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alien bodies
author:    lawrence miles
isbn:    0 563 40577 5
confusion quotient:  1.386

Text in this style was submitted by Lawrence Miles.
I've scanned an alternative version of the 'Alien Bodies' cover, which was originally published in an article entitled "Bring me the Head of BBC Books!" by the then-BBC Books Editor Stephen Cole in DWM #259.  I also include a picture of Kath, the BBC Worldwide employee who modeled to be Sam but has yet to appear on the cover of an 8th Doctor Adventure.  She was meant to appear on the cover of 'Autumn Mist', but the cover was redesigned.  If I get around to doing an 'Autumn Mist' page, I'll include the rejected cover.

(August 28, 1999) It has now been nearly a year since I first read 'Alien Bodies'.  DWM  #282, the first copy of Doctor Who Magazine I have ever purchased from its native environment vis an English newsagent's (Well, it was in the Who Shop actually, but I found several other examples of the species in WH Smith's, et cetera) carried an interview with Lawrence and a fact sheet on 'Alien Bodies'.  I learned that the opening sequence features not the Fourth Doctor, but the Third.  Whoops.
The interview was excellently illustrated with a painting of the Eigth Doctor and Cousins Justine and Manjuele.  Their aspect was a little more Victorian than the one I've visualised; My mind's eye sees Manjuele in a trilby and a vest-waistcoat, more Haitian than Victorian.  Kate Orman and Jon Blum may have picked up on references to Manjuele's South American slum origins in 'Unnatural History' to come up with a concept of the Faction which deviates from Lawrence's.  But giving the Faction a Victorian aspect enhances their similarities with the Doctor and his own haberdashery, in a sinister sort of way.

Laika: Sputnik 2 was launched November 3, 1957, almost a month after Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4.  Sputnik 2 weighed 508 kg. Laika was possibly of the Finnish Spitz breed, sort of like a husky with smaller, foxlike dimensions.  About 40cm high at the shoulder.  Laika was kept alive for ten days in orbit and then euthanised.
Sarah-Jane: I don't recall Sarah's name being hyphenated too often.
new dematerialisation circuit: The Doctor would be referring to the device he worked on throughout seasons 7, 8 and 9, before the Time Lords sent him a replacement when they freed him in 'The Three Doctors'.  He has had the new circuit for a while.
Technogubbins City:

sonic whatsit: Sarah does know what the sonic screwdriver is, but the affectation of thingie-ing it is characteristic, even though she never does in the series.
Quiescia: Probably never seen this planet before.
The sun was huge and red, but seemed to give off very little heat: Such is the way for giant stars.  Although they are very hot, the heat pushes the outer layers out to great distances, spreading the heat over a large surface area.
cerulean plateaus: cerulean is a shade of blue, as I think I mentioned in 'Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible'.
burning letters into its surface with his screwdriver thingummy: We rarely see the sonic screwdriver used at this intensity.  It seems more like the 6th Doctor's sonic lance.  (Text submitted by Ray C Tate)  The Doctor has used the sonic screwdriver to very quickly cut out a lock in a huge metal door (Robot).  He's used the device several times for the same effect thereafter.

where was the air coming from, if there weren't any trees?  Briefly, she wondered if this world had been set up by the Doctor, put here purely for the purposes of the burial:  It's typical for Lawrence Miles to take the mickey on established principles of science fiction, like planets which have nitrogen-oxygen atmospheres for no good reason.  In 'Down', he challenged the concept that even though transmat beams take your body apart and put it together again, they don't kill you.  And yes, the Doctor has been known to meddle.  But considering what else he later does on Quiescia, he probably set it up as much more than a wayside grave. (Text submitted by Ray C. Tate) Upon reflection, it occurs to me that the oxygen-carbon dioxide exchange could be occuring within algae, phytoplankton or near microscopic plant life floating all around them.  Whether or not Mr. Miles likes to challenge concepts of atmosphere is irrelevant since without an exchanger, the carbon dioxide build-up in the atmosphere would poison all the inhabitants and visitors.

'You buried Laika,' she said.  'But...':
A hundred million nights: 275 thousand years.

East Indies ReVit Zone: Leabie Forrester is responsible for considerable revitalisation of Earth Biomes in the 30th Century, as seen in 'So Vile A Sin'.  If Indonesia caught some of Agent Yellow in 'Eternity Weeps' and had to be nuked, it would need some revitalisation.  Current slash-and-burn deforestation and mining would do in a pinch, though.
stone heads on Easter Island: Moai on Rapa Nui.  Read 'Eye of Heaven'.
UNISYC: On p.72 UNISYC is described as the United Nations Intelligence Security Yard Corps, a more aggressive future version of UNIT.  UNISYC is not one of the good guys anymore, based more around the Earth CIA (or Russian intelligence, since Tchike is Russian; we last saw the Russian UNIT in 'The Devil Goblins from Neptune') and trying to capture or kill the Doctor, which is what they tried last time. They probably first heard of the Doctor from Vershinin, the Russian commando who survived 'The Curse of Fenric'.  Presumably the Brigadier has finally passed on, despite his rejuvenation in 2010 in 'Happy Endings'.  This story is probably set sometime in the mid- to late-2060s.  UNIT survives in the 30th Century in 'So Vile A Sin' as the Unitatus, an army dedicated to protecting Earth.  The attitude taken by C19's Major Wolstencroft, late of UNIT, in 'Dominion' may be some kind of foundation for UNISYC's dislike of the Doctor.  'Dominion' takes place in Scandinavia in 1999.
ISC division: International Space Command has an entry in the margins of p.136 of A History of the Universe.  They ran Snowcap Base in 1986 in 'The Tenth Planet', the Moonbase in 2070 in 'The Moonbase' and, I assume, Nerva Beacon in 2875 according to mentions in 'Revenge of the Cybermen', without even a latinesque name change like the Unitatus did.
Cyberbreaches in the '30s: Will update on later references to this. The notable previous Cybermen invasions were around the 1970s in 'The Invasion', 1985 in 'Attack of the Cybermen', 1986 in 'The Tenth Planet', 1988 in 'Silver Nemesis' and 2006 in 'Iceberg'.The next recorded Cyber offensives are in 2068 in 'The Wheel in Space' and 2070 in 'The Moonbase'. The entire future history of 'Alien Bodies' assumes that 'The Wheel in Space' takes place sometime in the 2030s, as a date of 2068 is just plain silly and only someone as ludicrous as Lance Parkin could seriously suggest it. A History of the Universe claims that 'The Wheel in Space' must take place after 'The Seeds of Death', because Zoe's expertise in space travel is greater than Professor Eldrad's... which assumes that Zoe's advanced knowledge doesn't  have anything to do with the fact that SHE'S GOT AN EIDETIC MEMORY AND SHE'S BEEN HANGING AROUND WITH THE DOCTOR FOR THE LAST SIX MONTHS,  FOR CHRIST'S SAKE. In the 'Alien Bodies' scheme of things, 'The Wheel in Space' is  the first of several minor Cyberman attacks in the 2030s, the last desperate gasps of the great Cyber-fleets. We can assume that the Cybermen go a bit quiet after this, at least until 2070, which is why Hobson says that every schoolchild knows "there were Cybermen once" in 'The Moonbase' (and if you want a real laugh, just look at Lance Parkin's explanation for the line in A History of the Universe, on p.136, it's one of the book's major comedy highlights). And while we're on the subject... can I just remind the world that everyone except Lance Parkin knows 'The Seeds of Death' takes place in the 2080s? The whole history of the 'Transit' world doesn't make any bloody sense otherwise.

Saskatoon: City in Saskatchewan, one of the Prairie Provinces in Canada.  The provincial ca[ital is Regina.
Republicans: Since American survivalists and extremists started coming out of the woodwork this decade, some writers have taken the possibilities through to a fictional conclusion by putting right-wing warhawk extremists in power in the US in the future.
prehistoric lemur-people:
android assassin posing as the Norwegian Minister for Health:
Displacer Syndrome: Check p.211 for a ridiculous example.
Little Green Museum: Play on the Little Green Men, generic aliens like the Bug-Eyed Monsters.  After the Large Green Men from Mars were discovered the phrase fell into disuse.
23/4/2064: If Bregman is taking the joke to its conclusion, the story is set after 2064.  It's probably set before the Martians destroy Paris and the UN leads the Thousand Day War in 2086.  In this setting the UN is impotent and controlled by warlike organisations like UNISYC.  In 2086 the offensive against Mars is led by the Zen Brigade, the Blue Berets of the UN Third Tactical Response Brigade, led by Brigadier Yembe Lethbridge-Stewart.  The fact that almost the entire brigade was slaughtered is perhaps a testament to the UN's weakness.  According to Lance Parkin's A History of the Universe, it was tactical nuclear weapons and genetically engineered ubersoldaten which led to an Earth victory.  After the Thousand Day War the world government is probably strong enough to control most standing armies, while beforehand the opposite may be true. We see later on that the expiry date on the aspirin hasn't passed, and it's still 2063.
dark-heart forest: Unintentional reference to 'The Dark Path', which also contained a relic of an ancient time-sensitive civilisation.
Unthinkable City: Play on words on the Forbidden City, the Beijing compound which was the centre of Imperial China.

the last true "lost city" on the face of the Earth:
SO, THIS MUST BE THE HUMAN DELEGATION: First manifestation of the Shift.
no sunshine here:
Brigadoon: A Lerner & Lowe musical.  A family friend has told me how awful it was.  Fake Scots accents of course.  Copious amounts of dry ice.  The Scottish village of Brigadoon is in limbo for eternity and periodically materialises in the real world.  During one of these periods, the villagers begin to interact with mortals, and there must be some kind of love affair or two.  At the end of the show they have to decide whether to stay or go. (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)  Brigadoon is a musical about a ghostly Scottish village that only appears for one day every 100 years. (For some reason it looks Victorian, even though logically it must have appeared that way before Victorian times - at least in the film)

Scotland Unification: Scotland recently voted in favour of the devolution of some powers of government, and the Stone of Scone was repatriated last year.  Evidently Scotland rejoins the UK, or part of the World Zones Authority.
'It was going to be attacked by witches,':
bubbleheaded Von Daniken spacemen: The Swiss writer Erich Von Daniken has attracted immense
interest from the public with his highly controversial theory that aliens communicated their knowledge to primitive human beings in ancient times, enabling the latter to evolve into civilized humanity.  Von Daniken travels and lectures widely, and his books, including In Search of Ancient Gods ( 1976) have sold millions of copies worldwide.  Scientists discount the evidence presented in his books and dismiss his claims.  See p.67 of 'Ghost Devices'.

Geneva Neutral Province: Switzerland has been neutral in most wars for 700 years.  The emphasis on neutrality here suggests that there is still considerable internal conflict in the World Zones Authority, despite the cosmopolitan influence of the Salamander Dictatorship which unified the WZA around 2017 or 2030.  The T-Mat Revolution leading up to 2044 would also have been a unifying factor, as seen in 'The Seeds of Death'.  T-Mat is a form of transmat allowing instantaneous transportation of food, medical, personnel and trade supplies around the world. "T-Mat Revolution?" In the 2040s? That's Lance bleeding Parkin spouting his mouth off again. Would you trust a man who stages toy lightsaber fights with his own cats?  (Text submitted by Mark Saint John Ridley and Jessica Mordsley) However would /you/ trust Lawrence Miles, a man who has spent over £300 on Star Wars Lego?  Loz bought the entire Star Wars: The Phantom Menace line of Lego and brought it to the Fitzroy Tavern in July.
chess: Here's a useful link for picking up  Chess Basics .
hyper-dimensional chess:
make bargains with the Higher Powers of Creation: 7th Doctor joke.  The 7th Doctor was Time's Champion, which indicates some kind of connection with the Higher Powers of Creation or what have you.  He met Death in 'Timewyrm: Revelation', 'Love and War', 'SLEEPY' and 'Happy Endings' and people keep talking about a woman in a red dress in 'Lungbarrow' that isn't Artemis from 'No Future', and may be Time.  Anyways, the Seventh Doctor was fond of chess, especially with Fenric in 'The Curse of Fenric'.  Maybe Tchike, being Russian, is connected with 'The Curse of Fenric' and touched by Fenric's chess mania.
the rudest word in the Russian language: (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)  There isn't really a single one, but I can give a selection of possibles! (or it may be a reference to Ace saying "go fuck your mother" in Russian in 'First Frontier')
new neurosystem: In 'Castrovalva' the 5th Doctor commented on his dendrites healing after the regeneration process.  But the 8th Doctor must be at least a few years old here.  In 'Placebo Effect' he dates his time with Stacey and Ssard in the Radio Times comic strip as happening between 'The Eight Doctors' and 'Vampire Science', and most people date 'The Dying Days' before even that to explain Wolsey the cat's absence.
bishop to palm signifying move to a different timeframe:

Saskatoon, 2054: So American warhawks tried to invade the Canadian Prairies in 2054 armed with thermosystron bombs, whatever they are.  Check p.232.  Maybe they were trying to rescue Dave Yadallee.
little baggy body: the 7th Doctor.
Montana Republican Militia: Private militia are the main forum for American survivalists, etc.  Montana was the retreat of Ted Koczinski, the Unabomber as well as the Freemen near Jordan, Montana.  Idaho, which borders on Montana, includes Ruby Ridge, the hideout of Randy Weaver from the Bureau of Alcohol, Firearms and Tobacco and the FBI.
Selachians: Shark-like alien arms dealers in 2136 in 'The Murder Game'.  Their first mention was in 'Killing Ground', when the Cybermen nicked one of their warcraft in 2191.  Shark-like aliens have made a comeback recently, starting in 'Cold Fusion' and carrying on in a couple other books.

Mr Qixotl: short, froglike, and genetically shabby, and possibly from Dronid (see p.33).  Formerly a lowlife.  He may have met the Doctor before; he might be Drax, or the Monk from 'The Time Meddler', or maybe someone else.  Later on we discover that he may also be Vorg from 'Carnival of Monsters' or Captain Cook from 'The Greatest Show In The Galaxy'.
Scintachi suit from fashion-butchers of Vienna Prima: Probably a bad place to be a fashion victim.

Hookey Street: Hookey is playing truant, absent from school. (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)  although playing hookey does mean playing truant, "hookey street" is a reference to black-market street trading; hence the line in the Only Fools And Horses theme song "God bless hookey street" since that's where Del Boy makes his money.
nouveau cool: An alien that uses a spanish name and uses french as the cosmopolitan language.
Rottweiler: A kind of terrier.
an old block transfer modulator: Block transfer computations, the art of creating matter from pure mathematics, was perfected by the Logopolitans in 'Logopolis'.
sticky-backed matter augmentors:
Brigadoon circuit: Analogous to the chameleon circuit fitted to the TARDIS; a disguise mechanism.
ziggurat: Like a pyramid.  Babylonian pyramids are more often known as ziggurats.
Seven Hundred Wonders of the Galaxy: First mentioned in 'Death to the Daleks', the 700 Wonders included the Exxilon City on Exxilon.

urine: The communication possibilities of urine were investigated the last time main characters got turned into dogs, in 'Warlock'.  Jack and Ace discovered just how much information can be stored in a puddle of pee.
biodata: The word's first use of many in this book.  It first turned up in 'The Deadly Assassin' in the bio-data extracts, the samples of Time Lord tissue which hold memories of the experiences recorded in the Panatropic Network of the Matrix.  In this book it is explained to mean all the deeper biological and memory information which is stored below the limit of resolution of DNA.  Apparently there is a more complete storage system. Here's what the Doctor says on p.44:

I don't see why he has to use the feedback loop analogy.  Suffice to say that everything you have done and are going to do, any relationships you have with anybody or anything else, and extrapolated through infinite degrees of separation anything in the past or future of the entire Universe, and perhaps even more can be investigated through biodata.  Typical science fiction concept, then.

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight: J.R.R. Tolkein wrote a story called that.  I suppose I'd better read it. (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)   It's a medieval story about a green knight who allows Gawain to chop off his head, if Gawain will let him do the same a year later. Gawain does (the green knight magically survives) but the green knight holds his blow, as Gawain has passed the test by not flinching.
Eisenck Portfolio:
Napoleon, Haig, Agincourt: Napoleon led France in conquering Europe.  He promoted it as part destiny and part revenge for the instability the rest of Europe had fomented inside France.  Field Marshal Haig was the Commander-in-Chief of the western front in the First World War, responsible for thousands upon thousands of deaths in a war of attrition.  Agincourt was a big battle the English fought with the French in 1415, retold in Shakespeare's Henry V.  The English beat the pants off the French in order to keep Brittany English.
nine years ago: So, we are set in 2063.
spent the last three hundred years cleaning up your litter: That takes us back to 1763.  Considerably later than the Doctor's interference at San Lorenzo in 1492 in 'The Masque of Mandragora' and at the Armageddon Convention in 1609 in 'The Empire of Glass', and any nomber of previous visits.  Tchike is probably starting from around 1799, the setting of 'Christmas on a Rational Planet' also by Lawrence Miles.  Governments first discovered the Doctor at about the same time the Brotherhood did.  That's odd..

'That's why the CIA didn't put a bullet through your throat in the 1970s': Actually, in 'The Devil Goblins from Neptune' a CIA agent named Thomas Bruce bombed the Doctor's laboratory at UNIT.

red UNISYC insignia: The winged UNIT insignia last seen in 'Battlefield' and referred to in 'Head Games' had some red in it, and the classic UNIT badge was monochromatic.
Tactical Security Division:
Plasma rifles: Projectile weapons in the 21st Century wouldn't be that out of place.
white chocolate mouse: Mousse? (Text submitted by David Whittam) It is actually mouse. White chocolate mice are a sweet in Britain, which
is, unsurprisingly, white chocolate in the shape of a mouse.
trying to give up on the jelly babies: He doesn't succeed; on p.71 of 'Seeing I' the Doctor's bag of jelly babies is laid out with his other belongings when he lands in jail.

Next July 16: We never find out what happens at next year's meeting. And why July 16th?
Mr Homunculette: The Time Lord representative.  A nervous character who whines in speech.  Here's a bit from p.175.

'Who, exactly, are you (the Shift) supposed to be representing?': One of the big questions in the book.

black business suit: A faithful standard for Time Lords travelling abroad.  The one that warned the 3rd Doctor of the Master's presence was wearing one, but strangely missed the tie.  The Delgado Master often wore a suit; in 'The Dark Path' he had a grey number with a tiepin.  The Kamelion-Master in 'Planet of Fire also wore a black suit.
Marie: Homunculette's TARDIS.  She's a type 103; that's explained on p.33.  

Mutter's Spiral: Earth's galaxy, first named in 'The Deadly Assassin', which gave the idea that Gallifrey was somewhere else.  Try p.1 of 'Timewyrm: Genesys'.
Mr Shift: It makes its presence clear.
major scandal involving the President of Malta:

The Relic: The reason for Qixotl holding the conference. 

HOMUNCULETTE'S STORY: The form of calling chapters so-and-so's story may be a reference, perhaps to Reservoir Dogs with the stories of original characters being told one at a time.
London, September 2169: 'The Dalek Invasion of Earth' takes place in 2167, ten years after the Daleks invaded in 2157 in 'GodEngine'.  The Daleks were defeated around 2167 by the destruction of the Bedfordshire Mine, also by the Colonial warship Dauntless at the Battle of Cassius which broke the Dalek blockade of the Solar System, as well as by the anti-Dalek virus the 7th Doctor passed on to Miles Engado and Piper O'Rourke in 'Lucifer Rising', which affected either the Daleks' wiring or their shells.  I can't find a concurrent reference to this last reason in A History of the Universe.  The next we see of Earth is in 2177 in 'Legacy of the Daleks', when England is still recovering from the Invasion and has fallen back into feudalism reminiscent of the film Things To Come.  The Dalek propaganda broadcast in 'The Dalek Invasion of Earth' led us to believe that London was destroyed shortly after the rebels escaped northwards.  (Text submitted by Chris Burnside)   My take on the 'Lucifer Rising' virus was that it was actually a specific antibiotic to counteract the Dalek's biological weapons that preceded their attack on earth - thus ensuring that there would be resistance fighters for the 1st doctor to meet up with.
Where the first of the invaders dropped out of the sky: So London was the beach-head of yet another alien invasion.
in Parliament Square: Parliament Square is a green area on the map joining Whitehall, or rather Lower Parliament Street (it's south of the Cenotaph), Westminster Bridge Street, Millbank, or rather St. Margaret Street (why they rename bits of these well-known and easily remembered street names with obscure and complicated ones, I'll never know) and Victoria Street, or rather Broad Sanctuary.  It's just west of the north end of the Houses of Parliament and Big Ben, just south of the Government Offices in Whitehall, just east of the Guildhall and just north of Westminster Abbey.  The real powers of government in the Whoniverse come from Whitehall, not the Houses of Parliament; conveniently they are equidistant from Parliament Square.
old pollution: The big pollution cleanup effort was around 2009 after 'Cat's Cradle: Warhead' and there was a marked improvement by the spring of 2010 in 'Happy Endings'.  We don't hear about any pollution between then and the Dalek Invasion, and the time period is rumoured to be remarkably clean.  So any old pollution would have to be old, or a result of the Daleks.  According to 'The Sword of Forever' the Daleks only produced genetic pollution in the 26th-Century invasion.
All I know about the English weather is this: it plays hell with my monitors: In 'The Feast of Steven', Episode 7 of 'The Daleks' Masterplan', the TARDIS materialised in Liverpool on Christmas 1965.  The Doctor complained about the horrible pollution and the scanner broke down.  Coincidence?
carbon-based: (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)  All life on Earth is built round carbon compounds of some description.
the bridge: Westminster Bridge.  We know it's still standing in 2157 when the Daleks invaded; we saw them crossing it in 'The Dalek Invasion of Earth'.
During the invasion, the humans had dumped a lot of their dead down here: And malfunctioning Robomen, such as the one in the opening scene of 'The Dalek Invasion of Earth' which committed suicide into it.  There was a sign on a nearby bridge which said 'It is forbidden to dump bodies in the river.'

Celestis: A future form of the Celestial Intelligence Agency, the Gallifreyan covert operations agency. It's also related to the Gallifreyan Gods of the Old Time, the Menti Celesti, who existed on the plane of thought in Gallifrey's minds IIRC.
same kind of technology the Time Lords had used to build the early TARDIS models: In 'The Executioners', the first episode of 'The Chase', the Doctor implied that he built the TARDIS; according to Jan Vincent-Rudski in his negative review of 'The Deadly Assassin' first published in TARDIS Vol #2 #1 and since reprinted in Licence Deniedand at least one David J. Howe reference book, the TARDIS was identified as a Mk 1 in 'The Time Meddler', and has been known to be a Type 40 TT Capsule since 'The Deadly Assassin'.  In 'Cold Fusion' and perhaps elsewhere, remarks were made to the effect that TARDISes are grown in pocket dimensions based far away from Gallifrey.  The technology the Time Lords use to build TARDISes is irretrievably bound up in the unexplainable mess of block transfer computations, chameleon circuits, semi-sentient pocket universes and now brigadoon circuits.
Albert Embankment: Complex south of Westminster Bridge Road on the East Bank of the Thames consisting of St. Thomas' Hospital.
Lord Ruthventracolixabaxil: Since the father of modern Gallifrey, Robert Holmes, introduced Romana in 'The Ribos Operation' as Romanadvoratrelundar, it has been accepted that some Time Lords have very long names.  Holmes was perhaps correcting for Jan Vincent-Rudski's criticism of his earlier work 'The Deadly Assassin', in which the critic claimed that it had seemed to him that the Time Lords should have secret and unpronounceable names, and Holmes had given them names like Goth, Borusa and Runcible (the fatuous).

Möbius loop: (Text submitted by David Whittam) A never ending loop, usually in a figure of eight style. Here's how to make a Mobius strip....
One of the twelve key political sites on the planet:
little toy saucers: Special effects modelwork for 'The Dalek Invasion of Earth' consisted of a Dalek Saucer made out of two aluminum pie tins waved in front of a picture of the London skyline.
casually wiping out the odd city by way of demonstration: But which cities, we don't know.  Paris had already been demolished by the Martians in 2086.  According to the 7th Doctor in 'Remembrance of the Daleks' the Imperial Dalek Mothership (admittedly from the future) had the firepower to sterilize whole cities.  In 'GodEngine' the Daleks' 2157 Black Fleet pretty much liquified Pluto's moon Charon, reducing the threat of the subspace research station there to the blockade of the Solar System.  Incidentally the radiation from Charon destroyed a delicate culture of crystalline life-forms on Pluto's surface.
some of the politicians sealed themselves into the Parliament buildings, and let the aliens set the corridors alight: Recently recovered footage from 'The Dalek's Masterplan' shows the Daleks armed with flames on their sucker sticks painstakingly setting fire to a cardboard jungle set.  The real government, the bureaucrats in Whitehall (assuming that political power hadn't jumped up a few rungs to UN generals barricaded inside mountains, or on another planet altogether) had ample time to escape.  The feudalistic outlook in 'Legacy of the Daleks' implies that the bureaucrats didn't even come back after the show was over.
not even on this side of Mutter's Spiral: Which implies that Gallifrey is either in the middle of the Galaxy, as according to J.M. Lofficier, or on the other side of it.  Marie might also mention the millions of years of time which separate Rassilonian-Era Gallifrey from Humanian-Era Earth, but it's just a thought.
300 years since its construction: Westminster Palace, the correct name for the building commonly called the Houses of Parliament, occupies the site of the London residence of the kings of England from the 11th to the 16th centuries.  The only surviving medieval element on the site is the Great Hall, built (1097-99) by William II and rebuilt by Richard II in the 1390s;  measuring approximately 75 m in length, it is the largest open-timber hall in Europe.  Henry VIII removed the royal offices to Whitehall, reserving Westminster for the use of Parliament and other public bodies.  The entire Westminster complex with the exception of the Great Hall was destroyed in an 1834 fire and replaced (1840-60) by the present building, which was designed by Sir Charles Barry and decorated by A. W. N. Pugin.
renovation every half-century or so:
terrorist bombing:
all the trinkets the military had collected: 'Scales of Injustice' reveals the Vault, a C19 bunker hidden under the Cheviot Hills and kept secret from C19 directors.  The Vault contained left-over alien equipment and the bodies of almost everyone killed in alien encounters in 'Remembrance of the Daleks', 'The War Machines', 'The Web of Fear', 'The Invasion', 'Spearhead from Space', 'Doctor Who and the Silurians' and 'Inferno'.  A comment on p.243 suggests that alien technology from the Vault and other such repositories may have been involved in the synthesis of the Ubersoldaten, genetically engineered soldiers who clinched Terran victory in the Thousand-Day War in 'Transit'.  In 'The Devil Goblins from Neptune' the American Ranch 51 in Nevada, possibly Area 51, is revealed to be a R&D facility for Nedenah technology. (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)  Ranch 51 and Area 51 aren't the same place (the latter is in 'First Frontier', and Ian refers to it in 'The Face of the Enemy').

patches of ash: Dalek guns rearrange but don't disintegrate; 12 years of laying about dead does that.  Dalek strategic weaponry disintegrates, to which Bernice's mum is a testament.
neon striplights:
Haunted Ground of Westminster:
"Botched": meaning, the Time Lords had been lucky.: Okay, now we're worried for them.  It also sounds reminiscent of the Nazis' "botched" invasion of France, where they got France but missed destroying the British Expeditionary Force.
'Every time we say goodbye, I cry a little...': (Submitted by Meg Lahey) It's a Cole Porter song called "Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye".

sickly green leather:
symbol of the World Zones Authority: Salamander's guards in 'The Enemy of the World' had a peculiar insignia on their helmets, and Fedorin had it on his collar buttons if you look at the photo published on p.26 of DWM 219.  A closeup of it is printed on p.37 of DWM 218.  The symbol can be interpreted as an abusive cartoon face shouting at a meek one, highlighting the conflict between Salamander and the Doctor, his physical double.  It also looks a bit like a figure-skater.  Turned on its side it looks a bit like the Mediterranean Sea.  How it symbolizes the WZA is anyone's guess.  On the original cover of the Target novelisation 'Doctor Who and the Enemy of the World, Giles Kent and Astrid have another insignia, a sort of circle subdivided by an equator and three of what look like longitude lines, and a point at each compass point of what appeares to look like a globe, and could also conceal the letters W and A, but not Z.
plastic mannequins: Possibly a deactivated Auton army.  This is a clearinghouse for sensitive weaponry, after all.
faded throne:
The man's skin was black: He has a voodoo air about him anyways, but is probably unconnected to Faction Paradox.  The chemical effects on his skin, again, are either cosmetic or results of the Dalek Invasion.  Before 2157 Earth was environmentally clean, even if the Multiplanetary Corporations were exploiting elsewhere. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) Check out page 295. There's a guy described in exactly the same way: black, white teeth, red rose, and he's a Celestis agent. (Text submitted by Lawrence Miles) Actually, there's at least one Celestis agent in each of the seven "flashback" stories; the Celestis have been watching the Relic's progress for quite a while, just waiting for the right time to seize it (as the narrator notes on p.288). All these agents finally line up on p.295.

The Toy Store: That's what they call the improved American inventory of the C19 Vault from 'Scales of Injustice' these days. Even if the CIA didn't save anything from Ranch 51 in 'The Devil Goblins from Neptune' they've had a century to collect more.
Ice Warrior relics, from before they dropped the rock: This improves the canonicity rating of the Thousand-Day War.  The Ice Warriors came to Earth twice before 2086; in 'The Dying Days' in 1997 the Argyre Clan from Mare Sirenum attempted a coup-d'état in the UK and in 2044 in 'The Seeds of Death' a couple of Martians actually made it to Earth in the vanguard of a full invasion fleet, which was thrown off course and into the Sun.

zombie-men in the House of Lords: (Text submitted by David Whittam) A pretty good description of hereditary peers.
writing which reorganized itself as he watched: Would seem to indicate the Shift.
High Gallifreyan: Old High Gallifreyan, a hodgepodge of ancient greek and mathematical symbols, was first mentioned in 'The Five Doctors'.

great grey slab of roadway:Albert Embankment, but probably Lambeth Palace Road.
'Open up,': Well that shelves all the disputes about how the type 40's trimonic lock works.

'You're the one with the databanks,': Usual use of the phrase is 'You're the one with the (insert body part/s here)'
type 103 TARDIS: The Doctor's TARDIS is a type 40.  The capsule Romana used in 'Goth Opera' is a type 90.
gravity compensators: possibly the gadgets the Doctor used to right the TARDIS interior while it was stowed in the Concorde's hold in 'Time-Flight' although he didn't in 'Castrovalva'.  He makes use of them again in a couple of pages.
'If I spend one more day in a G-type environment, I'll get rickets': Whereas the Doctor's TARDIS has a positive affinity for Earth.  But what is a G-Type environment.  If we're fed all the translations in typical terracentric language, Earth is a Class-M planet.  Ogros from 'The Stones of Blood' is a Class-G planet.  But what would the Time Lords be doing there?  Check p.209.
Dronid: Home planet of Skagra from 'Shada'.  Spelt as Drornid in A History of the Universe, as well as an ancient DWM plot archive.  On p.155 here, Qixotl explains that it was Drornid until a typo in the first edition of Bartholomew's Planetary Gazetteer.  (I used Bartholomew's Lake District map to walk from Workington to Keswick.)  It's no surprise if you've seen the 'Shada' video and found no reference to Dronid, because the scene where K-9 identified him as a Dronidian was never filmed, Tom Baker never mentioned it in the narration, and the script-book containing the reference was not included in the North American release of the video.  The reference explained that Dronid was an ancient Gallifreyan colony where a rival Lord President had gone during a schism in the Time Lords' High Council.  'Mission: Impractical' implied that the CIA are active on Dronid. (rec.arts.drwho clarification by Lance Parkin) In the note about Drornid it's claimed that I got the name of the planet wrong in A History of the Universe. The spelling 'Drornid' appears in the script which came with the video.  The spelling 'Dronid' first appeared in The Universal Databank - the joke that Lawrence is making is that so many people read the 'guidebook' without checking the facts that the name 'Dronid' stuck in the end! For the record, it's spelt 'Drornid' in A History of the Universe (p.251).
Amazonian supermodel: Not sure if Amazonia named after a planet, or just a body type.  The Earth Representative in 'The Curse of Peladon' was named Amazonia, but she didn't look very fit.
Narcissus complex: (Text submitted by David Whittam) Narcissus was the ultimate egotist, kind of  like the cat in Red Dwarf who CERTAINLY has a narcissus complex.
'One of these days, we're going to have to get that fixed, as well.': The Doctor often says that about bits of his TARDIS too.

thirty leagues below sea level: I've convinced myself that the title of Jules Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea is a mistranslation.  In 1870, when it was published, and in its original French, it must have been much easier to understand that a league is a measure of distance travelled, not depth.  In another bewildering reference guide I discovered that a league is about two miles.  A fathom is a measure of depth of six feet.  Lawrence is likely measuring depth/altitude here, and not distance travelled.
Samantha Angeline Jones: The first time I can remember reading Sam's middle name.
seven months, three weeks and six days: Eigth Doctor Adventures aren't supposed to be very continuous from each other.  Can it be a coincidence that this is the sixth EDA, distributed roughly seven months after 'The Eight Doctors'?  Funny, because 'Vampire Science' was written for a Sam already well-acquainted with the Doctor despite only joining him at the last minute in the previous book.

empty yoghurt pots: Conspicuous by their absence from the TV Movie, not to mention the BBC Books.  Perhaps Grace got him on to yoghurt, being a Californian cardiac surgeon and all.  Sam probably thinks yoghurt is okay; she's a vegetarian, not a vegan.
crap old microcomputers they had in schools back in the '80s: TARDIS console graphics from 1980s programs looked like they came from 1980s computers.  The console didn't even have computer screens until its reconstruction in 'The Five Doctors'. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) The computer graphics used in Doctor Who during the eighties were supplied by the BBC Model B microcomputer, as made by Acorn Computers (recently bought out by Pace, but that's a long story). They were made for the BBC's project on computer literacy (there was an associated TV programme). Monitors connected to such machines were placed in the new console ("The Five Doctors" until the end of season 25 [iirc, the console is never seen after that]).
Such computers were, and in some places still are, installed into many, many, many schools in both the UK and Australia, and were damn fine machines too. Solid, reliable, dependable, robust. My family own one, and have since around 1982: and it's only needed one minor repair. Back to the point: Sam would've experienced such machines in her education most probably.
the little men had kept coming: Rather than falling back on to the TARDIS on the first try completely due to his own skill, the Doctor programmed the TARDIS to find the best place to wait for him and catch him itself.  He probably fiddled with the chameleon circuit to keep it invisible.

M&S jeans: Marks & Spencer.
Oxfam shop in Shoreditch: (Text submitted by David Whittam) Not sure if there is one, but Oxfam is a second hand shop where the profits go to the third world. A charity shop.
very fashionable in 1976: (Text submitted by Ray C. Tate) The 70s are one of the most evil eras in earth's history.  The music, clothing and even the hair-cuts were deplorable.  This era introduced polyester bell-bottom pants and leisure suits.  It gave an unsuspecting world disco.  Afros and bizarre variations were the norm.  What's more everybody was skinny in the 70s.  The men had no physique.  The women made Karen Carpenter look buff.  When somone says "very fashionable in 1976" it's an insult of the highest caliber.
entirely different lever that did the same job: The TARDIS controls change and only the Doctor knows which ones mean what and when.  Unless Adric, Nyssa, Tegan, Turlough or Leela (!) need to fly the thing while he's incapacitated.  And he taught Ace how to use them in the New Adventures, probably as a veiled sort of training.

maser-modulated artron energy: Maser means Microwave Amplification and Stimulated Emission of Radiation, so if it works like a microwave it is supposed to make toast.  Usually toasters make better toast than microwave ovens.  Artron energy is a Fourth Doctor concept, associated with Time Lord biology, TARDISes, et cetera.

Braveheart: Mel Gibson, who played William Wallace in Braveheart is an Australian who lives in the United States.  The film was released before 1997, when Sam joined the Doctor.
Somerset's leopard: More genetic engineering technology from the 21st Century.  Possibly aided by Toy Store technology, although we can do basic genetic engineering now, arguably without help from aliens.

"Plan B": Generally means "Run Away".
founding religious cults in LA: The Heaven's Gate Cult didn't have any ties with the military, and niether did Jim Jones.
"extended Quixotism": Convenient for Qixotl's name.  The Brigadier arguably suffered from this.  Based on the Don Quixote stories by Miguel Cervantes.

19-L clearance:
The Eye-Spy Book of Alien Monsters: Sounds like any old book about Doctor Who monsters, like The Doctor Who Monster Book.
The Martians:The Ice Warriors should ring a bell in any military mind after 1997, although certain aspects of the invasion in 'The Dying Days' were put down to mass hysteria by its author, Lance Parkin.
The Selachians: From 'The Murder Game'.
The Krynoids: From 'The Seeds of Doom'.
The Hurgalnooks:
The Bandersnatchers: The 7th Doctor made reference to this fictional species while confusing Light in 'Ghost Light'.  The Frumious Bandersnatch first appeared in Lewis Carroll's poem Jabberwocky.
The Rock-Eating Yellow-Bellies:
memorise the book, then eat it: (Text submitted by David Whittam) Piss-take on Mission: Impossible and its ilk.
BEMs: Bug-Eyed Monsters, immortalised at the very beginning of Doctor Who when creator Sydney Newman stipulated that the series contain no bug-eyed monsters.  Producer Verity Lambert went ahead and okayed the Daleks.  The Martians were stereotyped 'Bemmies' by 2086.
The first sign of insanity, her superiors chuckled, was when you read the book and believed every word of it: You think I believe this stuff?!  The author plays on doubts, canonically unlikely situations and double-fictional aliens all through this book.

even Central still wasn't sure about the psychic stuff: In 'The Left-Handed Hummingbird' in 1969 Hamlet MacBeth ran UNIT's Paranormal Division until he interrogated the Doctor/Huitzilin, caused a ruckus and got fired.  He became an independent paranormal investigator and reappeared in the DWM 221-3 comic strip 'Change of Mind'.  Humans in the Brotherhood had known about psi-powers ever since the 1799 Carnival Queen manifestation in 'Christmas on a Rational Planet', and later in 1885 in 'The Death of Art' and 1987 in 'Damaged Goods'.  In 'Planet of the Spiders' the Brigadier didn't believe in psi-powers, but not for long.  Additionally, in the 21st Century Earth Reptiles begin to be rehabilitated into Earth society (Scales of Injustice, Eternity Weeps), probably made possible by psi-research to reduce the race-memory effect.  Suffice to say that Central knows that psi-powers exist.
The Quirkafleegs: (Text submitted by Andrew Hunt) In the ZX Spectrum game 'Jet Set Willy' (or possibly JSW2) created by Matthew Smith there's a room called 'We Must Perform A Quirkafleeg' (I think). I don't know if quirkafleegs existed before this.
Or were they made up?: Why not, the Shift is made up.

Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious World: Actual show Clarke narrated, which explored mysterious things.  He didn't necessarily debunk them, but he approached them in a critical manner.  The Loch Ness Monster program was a bit more satisfying than those crap US Network specials about alien intervention in Egypt, but still didn't conclusively deny it and included eyewitness reports.  It was made long before the famous photograph was proven to be a fake.

Trask: The dead guy represents someone who shall remain anonymous for the time being.

'This room has no door.': Well, there's 'The Room With No Doors', in which the 7th Doctor had premonitions of his regeneration and feared being shut inside a room with no doors in his mind by his other incarnations after regenerating.

Faction Paradox has entered the building.

The Doctor as a function of the universe: The Time's Champion theory has him making a deal with the powers of creation to act on their behalf, and the Doctor as a universal constant is theorized elsewhere; I'll post such references as I find them.
the connecting tunnels on board the Quetzel: The Thal ship in 'War of the Daleks' was the Quetzal, although out of context it seems to imply Aztec spaceflight.

Three years, by his reckoning: Allow one for the Radio Times comic strip between 'The Eight Doctors' and 'Vampire Science'.  Presumably the DWM comic strip with Isabelle "Izzy" Somebody takes place before 'The Eight Doctors' or after Sam leaves.  I haven't read enough of the 'Threshold' arc to find out how DWM's alternative continuity fits into this, with Ace's death, and all.

'The Faction recruits agents from all sorts of races.': So do the People from the Benny Books.

'Faction Paradox.  It's a family affair.': Faction Paradox began with an ancient Time Lord criminal, Grandfather Paradox.  Grandfather Paradox's first mention was on p.257 of 'Christmas on a Rational Planet', where he was dubbed 'voodoo priest of the House of Lungbarrow'.  He was a criminal released as part of a temporal hiccup caused by the paradoxes on Earth in 1799.  He had earlier escaped execution because he was more feared dead than alive, which is reminiscent of the Relic, if you already know what it is.  His name was a pun on the grandfather paradox, when one goes back in time and kills one's own grandfather, making your existence, and also your crime,  impossible, which makes it possible again, and so forth.  Of course, the Doctor used to be referred to as Grandfather by Susan.  And the Doctor has just said it's a family affair.  Coincidence?
    Oh, and on p.64 it transpires that each Paradox cultist wears the skull of a Time Lord, made easy because Time Lord skulls are bigger than their heads.  Dimensional transcendentalism.
    (Text submitted by Chris Burnside)   Possibly even simpler connection - since Grandfather Paradox seems to come from the House of Lungbarrow, he is already at least a cousin of the Doctor.
biblical epic starring Charlton Heston: Cecil B. DeMille's production of the biblical epic The Ten Commandments starred Heston as Moses.  His title role in Ben Hur doesn't quite count, even though Jesus has a cameo.
GENETIC POLITICS BEYOND THE THIRD ZONE: The Third Zone is a tract of space inhabited by highly advanced humanoids, at least concurrent with humanity.  Space Station J7, or Space Station Chimera depending on where you heard of it, was the think tank for Third Zone scientists.  Joinson Dastari, the pioneer of genetic engineering, was the Head of Projects there, a two scientists named Kartz and Reimer conducted experiments into time travel up to point four on the Bocca Scale; more powerful experiments could have threatened the whole fabric of time, so the 2nd Doctor was sent from either partway through Season 5 or Season 6a, his period of operation undercover for the CIA.  This is all from 'The Two Doctors'.
GUSTOUS R THRIPSTED: The 4th Doctor identified the Usurians from Professor Thripsted's Flora and Fauna of the Universe in 'The Sunmakers'.  Thripsted has been quoted in another book, too..  not sure which.. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) Mentioned in 'Christmas on a Rational Planet' on page 2 (amongst other pages I think).
A dead wasp was stuck to the spine: Not sure what this means, except that maybe the Doctor used it as a flyswatter, or maybe Qixotl sent the wasp into the Doctor's pockets as a biodata spy.  Unlikely because Qixotl wasn't expecting him. The Doctor may have been expecting the Faction, though, guessing from the page turned down.  Or not, he can find anything in his pockets.  If the last time he used the book was in 'Christmas on a Rational Planet', we understand. (Later note: I can't remember what I meant by that last sentence.  There were no wasps in that book.)

cautionary tales about characters who inadvertently murder their own ancestors: Gallifrey has its own Oedipus legends, as the Sphinx of Thule in 'Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible' showed.  Oedipus, by killing his father and marrying his mother, was a kind of primitive grandfather paradox.
(though there is some disagreement in Time Lord society as to what the First Law actually is): In 'The War Games', non-interference was the Time Lords' most important law.  Since interference is sufficient to produce paradoxes, one reason for non-interference may be to prevent paradoxes.  But non-interference is not sufficient to stop paradoxes.  Non-interference doesn't stop other races from becoming time-active and starting their own paradoxes, which is a good justification for starting the CIA.  Retrocontinuity after 'The Two Doctors' has argued that after his first trial the CIA suspended the Doctor's exile, in itself a form of interference considering the number of alien invasions on 20th Century Earth, so that he could interfere on their behalf, and who knows if he's been either committing paradoxes or preventing them ever since.  'Genesis of the Daleks' might have been a paradox, because he slowed the development of the Daleks by thousands of years, possibly crimping his own earlier timeline in 'The Daleks', except that lots of people (including Lance Parkin in A History of the Universe) don't place that serial right after 'Genesis of the Daleks' anyways, because then it fits neatly into the 'Genesis' timeline.
    In 'Christmas on a Rational Planet' the Doctor intervenes to stop Roz from killing a man in 1799, to preserve the timeline.  By that point he is Time's Champion, trying to preserve the timeline from paradoxes.  But several people die during the course of the book.  The guarantee that if Roz had killed the man she would have caused a paradox is that she only attempts the crime to attract the Doctor's attention to stop the shooting and preserve the timeline.  In 'SLEEPY' The Doctor changed history by preventing the Yemaya 4 colony's destruction by the Dione-Kisumu Corporation.  History was changed, but the Doctor had stepped outside of his role as Time's Champion; he was trying to stop deaths rather than preserve the timeline, as his encounter with Death on p.250 explains.
    There are probably other iterations of the Time Lords' first law; I'll mention them as I find them.
"Sethite" did for the ancient Osirans: Sutekh from 'Pyramids of Mars' was an Osiran, or an Osirian if you prefer.  Also known as Set, Satan and Sadok, the last reference probably being to some alien race.

'Can't get drunk,': Some authors have established that Time Lords can digest alcohol without getting drunk, which is a shame.  It reduces the conceptual gap between Doctor Who and Star Trek: The Next Generation, where they have a solution for everything including drunkenness.  Fits right in with the boring old Time Lords, but we'd like to think that renegades can get drunk.  Otherwise why would the Master be into whiskey ('Doctor Who and the Sea-Devils' novelisation) or absinthe ('The Face of the Enemy')?  It's pure class. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) The Doctor manages to become drunk quite successfully in 'Transit'.
Simia KK98: Homonculette is referring to a Time Lord hideout during the war with the Enemy, in their future our past.  Maybe it earlier/later becomes Miasimia Goria, the Rani's home base from 'The Mark of the Rani'.   Check p.219.
consciousness threshold: Barrier between this plane and the plane of thought and the Menti Celesti, and any other conceptual entities.  The word 'threshold' summons up the image of the DWM villain which is related to the Time Lords in a couple of ways.
fat idiot in the green shirt: Probably Qixotl. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) Homunculette is referring to the Colonel, in comparison to the Time Lord military (obviously not the chancellery guard =) ).  Besides, Qixotl is making a deal with Trask at that moment in time.

(human-plus): Implies something special, but how the Time Lords can be related to humans can only be a TV Movie reference.
A Time Lord President who had worn the Sash of Rassilon and fingered the Great Key: His experience with the Presidency of the Time Lords in 'The Invasion of Time' has given the Doctor's biodata a little tweak, as we discover later.  The Sash was introduced in 'The Deadly Assassin' and the Great Key in 'The Invasion of Time', distinct from the Great Key which the Master used to try and open the Eye of Harmony, in tandem with the Sash, which would protect him from it.  The Great Key is also distinct from the Key of Rassilon the Keeper of the Matrix had in 'The Ultimate Foe', which allowed access to the Matrix.  The Great Key in 'The Invasion of Time' was Borusa's secret check on the Lord President.  If the President combined the Great Key with the other crown jewels he'd have access to some very special Matrix secrets like the Demat Gun.  So the Great Key was always hidden from the President until Borusa gave it to the Doctor to help defeat the Sontarans.

Back on Gallifrey, in the days when the skies had been the kind of orange you only ever seem to get in childhood memories: The Gallifreyan sky has been referred to as a burnt umber or orange colour.  I can't remember if it was Susan or the 3rd Doctor that said it. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) Mentioned by Susan in 'The Sensorites' (The Discontinuity Guide, p.23)
Rassilon's Mimic: Later became Persona/Pearson/Sperano in 'Managra'.
Great Vampires: For the Gallifreyan War with the Vampires, look up 'State of Decay' or 'Goth Opera'.
Now he'd run into them twice, within a couple of decades: Reference to 'Christmas on a Rational Planet'.  And yes, Faction Paradox could be responsible for rewriting the Doctor's history for all these years , including TV Comic and all the fanfic. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) He didn't run into them in 'Christmas on a Rational Planet'. They were mentioned in a brief offhand reference which happened offstage.

Zen Patrol: Like the Zen references from the 'Remembrance of the Daleks' and 'Battlefield' novelisations, 'Downtime' and the Zen Brigade of the Thousand-Day War.  (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) Origins are probably from the Broadsword squad mentioned in 'No Future'. The section of UNIT at that time who received extra training in such matters.

'The Time Lords fought a great war, many years ago,'..  'If they'd lost, by the grace of Time, then this is how they would have looked.: So the Faction is a product of an alternate timeline, or are the Time Lords of an alternate timeline, or the Faction is from the future after the Time Lords are destroyed in the war they're already fighting. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) The Faction have access to alternate timelines, and artefacts from such places. The skull mask, which is (as is previously mentioned) bat-like, is that of what the Time Lords would have become had the bats (vampires) beaten them. Presumably the Faction reached in and grabbed some skulls from another timeline when they were bored.  Remember that 'Goth Opera' proposed that biologically, Time Lords are practically vampires themselves.  And maybe it wasn't the vampires.  Maybe it was the Yssgaroth from 'The Pit'.  I could never understand that splitting hairs between the Yssgaroth and the vampires.  What was Neil Penswick thinking?  Maybe we'll never know...
163 cm: About 5' 7" or 8".
standard physical QRT:

Goa Institute of Military Spirituality: Goa is on the Malabar Coast of the Arabian Sea in India.  It used to be a Portuguese colony.  I smell a link to Unisyc's Story with Kortez remembering and all.
Arizona, Earth, March 2069: This sequence sends up both Independence Day and Men In Black, with the scene of thousands of trailers in the desert (admittedly Arizona, not New Mexico's Area 51) and black-suited agents wearing ray-bans.  Phoenix is, as far as I can tell, not very near any recent major militia or alien kerfuffles, although for some reason I have the suburb of Glendale, AZ circled.  The 1947 Roswell incident was in New Mexico several hundred kilometres away.  So was the 1957 setting of 'First Frontier' at the fictional Corman AFB, although Holloman AFB and Cloudcroft, NM are real enough.  Ranch 51 and Groom Lake AFB from 'The Devil Goblins from Neptune' are in Nevada.
crater: Apart from the Phoenix Sandbowl, think of Barringer Meteor Crater.  Outside of Flagstaff, about 200 kilometres north of Phoenix, the crater is 1.2 km wide and 180 metres deep.  It was part of the astronaut training program in the 1960s, and generally speaking Arizona is a very popular state for astronomers, with more than 300 clear nights per year.
Wars of Independence: New one on us.  Probably some kind of militia conflict.  Apparently whole southern states are trying to secede from the Union. And according to p.72 the Union actually fragmented.
They say: Seems to be some veiled reference to Powers that Be.
Tesla bomb: The Croatian electrician and inventor Nikola Tesla, 1856-1943, made practical the use of alternating current.  After emigrating to the United States, he worked briefly for Thomas Edison.  They fell out because Edison refused to accept the possibilities of alternating current.  In 1888 he demonstrated how a magnetic field could be made to rotate if two coils at right angles were supplied with alternating current of different phases (90 degrees out of phase with each other).  After 1903, Tesla did noteworthy research on high-voltage electricity, transformers, telephone and telegraph systems, and plants for power transmission without wires.  His knowledge and wisdom concerning electricity is mythic, and some people regard him as a bit of a wizard.  I've heard him promoted on shortwave militia radio.
RetCon probe: A good joke on the popular phrase, short for retrocontinuity.  A retcon, or to retcon, is to explain away something new, like the Cybermen, with originally unintended similarities to something old, like the Voord.
ejection seats in UNISYC staff cars: James Bond's Aston Martin in Goldfinger had an ejection seat.  I had thought a car in either 'System Shock' or 'The Dying Days' had an ejection seat, but I don't think so any more.
5 the minimum number for a UNISYC Conclave:
Zodiac Level meeting, 60-L clearance and above:
Whiteacre signed the World Zones Accord in '38: And the Wars of Independence were in 2037.  Geopolitics again, probably.  Typical dating for 'The Enemy of the World' is either 2017 or 2030, so maybe it happened later than that to accomodate the WZA's presence.  Who's Whiteacre?
Brigadier Renault: Canadian.  He's played like Paul Gross doing his Benton Fraser, RCMP from Due South bit.  The other attendees are Dr Martinique, Major-General Bael from New Zealand and Professor Cogan from England. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) Dr Martinique is probably a reference to Martinique in 'So Vile A Sin'.  A member of the Brotherhood, iirc. Family values again.
Skydrop Scenario Four: And the Artifact landed on March 26 at 11:30.  Why is that important?

MI7 microcamera: MI5 and MI6 are generic spy organisations so wrapped up in 007-type mystery that I'm not sure which is which.  The current DWM strip may help in understanding.  C19 is the department from 'The Eye of the Giant', 'Who Killed Kennedy' and 'Scales of Injustice'.  But it looks like UNISYC are as reliant on the UK as UNIT was, compared to the separate American spy agencies. (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)  MI5 is internal security operating within the UK. MI6 operates outside the UK. MI7 is the fictional branch to which James Bond belongs in Ian Fleming's books.
Ontario: Some reviewers point out that Saskatoon , where Tchike, Kortez and the Doctor collaborated against the MRM's thermosystronic weapons in 2054, isn't in Ontario. It's in Saskatchewan, several hundred km away.  But there may have been two separate incidents along the Canadian-USA border, although the MRM wouldn't be as interested in Ontario.

Ed Bogeley's Conspiracy Hour on Channel 101:
According to the folk stories, whenever an alien ship crashes on Earth, the soldiers turn up and drag the wreckage off to a hangar: Obviously worked in Roswell 1947.
viral missiles: (Text submitted by Ray C. Tate) Probably means missiles with a payload of viruses rather than fissionable material.  This is not as far-fetched any of us would like.
psyche-guided warheads: But on p.43 even Central wasn't sure about psi-powers.  Maybe it just means they've established a workable interface between brains and computers by 2067.

Hourly Telepress: The Karkus in 'The Mind Robber' was extracted from Zoe's mind as a piece of 21st-century fiction from the Hourly Telepress.  Then she brutally assaulted him.

tachyon traces: how to scan for tachyons while sneaking a quick glance at an object with 21st-century technology, we don't know.  But it indicates the contents are time-sensitive.  If it's an escape pod it may be analogous to the pod Savar used to escape from the Black Hole in 'Seeing I' and 'The Infinity Doctors'.
Silverberg energy: Something psychic, possibly named after an SF author.

Five years ago, he'd erased all the official records of the Doctor's existence from the UN files: And the Doctor negotiates the obfuscation of some more records with FLORANCE in 'Transit'.  But humans still remember who he is in 'The Murder Game' and 'So Vile A Sin', for example.  I bet they never found the CIA archives; according to Keith Topping's 'Johnny Yen' ( chapter 1 only, guess the urls for the following chapters of it) , the Central Intelligence Agency was just the human arm of the CIA.  It works because the CIA was only keeping an eye on the Doctor's activities on Earth from the 20th Century onwards after he was exiled.
the body: So was the body removed from the Artifact before Qixotl got his hands on it?  The time-trace of the Artifact is pretty complicated.  So far it has appeared in 2069 Indonesia after being sold from 2169 London, before which it had sat in a WZA vault for more than a century.  Presumably its appearence in 2069 Arizona is the prelude to the WZA vault, it caught UNISYC's attention at that point, after which they sent Kortez to do a deal in Indonesia, suspecting that the Artifact was in two places at the same time. You've missed something quite important here. If you want to know the history of the Relic - and, indeed, some of the history of the War - all you have to do is read the seven "flashback" stories in reverse order. Qixotl hears about the Doctor's demise in Mr Qixotl's Story, and thereafter begins his search for the Relic. It's Faction Paradox who finally dig it up from the ruins of Dronid, and thereafter send it into the vortex, from whence it eventually finds its way to Earth in 2069. The American authorities hide it in the Toy Store, where it stays for a hundred years, until the planet's invaded by the Daleks and the Relic falls into the hands of the Black Man (in 2169, as we see in Homunculette's Story). It's here that Qixotl finally catches up with it, and takes it to the Unthinkable City in time for his auction. However, if p.309 is anything to go by, Qixotl has learned something about the Relic while he's been searching for it. Something he's not sharing with us, natch.

4: DEATH, DEATH, AND - GOOD GRIEF - MORE DEATH: I have no idea, but it sounds like a catch-phrase.
'Oh, no,' he said.  'Don't tell me it's a premonition.':The Doctor is stuck lying on the floor in an architecturally ambiguous room surrounded by animated dead bodies.  It could be a premonition of his own death, considering this book's consummate obsession with the circumstances of his demise.  It could just be a premonition of his encountering a large number of dead people, which he does at the end of the book; Trask is one of them.  Faction Paradox is also sort of dead-ish.  The silhouettes of high collars and black robes he can barely make out are very familiar from 'Cold Fusion' as the Ferutu, a Time Lord race from an alternate dimension (Ferutu is an anagram of Future) in which Gallifrey was destroyed during its first experiments in time travel.  The Time Lords have worn the high collars et cetera since 'The Deadly Assassin'.  The Doctor's premonition, then, concerns his own death and the Time Lords, although the shapes are undefined for their own safety.  Read on. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) The Ferutu are NOT a Time Lord race from an alternate dimension. They are not a Time Lord race of any dimension. The Time Lords were wiped out, as you mention, in one of their experiments (or was it by the explosion of the prototype TARDIS that the Doctor and the Landsknechte guy sent back?). The Ferutu were never hindered. Perhaps the Ferutu are what the Faction would be without Time Lords to be hassled by, or hassle.  The Ferutu are Time Lords in that they are Lords of Time.  They come from a timeline in which the prototype TARDIS carrying twenty-odd fusion bombs exploded on Gallifrey in the early Rassilonian Era.  The Ferutu were then unhindered in their conquest of time and space until it came time to confirm the paradox by making sure that Gallifrey was destroyed.  The 7th Doctor sealed off their timeline by sending the bombs to their part of the galaxy at that time period; it wasn't made clear if the bombs went off, destroying the Ferutu, or whether they sealed off their own timeline to prevent that, and worry about destroying Gallifrey later.  In any case, we later find out that this vision of the Doctor's was planted from the Shift's own memory. At some point in his future (?), the Doctor will visit Mictlan and face down the Celestis in their grand hall, as we see in "The Dead Man's Story". This is what he's having a premonition of here; he hallucinates that the people in the room are the Celestis and their servants, even though he doesn't yet know who the Celestis are. So his statement that he used to be a slave could well relate to something in his future.

'It's all right.  I know how you feel.  I was a slave, too.'  He had no idea why he'd said that, but it seemed to fit the situation: The Doctor was a slave of sorts when he used to do dirty work for the Time Lords or the Celestial Intervention Agency after his first trial in Season 6, whether or not you believe in Season 6b.  If he did do Season 6b, it's possible his memory of those missions was wiped.  His subconscious might be trying to tell him something here, whether he's talking to Trask or Homunculette.
'I'm sorry, I thought you were all timeless beings of unlimited evil, and I'd come here to defeat you.': The Doctor's memory is really slipping; that's what he should be doing.

"Eep", went Sam's wristwatch: Jon Blum and Kate Orman used the word "Eep" to describe the conversation of the I after their hive mind is dismantled  in 'Seeing I'.  I got the impression that they did it as a bewildering reference to a Dilbert comic.  Not being familiar with Dilbert, I'm not sure if either of these references qualify. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) On an Apple Macintosh, or indeed any machine that runs MacOS, one of the standard system sounds is that of "Wild Eep". It makes an ... "eep" noise =) I can perfectly believe both aliens and Sam's watch making the noise.
Mr and Mrs Drashig: The 3rd Doctor and Jo landed in their larder in Vorg's Miniscope in 'Carnival of Monsters'.  Huge puppet-like reptiles, they eat anything.  They even ate a space freighter once, apparently.

Technically, the Doctor knew, Time Lords weren't supposed to be able to recognise each other after they'd regenerated.  But it happened, all the same.  No matter how much your face changed, there'd be something left over, something too subtle to put your finger on.  That was how he felt now.  Not that he was sure Qixotl was another Time Lord, but he knew, one way or another, they weren't exactly strangers: There's some history in this.  It didn't take long for the 1st Doctor to recognise the Monk in 'The Time Meddler' or vice versa.  The War Chief recognised the 2nd Doctor immediately in 'The War Games'.  Runcible took awhile to place the 4th Doctor's face in 'The Deadly Assassin' but the Doctor recognised him at once possibly because Runcible hadn't regenerated yet.  (Actually Runcible may not have had a regenerative cycle at all, although 'The Infinity Doctors' established that a properly executed dagger thrust can do the job, as it did in Runcible's case.)  Drax recognised the Doctor in 'The Armageddon Factor' before the Doctor did.  The Master, the Rani and the Doctor established their identities straight away in 'The Mark of the Rani'.  As for where the Doctor's met Qixotl before, he hasn't.  Qixotl might be Drax, although his relationship with Dronid is new. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett) I believe some people tried saying that Qixotl was Captain Cook ('The Greatest Show In The Galaxy'), but I've no idea how the behaviour or dress sense fits.

103 TARDIS units were designed to reproduce in a manner that was almost organic: 'Cold Fusion' established that TARDISes are grown in pocket dimensions far away from Gallifrey.
1.3 millifreuds: A freud is a fictional Système Internationale (SI) unit for thought activity, named after the famous psychiatrist.

The first thing he saw was the hatstand: When the TARDIS was temporarily broken up in 'Frontios', bits of roundelled walls were interspered through the walls of the Tractators' cave system.  Turlough retrieved the hatstand and threatened the colonists with it as if it was a massive energy weapon.

Qixotl looked like a reject from Only Fools and Horses: (Text submitted by David Whittam) BBC sitcom about a 'dodgy dealer'. Go here for more details....
A TARDIS can look like a motorbike, an Ionic column, a sedan chair: The Master used the Ionic column disguise in 'Logopolis' and 'Castrovalva'.  The sedan chair is one of the classicly used examples of a good TARDIS disguise which we've never yet seen.  I can't see a motorbike working, except in the TV Movie.
'We're like the oracles of ancient Greece, really.  We can prophesy everything except our own destinies': Interesting because in the Old Time Gallifrey was ruled by ancient-Greek-oracle-like Pythias.

'Even by being here, I'm breaking one of the major Laws of Time.  I forget which Law it is, exactly.  It could be the Third.': I can't say, as long as Article Seven still prohibits genocide (unless you're the CIA and you take a fancy to unmaking the Daleks).

'I keep trying to get the Doctor to go Marxist on me, but he won't do it.': Implying that Sam is a marxist, which sort-of works with her non-Right On activism, except that it's a commitment to someone else's philosophy.  And Sam's just given away the Doctor's identity, although Kathleen is ignored enough to possibly not know who he is.

culture shock: Marc Platt mentioned this in other words in 'Downtime', I think.
VirchCon fighters:
'It's like the one time I got totally off my face.': Which we probably haven't heard about elsewhere.  Post-'Seeing I' she has been drunk, most recently with Fitz Kreiner at the beginning of 'The Taint'.  She fell *on* her face in front of a BEM.

acid sea: Like Marinus.

5: THE CONTINUITY BOMB: Continuity and canon are important conceptual crutches for some Doctor Who fans.  The concepts effectively limit the Doctor's history to the TV shows, barring the New Adventures, BBC Books, fan videos and send-ups et cetera.  Some private canons even cut out some TV serials.  But I don't believe in continuity or canon any more.  Former DWM critic Dave Owen may have come up with this word, or maybe he just promotes it: fugue.  Canon and fugue are both musical terms.  Canon is that Pachelbel stuff in which the same musical phrase is repeated over and over and embellished by different instruments.  Fugue, as in Bach's Toccata and Fugue in D Minor (see 'Attack of the Cybermen') is like that, except the variations are less subtle and more improvised or intuitive.  I've seen another use of the word fugue in the bewildering reference guide to 'Deadfall', where it describes an unravelling of causality.  Fugue in Doctor Who is made easier to believe by fragmentations like in 'So Vile A Sin', where a large number of potential alternative Doctors leak into the same universe.  All the fan fiction, spoofs, comic strips, New Adventures, et cetera are possible if we visualise the Doctor's timeline as blurred on a minor level.  In between the TV serials he has the potential to go off into a sideline and have a different adventure, until he either gets back to the next story or shunts himself off into an alternative timeline to the one we keep following with next week's episode.
    Anyway, yes, the Continuity Bomb.  Probably just another reality-bending doomsday weapon, I'd expect.
The Swiss analysts had reported the text to be in English, French, and German.  All at the same time.: Time Lord gift of translation.
"Beneath this layer of apparent layer of apparent comfort lie the psychic tendrils of an alien mind parasite.": Bregman claims to be reciting the narration of a UNISYC training film, but she could just be reading the Radio Times listing for 'The Mind of Evil'.

'A couple of weeks ago I was in the fortieth century.': Probably referring to 'War of the Daleks', which must have taken place in the fortieth century because one of the interludes featured a character getting revenge on the Daleks for Marc Cory, who was killed on Kembel in 3999 in 'Dalek Cutaway'/'Mission to the Unknown'.  So make it the forty-first century, Sam.  John Peel did a pretty tough thing in that book by making it look like he was tying down the Daleks to certain dates, which has always been pretty ambiguous.  The interludes had nothing to do with the story, so they could have happened in different time zones. 'War of the Daleks' takes place immediately before 'The Daleks' Masterplan', and therefore must be set in 4000 AD. Which is, technically, the 40th century rather than the 41st. So there. Nyaah.

Mictlan: Yes, don't forget Mictlan.   The Celestine home dimension. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  In Aztec mythology, this is the lowest layer of the underworld, situated in the north. Every soul, except those of fallen warriors and women who died giving birth, have to descent to the underworld.  Here, their souls will find eternal rest. However, they first have to make the dangerous journey to Mictlan. At the burial, the deceased are given magical powers and with the help of the god Xolotl, they are able to make this journey safely. The ruler of this underworld is Mictlantecutli.

Mr Trask, I know who you represent, and you know who I represent.: Which is very interesting because I happen to know who they each represent as well.  Which makes this conversation seem pretty important, because the only other bidder who knows who they represent is Marie, and she imploded soon after she found out.  Dangerous knowledge.  The knowledge itself may have been the source of the implosion.  Dangerous knowledge.
"My name's Smith, or at least, that's the nom de guerre I seem to keep ending up with, lifetime after lifetime.": In both the TV Movie and 'Seeing I', the 8th Doctor is identified as Dr Bowman.  Dr James Alistair Bowman.

Was it possible that Smith was the one?  The one who, all those years ago, had been responsible for putting Trask among the ranks of the dead?: That would complete the irony and is quite possible, although several incarnations of the Doctor don't kill very often, with the exception of the 6th and 7th.  We probably didn't see Trask's death on TV though, even though there was a character in 'The Highlanders' named Trask. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  My interpretation is that Trask's death by the Doctor's hand (or nearby) was just a figment of his imagination: inspired by the Shift.  'The Wages of Sin' has provided an interesting way out.  Trask drowned, and Rasputin drowned as the Doctor watched.  Maybe Trask is Rasputin.

"you can do serious damage to someone's psyche if you wake them up early.": The 3rd Doctor said that in 'Planet of the Spiders', and the 6th Doctor said it in 'The Two Doctors'.
ethanol: Grain alcohol, the kind you find in beverages.  Distinct from methanol wood alcohol and isopropanol rubbing alcohol, which are too strong for human blood.  In Doctor Strangelove, the madman General Jack Ripper drinks only pure grain alcohol and rain water, suspecting that the International Communist Conspiracy is behind the flouridation of water and the corruption of the precious bodily fluids of millions of Americans.

Marie had been stuck in the shape of a 1960s British policewoman for several months: Ironic because the TARDIS was stuck in the shape of a 1960s British police telephone box for ever.

deactivating the sonic mechanism into nothing more than a lump of heavy metal: What with obsessing over the Faction as sadistic, bloodthirsty bastards and all, we get the impression that Homunculette is reverting to a bit of a savage.

the Time Lords aren't able to see into their own futures as part of the mechanisms Rassilon had created when he'd kick-started the Eye of Harmony and installed the interfaces in the first TARDIS units: Rassilon couldn't do that without help from the Higher Powers of Creation.It sounds a bit tacky to say he had that kind of power.  He was the one that got cursed by the Pythia and had to combine his rival Omega's demise with an elaborate lie to cover up for his fudge factor in creating the Black Hole in 'The Infinity Doctors'.  If he was allied with the Vampires, as alleged in 'Goth Opera', that'd explain a bit.

He could stop the war before it even began: He could, but he might abrogate his entire timeline in the latter part of the Universe, in the Humanian Era.  In the Audio Visuals adventure 'Planet of Lies' the ruins of Ardethe, haunted by the Daleks, was all that remained of Gallifrey.  In 'Goth Opera' the Doctor said that Gallifrey was a void in the Humanian Era, and in the 10th millennium 'The Crystal Bucephalus' implied that New Alexandria was built on the ruins of Gallifrey on the edge of the Capricorn Tract.  No word on whether that New Alexandria is the same planet that forms part of a universal library in 2668 in Steven Moffat's Decalog 3 short story 'Continuity Errors'.  Neatly, though, when Alexander the Great rampaged across the Middle East he named lots of cities after himself; even today there are several Alexandropolises, Alexandrettas and Alexandrias.  In 'Cold Fusion' the Doctor narrowly avoided Gallifrey's destruction several eons too early.  The Ferutu couldn't be allowed to take over so early in the Universe's history.  But this war could be the point at which the Ferutu, or some other Time Lord Enemy, takes over.
Even the CIA would have backed him up, this time: Don't be too sure.
He was a free agent: Quite right.

It was at 17:44 that Mr Qixotl's luck ran out and he met up with the Doctor: Most Doctor Who episodes are about 25 minutes long and were broadcast at around 5 o'clock on Saturday afternoons.  The first episode was broadcast at 17:15.  If we take 17:20 as the benchmark, 17:44 is just a minute or two before the cliffhanger ending.  And we're leading into a cliffhanger ending of this chapter, I can tell you.
the Doctor had a nasty habit of making everything he did look preplanned: The 7th Doctor actually did preplan everything, but most 8th Doctor profiles claim that he is much more likely to improvise.

"Qixotl" is what they call the god of ludicrous profit on Golobus.": Thanks for letting us know. (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)  Captain Cook from 'The Greatest Show In The Galaxy' mentioned Golobus.  And "Qixotl" also has Aztec derivation...

Just in case you didn't know, Qixotl's auctioning off the Doctor's body.

Smithmanstown, Dronid, local year 15414: Smithmanstown might be a play on the Doctor's alias Dr John Smith.  It might just imply the anonymity the name implies.  Local year 15414 might be in our calendar, as we imply that the Morestrans from 'Planet of Evil' in the year 37166 follow our calendar as well.
Cousin Sanjira: Paradox cultists are referred to as cousins.
the Mission: (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)   I forget the context of this. Presumably either a mission as in an outpost for missionaries; or a play on "the quest is the quest" from 'Underworld' or "the wasting is the wasting" in 'State of Decay'.
someone else in the room: It's a Paradox cultist.
patch of urine: Not necessarily in a different context than with Qixotl's biodata security system.  The Faction use biodata in their rites, and I've mentioned the possibility that the cover painting might just be an extreme close-up of biodata in a puddle of pee.
silver scar:
Lurma and Salostopus: Presumably Lurma and Salostopus are far apart.  Salostopus is Sabalom Glitz's home planet.  In 'The Trial of a Time Lord' the significance of the Sleepers from Andromeda was that Glitz is from Andromeda.  In 'Placebo Effect' Gary Russell puts Salostopus in the Andromeda Galaxy, at one time a victim of the Wirrn (or Wirrrn, if you must) near Coscos.  I have no idea where Lurma is. (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)  Lurma is presumably Vorg and Shirna's ('Carnival of Monsters') home planet, since they were Lurmans.
The Time Lords' strange damage to Dronid: Presumably the Dronid schism ended violently, involving some strange Time Lord time-wastage weapons.  Plus this scene seems to take place after the war with the Enemy comes to Dronid, and the Time Lords did major damage at that time.

the Corporation:
the Cataclysm: Would be the Time Lord raid on Dronid.

clockwork bacteria: To tidy up Dronid after the Cataclysm, the Time Lords did like the Romans did after defeating Carthage in the Punic Wars: they salted the soil to make cultivation impossible and ruin Carthage for ever.  The Time Lords seeded Dronid with clockwork bacteria that speed up local entropy, shorten lifespans, and eventually make life so inefficient as to shut down and leave a dead planet.

two symbols Sanjira didn't recognise scratched into its lid: qs, or QS if you prefer capital letters, and you should because it looks better that way.  It stands for Theta Sigma, the Doctor's (school) name according to Drax in 'The Armageddon Factor'.  I use the greek symbols here because it's plain obvious, Theta and Sigma are letters of the greek alphabet.  The TARDIS translation systems couldn't be any clearer.  Plus in 'The Five Doctors' a great many of the Old High Gallifreyan symbols we saw were from the greek alphabet.  In either 'Colony in Space' or 'The Three Doctors', anyway a Pertwee where the Time Lords had his bio (snicker) up on a scanner, there was some indecipherable greek lettering scrolling along the bottom.  The First Class Mail: Who is the Doctor column in the comic Marvel Premiere #57, the first American reprint of Doctor Who Weekly comic strips, seems to interpret from that that the Doctor's name is d3Sx2.  Which is sort of odd because if you have seven tongues that actually sounds like "Doctor Who"; it starts with D, ends with the syllable oo, and has a sideways W in it.  Readers of 'The Infinity Doctors' knows that the word WHO is important, even when it's upside-down.
On p.144Sam recognizes the symbols as Greek, and the last one as a sigma.

it pulsed with a soft silver light: Like Front Axial Projection, which was used to make the Nemesis components in 'Silver Nemesis' glow.  So is the Relic made of Validium?
'Got your box,': The character sounds like Peter Sellers' stock jewish wholesaler from the Goon Show to me.  Plus he sounds a bit like Qixotl.

Which is the greater weapon?  The Grandfather himself, or the awe the people have for him?': Interesting philosophial discussion here.  It's sort of Machiavelli.  Of course, the answer depends on who the Grandfather really is.

dematerialisation rite: So a coven of Paradox cultists find the Relic in the ruins of Dronid and, fools that they are, dump it into the Vortex.  Presumably its next manifestation is its crash-landing on 21st-Century Earth, after which the timeline hypothesized on p.74 takes over.

The Grandfather had one arm, the family legends claimed.  He'd cut off the other one himself, to remove the tattoo the Time Lords had branded him with: That sort of takes the Doctor out of the running in the "Who is Grandfather Paradox" sweepstakes, unless he had three arms to start with.  The 1st Doctor didn't even perform any symbolic amputations we know of before leaving Gallifrey.   He might be one of the Heroes, or even Rassilon, Omega or the Other.  The Maimed God is one of the possible variations on the formulaic bad guy/omnipotent being Joseph Campbell went on about.  Torak from David Eddings' Belgariad books was disabled in one arm and an eye.  Rakoth Maugrim from Guy Gavriel Kay's The Fionavar Tapestry is 'the maimed god'.  Darth Vader is also a maimed type.  Good or bad, all these maimed god characters go back to Odin aka Wotan from Norse mythology, who is blind in one eye having given the other for wisdom.  Rassilon is the Wotan character in 'Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible', having lost  the past security of Gallifrey by getting rid of the Pythia but gaining the legacy of the Time Lords.  So it could be said that all time Time Lords are maimed in that they're sterile.  And then the next paragraph goes on to say that this particular mysterious stranger is only a messenger, not the Grandfather himself. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  The Grandfather's tattoo is on one of his arms. As seen in 'Spearhead from Space', the 3rd Doctor had a tattoo on his right forearm - a cobra/dragon one (which matches the description of Grandfather Paradox's tattoo in 'Christmas on a Rational Planet').
It is possible that the 3rd Doctor had a different past to the Doctor we know. Imagine him cutting his arm off to remove the tattoo and forming Faction Paradox. Sounds like some pretty major "Interference" in the Doctor's timeline. Odd: 'Interference', by Lawrence Miles, features the third Doctor in both parts. =) (Text submitted by Lawrence Miles)  I'd just like to point out that I only included the Twin Peaks joke because I'd already worked out that Grandfather Paradox had to be a one-armed man. Not the other way round.

6: THE BODYSNATCHERS (REPRISE): The third book in the 8th Doctor Adventures series was 'The Bodysnatchers', involving the Zygons.  Reprise indicates we're going over it again, usually in a musical way with songs like "Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" (Reprise).  Stephen Marley's book 'Managra' introduced a genre of clones named Reprises for their nature of being copied from historical and fictional characters.
Its arrival sent shockwaves through the psychic aurora of the entire eastern hemisphere:
The black spaceship promptly dropped into Earth's gravity well: The gravity well extends much farther out than a thousand kilometres, although the edge of the well depends on your velocity relative to the Earth, and I'm not sure if mass is important here.  The Moon teeters on the edge itself, and it's over 400 000 km away.

Maybe the ship ran on the stuff (blood), like in the stories the Doctor had told her about the Great Vampires: The Great Vampires weren't actual ships, but they used blood as nourishment.  Sam's analogy is closer to the Cucurbites from the DWM comic strip 'Tooth & Claw' (#257-260), which are basically mobilised Great Vampires with the appearence of grubs or weevils.

'Business is Business': Title of a musical number from the Doctor Who stage play 'The Ultimate Adventure'.
The Doctor tried to remember the last time he'd been angry.  Really, really angry.  He couldn't: He was probably rather upset when the Threshold killed Ace, but that might have been a divergent possibility rather than one that can coexist with the characters in the BBC Books.  Other candidates include the time he thought the San Francisco vampires had killed Sam in 'Vampire Science'; the time the Thals discovered Davros and decided not to kill him, but lots of innocent people instead in 'War of the Daleks; the time he discovered a centuries-old conspiracy against him helped by Time Lord technology in the 30th Century in 'So Vile A Sin' (he was more remorseful than angry when Roz died); and when he confronted the Nazi that tortured Bernice in 'Just War'.   The 7th Doctor references are appropriate because he says here that he says it's simpler for him to lose his temper than half a decade earlier, and his new body's 3 1/2.
you could get a bit snappish when you bought a new pair of shoes and found they didn't quite fit properly:When the 8th Doctor tried on Grace's old boyfriend's shoes in the TV Movie they didn't quite fit, but when he got his memory back he found they fitted him perfectly.
It was three-and-a-half years old: Which leaves some time for him to do the Radio Times comic strip and some DWM comics, although they may come later or as part of a separate story.
So much in his head, these days: Which is exactly the point, that he's got a lot in his head.

He remembered that time on Necros, when he'd stumbled across his own tombstone: The rather inscrutable cliffhanger from Episode 1 of 'Revelation of the Daleks'.  It fell on him, and transpired to be made of styrofoam.
Wondering if he'd make it to the end of the twelfth regeneration: OK, that's wrong.  Time Lords have thirteen regenerations.  They regenerate twelve times, adding up to thirteen bodies.  In 'The Ultimate Foe' the Master said the Valeyard was somewhere between the Doctor's twelfth and final regeneration, implying that he had thirteen.  The 13 limit was first imposed in 'The Deadly Assassin', and holes have been poked in it ever since.  I don't believe a word of it.  Taking into account that over the years at least a hundred actors and fans have played the Doctor in some capacity, whether imaginary or fictional, the Doctor can never be limited to one timeline of only thirteen bodies.  It's enough to establish here that he dies.  But we've seen his dead body before; in 'Blood Heat', for one. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  A Time Lord's first body is not a regeneration. It is an incarnation. A Time Lord has thirteen incarnations available. If you recall 'The Five Doctors', the 5th Doctor (fifth incarnation) says in reply to the first's "Regeneration?" query:  "Fourth." I guess you're right there.
'Listen, if it helps, you're not going to snuff it until after -': We never find out what, but it establishes that the Doctor.. well, the Doctor Qixotl follows, anyway.. isn't going to die until something else major happens to him.

"Time Lords are supposed to be psychically active after death: Well we didn't know, so thanks for telling.
maybe I'm feigning death.  Maybe it's something to do with my respiratory bypass system.  I've done it before.": The respiratory bypass system was introduced in 'Pyramids of Mars' after the Doctor was throttled by a mummy.  It was extremely unconvincing; the mummy clapped him around the neck with both hands and let him fall to the ground.  Actual strangulation takes much longer than that, although I don't know from personal experience, ha ha..  I digress.  Anyways, the Doctor's feigned death more than once, but the most notable feigning was in 'Destiny of the Daleks' when Romana faked her death from radiation sickness, even though she didn't have an antidote. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  'Mission: Impractical' sees the Doctor feigning death again. Enough to convince the bounty hounters that they've completed their contract.
"And I said I didn't believe in ghosts,": The Doctor has never believed in ghosts, and has explicitly said so except in 'The Ghosts of N-Space', when he said he did.
videocasts of the urban tribes in Little São Paulo, on the west coast of the Canadian Fed:  There are more South Asians (Indians) in Canada than Hispanics, I think.  Especially on the west coast, although Filipinos count as Hispanics.  We're getting more East Asian immigration than either of the previous two.  This is all guessing; prove me wrong.  But we're talking about seventy or eighty years in the future, after the USA breaks up and possibly after T-Mat from 'The Seeds of Death' provides instantaneous travel around the world.  Brazil isn't the greatest place now, and maybe more crises mean increased emigration.

Voodoo was illegal after what happened in Haiti in the '40s: Possibly a continuation of the Ctulhu problems the 7th Doctor found there in 1913 in 'White Darkness', but maybe just genocide provoking international outrage.
organic ships of the Zygons: 'The Terror of the Zygons'.
thinker-weapons of the Selachians: The Selachians are more like arms dealers than arms manufacturers.  They were negotiating for the assassination program in 'The Murder Game', and thinker weapons don't really correspond to the more generic weapons of mass destruction, the thermosystron bombs they sold to the American wackoes.

UNISYC bitch: Rare example of cussing in the BBC Books.  But there are some other titillating examples, be sure.
Tarzan:  Come on, you know that one.
Cloud Nine:
false angels, tiny white-winged goblins with faces stolen from the other representatives: Possibly the hyperdimensional appearences of the delegates.  They're all time-sensitive, so if one exists on a different plane of thought so should they all.
man in the green velvet jacket: The Doctor's jacket in the TV Movie and the Radio Times comic strip was purple.
'Sergeant... Colonel Kortez!": The 2nd Doctor did the same routine with Corporal.. Sergeant Benton!, as well as Colonel... Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart!  Well, almost.

It looked like Mr Qixotl, but it sounded like General Tchike: This page gets confusing and ambiguous and it takes more and more time and text to draw all the more likely meanings out of the text.  Forgive me.
"The strange is truther than you think," said Mr Homunculette.  "The schoolgirl is not what she seems." Wait till later to hear more about Sam's seeming unseeminglessness, although that's a malapropism.
"But sometimes my arms bend back," added one particularly angelic angel with an unfolding face: Maybe Sam, maybe Marie.  What the hell does she mean? (Text submitted by Chris Halliday) If I remember correctly, this is a Twin Peaks reference. The phrase is spoken by the murdered Laura Palmer to FBI agent Dale Cooper in a dream. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  'All the "not what they seem" stuff (also when walking through the forest at the start) is lifted from Twin Peaks (as well as the arms bending back). And you know what? Nothing that was described by the Colonel as not being what it seemed was what it seemed. He wasn't completely gone =)
the angels had probably been sent as a distraction by the Infernal Forces of Creation:
The Doctor was different to the way the Colonel remembered him, taller and older.  The details were unclear, though, as the Time Lord was wearing a shroud over his head: Indicating it's the Last Doctor.  Or the Relic speaking to him.  It is after all still psychically active.

Harvey (1950): Jimmy Stewart movie.  The main character becomes obsessed with an imaginary huge rabbit that follows him around.  I've never seen it.  The Shift is imaginary.
newblood Houses: Maybe after its initial losses in the war against the Enemy Gallifrey went through a seditionist phase.  If that didn't start the war in the first place.  Why is Justine talking to the Shift?  We already know the Shift and Trask see the Doctor as a threat, and they now know who he is.

'The Time Lord.  Don't trust him.  He killed me': So the Doctor killed Trask.  I might already have said that.

"He says he's the one the monsters are afraid of.  He can make them go away.  There's evil in the universe.  Some things must be fought.': Bregman's talking about Manjuele, but it's the Doctor's line.  Maybe if Manjuele was describing the Doctor.. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  It *is* the Doctor's line. Bregman is picking up the Relic/Doctor's psychic signal.
Displacer Syndrome: There are a lot of references to UNIT combat fatigue, and I must remember to make reference to this one.

tapestry depicting the sentient dinosaur sawing the heads off the vestal virgins: A Silurian?  I'm confused.
"you've lost the plot, sunshine": Double-entendre.  Most first-time readers have also lost the plot by now. D'you want a fight or something?

"there's still that little question of my ancestry to be cleared up": The half-human thing from the TV Movie and the Leekley Bible.
The Enemy can wipe out information as fast as they can wipe out matter:
The Demat Gun: Gallifreyan super-weapon from 'The Invasion of Time'.  The mystery of its construction could only be solved with the help of the united Time Lord crown jewels, including the Great Key.  The Doctor wiped his own memory of its design, but not completely, we assume.
the Sash of Rassilon: Is different, because it would be more difficult to copy.  It protects the wearer from gravitational stresses near black holes like the Eye of Harmony, if it's unshielded.
"you might think you've got a lot of weird bits in your biodata now, but wait until the... the end.":
"The enemy's fighting a four-dimensional war here.": They're fighting in a future time zone of Gallifreyan Mean Time. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  They're fighting all through time. Wiping out key people before they do things that would be inconvenient; stopping actions happening; etc. etc.
"technically, you're not part of Gallifrey's past.  Not any more.  You're a renegade, you're an independent.  To tricky to put a time blockade on.": Personally I don't like the idea of Time Lords or TARDISes regulating GMT.  But if the Doctor's no longer barred it would explain his out-of-sequence encounter with the Master in 'Legacy of the Daleks'. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  I'd say that the only limit on TARDISes is that they cannot travel into the future or the past of Gallifrey's system. And only Gallifrey's system. And I'm willing to bet that the Time Lords removed this "feature" during the war =)  What would be the point if Gallifrey had been destroyed?  Oh, well, it gets paradoxed back in to existence at different points in the war.  Probably.  I think it all has to do with the transduction barriers.  As soon as the Time Lords broke out on Gallifrey they erected barriers protecting the timeline that led to their evolution.

"Using the same kind of technology that put the Land of Fiction together": From 'The Mind Robber'.  'Happy Endings' suggested that the Land is part of the Matrix.
"The fate of my corpse could determine the fate of the entire lifeline.": He might mean the timeline, or the Web of Time as he later corrects himself.

"All you care about is how Time Lord biomass is doing on the FT index!": Possibly the Financial Times index.  In any case, either a stocks earnings chart or its value against gold or the US dollar.

But every now and then, a little piece of England would find its way into her thoughts: Derived from Queen Victoria's comment on childbirth that she simpy laid back and thought of England.  So Justine is from the UK.
He'd fallen like a skittle: I don't understand.  A skittle is a candy. (Text submitted by David Whittam) Go here to find out what skittles is...
(Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  You could say "a skittle is a one of those things you knock over when going ten pin bowling" =)

"Er... their guns are detatchable,(sic) aren't they?": Dalek gunsticks have been detached in 'The Power of the Daleks' and 'Genesis of the Daleks'.  Detached gunsticks have been used as weapons in those stories and in 'Love and War'.
"I've had plenty of experience.  Some of it quite recent.": The book published before 'Alien Bodies' by the BBC Books was 'War of the Daleks'.
ion engines: With current technology, ion engines are a nice new method of slow-acceleration constant propulsion.  The first one was launched last year.  It accelerates very slowly for long periods of time.  The rocket thrust is generated by accelerating ion atoms to speeds of about 30 km/s with electric fields.  It may be slow acceleration now, but ion engines are the sublight method of choice for all the ships in Star Wars.

"Let me think.  Late twenty-first century... by now, most of the Daleks are scattered around the edges of Mutters' Spiral, trying to build up a decent powerbase.  The ones who got left behind on Skaro are just starting to think about putting together their own little empire.  The "static electricity" phase of Dalek development, if I'm not mistaken.  Still, my Dalek history's always been a bit rusty.  It wouldn't be so bad if it didn't keep changing all the time.": I can't think how the Daleks might have got scattered.  By this time 'The Power of the Daleks' and parts of 'The Daleks' Masterplan', 'The Chase', 'The Evil of the Daleks', 'Remembrance of the Daleks', 'Day of the Daleks' and 'Resurrection of the Daleks' have already happened.  That's not including the comic strips, which I count because Dalek history keeps changing to accomodate or delete them.  In A History of the UniverseLance Parkin articulated the theory that 'The Daleks' involved a breakaway group of Daleks after the main force left Skaro which the Doctor had first speculated on in 'The Dalek Invasion of Earth'.

When had she stopped being Kathleen and started being Bregman?: Lawrence uses this duality of character again later.
All she had to do, the voice explained, was reach its body.  It needed company.  Human company.: Probably the Relic speaking.

Wouldn't that be typical, thought Manjuele, if she had the hots for a stiff?  Bitch must have thought she was too good for anyone living and breathing.  He'd been trying to get into the Cousin's pants for months, first by playing the humble-but-obedient servant, then resorting to the old rough-but-good-natured-street-urchin act.  So far, no progress.  Sure, she was his Cousin, she was supposed to be his elder in the family, but what the hell?:  Hahaha.
Justine had gone straight for the major neck nerves.  They were big on Time Lord anatomy, back on Dronid.: I don't know about that.  The Doctor's respiratory bypass, a feature of the neckular area, is one of his escaping-death tricks.  I don't remember him being incapacitated by the neck at all. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  Check 'Set Piece' (by Kate Orman). Major nerve ganglia around the neck/shoulderblade area, or somewhere. Also mentioned by the Doctor to the Brigadier in some story (for use with the Master).  According to the novelisation of 'The Five Doctors' the Brigadier clouts the Master with no prompting from any of the Doctors.  He'd probably found out in a previous adventure.

On family territory you could do what you liked to outsiders, same as in Little São Paulo:
Qixotl remembered how the guest room he'd prepared for the Daleks had looked.  The room had been black, as well, the walls covered with bumps and nodules Qixotl hadn't understood the purpose of at all.  He hoped, really, really hoped, they hadn't been anything to do with sex.: Well, after the Dalek bumps/breasts controversy of 'Doctor Who and the Curse of the Fatal Death', we all know the real story.
"Yeah, well my eyes are pretty much humanoid at the moment.": That's odd, so are the Doctor's.

it seems that I'm some kind of galactic yo-yo:The Third Doctor said that at the end of 'The Claws of Axos'.

The male cultist jerked a thumb in the Colonel's direction, then put a finger to his temple and twirled it around.  Kortez guessed it was some kind of secret sign: It means "he's crazy."

Yeltstrom's Karma and Flares: The Importance of Fashion Sense to the Modern Zen Master: Feel free to check out page 203 as well.

The Krotons last appeared in 'The Krotons'.

Shockley's Den of Almost Limitless Iniquity:
the drinks were cheaper than battery acid: I see no reason why this should not be the case.  Alcohol is of course easier to come by than battery acid, and Dronid is a bit of a cold collation of old and new technology.
since Qixotl had been a tube-squirt: Implies some form of artificial insemination, pregnancy or artificial womb.
Tequila Mockingbird: A play on words from "To Kill A Mockingbird", the award-winning novel and film starring Gregory Peck as Atticus Finch.  It implies that Earth culture survives into the far future.

dystronic explosive:In 'Genesis of the Daleks', Sarah Jane gets captured by the Thals and put to work on a missile with a dystronic warhead which makes the other slaves ill with radiation.
twelve denaris:
Klutterbug missiles:
Mr VenFaxil:
"Another can of Blue Dog,":
Mr Gabriel the Gabrielidean: In 'The Sunmakers', the Fourth Doctor claimed that the Droge of Gabrielides once offered an entire solar system for his capture.  So the Gabrielideans might not mind bombing Dronid for the Time Lords if the Doctor happened to be there.

staser:Gallifreyan gun used by the Chancellery Guard and the Deadly Assassin.
A couple of generations ago, one of the Time Lord Cardinals had tried building a powerbase on Dronid, putting together an army in the vain hope of overpowering the High Council.  He'd been dragged back to Gallifrey in the end, natch, but there were still bits and pieces of time-tech lying around the cities, leftovers from his time in residence:Much the same explanation as the Doctor gave in 'Shada' and 'Mission: Impractical'.

blueprints for a demat gun: The Demat Gun is a Gallifreyan secret weapon from 'The Invasion of Time'.  Its design was hidden in the Matrix to everyone except the holder of the Coronet of Rassilon, the Sash of Rassilon and the Great Key which had been hidden away for millennia.The Doctor wiped his own memories of it to prevent knowledge of it escaping.
Don Xapristi:

Bakelite TV: Bakelite is an old kind of plastic.

Mr Abel, who works for the InCorporate:
microwave knife:
flotilla of Antiridean organ-eaters: Check page 217.

"Maybe it's different this time...": Sounds like a quote from the Doctor's fifth regeneration sequence.


Had she (Bregman) ever been in control of her own body?: Manjuele might have induced her to go when he sampled her biodata, on behalf of the Faction.  The Shift might have done it, as a mainly psychically-based entity.  Trask doesn't seem to be very psychic, and anyways, as a bit of a spoiler Trask is just a pawn.  Homunculette isn't really the controlling type.  Kortez, despite his pretensions of mental abilities, only controls her as well as any other looney officer could.  Niether is the Doctor, but the Relic very likely had a part in drawing Bregman in.

"Twice.":We're not sure which was the second time the Doctor met the Krotons.  But it's always wise to leave the door open for obscure fan fiction. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  You're not accounting for Faction Paradox - where they go, continuity may as well just give up and die.  Good riddance to it.  Later on, on page 197, we find the author has left no such door open.
"My-des-ig-na-tion-is-E-Kobalt-Prime-of-the-Kro-ton-Ab-sol-ute.  Comm-and-un-it-of-the-Kro-ton-Fifth-Latt-ice.": We've never seen much of the Kroton command structure.  They are crystalline life-forms based on the element Tellurium.  In 'The Krotons' they had been sustaining themselves by draining the neural energies of the Gonds, a simple slave colony.  The Doctor destroyed them by contaminating their dynatrope with sulfuric acid.  Here, we are introduced to Warspear battleships and the supremacy of the First Lattice.

the training complex on Gallifrey XII:
the War Cardinals: Both of these are just made up, rather than referring to anything else.  Be pretty sure.
Escapology hadn't helped most of the Time Lords get off the original homeworld before it had been wiped: Whoops.  In 'The Infinity Doctors' we see that in one possible future for Gallifrey the planet gets copied and erased a number of times in the Time Wars, so that eventually, the Time Lords are left with a Capitol they never even built.  And in 'Goth Opera' it's mentioned that Gallifrey is missing in the present, millions of years after the Doctor's native time period.  Although 'The Crystal Bucephalus' suggested that New Alexandria is built on the ruins of Gallifrey.  The Audio Visual 'Deadfall' took place in the ruins of Gallifrey, which had been renamed Ardethe.  It's anyone's guess if Gary Russell intended that to still apply in his book by the same name. Of course, if you still seriously believe that the BBC Books and the New Adventures take place in the same universe, then 'Dead Romance' tells you what happened to the place in some detail. But I don't.  Sadly.

"Your people aren't known to be time-active, and your empire is many millennia away from here.": Keep that in mind.  distance can be measured with time periods.
"Even the Voord are more frightening than you people.": The Voord were the wetsuit fetishists who tried to take over the Conscience of Marinus in 'The Keys of Marinus'.  The Sixth Doctor DWM comic strip 'The World Shapers' suggested that the Voord were a group of lesser-evolved Cybermen.  In no way are the Voord less threatening than the Krotons.

"I've got a pocket chess set with me, and I think I've got the hang of the way the horsey things move now.": Knights move in L patterns of three squares in one direction and one square on the perpendicular to that direction.  They can move backwards and sideways as well as forwards.  They can also jump over pieces.  I think their point value is 3.

she (Bregman) had an inferiority complex the size of the Crab Nebula: The Crab Nebula is a famous supernova remnant which is over six light-years across.  It was discovered in the 18th Century and labelled Messier 1 or M1 after its discoverer, the author of the Messier catalogue of nebulae Charles Messier (french pronounciation).   Its progenitor event was probably a supernova observed between the horns of Taurus in the 11th Century.
Did the girl (Sam) have things in her biodata Qixotl hadn't detected before?: The first indication of Sam's alternate background.

There were nearly ten billion of them on this planet:
symbioadaptive cord:

Exarius.  Peladon.  Solos.  Skaro: In 'Colony in Space' the High Council sent the Doctor to Exarius to stop the Master from stealing the Doomsday Weapon.  In 'The Curse of Peladon' he was sent to stop the negotiations on Peladon joining the Galactic Federation from breaking down.  In 'The Mutants' he was sent to stop the genocide against the Solonians.  In 'Genesis of the Daleks' he was sent into Skaro's history to tamper with the Daleks' origins.

9:  ENFANT TERRIBLE: (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  (Spoilers for 'Interference') The terrible infant/child - ie. Dark Sam. Quite possibly a result of Faction Paradox. I expect it will be resolved in "Interference". As you say, and as the book implies, it was the Doctor who did it. And by my reasoning, the Doctor is Grandfather Paradox =)

Her date of birth was the fifteenth of April, 1980: What is the significance of this date?  Is it in Sam's original character profile?
She didn't believe in astrology, but then, Arians were sceptical like that: That's Arians as in Aries.  Now let me digress on one of my pet peeves: the incorrect dating of astrological tables.  I have doubts about the significance of astrology, to say the least; I'm an amateur astronomer.  Astrological signs are subdivided according to which times of year the Sun is in which constellation of the zodiac, an invisible line drawn across the heavens which the Sun and planets appear to follow.  As the Earth moves around the Sun over the course of a year, the Sun appears to move across the background of stars, and it takes a full year for the Sun to make a complete circle around the heavens.  Because the constellation can't be seen when the Sun is in front of it, the dates have to be guessed from accurate astronomical maps and knowledge of the last time the constellation was seen to set after sunset, the first day after that that the constellation was seen to rise before morning twilight, and so on.
    However, you can't simply make a table of these dates as accurate as possible and then publish it without making a provision for further editions.  The Earth's axis precesses over the course of 24 000 years so that Polaris won't always be the North Star; only three thousand years ago it probably wasn't close enough to the celestial pole to be associated with that name.  There is a minute lag associated with this precession which causes the Sun to lose an astronomically small amount of time on every zodiac year, so that after two thousand years or so the zodiac is following a noticeably different path around the sky and all the zodiac dates are inaccurate by up to a month.
    There is another minor effect on zodiac dates caused by astronomers, which is only really important for astrologers because they base their predictions on astronomical phenomena.  At the end of the last century the International Union of Astronomers got together and drew up borders for all the constellations against the night sky, so that stars, asteroids, comets etc could be more easily navigated.  The borders don't necessarily follow traditional astrological methods for telling when the sun is crosses between one constellation and another, whatever they are.  The big change the IAU provoked was in drawing up the borders for Scorpius, the basis of the astrological sign Scorpio.  The movement of the zodiac over the last few thousand years has taken it into the upper part of Scorpio, near the constellation Ophiucus.  The IAU drew up a border which crossed the Scorpius/Ophiucus border.  Clerically speaking, there are now thirteen constellations in the zodiac, Ophiucus being the thirteenth.  The Sun is now in Scorpius for only six days in November.
According to the Globe and Mail, Canada's National Newspaper (not owned by Conrad Black) Aries lasts from March 21 until April 19.  But taking into account the current zodiac and so forth, the Sun is in Aries between 19 April until 11 May.

Zodiac Constellation - Globe and Mail Dates- Astronomical Dates
Capricorn December 22- January 19 January 10- February 7
Aquarius January 20- February 18 February 7- March 12
Pisces February 19- March 20 March 12-April 19
Aries March 21-April 19 April 19- May 11
Taurus April 20-May 20 May 11- June 18
Gemini May 21-June 20 June 18-July 15
Cancer June 21-July 22 July 15-August 5
Leo July 23-August 22 August 5- September 7
Virgo August 23- September 22 September 7- October 22
Libra September 23- October 22 October 22- November 13
Scorpio October 23- November 21 November 13-20
Ophiucus Never November 20- December 8
Sagittarius November 22- December 21 December 8- January 10
(Sam) had been arrested for shoplifting at age twelve: It doesn't sound like the Sam we know, because it isn't.  This is the alternate Sam.  Her later personality could be rebelling against peer pressure after submitting to it in shoplifting.  She also might have been doing it in a supermarket as a protest against the destruction of small business.  Naaah.
    Alternate Sam has dark hair, the police record, a cigarette burn scar in the back of her left hand from the Dagenham nightclub when she was fourteen, the diamorphine (like heroin) injection scars, the filched virginity as of age 15 (p.204) and so forth.
East Ham High Street: location of the Who Shop, purveyors of Doctor Who merchandise.  East London suburb.
the only person in her class that didn't think homosexuals ought to be shot on sight: That sounds a little harsh for a London comprehensive school in 1997.  And scary, if it's realistic. Well, it's certainly true of schools in nineteen-eighty-seven.
she was planning to vote labour as soon as she was old enough to vote: How passé.  Labour is so Establishment these days.

"I don't smoke - I don't even drink Coke," she remembered saying, when she'd first met the man with the curly hair and the police box.  "I'm a vegetarian.": Page 10 of 'The Eight Doctors'.
That was why so many memories had been locked into the girl's biodata, the antibody realised.  The vector of her entire life, from the first breath to the last rites, had been encoded in her biodata, a guideline for her existence on Earth.  The dangerous parts, the dark, sticky, self-destructive parts, had been ripped out.  Something or someone had twisted her timeline until she'd collided with the man in the police box.  The other Sam, the one with the scars and the burns, would never even have met him.  Sam the antibody didn't know who or what could possibly have done something like that: This is the core of the alternate Sam paradox, and which will hopefully be sorted out when Sam gets written out in the summer of 1999.  It's very reminiscent of Fenric's relationship with Ace.  But according to page 270 it's the Doctor, and not Fenric or Rassilon or anybody, who is responsible.

the Temple of Undue Discomforture on Golobus:Probably made up; Lawrence is good at making things up.  But I've seen Golobus somewhere before.  p.107.
Raston cybernetic lap-dancers: LOL.  The silver-leotarded Raston Warrior Robot appeared in 'The Five Doctors', causing a stir with its off-colour stain anecdote.  The bit about the RWR being left over from an extinct mystery super-race - I don't know where they originated from.  Not the novelisation, anyway.  Raston Hardware Company, whatever.  But Tersurus Luna must be somewhere near the renowned farting planet of Tersurus from 'Doctor Who and the Curse of the Fatal Death', first mentioned in 'The Deadly Assassin'.  More recently, in 'The Crystal Bucephalus', Tersurus was the home of the Tersurus Genetic Institute in the 63rd Century.  The last significant research into cloning until the 108th Century was conducted there, before the Sontarans, clone masters themselves, broke in and atomised the planet with an earthshock bomb bartered from the Cybermen.  p.83 of 'The Crystal Bucephalus'. The story which claims that Raston Warrior Robots are relics of a lost civilization is, depressingly, 'The Eight Doctors'.

Justine had told him it was a liquid you could use for storing biodata: Formaldehyde?
When he and the Cousin had cut open the Corporation Man on the dais: What is the Corporation?

Quartzel-88, Metatraxi homeworld: DWM 240-something featured an article about what had been planned for Season 27 before Doctor Who was cancelled.  Ace would have left for the Time Lord Academy, the Seventh Doctor would have gone mad and regenerated into Richard Griffiths, his new companion would have been Julie Sawalha, and one of the aliens he would have faced would have been the Metatraxi, created by Ben Aaronovitch.  They would have appeared in a serial called 'Earth Aid'.  There probably wouldn't have been any mention of the Krotons or Quartzel-88.  Or the Moons of Szacef-Po or Criptostophon Prima, for that matter. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)   I think you'll find a reference to the Metatraxi in 'The Also People'. (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)  the were *no* set plans to cast Richard Griffiths and /or Julia Sawalha in season 27. That bit was just DWM saying who *they'd* like to have cast. I should know, 'cos I wrote the story that would have killed off Sylvester McCoy!

The Quartzline Front, campain year F83: Despite being based on tellurium, the Krotons have an awful lot to do with quartz. Quartz is the Kroton equivalent of wood. Probably.
Qu2296 or SkSki%ro+tho+ha=ve>n: I beg your pardon.

spores: Not biological, but chemical or crystal spores used to grow crystals out of saturated or supersaturated solutions.

It watched one particularly striking humanoid, a male unit with curly blond fur and clothes so bright they seemed deliberately designed to jam Kroton sensory systems.  It watched this individual gloating: Indubitably the Sixth Doctor, which explains the second time he met the Krotons.

The Krotons manage to capture a Time Lord on Qu1333, on his way back to Gallifrey from Dronid, just before the War breaks out.  The Time Lord is a civil servant.  He may well be some kind of ambassador or diplomat declaring war or trailing the Doctor, and by serendipitously capturing him the Krotons may have altered the course of the War at its beginning.

according to old Yeltstrom, you couldn't be at one with your pockets if you weren't entirely calm:From p.148.  The word to describe the Doctor's pockets has always been 'voluminous', and dimensionally transcendental pockets have never been out of the question; someone may have done them for real a long time ago.
the closest thing to a knife he managed to find was his sonic screwdriver, and the mark one version, to boot: The sonic screwdriver was first seen in 'Fury from the Deep'.  It may not have reappeared until 'The War Games', its earliest extant appearence.  The Second Doctor only used it for screwing things.  I can't recall the Third Doctor using it until 'The Sea Devils', and by then it was completely different.  The original screwdriver looked like a small flashlight or pen torch, but from Pertwee onwards it was the elaborate, fluted metal tube we all know.  That second sonic screwdriver, or sonic screwdrivers looking almost exactly like it, lasted right up until Season 19, when it was destroyed by a Terileptil in 'The Visitation'.  That was supposed to be the end of it, except for the Sixth Doctor's sonic lance from 'Attack of the Cybermen' which he used to kill a Cyberscout and touch off the explosive vastial and destroy Cybercontrol.  In one of the alternate Season 23 Target novelizations the Doctor has the sonic screwdriver, with no explanation of why.  Same deal in 'The Pit'.  In 'Blood Heat' Ace rescued an alternate sonic screwdriver from the dead body of an alternate Third Doctor, and the Seventh Doctor kept it.  Although Matt Jacobs probably knew nothing about the screwdriver's resurrection (more likely he knew about its destruction) he included it in the TV Movie script in 1996.  Some fans argue that Sylvester McCoy used it the wrong way around.  It was included as one of many obscure tips of the hat to the original series in the TV Movie, without any real explanation.  Lawrence Miles was the first person to suggest that the Doctor keeps several sonic screwdrivers at a time.  Oh, and Romana had her own during Season 17 in 'City of Death' and 'The Horns of Nimon'.
According to page 206 the mark five screwdriver was trashed by the Zygons in 'The Bodysnatchers', and this is the mark one screwdriver which was destroyed centuries ago.  The Doctor says here, "It's a Time Lord tool.  Time doesn't work the same way for Time Lord tools."  That's a good slogan if I've ever seen one.  Ordinarily we could assume Lawrence is being his normal creative self jumping on continuity with the excuse of making the Doctor a more strange person.  But it's more likely the Doctor is just giving the short version of the story of how Ace got the mark one back from an alternate universe.
Samantha's Eyes: Here they're green, but on p.5 of 'The Eight Doctors' they're blue.
"I've hardly ever been to King's Cross": North of Camden and St. Pancras, centred around King's Cross station opposite the intersection of the Euston Road and Gray's Inn Road.  About a block away from the new British Library, and not very near Sam's home in Shoreditch.

"Alien Bodies," he whispered: Gratuitous use of title, I think.

getting the bidders talking was like getting blood out of a silicon-based life-form: (Text submitted by Chris Halliday) This might well be a reference to the Ogri ('The Stones of Blood'), who are silicon-based life-forms who feed on blood.  Interesting.  The Ogri come from Ogros, a G class planet in Tau Ceti.  According to the novelisation of 'The Stones of Blood', article 7954 of the Galactic Charter prohibits the removal of Ogri from Ogros.  (p.118)  Possibly because of the Ogri's relationship with biodata.  Not only are the Ogri vampiric in nature, and thus totally abhorred by the Time Lords, but Faction Paradox's temples may use Ogri in their blood rites.  Marie might have been to Ogros recently, according to p.33.  (Text submitted by David Whittam) Silicon life-forms, such as the Ogri, are stone.  Hence, trying to get blood out of a stone.

Tyler's Folly:A nexus world from Lawrence's New Adventure 'Down', published at about the same time as 'Alien Bodies'.  It's also mentioned in 'The Infinity Doctors', and also the story arc now played out in later New Adventures such as 'Where Angels Fear'.
Normally, the best way of gaining power on a planet was by squeezing yourself into its history - inventing the wheel for the locals, setting yourself up as a god, the usual spiel - but Earth's history was... full of alien interference: Best examples are 'The Daemons' and 'City of Death'.
full-scale temporal embolism: As feared by the Sixth Doctor in 'The Two Doctors' when he thought the Second Doctor had been killed by the Sontarans.
UNISYC was a pretty good place to start.  A low-power organisation now, yeah, but with enough little secrets to turn itself into a major political force, if you gave it the right kind of assistance: UNIT or UNISYC lasts well through the 30th Century as the Unitatus, as seen in 'Cold Fusion' and 'So Vile A Sin'.

"Susan was always the psychic one in the family.":Susan's clairvoyant abilities are first noticed in communication with the Sensorites in 'The Sensorites'.  Check 'The Witch Hunters' too.

"It's you!": Whoever Qixotl is, none of the examples the Doctor quotes ring any bells.  "The last time I met you, you tried to sell me off to the Antiridean organ-eaters.  Piecemeal!  And two regenerations before that, you tried to turn me over to an Embodiment of Pure and Irredeemable Evil."   My theory is that Qixotl may know his own future, and may do these things to the Doctor in it; he has relatively recently taken the Doctor on as a desired commodity.  The chances of him being Drax or the Monk are much reduced, though.  Unless, of course, the Shift engineered the Doctor's relationship with Qixotl from the start, or made it up completely just now and fed the memories to them.   Well not completely made them up, we got a witness to the episode with the Antiridean organ-eaters in that Dronid barfly on page 158.

XX circuits: As in female XX sex chromosomes.  The male sex chromosome is XY.
TARDIS mating: Interesting, and it fits in with the recent concept that TARDISes are grown, not built.  I can't remember if the concept comes from 'Cold Fusion', 'The Infinity Doctors' or elsewhere.

The man wore a bowler hat, while slung over one arm was a typical Englishman's umbrella.  He had his back turned, so all the Doctor could see of his face was a pair of sticky-out ears:  Looks like the Time Lord who warned the Third Doctor about the Master in 'Terror of the Autons'.  The turned back reminds me of a Pink Floyd album cover, possibly Delicate Sound of Thunder.

"I THINK IT'S BEST IF YOU THING OF ME AS FACELESS,": The Shift probably doesn't represent the Chameleons from 'The Faceless Ones'; although they claimed to be the most intelligent species in the universe, they were almost certainly the dullest and most boring as well.
He hadn't shared the inside of his head like this since that brain-wrestling match with Omega: The cliff-hanger from the end of Part 3 of 'The Three Doctors'.  Not including the Kilbracken technique clones of himself, Leela, Michael Sheard and the miniature Swarm in 'The Invisible Enemy'.

The Shift is working for the Enemy.
"The High Council hasn't had a decent new idea for thousands of years,":Since 'The Deadly Assassin' all Gallifrey stories have followed pretty much the same story over and over.  The Enemy are much more dynamic.

Trask is working for the Celestis.

a copy of Mizz: Ms. magazine? (Text submitted by David Whittam) An ipc publication. For more info....
cranefly: (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)  Daddy long-legs.
three miles a day, no excuses: Typical Terrance Dicks Sam catch-phrase from 'The Eight Doctors'.

"There's no room for destiny in a universe this small, with one or two notable exceptions.":To my mind, a small universe implies more destiny and less chance than a large one.
he reached into his jacket, and pulled out what seemed to be the first thing that came to hand.  It was a fairy-cake, covered in fluff: The Doctor still isn't perfectly in tune with his pockets.  The fairy cake reminds us of the Total Perspective Vortex from The Hitch-Hiker's Guide To The Galaxy, which extrapolated a map of the entire universe from a piece of fairy cake.

Before, he'd been a person, one insignificant little element of the Gabrielidean Nth Platoon: The Shift was grown out of the consciousness of a Gabrielidean foot-soldier casualty left for dead on Simia KK98.  The Gabrielideans were acting as allies of the Time Lords when they bombed Dronid.

there was someone pacing up and down behind him, shoes crunching against the snow: The Last Doctor.  Well, maybe the Last.

"There's an old story about a tailor, a fieldmouse, and a hatpin...":

winklegruber neural parameter predictor: (Text submitted by David A. McIntee)  a tool the Doctor asks for in either Hand Of Fear or
Invasion Of Time, while mucking around with the console (I forget which story)  I would assume the latter, right at the end when Sarah storms off to pack her things.  According to the novelisation 'Doctor Who and the Hand of Fear', though, he asks for the astro-rectifier, the multi-fortescope, the margin-nut, the zeus plug and the sonic screwdriver, but not the winklegruber.

Terra Neutra:

They were all dressed in robes, flowing robes with high collars...:The Enemy wear a parody of Time Lord ceremonial garb.  So do the Ferutu in 'Cold Fusion'.  This might clear up the vision the Doctor had on page 77.

upside-down tetrahedron: The tetrahedron is a three-cornered pyramid.  It's the basic building block of silicate minerals such as quartz.  It'd look neat in a big-budget movie: a pyramidal formation of ten massive crystalline spacecraft in an upside-down pyramid formation over an equally massive pyramidal ziggurat.

Remember when Adric drove that freighter full of antimatter into the Earth, and wiped out the dinosaurs for you?: 'Earthshock'.
You've made sure a few people survived who wouldn't have survived.  You've saved the odd human colony here, the occasional endangered species there: He saved Sir Reginald Styles in 'Day of the Daleks'.  He helped save the Brigadier in 'No Future' and 'Happy Endings'.  He saved human colonies on Exarius in 'Colony in Space', Space Station Nerva in 'The Ark In Space' and Yemaya 4 in 'SLEEPY'.  As for endangered species I'm not sure, but there must be some good examples.  Just don't mention the Vervoids.
You're not even thinking about the consequences anymore.  Just after you regenerated, remember?  You went back and visited all your past lives.  Changed your own timeline by doing it, too: It's no different than any of the Doctor's other anniversary get-togethers.  What was unusual about 'The Eight Doctors' was that it was actually subtly rewriting or appending serials that had already taken place, rather than just retconning them.  In the past all of the sources for anniversary stories have been new, and not part of any particular past story.  It's even allowed the Season 6B theory, which says that all of Patrick Troughton's post-1969 appearences were taken from a period between his trial and the execution of his sentence, during which he was an agent of the CIA.  Which works perfectly well in a book such as this.
You know what Sam represents.  If a tree falls in a forest and no one's there to hear it, does it make a sound?  Stop me if I'm getting too abstract here, but if a Time Lord saves the world and nobody witnesses himdoing it, does history care?  She's your witness.  The thing you need to make you whole.  Your heart's desire.  Maybe that's why she was created in the first place.  You and she were made for each other, she said so herself.  Smith and Jones.  It's so obvious, it's painful:  It's interesting, because most Doctor Who stories in the present day involve world crises that almost nobody ever knows about.  During 'The Invasion', almost the entire world population fell asleep at a critical moment and couldn't have noticed anything except a large number of car accidents and plane crashes due to human error.  The only proof the Doctor exists is in his books, and the witness of Sam and himself, which is itself restricted to literature.  So to some extent, Alternate Sam was introduced and resolved in this book without a clarificatory second appearance.

The Doctor remembered the Hand of Omega, and all the happy hours he'd spent taking it for walks when he'd first made a home for himself on Earth: What a shame, he could have spent all that time getting cheap drinks.  Presumably he could only walk it at night.  The Hand of Omega appeared in 'Remembrance of the Daleks'.

A few centuries ago, a Time Lord's guest room would have been a monument to opulence:The courtroom from 'The Trial of a Time Lord' was panelled with pure machonite, and according to Sabalom Glitz was "worth a few grotzits".

Justine was reminded of one of the war machines described in the works of Mr Wells.  Tanks, she'd heard them called: In February, 1915, Winston Churchill, then first lord of the Admiralty, brought together a committee to investigate the possibility of "landships"--armored vehicles that could cross trenches and destroy the German machine guns that were dominating the Western Front.  In December of that year, the Mark I was tested.  It was the first of a series of tanks with the lozenge, or rhomboid, shape that marked all British tanks of the period.  Production began in February 1916, and the Mark I went into action the following July at the Somme.  Herbert George Wells (1866-1946) was, together with Jules Verne, one of the originators of the genre of science fiction.  He appeared in 'Timelash'.  He may have written about tanks in Mr Britling Sees It Through (1916), a book about the Great War.  Also possibly more speculation on tanks in The Shape of Things to Come (1933) or his Outline of History (1920).  I have no hints that he originated the use of the word "tank" to describe armoured vehicles or imagined tanks long before Churchill proposed them.  It appears Justine may come from early 20th Century Earth, or someplace with access to Wells' literature.

sphincteral valves: Crikey.

Krosi-Apsai-Core: I'm including this reference mostly as a reference point for search engines.  It's the Kroton homeworld, and more information is sort of irrelevent when it's just been made up.
militant capitalist humanoid culture [see p.349]: Us?

"Rabbits rabbits rabbits.  Let sleeping dogs lie.  There's many a slip 'twixt a cup and a lap.  Boiled beef and carrots.":In order: Tegan, old saying, bizarre old saying (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)   Hamlet, Peter Sellers comedy recording.

Marie appears to the Doctor in the Faction shrine.  But didn't she leave with Homunculette on p.260?  Anyways, she was still lying down at that point. (Text submitted by Iain Truskett)  Marie is in the vortex. The Shrine is nearly in the vortex.

"You mean, like Bagpuss?": (Text submitted by Chris Halliday) "Bagpuss" was a childrens TV show, broadcast on the BBC. It featured the eponymous Bagpuss ("saggy, and a bit loose at the seams"), an old cloth cat who lives with a lot of other old toys in a toy repair shop. Lost and broken toys are brought to the shop, where Bagpuss and his friends, including Professor Yaffle (a woodpecker bookend) and the singing troupe of the Marvelous Magical Mouse Organ (a clockwork music box decorated with dancing mice), mend them before placing them in the window. The other toys are able to move only as long as Bagpuss is awake, and at the end of every show, Bagpuss goes back to sleep.
(Text submitted by David Whittam) Emily's cat Bagpuss
                                   The most Important
                                    The most Beautiful
                                     The most Magical
                     Saggy old cloth cat in the whole wide world
And recently voted the best children's show EVER by viewers of the BBC.
This page should tell you everything you need to know about Bagpuss...
The Doctor frowned.  "Obscure post-modern youth-culture reference.  Ace would have been proud of you."


My name is Kristopher Patrick Englund:

p. 288
Presumably, you're going to ask for more than just a pound of flesh.": In Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice, a debt is owed to Shylock and if it can't be repaid the debtor will pay Shylock with a pound of his own flesh.

South American Demonika comics:

"I'm half-stupid, on my mother's side.": TV Movie reference.

The Celestis agents described seem to be intended to have parallels with the Central Intelligence Agency, or at least slimy government informer crooks.

"I think it's the Seventh.": According to the Doctor on page 88 it's the Third.

Anything that looked like a Canadian Home Guard Riot-tank with arms deserved to die in agony, as far as he was concerned: Fair 'nuff.

However big and smart the other things in the universe thought they were - the Time Lords, the Celestis, Faction Paradox, whatever - they needed Bregman, and all the others like her.  Without her, all the games they played across the universe, all the auctions and the wars and the power struggles, were utterly meaningless.  They were ideas without heads to live in.  Gods without followers.: As far as I'm concerned, 'Gods Without Followers' would be a splendid alternate title for this book.

It wasn't that simple at all.  It was true, the body had been pulled out of the ruins on Dronid, but Mr Qixotl knew who'd put it there, and why.  The pedigree of the corpse wasn't as cut and dried as everyone seemed to think, not by a long chalk: The last update of what we know about what happened to the Doctor's body was on page 115.  We could assume that although the Celestis left well enough alone, the Doctor was unable to stop the War from coming to Dronid, and he was killed in the battle.  He could have survived, though, and died elsewhere.  There is no guarantee that the Doctor we saw on Simia KK98 or the Doctor we saw in the Grand Hall of the Celestis were the Last Doctor.  The dead body might just be one of many Last Doctors, like the alternate Doctors in 'So Vile A Sin'.  We also haven't seen too much proof that the body is dead, although I hope the Doctor knows what he's doing when he does what he does at the end of the book.  Because he's doing exactly as the Celestis told him to do.

The Celestis are now out to get the Doctor.

He couldn't think of a decent prayer, so he settled for a piece of prose he thought his future self would have approved of:

Thanks for deconstructing Alien Bodies. I'd never expected it to be examined in this kind of detail, and I've thoroughly enjoyed seeing how much of it you've got completely wrong. I won't correct most of it, though, because frankly a lot of your answers are funnier than mine.  Beauty is truth.  And I can't wait to see you have a crack at 'Interference'. You'll be here all year.

Well, it won't be this year, I assure you!  Also an acquaintance of mine is looking into doing 'Christmas On A Rational Planet'.

Copyright  Eric Briggs 1999 1