Max Müller

 

From German Classics by Max Müller

The history of literature reflects and helps us to interpret the political history of a country. It contains, as it were, the confession which every generation, before it passed away, has made to posterity. "Without Literary History," as Lord Bacon says, "the History of the World seemeth to be as the Statue of Polyphemus with his eye out ; that part being wanting which doth most shew the spirit and life of the person." From this point of view the historian of literature learns to value what to the critic would seem unmeaning and tedious, and he is loth to miss the works even of mediocre poets, where they throw light on the times in which they lived, and serve to connect the otherwise disjointed productions of men of the highest genius, separated, as these necessarily are, by long intervals in the annals of every country.

( Germany by de Stael, Vol. II p. 387 )

* * *

'The first town-schools are mentioned in the beginning of the fourteenth century, and they were soon followed by the high schools and universities. The University of Prague was founded in 1348 ; Vienna, 1366 ;[*] Heidelberg, 1386 ; Erfurt, 1392 ; Leipsig, 1408 ; Basil, 1460 ; Tübingen, 1477 ; Mainz. These universities are a novel feature in the history of German and of European civiliation.'

( p. 393 )

General History of German Literature to the Close of the Eighteenth Century
(Appendix A) : Germany by Madame de Staël-Holstein
New York : Derby 1861, Vol. II, p. 378.

[*] "The first documentary evidence regarding the scheme that King Casimir the Great conceived of establishing a university dates from 1362. Urban V favored the plan, and King Casimir issued the charter of the university, 12 May, 1364. It was modelled after the schools of Padua and Bologna, consequently the faculty of law and the study of Roman law held first place. The pope gave his approval, 1 September, 1364, but excluded theology. Casimir's school however, was refounded during the reign of Jagiello and Hedwig of the house of Anjou. The consent of Boniface IX was given, 11 February, 1397, and King Jagiello signed the charter, 26 July, 1400. The university now included all four faculties and was, therefore, patterned on that of Paris. The first chancellor was Bishop Peter Wysz of Cracow, who also gave the opening lecture. The first professors were Bohemians, Germans, and Poles, most of whom had been trained at Prague. In the first year, the number of matriculated students was 205; in the course of the fifteenth century it rose to 500." (
Source : Catholic Encyclopedia   http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04465a.htm

The omission by Max Müller hardly seems to have been deliberate. (?) The work was specifically on the German literature and culture ; but since the university in the Czech Prague was mentioned — how come the alma mater of Copernicus (etc., etc.) was not ?

The chronological order was, apparently : Prague 1348, Cracow 1364, Vienna

 

Author Müller, F. Max (Friedrich Max), 1823-1900. Title(s) Lectures on the science of language : delivered at the Royal Institution of Great Britain in April, May, and June, 1861 [and February, March, April, and May, 1863] / by Max Müller. Publisher New York : C. Scribner and Co., 1866-67. Paging 2 v. : ill. ; 20 cm. Notes Half-title: The science of language.

Author Staël, Madame de (Anne-Louise-Germaine), 1766-1817 Title(s) Germany Publisher N. Y., Derby & Jackson, 1861. Paging 2 v. front. (v. 1) 19 cm. Subject Headings German literature History and criticism. National characteristics, German. Germany. Germany Intellectual life. Other Entries Müller, F. Max (Friedrich Max), 1823-1900. Wight, O. W. (Orlando Williams), 1824-1888. Format qEnglish Author Staël, Madame de (Anne-Louise-Germaine), 1766-1817. Title Germany; by Madame the Baroness de Staël-Holstein. With notes and appendices, by O. W. Wight. Publisher New York, Derby & Jackson, 1860.

Author Müller, F. Max (Friedrich Max), 1823-1900. Title Essai de mythologie comparée, traduit de l'anglais de m. Max Müller. Publisher Paris, A. Durand, Londres, W. Norgates, 1859. Description v, 100 p. 23 cm. Language French

Author Müller, F. Max (Friedrich Max), 1823-1900. Title Essai de mythologie comparée, traduit de l'anglais de m. Max Müller. Publisher Paris, A. Durand, Londres, W. Norgates, 1859.

Author Müller, F. Max (Friedrich Max), 1823-1900. Title A history of ancient Sanskrit literature so far as it illustrates the primitive religion of the Brahmans. By Max Müller ... Publisher London, Williams and Norgate, 1859.

Author Müller, F. Max (Friedrich Max), 1823-1900. Title Buddhism and Buddhist pilgrims : a review of M. Stanislas Julien's "Voyages des pèlerins bouddhistes" / by Max Müller ; together with a letter on the orignal [sic] meaning of ǹirvâna.' Publisher London : Williams and Norgate, 1857. Description 54 p. ; 22 cm. Series ATLA monograph preservation program ;ATLA fiche 1990-2689. Note A review of Stanilas Julien's translation of Hui-li's biography of Hsüan-tsang and his travels in India. ISBN 0524018545 (microfiche)

Author Müller, F. Max (Friedrich Max), 1823-1900. Title The languages of the seat of war in the East. With a survey of the three families of language, Semitic, Arian and Turanian. By Max Müller. Publisher London : Williams and Norgate, 1855.

Author Müller, F. Max (Friedrich Max), 1823-1900. Title Proposals for a missionary alphabet; submitted to the Alphabetical Conferences held at the residence of Chevalier Bunsen in January 1854. By Max Müller. Publisher London, A. and G.A. Spottiswoode, 1854.

Author Müller, F. Max (Friedrich Max), 1823-1900 Title Suggestions for the assistance of officers in learning the languages of the seat of war in the East. With an ethnological map, drawn by Augustus Petermann Publisher London, Longman, Brown, Green, & Longmans, 1854 /blockquote>

 

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