MIAWPUKEK MI’KMA’KI

Traditionally Lnu’k and Pi’tawkewaq shared the lands of Ktaqmkuk. We often harvested from each other’s territory, assisted each other and exchanged goods and information. We Lnu’k had a cautionary relationship with the immigrating nations and kept mostly close to south and west coast areas where we had access to their goods and priests. Our Pi’tawkewaq relatives were always at war with the immigrating nation’s peoples and kept mostly to the deep interior and northern regions to escape being murdered by them.

The rivers of Ktaqmkuk are our main highways, most notable of which is the great Gander River, whose original name has been lost but came to be known as Akilasiye'wa'kik after the immigrating nations’ peoples had begun settling near its mouth and exploiting its interior. Both our peoples harvested along Akilasiye’wa’kik. We Lnu’k also used it when we needed to see the priests on the northeast coast of Ktaqmkuk.

During initial Land Rights negotiations with the governments of Canada and Newfoundland and Labrador, our government disputed the government of Newfoundland and Labrador’s claim to a large portion of our whole traditional territory, which included most of the southern half of Ktaqmkuk. The most recent map of  Miawpukek Mi’kma’ki (617 kb) does not include the territories of First Nations under the umbrella of the Federation of Newfoundland Indians (FNI).

 

 

MI’KMA’KI PLACENAMES

The following is from the publication "KIILUSUAQANEY WI'KATIKIIN', compiled by John Hewson, Department of Linguistics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, August 1978. Offering the knowledge of Mi'kmaw Elders Mattieu (Matthew Jeddore), Nickly (Nicholas Jeddore) and Piel (Peter Jeddore), all now deceased. (Please note: I wasn't able to utilize the Crossed I (ii=barred I '†') or Shwa, so I substituted the double i (ii) instead)

(BL - Burgeo-La Poile; HC - Hermitage-Conne; C - Conne River; FB - Fortune Bay; PB - Placentia Bay; B - Bonavista; E - Exploits; SG - St. George's.

1.      Anmali'jek

Annie Lake (FB)

2.      Aniapskwoj

Annieopsquotch Mountains (E)

3.      Attuenek

Anthony's Pond (MC)

4.      Newkteypukuit

Bachelor's Point (C)

5.      Pa'qamikekewey Sipu

Badger River (E)

6.      Kutapsku'j

Barachois (C)

7.      Elue'wie'katik

Barachois Harbour (C)

8.      Paskwe'wa'kik

Basque Brook (E)

9.      Lapiite'spe'1

Bay d' Espoir (C)

10.  Wjipene'katik

Bay d' Est (HC)

11.  Stekswe'katik

Bay d' Est Brook (MC)

12.  Oqwatiinipukwek

Bay Du Nord (HC and FB)

13.  Elmastukwek

Bay of Islands (SG)

14.  Walnainkiaq

Beach Cove (FB)

15.  Piilna'lji'jek

Bernard's Pond (MC)

16.  Muinaqan

Berry Hill (C)

17.  Pekwotapaq

Big Cove (HC)

18.  Meski'k Walney

Big Cove (C)

19.  Panuek

Big Flats (C)

20.  Maskwiktuk

Birch Island (C)

21.  Miiniko'mey

Birch Rind Pond (B)

22.  Kjipa'tiilia'sewey Qapskuk

Bishops Falls (E)

23.  Wi'kujiimejue'katik

Bittern Cove (C)

24.  Maqtewey Sipu

Black River (PB)

25.  Maqtewapkek

Black Rock (BL)

26.  Kumijk

Boat Cove (C)

27.  Pa'si'lek

Brazil Lake (MC)

28.  Najioqonuk

Burgeo (BL)

29.  Qaqsit Piim'tin

Burnt Mill (BL and B)

30.  Eptewiktu'j

Burnt Naps (FB)

31.  Petewikpe'k

Burnt Pond (BL)

32.  Petewikek

Burnt Pond (HC)

33.  Pejuwe'katik

Fish Cove (C)

34.  Qaqtek Kiimu'j

Burnt Woods (C)

35.  Saqskiitek

Cape La Hune (BL)

36.  A'kusiinji'jk We'katik

Carrols' Hat (FB)

37.  Mijua'ji'jue'katik

Child Brook (B)

38.  Kiilo'tek

Claude Pond (FB)

39.  Pkawe'katik

Clay Bank (C)

40.  E'se'katik

Cock-'n-Hen Cove,

41.  Katalisk Sipu

St. Joseph's Cove (C)

42.  Miawpukwek

Codroy River (SG) Conne River (C)

43.  Epuntekewey

Cormack's Lake (E)

44.  Paqju'pe'k

Crooked Lake (MC)

45.  Paqjuastukwek

Crooked Still (B)

46.  Klujjiewpe'k

Cross Pond (E)

47.  Qa'qaqwejwe'katik

Crow Head (C)

48.  Kuow Nikan

Dead Man's Portage (HC)

49.  Piilestoq

Dead Wolf River (B)

50.  Pejipukwek

Deep Cove (C)

51.  Qalipue'katik

Deer Lake (SC)

52.  Iiliimu'ji'jua'kik

Dog Island (HC)

53.  Iiliimu'juey Miiniku

Dog Island (UC)

54.  Iiliimu'juekatik

Dog Pond, Newton Pond (MC)

55.  Niwe'kewey Qospem

Dry Pond, Shallow Pond (BL)

56.  Epiikiin'pe'k

Ebbegunbaeg Lake (BL)

57.  Akiilasie'we'katik

English Harbour (FB)

58.  Sple'tk

Exploits River (E)

59.  Mtewekiinatku'jk

Flagstaff Mill (FB)

60.  Wli Miinikuk

Fox Island (C)

61.  Wowkwisue'katik

Fox Ridge Brook (E)

62.  Kukumijinaweynu

Friar (MC)

63.  Kelu'sitew

Gaff Topsail (E)

64.  Akiilasiye'wa'kik Qospem

Gander Lake (B)

65.  Akilasiye'wa'kik

Gander River (B)

66.  Ketuastukwek

George's Lake (SG)

67.  Qapskuk

Grand Falls (E)

68.  Wli Qospem

Grand Lake (SG)

69.  Nqanaqaniik

Grey River (BL)

70.  A'qatayik

Halfway Mountain (E)

71.  Apiili'kiimijue'katik

Hare Mill (C) & Hare Bay (BL)

72.  Keskwotekewey Qospem

Harry1s Pond? (SG)

73.  Ksinukwaqano'kuomk

Hospital Mill (FB, PB?)

74.  Awliek Unikan

Howley's Portage (E)

75.  Maqtukwek

Humber River (SG)

76.  Sa'pie'lek

Ile Riche (C)

77.  Iilnue'kwiisawey

Indian Point (C)

78.  Iilnu Epij

Indian Sit-down Pond (HC)

79.  Miinikupe'k

Island Pond (MC)

80.  Kieto'lek

Jeddore's Pond (MC)

81.  Ja'luiek

John Lewis Hill (MC)

82.  Aputamkiejituey

Juniper Cove (C)

83.  Ke'kutek

Kaegudeck Lake (FB)

84.  Kepiinkek

Kepenkeck Lake (B)

85.  Lapwelk

La Poile (BL)

86.  Wen'ju'ksname'katik

Lace Cove (C)

87.  Weskituapitk

Large Marsh (C)

88.  Petewike'ji'jk

Little Burnt Pond (MC)

89.  Panue'ji'jk

Little Flats (C)

90.  Kiiloqontiejue'katik

Little Gull Brook

91.  Wta'qan'ji'jk

Little Paddle Pond

92.  Awaqan'ji'jk

Little Portage (HC

93.  Jipu'jj'j

Little River (C)

94.  Jipu'ji'juey Qospem

Little River Pond

95.  Malike'wji'jue'katik

Little Round Pond

96.  Pu'taye'katik

Lloyd's Pond (E)

97.  Jakejuikuom

Lobster Mouse Lake (SG)

98.  Ptuikanji'j

Log Cabin (SG)

99.  Pijipukwek

Long Harbour (FB)

100.                      Newktipukwi'tek

Long Point (SG)

101.                      Pita'qji'jk

Long Point (C)

102.                      Pita'q Qospem

Long Pond (MC)

103.                      Wa'li'jek

Long Pond (MC)

104.                      Mekapiisk

Long Range Mountains (SG)

105.                      Pluchio paeg

Cross Pond/King George V Lake

106.                      Amasamkitkewey

Long Rapids (HC)

107.                      Sko'pa'qan

Lookout Mountain (MC)

108.                      Kwimue'katik

Loon Cove (C)

109.                      Qaskue'katik

McKell Pond (FB)

110.                      Metoqonikanek

Meddonegannix Lake (FB)

111.                      Milpe'k

Meelpaeg (BL)

112.                      Mekwaye'katik

Middle Ridge (FB)

113.                      Mikel Piim'tiin

Miguel Hill (E)

114.                      Jo'mikelek

Miguel's Brook (E)

115.                      Jo'mikelji'jk

Miguel's Brook (B)

116.                      Mulink

Milltown (C)

117.                      Piilamuipke'katik

Mint Brook (B)

118.                      Mikliin

Miquelon (C)

119.                      Malikujek

Mollyguajek Lake (B)

120.                      Mulisek

Morrisville (C)

121.                      Apiita'kwejituiktuk

Mount Peyton (B)

122.                      Prnaqtiin

Mount Sylvester (FB)

123.                      Ki'kwesue'katik

Muskrat Point (C)

124.                      Ktaqamk

Newfoundland

125.                      Mekwejite'wa'kik

Newfoundland, Red Indian Land

126.                      Ktaqamkuk

Newfoundland, in Newfoundland

127.                      Nuelpo'lek

Noel Paul's Brook (E)

128.                      Niimaqtiin

Noel Paul's Hill (E)

129.                      Asokomotaqan

Noel Paul1s Steady (E)

130.                      Nanetek

Noneduck Lake (FB)

131.                      Kepapskek

Norris Arm (E)

132.                      Wolnape'k

Northern Harbour (SG)

133.                      Kiunikuikuomk

Otter Point (C)

134.                      Kwetapet

Ox Point (C)

135.                      Piilawejuiktuk

Partridge Island (MC)

136.                      Metoqwamkwa'ii'jk

Partridge Point (C)

137.                      Wiskimane'katik

Partridgeberry Hill (B)

138.                      Pie'l'ja'nek

Peter John1s Marsh (B)

139.                      Kulkwi'ji'jue'katik

Pig's Head (C)

140.                      Timaqanapskwe'katik

Pipestone Pond (MC)

141.                      Pliisantek

Placentia (PB)

142.                      Kwesawatkek

Point Woods (HC)

143.                      Siinalk

Port-aux-Basques (BL)

144.                      Papke'k Unikan

Portage Lake (FB)

145.                      Pa'tiilia'suiqapskuk

Priest Falls (MC)

146.                      Putops

Pudops Lake (MC)

147.                      Piiskwa'taqan'ji'j

Pushthrough (MC)

148.                      Amasipukwek

Quillier (MC)

149.                      Qapsku'jk

Rattling Falls (E)

150.                      Mekwiisaqji'jit

Red Cliff (FB)

151.                      Mekwiisaqji'jitewey Qospem

Red Cliff Lake (FB)

152.                      Mekwe'jite'wa'kik Qapskuk

Red Indian Falls (E)

153.                      Mekwe'jite'wa'kik

Red Indian Lake (F:)

154.                      Mekwe'jite'wey Asko'piiti

Red Indian Lookout (E)

155.                      Kupiilek

Rich Pond (B)

156.                      Kun'tew Nikan

Rock Portage, Serpentine Hill (MC)

157.                      Kun'tewik

Rocky Brook (C)

158.                      Kun'tew Nemla'tek

Rocky Point (C)

159.                      Lu'tik

Roti Harbour, Roti Point (C)

160.                      Mpiisqa'lpe'k

Round Pond (C)

161.                      Nasunike'ji'jk

Rushy Pond (F:)

162.                      Aklasie'wa'ki'jk

SW. Gander River (B)

163.                      Salaweye'katik

Salt Pond (C & B)

164.                      Nukamkia'ji'jk

Sandy Harbour (PB)

165.                      Kwesawamkiaq

Sandy Point (SG)

166.                      Kwesawamkiaq

Sandy Point) (C)

167.                      Nukamkia'ji'jk

Sandy Pond (HC)

168.                      Sesoqte'kiiniik

Scaffold Mill (B)

169.                      Sipko'p

Ship Cove, St. Alban's (C)

170.                      Wen'ju'ksnane'katik

Shoe Hill Ridge (FB)

171.                      Sulieweye'katik

Silver Pond (SG)

172.                      Suliek

Soulis Pond (B)

173.                      Sulia'nek

Soulis Pond (HC)

174.                      Malia'nek

South Pond (C)

175.                      Kotaliek

Spring Water Pond, Cold Spring Pond(HC)

176.                      Kawatkwiktuk

Spruce Point (C)

177.                      Kawatkwi'kiin

Spruce Pond (B)

178.                      Seta'newe'katik

St. Anne's Point (C)

179.                      Nujio'qon

St. George's (SG)

180.                      Nujio'qoniik

St. George S Bay (SG)

181.                      Nujio'qoniik

St. George's River (SG)

182.                      San'patistek

St. John's Island (FB)

183.                      Sape'wik

St. Joseph's (C)

184.                      Senpir

St. Pierre Island (C)

185.                      Wen'juikjikan

St Pierre Town (C)

186.                      Steksue'katik

Stag Lake

187.                      Ekkianek

Stephensons Pond (BL)

188.                      Tisawiaqane'katik

Tan Pot Falls (F:)

189.                      Piiteweye'katik

Tea Pond (C)

190.                      Tiimi'kiine'katik

Temeekan Pond (BL)

191.                      Pekwatapaq

Terra Nova Lake (B)

192.                      Mekwiskajk

Terra Nova River (B)

193.                      Sapalqek

Through Hill (HC)

194.                      Kepe'k

Tickle, Straight (C)

195.                      Ke'kutek

Top Pond (BL)

196.                      Tepaqanaskwe'katik

Train Hill,(C)

197.                      Pekwatapaq

Troth Mountain Brook (F:)

198.                      Kun'tewi'ji'jk

Trout Brook

199.                      Atoqwa'sue'katik

Trout River (SG)

200.                      Jijuikatejue'katik

Twillick Pond (MC)

201.                      Wipetikiil

Twin Lakes (F:)

202.                      Pekwatatek

Twin Neck (HC)

203.                      Pastunkeywa'kik

United States

204.                      Tewnasik

Upper Burgeo Estuary (BL)

205.                      Qapskuk

Victoria Lake Falls (E)

206.                      Skusuimiiniku

Weasel Island (C)

207.                      Wen'ji'kuomji'jk

Wenjeegwomjeesh Lake (B)

208.                      Wapeskue'katik

White Bear Bay (BL)

209.                      Wapesk Sipu

White Bear River (BL)

210.                      Wapeyk Piim'tin

White Hill (MC)

211.                      Etli-unaqatejita'jik

Wing Point (C)

212.                      Nimnoqone'katik

Witch Hazel Hills (MC)

213.                      Paqtiisiimuiktuk

Wolf River and Lake (BL)

214.                      Paqtiisiimuipiim'tin

Wolf Ridge, Mountain (BL)

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