Dictionary Of Hindoo Religion
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Types of Bhakti
Bhakti is devotion. Feelings of respect, love and Shraddhaa towards Ved, Shaastra and Parameshwar, saints, and Guru is called Bhakti. It can be simply listening to discourse, having Darshan, touching Bhagavaan's feet, or staying in the company of Bhagavaan. In Tulasee's Maanas, Raam describes nine types of Bhakti (Navadhaa Bhakti).
[Aangiras, p 256-257] Devotion, especially to one's personal God. The devotee can consider his relationship with God in various forms - (1) that of a servant to his master, such as Hanumaan to Raam; (2) that of a child to his parents as that of Prahlaad to Naaraayan; (3) that of a parent to child as that of Yashodaa to Krishn; (4) that of a friend to a friend as that of Arjun to Krishn; (5) as that of a cow to her cowherd as that of Gopee of Vrindaa Van to Krishn; (6) even that of a wife to her husband as that of Rukminee or Meeraa to Krishn. Bhakti consists of love and trust. This human emotion is as old with human beings as the relationship between a man and a woman who love and trust each other.
Jee asked Maharshi Pulastya - "Who are called Brahmaa's Bhakt?" Pulastya Jee
said - "Bhakti is of three types - Maanas, Vaachik and
Kaayik (by mind, by speech and by body). Besides this, there are three
types of Bhakti more - Laukik, Vaidik and Adhyaatmic. When Ved meanings
are thought by Dhyaan, that is called Maanas Bhakti. When one does
Mantra Jap, Ved reading, and doing Jap in forests, it is called Vaachik
Bhakti. When one worships Bhagavaan by keeping fasts, doing Vrat,
discipline, Chaandraayan Vrat etc, that is called Kaayik Bhakti. These
types of Bhakti is told for Dwijaati people.
Who worship Brahmaa Jee with cow's Ghee, milk, Yogurt, Dhoop, ornaments,
fruits, Naivedya etc, that is called Laukik Bhakti. Who worships him by
Ved Mantra Jap and teaching Sanhitaa etc, it is called Vaidik Bhakti.
When Havan is done by offering Aahuti of Havishya pronouncing Ved
Mantra, that is also called Vaidik Bhakti. Whatever Agnihotra is done on
Poornimaa and Amaavasyaa, whatever Dakshinaa is given in Yagya, whatever
Kheer is offered to Devtaa etc, that also come under Vaidik Bhakti.
Whatever worship is done for Agni, Prithvi, Vaayu, Aakaash, Chandramaa
etc, it all goes to Brahmaa. Brahmaa's Adhyaatmic Bhakti is of two types
- Saankhyaj, and Yogaj. Pradhaan, etc Praakrit elements are 24 in
number. They all are Jad (unconscious) and consumable. Their enjoyer
Purush (here it is referred to man) is the 25th element. He is
conscious. To know all these elements properly is known as Saankhyaj
Bhakti. Learned people consider it Adhyaatmic Bhakti under Saankhya
Shaastra. Who meditates upon Brahmaa Jee's figure by Praanaayaam and
controls his Indriyaan, it is called Yogic Bhakti, or Paraa Bhakti. Whoever does this kind of Bhakti, he is called Brahmaa Jee's Bhakt.
Ambareesh said to Naarad Jee - "Now I want to know something about Bhakti that which man should do which type of Bhakti when, where and how?" Naarad Jee said - "Bhagavaan's Bhakti destroys all kinds of sins. Bhakti is of several types -
(1) Maanasee Bhakti (by mind) - When Vishnu is pleased by Dhaaranaa, intellect
and understanding the meaning of Ved, it is called Maanasee Bhakti.
Jee asked - "Hey Vishweshwar, What is the form of the best Bhakti?"
Mahaadev Jee said - "Bhakti has been told of three types - Saatwik,
Raajasik and Taamasik. Among them Saatwik is the best, Raajasik is
medium and the Taamasik is the lowest kind of Bhakti. Who desire for
Moksh, they should do Saatwik type of Bhakti of Shree Hari. Whatever
Bhakti is done with pride, or to boast himself, or with jealousy, or to
destroy somebody, that kind of Bhakti is called Taamasik. Who does
Bhakti with worldly desires or to get wealth, it is called Raajasik
Bhakti. Whatever Bhakti is done with the desire of destroying the Karm
bondage and attaining Moksh with the feeling of surrendering to Hari,
that kind of Bhakti is called Saatwik. That is why one should worship
Vishnu with Lakshmee."
There are nine types of Bhakti told by Shree Raam to Shabaree in
Raamaayan, Aranya Kaand.
describes nine types of Bhakti to Hiranyakashyap -