 3 p.l., [5]-43, 23 p. 26 cm. Series Magazine of history with notes and queries. Extra number,no.36 Series Magazine of history with notes and queries. Extra number,no.36 Note "Jefferson's letters on Kosciuszko" [April 27, 1809 to Jan. 5, 1818, from the Jefferson papers in the Division of manuscripts, Library of Congress]: 23 p. at end.

Author United States. Dept. of the Treasury Title Report of the secretary of the Treasury, made in pursuance of a resolution of the House, of the 22d instant, relative to the claim of General Kosciusko, against the United States. [electronic resource] : House of Representatives, Dec. 28, 1797. Committed to a committee of the whole House on Monday next Publisher Philadelphia: : Printed by Joseph Gales no. 126, North Second Street., [1798] Description 8 p. ; 23 cm. (8vo) Series Early American imprints.First series ;no. 34873 Note Microform version available in the Readex Early American Imprints series

Author United States. Congress (5th, 2nd session : 1797-1798). House Title 3d January, 1798, read the first and second time, and committed to a committee of the whole House, to-morrow. [electronic resource] : A bill providing for the payment of the interest on a certificate due to General Kosciusko Publisher [Philadelphia : s.n., 1798] Description 1 sheet ([1] p.) ; 35 x 22 cm Series Early American imprints.First series ;no. 48674 Note Microform version available in the Readex Early American Imprints series

Author United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. Title Kosciuszko commemoration plaque : report to accompany H.J. Res. 573. Publisher [Washington : U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1977] Description 2 p. ; 24 cm. Series Senate report - 95th Congress, 1st session ; no. 95-491 Series United States.95th Congress, 1st session, 1977.Senate.Report ;no. 95-491. Note Caption title. Issued Oct. 12, 1977.

Author Montfort, Henri de, 1889-1965. Title Le drame de la Pologne, Kosciuszko, 1746-1817. Publisher Paris : La Colombe, Eěditions du Vieux colombier, [1945] Description 4 p. leaves., [11]-382 p., 1 leaf. illus. (maps) plates, ports. 23 cm. Note "Bibliographie": p. [363]-379. Language French

 

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