Now there's a bunch of neat
sequences in this book on the planet Mars. Here's
a lovely picture of Mars attached to a really informative webpage. It's
centred on the Valles Marineris with the smaller three Tharsis volcanoes
on the left.
This book is famous for being the rudest Doctor Who book ever written. Not that that's a bad thing or anything. So I've highlighted all the cuss words and explicit sex scenes, although the prostitute Zamina's frequent anecdotes about her tricks are a bit too common. You have been warned.
There's a couple of sources I haven't capitalised on yet. Tat Wood did a really in-depth critique of 'Transit' in Spectrox in 1996 about the Aaronovitchian style of writing and how the book was about the entire universe becoming part of the London Underground, but I haven't transcribed any of it for two reasons: 1) because it's too frickin' long and 2) it wouldn't be nice without asking Tat. Do any of you out there see him regularly?
Here's a link to a couple of pages Richard Prekodravac did: a transcription of the DWM Prelude to 'Transit' and Richard's own adaptation of the prologue.
Also, think William Gibson. Think Cyberpunk. Think Paul Verhoeven. Think things like that.
Devonian beach: The Devonian Period, from about 390 to 340 million years ago, is the fourth period of the Paleozoic Era. The Earth's landforms were in a completely different orientation than they are today - the continents would have been unrecognisable. Several significant events in the evolution of animals and plants occurred in the Devonian, the most notable of which was the invasion of the land. Creatures that are undoubtedly insects and amphibians first appear in Devonian strata. Also present are a variety of primitive spore-bearing plants, some of which became quite large, forming the Earth's first forests in the Late Devonian. Aquatic life, particularly fish, was also abundant in the Devonian, the "Age of Fishes."
lungfish: Fish breathe through gills. When they started to move up on land, they needed lungs. Hence, lungfish.
Ichthyostega: Fish with legs, I think.
About two million years early at that: Golgafrincham?
the reptile was suddenly flushed with hot blood: There's been a bit of debate the last bunch of years about whether dinosaurs were cold-blooded and sluggish, or warm-blooded like mammals and birds. We seem to be leaning towards warm-blooded. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) I'm not sure that follows; this reptile is evolving into a mammal, not a dinosaur. I'd say that the question of dinosaur blood doesn't come into it.
"Did that sound like a ship full of Cybermen to you?": 'Earthshock'.
As he watched the biped shed her fur: Not to be sexist, but the evolving creature probably represents Kadiatu, her genetic adjustments and her mean streak.
"Which nineteen-eighties did you have in mind?": (conversation that never happened) dialogue that could have been struck from one of Ben's earlier scripts.
1: Oncoming Trains: Just indicates a fast-paced style, I think.
Olympus Mons West:Besides the chapter titles, the setting for all the scenes is given. Olympus Mons is a huge mountain on Mars, currently qualified as the largest mountain in the solar system. Longitude 135°, on the excellent map of Mars in the February, 1973 issue of National Geographic Magazine.
Lambada: flash-in-the-pan early 1990s Latin dance style. If the book came out a few years later this character would've been called Macarena - how's that sound?
a big eastwood: a cigar?
swearing in something that had been an Indo-European language about two hundred years ago: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) Ben seems to have a thing about cross-cultural pollination. This could be a reference to the anglified languages of the various ethnic minorities who emigrated to Europe, or endured the colonials coming to their country. Indo-European is actually used to describe the languages that spread, along with the ancestors of European nations, westward from India (Sanskrit is the root of Indo-European, and the Vedas were the real Aryans, not the Vikings as you may think), Sumeria and the Caucasus (Kurdistan, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Chechnya, Turkey and Iran; hence, Caucasian.)
Ming the Merciless: villain from the old Flash Gordon serials.
brown-out on the Central Line: London Underground train line that runs from Epping to West Ruislip, about 50 km right through central London - and that's only in the year 2000. Ian Briggs (no relation, although I have a cousin Ian that works at Granada) wrote an in-joke about the Central Line in his novelisation of 'The Curse of Fenric'. See if you can find it.
Yamatzi series five:
angstroms: The angstrom is a unit of length used principally for expressing the wavelengths of radiation in the optical range. It is also used for smaller distances, such as those involving atoms and molecules. The unit was named for Anders Jonas Angstrom of Sweden, who in 1868 first attempted to measure the wavelengths of light in metric units. One angstrom unit is equal to one ten-billionth meter, approximately the diameter of a hydrogen atom. Visible light is radiation that has wavelengths within the range of about 4000 to 7000 angstroms. Current terminology favors the use of the nanometer (nm) instead of the angstrom. One nanometer equals (10 to the power of- 9) meter, or 10 angstroms.
new Nigerian regulators: Nigeria has the largest population in Africa today - population close to 200 million and growing fast. There's an oil industry and a fair amount of industrialization. Nigeria is also known as the African superpower; it was largely responsible for the peacekeeping force ECOMOG that went into Sierra Leone while the USA and the United Nations were still reeling from the war in Kosovo and the Monica Lewinsky scandal.
"Japanese got no idea how to make precision gear.": joke - manufacturing has been the key to Japan's success for the last hundred years.
"You can't swear undying loyalty to your company and then build something that relies on the transient nature of reality as a basic operating principle.": reference to Japanese conglomerates, which have a special name which I can't quite remember.
Here's a key passage. It foreshadows the plot of the story while relating it back to the present day. Even now the London Underground is massively complicated and yet universally accepted. Comparing the tunnels of the Underground Map to London at surface level reveals that the two do not relate, as many have pointed out before. This book was written during the construction of the Channel Tunnel, the Chunnel to France. Meanwhile the Jubilee Line Extension, the biggest construction project in Europe, was approved by Parliament in March 1992.
| The duty office
overlooked the master control room. Colour-coded holograms displayed the
system in its entirety. Red for the InterWorld lines like the Loop, Central
Line and Outreach, orange for the commuter networks, blue for the feeders
and yellow for the branch lines. A three-dimensional tangle of colour,
each subsystem descending into a fractal infinity while data streams in
white light marked the passage of a hundred thousand trains, fifty-six
million passengers at fifty thousand stations.
It was an animal, Ming had decided a long time ago, a vast organism with a multitude of orifices that swallowed people and spat them out elsewhere. Grown up from an embryo over two centuries, it encompassed the solar system and stopped the ancient motion of the planets. In subspace all distances are the same distance and so distance became meaningless. Orbits became an abstraction, the distance to Mars was a function of how far away the nearest station was. For most people the map of the system was the map of the Universe.
And now the system was ready to eat up the light years between Sol and Arcturus. Amongst the tangle of light, a new thread picked out in silver, and a new station - Arcturus Terminal, a new line, the Stella Tunnel, the Stunnel. The beast had yawned and stretched out to annihilate a new frontier.
Yak Harris: extrapolation from Max Headroom.
Vivaldi in the background: Baroque violionist and composer. From Venice.
sarong: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) wraparound skirt which now seems to be favoured attire of Man Utd's skinhead cockney, David Beckham.
Some poor bastard had been jumped a week ago and was spending the rest of the year in a vat growing a new spinal column: Nice medical science, if you can get it.
red and green ceramic finish: Is that a standard on today's Central Line as well? (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) The underground stations in London have had a makeover with mosaic style tiling, often with elaborate pictures (little Holmes silhouettes at Baker Street, for example), and coloured strips of tiles to show what lines go through that station.
Lowell Depot: Could be on Mars - Percival Lowell was a Mars fan who built the Flagstaff observatory in Arizona to see it. He also used the site to search for Planet X - Clyde Tombaugh discovered Pluto with it after Lowell died, so we could be in the outer solar system as well.
Yeltsin Plaza: former President of Russia, a rising star when this book was written.
"There's a recession going on,": So was there in the early 1990s.
Doctor Verhoevan: Paul Verhoeven, director of action films such as Total Recall and Starship Troopers.
Millfield Branch line: There are too many Millfields on www.streetmap.co.uk to choose one.
Triton, whose time, for historical reasons, ran at GMT +5: Could be retconned to have something to do with the Waro from 'The Devil Goblins from Neptune', which come from Triton, or the space probe sent to Neptune in that story. Triton is far enough from earth that communications could face a 5 hour delay from the speed of light, or even more. Triton is Neptune's largest moon - diameter about 3200 km. Earth's own diameter is 6400 km. Triton seems to be the only moon in the entire solar system that orbits its planet clockwise.
halogen smile: really dazzling, irritating and heat-producing illumination.
TransCancer Three: Possibly a satellite minding Southeast Asia and Australia near the Tropic of Cancer over Hong Kong.
Murphy One: I guess the President's named Murphy.
still at Reykjavik: Reykjavik could be some kind of world capital - by the 51st Century it's the field of battle in the big showdown that puts paid to the dictator Magnus Greel.
Pei Hai Park, Beijing:
ancient city walls:
Valles Marineris: Giant canyon on Mars named after the Mariner space probe that discovered it. Runs along the equator around 70° longitude.
Shen Wu gate of the Forbidden City: The Forbidden City is the palace complex at the heart of Beijing, the former residence of the Emperors. It encloses Tiananmen Square. Actually Lhasa, capital of Tibet, is also known as the Forbidden City because of its remoteness; but snobbish Chinese might be deeply offended to think there's anything they can do that the Tibetans can do better.
Viking Protection: More Nordic Presidential stuff.
gateway Lorenzo attractors: (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) There's a missing comma there: "Behind the greasy shine of the gateway, Lorenzo attractors were..."
"Lorenzo attractors" is probably a reference to the Lorenz attractor, a weird mathematical thing related to chaos theory. Like crazy paving, Lorenz attractor patterns look random but have a simple definite basis. Also, a lot of Lorenz attractor patterns apparently look like butterfly wings...
Rent-a-Crowd: Like extras in movies. It's a shit business, better off out of it.
room temperature superconductors: Superconductors can carry implausibly large amounts or rates of electrical current with implausibly low resistance. Today's versions have to be supercooled, which is inefficient.
Kings Cross (Central Line): Kings Cross is one of the big transfer points for transportation around London. It connects with the Northern Line, the Hammersmith & City Line, the Circle Line, the Metropolitan Line, as well as Silverlink Metro and Thames trains from the National Railways that also use the station to serve stations up the Northeast of England and Scotland. In 'Alien Bodies' we find out that the dark Samantha Jones lived in a bedsit in the neighbourhood of Kings Cross, which is a bit low-rent. (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) It's a favoured haunt for many of London's prostitutes, which raises a couple of questions about Sam's alternative self...
Manderlay: Mandalay, a city in Burma.
respectable English guys in topknots and kaftans: Not bowler hats and rolled umbrellas, this is the 22nd Century.
Insert cover illustration here.
2: Crazy Paving Man:
In her experience the first step into a new environment could kill you faster than a bad-tempered Dalek: And the first step out of the TARDIS was eventually a killer for the Seventh Doctor.
No warning, like an orbital strike, like a missile in terminal phase, sprinting ahead of its sound wave: This is Bernice comparing the Dalek bombardment of Beta Caprisis that killed her mother to the onslaught of whatever is infesting the Stunnel. She gets blown down a hole made by the explosion.
seventy-two kilos of bone and muscle: About 160 lbs.
"Not again," said a voice by her ear: The Doctor's first words after coming out of the TARDIS.
In the flat station lights she couldn't tell what colour his eyes were: It's a matter of some contention between people like Alister Pearson and comic-book artists. They come out brown here.
"Yeah," said Dogface, "but why blue?":
TransIonian: Ionian sea, in Greece.
Worthing-LeHavre branch line: Worthing is on the Sussex Coast, just west of Brighton. Le Havre is a port city in Normandy, on the French coast opposite.
Caen: Inland town in Normandy.
Fracais-Sardegna Feeder: France to Sardinia?
Porto Torres: Port of Sassari, capital of Sardinia.
sea cities of the Ionian sea: Not built yet - are there references to them being completed?
dealers and punters: sellers and buyers.
"First stop," called the conductor from the back. "Women's clothing, lingerie, pharmaceuticals,": He's acting like a department store lift attendant.
no business on the train: presumably a holdover from 'no soliciting' rules on the Tube.
catamites: Boys kept for unnatural purposes.
Jacksonville - halfway up Olympus Mons: There's some more on Jacksonville in 'Godengine', which is sort of a sequel to this book. No idea why it's called Jacksonville.
Noctis Labyrinthus: Mazelike cracks in the Martian surface at the western end of the Valles Marineris.
Gangis Chasma: The excellent world map of Mars included in the February, 1973 issue of National Geographic Magazine includes a Ganges region in the north part of the tropical zone, just north of the Valles Marineris (which were listed as Coprates, as they hadn't been dedicated yet).
x-ray laser: Like what Klieg used to make the Cybermen "submit" in 'The Tomb of the Cybermen'.
A figure standing at a console. It too was transdimensional - something monstrous crammed down into human flesh: Ben's concept of what the Doctor is here has some similarities with Dave Stone's own. And some hints at being half-human here, too.
Maybe time travel fucks with your mind, thought Benny: First use of the word in Doctor Who. Bravo, et cetera.
Piraiévs: The harbour of Athens, IIRC.
The Doctor finished his glass and poured some more. "I never drink," he said. "I'm famous for my not drinking.": The Fourth Doctor was the lush of the family. He got all woozy in 'The Brain of Morbius' on Solon's wine, and went on a voxnic binge with Azmael, according to an anecdote in 'The Twin Dilemma'. He may not have drunk quite as much as Tom Baker did, but they were more or less the same person.
"In exactly ten minutes the universe will be thirteen billion five hundred million twenty thousand and twelve years old.":
"You're the butterfly wing.": That flaps and causes a hurricane halfway... Oh, so you've heard that one before.
kola nuts: West African alternative to chewing tobacco. Stimulant for masticating, spitting, perhaps not as carcinogenic.
Tblisi Central: Tblisi is the capital of Georgia in the former USSR.
Char'kov-Warazawa-London feeder train: Warsaw is a big city in Poland.
the bitter nuts helped keep her awake and take the semen taste out of her mouth: Smithers, have the Rolling Stones killed.
Plains of Elysium: Mostly flat and brightly shaded on the map, except for a few volcanoes. Northern hemisphere, low subtropical zone. 210° longitude.
Oberon: Largest moon of Uranus, developing home of the Adjudicators' Order. Diameter 1680 km.
"Fuck off,": Two.
scraped-off masai haircut: The Maasai are nomadic pastoralists that live in Kenya.
Dixie territory: American Confederates, sovereign Mississippians, Klansmen, inbreds, racists... That's the stereotype.
Afrikaans: White South Africans.
Williamsberg Avenue: Could mean Williamsburg, Virginia, an 18th-Century colonial heritage site.
Le Penn Freikorps: As in Le Pen, the French fascist?
irkutzi silk: Irkutsk, in Russia?
"I have come to save you all,": Bernice possessed.
fouled up the network from Thethys to Mogadishu: Tethys is one of the mid-range sized moons of Saturn. Diameter about 1050 km. Mogadishu is a big city in Somalia. I'd say it's the capital but, well, Somalia has no government to speak of.
The book was important, Benny was sure of that, but the writing while in roman script was impossible to decipher: Not the Diary, then.
So Kadiatu grew up with stories about the metal giants, the wicked machines and the spiders that could think. Later in the vast history archive under Stone Mountain, by the Cayley Plains on Lunar, she learnt that every last story was true: Cybermen, War Machines and the Spiders of Metebelis Three.
3: Bad Acid Macho:
Pluto Ninety-Five: The P-95 line. Sort of abandoned or not often used, and therefore one of the safer tunnels for freesurfing.
wacca: A drug?
Van Der Voek Station: Dutch or Afrikaans name.
mantra: Like a prayer. Mariko may be using it as a metaphor for a computer browsing program or tool, like a menu in the context of the desktop.
Buchanan Station: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) Buchanan St. has an underground station in Glasgow. It's right next to the branch of Forbidden Planet, and now has a police box reconstructed nearby complete with fake "dimensionally transcendental" interior.
her eyes were the colour of amber, slotted like a cheetah's: 'Survival'.
aniseed: Anise, Pimpinella anisum, is an annual herb of the carrot family, cultivated for aniseed, its small, fragrant fruits. Aniseed is used as a flavoring in baked goods. Its oil is used to flavor licorice candies, cough drops, liqueurs such as absinthe and anisette, and some tobacco blends. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) And, of course, ouzo, which was the stuff the Doctor was drinking just before he passed out.
He'd had a taste for wine once, at least wine of a good vintage; then a taste for beer; then he seemed to remember giving it up in favour of cricket: The Third Doctor ('Day of the Daleks'), the Fourth Doctor, in whose case there is more evidence for ginger beer (read anything by Justin Richards) and the Fifth Doctor.
The Doctor watches a silent 3-D projection of an Italian opera adaptation of 'Battlefield', scripted by Ben Aaronovitch and novelised by Marc Platt.
Imbani Entertainment: Made in Burkino Faso: Burkina Faso is a West African country. Used to be called Upper Volta. Has environmental problems associated with the Sahelian Belt famines, but mostly peaceful. There have already been some critically acclaimed films come out of there.
forty-two beats per minute, way below the normal rest rate. Respiration was slow too, ten deep breaths per minute... At these metabolic levels she should be slipping into a coma: That's about right - normal resting heartbeat is not much less than 60 BPM. Ten breaths per minute is possible, but not instinctively - Not including the sleeping rhythm of breaths, 20 per minute is more normal.
Kadiatu seemed to be striving for a localized self-generating field around a capsule that would allow it to travel faster than light in real space. It was an elegant piece of work, the main flaw being that if you changed the initial conditions of the field generation the capsule would be flung off at a dimensional tangent. And that was time travel.: Let's draw some comparison between the different temporal effects of FTL travel, dimensional tangents and Transit tunnels. Travel faster than the speed of light away from Earth, and when you slow down you have overtaken the photons that have come from Earth; looking back, you can see the past catching up with you. That's faster-than-light travel in real space. It allows you access to memories of the Earth's past, but when you return to Earth you arrive in the disproportionately far future. If you have access to a dimensional tangent you can travel through time without spatial displacement, allowing you direct access to the distant past and the future, as well as return to the present. I have no idea what "without spatial displacement" would mean, because all motion is relative and the Earth's co-ordinates change in several degrees relative to the points in space-time that you twist together with your dimensional tangents. And then you have to worry about changing history and reality quotients and so on ('The Crustal Bucephalus'). The interstitial space of the Transit tunnel frees you from time dilation, but does not allow access to the past or the grandfather paradox; although you can get to Pluto in an hour, six times faster than light, you can still return to the present on the return trip, less the time you spent in Transit.
atinic flashes: I think he means actinic flashes. As in Actinium, which is one of those weird heavy elements.
Benny checked the LCD on the butt and holstered the weapon: Fits in with the new developments in gun control with trigger locks and fingerprints. The new displays on some guns could tell you about what's in the magazine, how much juice is left in the trigger-lock battery and if you're allowed to fire the gun. (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) Of course, the pulse rifles in Aliens (which would be vaguely contemporaneous in terms of setting to 'Transit') had LCD round displays.
"going back as far as Enoch and the shops on Norman.":
Pontefract: Town in West Yorkshire outside Leeds. Here it is.
Brownian motion: Brownian motion is an erratic, zigzag motion of microscopic particles. It was first observed in 1827 by the English botanist Robert Brown, who was investigating a suspension of microscopic pollen particles in an aqueous solution. The effect was observed even in pollen samples that had been dead for more than 100 years. Experiments showed that the motion became more rapid and the particles moved farther in a given time interval when the temperature was raised, when the viscosity of the fluid was lowered, or when the average particle size was reduced. The Kinetic Theory of Matter, developed toward the end of the 19th century, gave a qualitative explanation for the motion of inanimate particles in solution. The atoms or molecules that make up a liquid or gas are in constant thermal motion, and their velocity distribution is determined by the temperature of the system. Each suspended particle collides with surrounding molecules, and each collision changes the particle's velocity by a small amount. The net effect is an erratic, random motion of the particle through the fluid.
The human race wasn't due time travel until the botched sigma experiments of the thirtieth century: In the year 5000 Magnus Greel uses a beam of zygma energy to escape from Reykjavik back to 1889. The Doctor has already scotched time travel experiments involving variabl amounts of alien interference: in 1866 in 'The Evil of the Daleks', in the UNIT years in 'Day of the Daleks', 'The Time Monster' and 'Invasion of the Dinosaurs' and in 1979 in 'City of Death'. He goes on to have a few serious words on the subject with the Navarino dissident Albinex in 'Return of the Living Dad' and the Victorian Penelope Gate in 16th-Century Japan in 'The Room with No Doors', not to mention Kadiatu herself in 'Set Piece'. The Navarinos (from 'Delta and the Bannermen') are the only race the Time Lords have licenced for time travel, apart from the People ('Dead Romance').
Inscribed below the queen's head was the legend Three Pennies: So is it a real coin, or a fixed toss? What does Three Pennies mean? If the Doctor knew it was fixed, which he probably did, from this point he has no excuse for not noticing the time rifts Kadiatu's time travel will open up in space/time, all the deaths caused by Ship in 'Set Piece', as well as the torture of himself and Kadiatu. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) It's a fixed toss, because the other side of the coin is also heads.
"That's a dead old flag,": the Stars and Bars, the flag of the Confederate states in the American Civil War. Still flown by some bloody-minded states south of the Mason-Dixon Line.
"Il Dottore Va in Vuaggio, by Marconi Paletti,": I'd lay odds Viaggio means Battlefield. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) According to babelfish.altavista.com, 'viaggio' is 'travel'. (Making the opera "The Doctor in Transit"?) Marconi Paletti sounds like an Italified version of Marc Platt, who wrote the 'Battlefield' novelisation.
MIG coffee-maker: MiG, the Russian consortium that builds fighter jets nowadays. Mikoyan-Gurevitch.
"What's the straight bit in the middle?" "That's the nineteen-seventies which is what I'd call a data-rich environment. It's straight because there's a continuous linear progression for five years. You were stuck, weren't you?": Kadiatu has learned a lot about the Doctor from Stone Mountain.
"I was with King Tankamenin at Kumbi Selah, he offered me kola nuts and a place to sleep in the Royal Compound.":
epicanthic fold: A bit of skin over the eyes, a Mongoloid racial characteristic.
white arm band to placate the sensibilities of the Japanese expats that made up a third of his constituency:
Ming as ninth-generation Bradford Cantonese: Bradford in West Yorkshire, near Leeds.
"You can't patent a naturally occurring geneset," said Blondie. "I looked that up.": Good question for the year 2000 with GM foods and such.
keloid scar tissue:
"Those fucks at KGB": Three.
"The fucking V Soc.": Four.
triads: Chinese gangs.
Cosa Nostra: The Italian Mafia - I think it means "our family".
Isle of Dogs: The big 1990s development in East London, with Canary Wharf and the Docklands Light Railway and everything. A big loop in the Thames between Tower Bridge and the Millennium Dome. So named because Henry VIII kept his hunting dogs there, or something.
Westferry Road: Arterial road running along the western shore of the Isle of Dogs. Here it is.
A couple of protestors from the European Heritage Foundation stood between the joke palm trees in front of the old church. A bright yellow canary with a crutch under one wing and a bandaged head stared winsomely out of a daylight hologram attached to the wall: Nice joke because around 1990 there was a lot of kerfuffle about the Canary Wharf development being inappropriate and ugly, and too far outside the City. Fair enough, it helped bankrupt Olympia & York. But it was a lot better than the old warehouses and things that used to be there. Condominiums, transit and entertainment have sprung up in the area, and it's a lot better than the Albert Memorial.
franglais: Mid-English Channel pidgin. A variation is common in Anglo-Québecois interfaces in Canada.
Harbinger Road: Street in the Isle of Dogs. Here it is.
Hesperus Crescent: Street in the Isle of Dogs. Here it is.
A hundred and fifty-four years old: If 'Transit' takes place in 2109, Ming's Mansion was built in 1955.
the Gard du Nord: Le Gare du Nord is the big train station in Paris that serves the Chunnel.
MHD turbine: Magnetohydrodynamic drive - some weird way of getting propulsion through the water. Anybody understand it? Captain Ramius' submarine had MHD drive in The Hunt for Red October.
because he was scared shitless: One. Actually I think Ace calls the Doctor a little shit in 'Love and War'.
He had a way of turning corners as if inertia didn't apply to him: Quite a skill in the 1/6th G of the Moon.
4: The Stupid Dead:
halogen lamp jammed into his left eyesocket: Ow!! That would fucking sizzle!
Ganymede: Jupiter's largest moon - diameter 5300 km. Bit icy.
Callisto: Jupiter's second-largest moon: 4800 km. Next one out from Ganymede. Also a bit icy.
Titania: Uranus' other biggest moon. About the same size as Oberon - 1680 km. Oberon and Titania are the King and Queen of the Faeries in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream.
Stazione Centrale de Rhea: Central station of a mid-sized Saturnian moon - 1530 km.
Hyperion: Irregular, potato-shaped moon of Saturn - no more than 500 km on a side. Has a pretty big orbit, too. But it's got a cool name.
President Achebe: Chinua Achebe is a very good postcolonial West African author.
old Canadian pushme-pullyou: One of those hand-operated railroad maintenance cars. You run it by seesawing the handle up and down with a partner.
Pullman: Passenger train carriage.
Caboose: In the future, they use 'Caboose' to describe more stylish passenger cars - the recently phased-out caboose was a little house running at the back end of freight trains where the crews could brew their tea and lie down between shifts.
matter-annihilation: You get one piece of matter superimposed in another, and you should get a big matter collapse and release of energy, I guess. In 'Nightmare of Eden' the big explosion didn't happen when the Hecate came out of hyperspace in the same place as the Empress. In 'Remembrance of the Daleks' the Doctor jigged a Dalek transmat platform to sandwich the two halves of a Dalek together in transit, with no big explosion.
"you never seen two trains fucking before?": Five.
"Oh shit," said Blondie.: Two.
The first-aid kit was a big beige case marked with a red crescent: Like a red cross, but Islamic.
where the spike had penetrated his sternum: It was said earlier that Dogface was gored in the belly, but the sternum sits over the chest. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) The word used is 'stomach', not 'belly'. The human stomach is not that far from the human sternum.
the Paris Rock: Eloquently described here, the Martians do a Pearl Harbour on Earth by bowling an asteroid at Earth and scoring a wicket on Paris. That starts the Thousand-Day War, heavy casualties for both sides, Marines open a bridghead on Mars by Transit tunnel and bring the Ice Warriors to the brink of extinction. According to 'Beige Planet Mars' the first Marine on the surface was a Colonel Brusilov.
army surplus Browning recoilless semi-automatic with an airtight locking action chambered for fifteen-millimetre 'Martian' rounds for vacuum firing:
Place de la Concorde: Big square in Paris, with an Egyptian obelisk in it. Used to be the site of the guillotine, or was it the Bastille? Nowadays the French just drive around it like madmen.
backpack nuke: The Americans had a silly idea during the Viet Nam war, that never got very far, of building low-tonnage atomic bombs to fit in backpacks to be hiked into enemy territory - between 500 1000 tonnes yield, compared with Hiroshima which was 15 kilotonnes.
"I could murder a gumbo,": Cajun stew. Kadiatu is echoing Sarah Jane Smith's prowess in combat against cups of tea.
Walkman Square: In Mitsubishi on Triton, probably named after the portable stereo that conquered the world in the 1980s.
Ronin under contract to the local zaibatsu: Zaibatsus are Japanese business conglomerates.
Yamaha, Dentsu and Nagorno-Karabakh - Pluto's three other main cities: All these Japanese colonies in the outer solar system is a result of the downturn in Japanese industry, which led to mass migration. Nagorno-Karabakh is a disputed area between Armenia and Azerbaijan, two former Soviet Republics in the Caucasus. In 'Godengine' the Dalek fleet incinerates Pluto's moon Charon, and the radiation destroys a crystalline life-form that has lived on the Plutonian surface for millennia. So these cities can't be having too much environmental impact, and they might be deserted by 2165 if the Daleks don't bother to cook them properly as well.
"And the legbone's connected to the thighbone,": Traditional song based on the Bible verse from Ezekiel where God shows the prophet a valley of bones and how he can put them together and take them apart again. "Now hear the word of the Lord." The popular recording of the song is sung by the Four Lads, a Toronto swing group. That recording was used in the final episode of The Prisoner, where it stood for some kind of divine intervention by God or Number 1 or even a parody of order to try and sort out the whole messy mystery.
Bodyshop: Skin care boutique, 1990 vintage. Even on Pluto. But no Starbucks, this book was written too early.
eigth-century dialect of Japanese:
cassava: Popular African staple grain.
gaijin: Not Japanese. Which is all one needs to know.
Mandelbrot patterns: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) those groovy, mathematically generated computer fractals which recure infinitely. You zoom in on any part and it contains a miniature version of the entire picture if you go deep enough.
Mimetic polycarbon: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) The T1000 prototype in Terminator 2 was a mimetic polyalloy. It would have come out while 'Transit' was being written.
watching Systemwide! on English-5: Like Nationwide, which I think is a BBC sports program. (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) Nationwide was, around 20 years ago, a show which linked up the funny and offbeat stories from across the BBC's regional news services. Dr Who featured on it quite a bit. It was a v. important part of the schedules. The Nationwide League is the English lower soccer league structure - and has nothing to do with Nationwide.
Mombasa fashion boutique: Coastal city in Kenya.
two hundred milligrams of cyclotol: Some kind of powerful explosive, although the grenade's destructive power could come from the monofilament if it's only one molecule thick.
He had spent far too much time in unreal environments recently, the inside of his own mind being the worst: 'Timewyrm: Revelation'. (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) also 'Love and War', where in Puterspace he is forced to relive his fears mentally.
We are all lost luggage in the Victoria Station of life: Big train, bus, coach and underground station that serves the south of England. Between Buckingham Palace and the Battersea stretch of the Thames.
Philips HDTV (antique): Just beginning to get into the mainstream.
Nueva Lubyanka: Pops up again on p.202. Maybe KGB headquarters. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Before the decline of the Soviet Union, KGB headquarters was in the Lubyanka building in downtown Moscow; and 'Nueva' sounds like it could mean 'new'.
Vickers All-Body Combat System: There was something like this in 'Cat's Cradle: Warhead'. A Vickers laser sighting helmet thing.
ECM: Electronic Countermeasures. Blinds scanning radar and such things to one's presence, or at least prevents a target lock.
codpiece and greaves: Codpiece protects the male genitalia. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Greaves protect the shins, regardless of gender.
I/O Ports: Computer cable hookups. Simile.
for/next loops: Recursive computer programming.
Caught in the glare of the cameras the pirates were too often revealed as sad individuals beset by personality defects: Too true today, sounds like the people that write Internet viruses.
The government turned a blind eye to certain real-estate deals she had going on the moons of Jupiter: That's pretty valuable real estate, but a bit restricted. Jupiter has a big gravitational field, and it requires a lot of maneuvring to get into jovilunar orbit. The planet's electromagnetic and radiation fields are probably lethal to anybody in a spacecraft inside the orbit of Europa (about 671 000 km up). Io, which orbits at 422 000 km, gets heated up by tidal friction to the point that it's the most volcanically active body in the solar system, and the tides raise bedrock a hundred metres. On the other hand Europa, Ganymede and Callisto have more water between them than the entire inner solar system, and that water can be used as rocket fuel or for colony support among the outer moons or elsewhere. In this situation with interstitial tunnels the latter is more important. The government might mind because Europa could harbour native life. But as long as the natural resources are being fed into the expansion of human civilization, that's OK. By the 30th Century half of Io needs to be terraformed and owned by Lady Leabie Forrester, and by the 40th Century the moon is completely urbanised and a major center of government for the Galactic Federation. ('So Vile A Sin', 'Legacy')
Trieste: Adriatic city in historically disputed territory between Italy and the former Yugoslavia, now Slovenia.
the Flying Dutchman: German opera by Wagner, about a ship's captain doomed to sail forever.
bonded EPROM cartridge: Read-Only Memory, I got that far.
Only the figurehead was indistinct. The underlying figure was female but the features were constantly shifting: Could represent the ambiguous personality of the TARDIS, or the companions.
The galleon swept past her like a tilted wall of clinkered timber: I don't know what clinkered timber would be like, but galleons were a popular warship design in the 15th and 16th centuries.
a man wearing a felt hat and an afghan coat: Some Doctor or other. (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) Marc Platt's future 'Merlin' Doctor from the 'Battlefield' novelisation. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Fits the description of Merlin given on p.7 of the Battlefield novelisation.
IMOGEN: from p.119 - "Imogen turned out to be a German subsidiary of a Croatian conglomerate run by expatriate Japanese shinjinrui from a technology park on the outskirts of Zagreb." Zagreb is the capital of Croatia.
Black Forest gateau: German style chocolate cake. I think the British say gateau instead of cake, talking about that kind of confection. Anyways, this is the derivation of cake monster.
glycogen: Glycogen is a natural polymer made of many glucose molecules strung together. Also called animal starch, glycogen is an example of a polysaccharide. Some glucose molecules, which provide the body with energy upon oxidation, are stored in the liver in the form of glycogen.
texture was rough, warm and organic like elephant skin: There are less than 10 000 elephants in the wild today - who's to say how many will be left in the 22nd Century?
"Because I've been taken over by a fucking alien intelligence,": Six. But very witty.
"I never made a stereo for you,": Like the one he made for Ace in 'Silver Nemesis', to replace the one the Daleks blew up in 'Remembrance of the Daleks'.
expatriate Japanese shinjinrui:
technology park: Like an industrial park, only in the 22nd Century. (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) actually, you get technology parks now - its where biotech, new technology, software and science firms cluster together. They tend to get custom made facilities and a shedload of cash from councils to move there.
Brigadier Yembe Lethbridge-Stewart: Before we even get to this part of the book - in the novelisation of 'Remembrance of the Daleks' there were several extracts from The Zen MIlitary - A History of UNIT by Kadiatu Lethbridge-Stewart (2006). Sounds a bit odd because we now have a couple of books that take place shortly after that time period, and both feature General Alastair Gordon. That would be 'Happy Endings' and 'The Shadows of Avalon', 2010 and 2012 respectively. And in neither of them are there any Lethbridge-Stewarts apart from the obvious. (Kadiatu from this book guest stars in 'Happy Endings'.) 2006 seems a bit early for UNIT to go public, as they're still a cloak-and-dagger type thing in 2010 looking out for Hamlet MacBeth and Ruby Duvall.
"I heard they got an atmosphere now,": Ah yes, this is an odd one. Conventional wisdom has it that Mars has a very minimal atmosphere. The composition is 95% carbon dioxide and 3% nitrogen, with traces of oxygen, argon, carbon monoxide and water. Temperatures can range from -24°C at noon to -104°C at night, where water freezes at 0°C. Of course water doesn't freeze at 0°C on Mars because the atmospheric pressure is 1/100th of Earth sea level atmospheric pressure. At that temperature and pressure liquid water simultaneously freezes and sublimates into a gas. So as humanity colonises the planets we set up a technology to liberate the oxygen stuck in iron oxide (rust) on the surface, as well as in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Crash a few comets onto the Martian polar caps and you get more water and carbon dioxide. The atmosphere thickens and retains heat more efficiently, until you get an Earthlike environment.
But in 'The Dying Days' it was revealed that Mars has a breathable atmosphere already. Never mind that it makes no sense, but apparently the British were the first to explore Mars with the Mars Probe missions, but they covered up the information about the Martian atmosphere to prevent too much scandal about the numerous failures of their program. Like when Mars Probe 6 encountered the plutonium-based Ambassadors and all but one (General Carrington) died of radiation sickness. And when Carrington made Mars Probe 7 part of his vendetta against the Ambassadors and got his crew kidnapped and lots of other people on Earth killed. ('The Ambassadors of Death') Or when Mars Probe 13 made contact with the Ice Warriors and, to cover the whole thing up, one of the crewmembers was framed for brutally murdering the others. Or when the Mars 97 manned mission was terminated by Ice Warriors with complicity from the plotters of a coup in the British Government. ('The Dying Days'.)
I digress. So the Brits covered up the real story on Mars. MI6 used 00- agents to infiltrate NASA and jam the feeds to all the Mariner and Viking missions and alter the data being returned. They also sabotaged the Soviet Phobos missions and the Russian Mars 96 mission, as well as NASA's Mars Observer mission. Don't know what they had to do with the recent failure of Mars Polar Lander and Mars Climate Orbiter, though.
(Text submitted by Daria Sigma) No, the stuff about Mars' atmosphere being breathable was a load of cobblers that the Ice Warriors fed their human dupes as part of their big ol' plan. I can't remember if this was stated explicitly, but it was certainly heavily implied (otherwise there would have been little need for the different atmospheres in the Martians' environment, and they wouldn't need to Ares-form any part of Earth). Could we have some confirmation of this?
caught the train to Riyadh during Ramadan: Capital of Saudi Arabia. The 9th month of the Muslim year, Ramadan is a period during which all the faithful must fast between dawn and dusk. Observance of the fast is one of the five "pillars" of Islam. Because a lunar calendar is used, Ramadan falls at different times each year. It is sacred as the month in which the Qur'an was revealed to Mohammed.
London Bridge: Train station in Southwark that feeds down into Kent. Bits of it show up again in 'Blood Heat'.
The train pulled into the station with great bursts of steam: If it's a steam train, the Doctor must use it specially, or be a member of a Steam Age preservation society.
Adisham Station (European Heritage Trust: Dover Line): We see more of Adisham in 'The Dying Days', when the whole village is wiped out by an airborne Martian plague. Adisham really exists - here it is.
"I named her after my great-grandmother...": OK, so Alistair Gordon has an Sierra Leonian daughter named Kadiatu, whose great-grandson is Yembe, whose adopted and partly-genetic daughter is *the* Kadiatu. Check p.181. Chief Yembe of Rokoye village has a daughter, Mariatu, who has a relationship with the young lieutenant Lethbridge-Stewart while he serves in Sierra Leone some time before the colony becomes independent in 1961. Her son is also a soldier, and her daughter is the historian Kadiatu Lethbridge-Stewart from the novelisation of 'Remembrance of the Daleks'. Mariatu's grandson is General Yembe Lethbridge-Stewart, and genetic material from the Lethbridge-Stewarts were used in the genetic matrix of the ubersoldaten that included Kadiatu. It's all a bit like One Hundred Years of Solitude...
gunshot sound of the carriage door closing: British train doors make large bangs when they close, and they all close in succession just before departure. It's a cool noise.
"Kent," said the Doctor. "The garden of England.": On his history program the other day Prince Edward made a joke about how Kent used to be the *guardian* of England, talking about Dover Castle. Who first called it a garden? 'cos that whole quadrant of the country's pretty lush in summer.
Cowslip: The European cowslip, Primula veris, is a wildflower of the primrose genus. Native to alpine regions of Europe, it has leaves that grow close to the ground and bright yellow flowers borne on a long stem.
Nothing vestigial about her appendix: The appendix is a slender projection opening from the pouchlike portion of the large intestine called the cecum. Located near the point where the ileum, or lower portion of the small intestine, empties into the large intestine, it is called the vermiform appendix, from the Latin vermiform meaning "wormlike," which describes its shape. It is 2-20 cm (1-8 in) long, about as thick as a pencil, and hollow; the free end is closed. The human appendix consists mostly of lymphoid tissue, like the tonsils and adenoids, and is easily invaded by microorganisms. One out of every 15 people develops appendicitis, the inflammation of an infected appendix. This is a medical emergency that usually requires surgical removal of the appendix. Long regarded as a vestigial organ with no function in the human body, the appendix is now thought to be one of the sites where immune responses are initiated. Herbivorous animals have an extended cecum that resembles the appendix but is as long as the large intestine; it probably serves a digestive function.
the house: The House at Allen Road, last seen bibliologically in 'Cat's Cradle: Warhead', last seen chronologically in 'Warchild'.
Part of the Victorian greenhouse had succumbed to rust and fallen in: The greenhouse is in a state of disrepair as early as 1997 in 'The Dying Days'.
The satellite dish he had mounted on top was long gone: ISTR he used a satellite dish in 'Cat's Cradle: Warhead' to keep track of his plan.
The gravel drive had been scattered by the overgrown lawn:
The stables had been mended and there was a muddy trail leading away from the doors: When were the stables damaged? Mind you this could mean the garage in which a car Ace had been working on blew up in 'Cat's Cradle: Warhead'.
someone had painted the window frames blue sometime in the last ten years:
It had occurred to him that during the gaps between his visits the house was inhabited. Furniture changed positions, holes in the plaster were mended, lightbulbs replaced. Mind you, he thought, it could be me: It is.
"This can be your room,": It's in the attic, half the ceiling slopes down to the floor with a window set into it.
kingsize bed: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) the next step up from a double bed. Think BIIIG!
tagliatelle: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) a type of pasta. The fridge is a big 50's American style Icebox, I'd guess from the description. From the Doctor's name for the meal, its a recipe he picked up from Ace.
two kilos of pasta: Into a gallon saucepan. Mixing units of measurement, that's about 3.7 litres. And he put salt in the water, but did he use any of the cod liver oil? Otherwise the pasta will start to stick together.
orchards waiting on the hills to the west: The orchards pop up again in 'The Dying Days'.
They'd reintroduced wolves to northern Europe in the middle of the last century: I wasn't sure they were extinct yet. And genetically engineering them not to attack humans sounds unlikely - hunting patterns might be more nurture than nature. (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) Wolves are extinct in England, and IIRC have been pretty much wiped out until you get to the extreme, artic north. I suspect the genetic engineering reference is Ben making a point about the pointlessness of reintroducing docile, domesticated versions of wild animals into their natural habitats.
And Thucydides said: "Consider the vast influence of accident in war before you are engaged in it. As it continues it generally becomes an affair of chances from which neither of us is exempt, and whose event we must risk in the dark.": Thucydides was an Athenian general who fought in and survived the Pelopponesian War between Athens and Sparta between 431 and 404 BC. It was a big war, and due mostly to Thucydides it was the first that was really well-reported. Basically:
Athens and Sparta were the two Greek cities that were left after an apocalyptic war with expansionist Persia. The Persians had laid waste to Athens, but the Athenian fleet ended up destroying the Persian navy at Salamis. The newly-powerful Athenians gained allies in the reconstruction and eventually became a threat to the Spartans, which had more of a legacy of power. But most of Athens' power was seaborne, and every summer the Spartans could force all the people of the Athenian allies to take refuge inside Athens while they laid siege to it and burned all the crops. No decisive victory, although 25% of the refugees died in the first two years of plague, and the Athenians had to kill scads of allies that were thinking of rebelling to the Spartan side, and enslave lots of others. So eventually there was a truce that inevitably fell apart after a few years. The Athenians' big mistake was sending an army to put down a rebellion in Sicily, a huge mission that failed. Throughout his history Thucydides illustrates the pontificating that went on between Athenian factions and their embassies to Sparta and various allies. It emerges that their remote form of democracy might be a problem, because there is never the same kind of agreement as in austere Sparta.
It works with the story of the Thousand-Day War in various ways. Earth is the new upstart, although it is the Martians which are foolish and disunited. There are various skirmishes between Earth and Mars ('The Dying Days', 'The Seeds of Death') with no conclusive results. The Paris Rock is the big misjudgment, like the Sicilian Campaign, that niether the Spartans nor the humans can ignore. The Spartans and the humans both fight like fucking dynamite (In 480 BC 300 Spartans held the pass at Thermopylae for weeks against the million-strong Persians, and fought to the last man; the Zen Brigade attacking Mars had interstitial tunnels and atomic bombs on their backs) And so on.
logic gates: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) A yes gate, not gate...etc.
"Where's Sidcup?" "It's a small town in Borneo,": It's actually a neighbourhood in Greater London, towards the farthest reaches of the Southeast. Here it is.
Stinging nettle wine June 1976: Nettle is the common name for a number of plants with bristly, usually stinging, hairs. A stinging hair is hollow and is tipped with a tiny, hard, brittle, bulbous cell that is able to penetrate the skin, where it breaks off to release the irritating liquid from secretory cells at the base of the hair. The liquid has been identified as formic acid in the North American wood nettle, Laportea canadensis, and as a mixture of substances, including serotonin, in the related Australian tree nettles. Stinging hairs usually produce a skin rash, but some species of nettle are more toxic.
The stinging nettle, Urtica dioica, of the nettle family, Urticaceae, has been cultivated for its linenlike fibers, and the newly arising young shoots and the pale-green top leaves of older plants are simmered for 10 to 15 minutes and eaten. A perennial herb native to Eurasia, it is now found over much of eastern North America. It grows to about 1.8 m (6 ft) high and has sharply toothed leaves and clusters of tiny greenish flowers.
The dish had the word 'AMSTRAD' written across the inside: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) crappy computer company which keeps missing the boat - it's just launched an email phone as everyone gets cheap computers.. They also made satelite tv receivers in the 1980s. (Text submitted by Daria Sigma) If nothing else, Amstrads were home computers back in (mostly) the 1980s, from the era before IBM/PCs killed everyone except Apple. They were fairly popular in the UK in their time. They also had these weird little disks that were like 3.5s with an extra bit of length. Not that that's actually important to this story.
Managona Depot (P-87):
Olivetti typewriter: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) olivetti were a popular brand of typewriter manufacturer before WPs. (Text submitted by Daria Sigma) Olivetti make, or made, electric typewriters, and I believe other bits of sundry office equipment.
a loose pile of yellowing Dandys: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) The Dandy is a kids comic featuring Desperate Dan and other characters some wanker in Dundee thought would be funny. Its sister comic is the Beano. (Text submitted by Daria Sigma) Dandy was a 'kids' comic' in the UK - of a popular breed that had a series of regular strips that took up a page or two each. A big geezer, Desperate Dan was a character from Dandys.
disposable personal organiser that came free with the June 2005 edition of Der Spiegel: You watch it mate, I'm looking that one up. Der Spiegel is a German magazine.
oscilloscope: (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) sci-fi films in the 50s loved these things. It's just a screen for measuring frequencies. Green wavy lines on a screen, basically.
All this stuff is basically a retread of the Heath-Robinson communicator the Doctor cooked up to talk to Davros in 'Remembrance of the Daleks'.
shuriken: Those ninja star things, seeing as how they're made from tin lids with secateurs.
scanning phosphor CRT: TV screens and computer screens and things like that are basically cathode ray tubes. There's an electron (cathode ray) gun at the back, and electromagnets deflect the electrons to points on a flourescent screen at the front of the tube. The electrons run into the screen and produce light of different colours.
"Do not adjust your set, we are controlling the transmission.": Theme from The Outer Limits.
OXFAM: Charity clothes. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) I would say, given the context, that the OXFAM label on his shirt means he works for OXFAM, not that that's where he got the shirt.
It was the little book that she always carried with her. "Tell him that "its" control is restricted outside of the transit system.": That wierd book we saw before that isn't Benny's journal. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) You missed the appearance on p.127.
In her dream the family dead walked out from the sea towards her: The dead Lethbridge-Stewarts?
Brazilia, Harare...: Brazilia is the 1960s-era capital of Brazil, built in the middle of the jungle with white marble and numbered streets and so on. Now surrounded by more natural informally-designed low-income neighbourhoods. Call them slums if you like them less than white elephants. Harare is the capital of Zimbabwe.
subsonic projectile: Benny's got the guns in the arms with the explosive rounds. low-velocity rounds make less noise and a bigger impact, as they mushroom rather than going right through.
linear induction: Electromagnetic principle discovered by Michael Faraday and James Clerk Maxwell. The motion of a magnet in relation to a coil of wire can set up an electric current in the wire. There are other uses of induction they discovered, like when an electromagnet is connected to a source of electricity it induces an electric current in a nearby conductor - that's the principle behind transformers that step the power up or down at different stages between the power plant and your appliances. And the Doctor travelled down that linear induction corridor in 'The Pirate Planet'.
"Pressurized," said the Doctor. "It must go all the way to the top.": Achebe Gorge is one of the northern branches of the canyons of the Valles Marineris, which is 20 000 feet deep in places. That's about 6 kilometres, not quite as high up as Mount Everest on Earth. But the terraformed (or whatever) atmosphere of Mars hugs low altitudes in places like Hellas Planitia in the southern hemisphere and the Valles Marineris. There's also what later becomes the Borealis Sea in 'Beige Planet Mars', and the northern hemisphere of the planet is a lot lower-elevation than most of the southern. So explosive decompression on the plain of the Tharsis Bulge, let alone at the summit of Olympus Mons, is fatal.
Tharsis Bulge: Martian landform, an elevated plain that incorporates the four big Martian volcanoes: Olympus Mons, Ascraeus Mons, Pavonis Mons and Arsia Mons. The map uses a slightly outmoded etymology - Nix Olympica, Ascraeus Lacus, Pavonis Lacus and Arsia Silva. The volcanoes are organised in the shape of two right triangles back-to-back, with Olympus Mons at the apex. The Doctor and Kadiatu are chasing a dustkart across Tharsis between Olympus and Arsia at speeds of up to 250 km/h. The distance between the two landmarks is about 1600 km.
"She's on the left-hand track, and doing about two hundred klicks.": On Mars, at .4 gravities. Her dustkart weighs less, and it'd take a while to come to a stop at that speed. The dustkart might hardly be touching the ground, if it only falls 4m/s2 after hitting a bump.
"You should see her on horseback,": Has the Doctor seen Bernice on a horse by this point yet?
the bronzed mirror at the back of the lift went crazy paving: What is this crazy paving? (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) From Dragonfire: "remember me Mel, when you are living your lives one day at a time. The homeless professor in his police box, his days like crazy paving." Or something like that.
This sequence is highly reminiscent of that escalator chase scene from Total Recall.
a police-drone's minigun: There's nothing mini about a minigun. It's affectionately known as a street-sweeper.
she'd heard somewhere that the silicon could leak out and give you cancer: No, it's silicone, not silicon. Actually I'd be relieved if someone could tell me what silicone is made of; silicon is an element; basically refined glass that's always used in computer disks as we all know. Silicone is like caulking or shoe goo or something like that, and the whole breast-implants-causing-cancer thing blew up at least five years ago.
palmistry - life line: Oh damn - now which one is that again? (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Of the three main wrinkles on the palm, the life line is the one closest to the thumb. The middle wrinkle is the head line, and the one closest to the fingers is the heart line.
he lived in three rooms above a Lebanese trader in Wilberforce Street: Lebanese and Syrian traders are common in many parts of Africa. I can't verify if there is a Wilberforce Street in Freetown.
The Book gets mentioned on this page, but never again; what the hell happens to it? (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Benny gave it to Zamina, who gave it to the Doctor. If it *is* Benny's diary, then he presumably gave it back to her later on.
On Terra she could understand it: In no other book does Bernice refer to 26th-Century Earth as Terra. It's always just Earth.
The Kremlin walls still stood in Moskva even in her time, albeit under a geodesic dome: But we've never been back to 26th-Century Moscow to see what other authors think. Moscow was probably flattened in the first Dalek War, 2157 if not the second just as Bernice was growing up.
You'll have to take the East Olympus Loop from Carver,": In 'Beige Planet Mars' the Martian South Pole Terminus is called Carter Station, and the North Pole Terminus is called Ransom. Apart from guessing that they might be named after egyptologists, I don't know what it all means.
a mantra she'd picked up while digging on Proxima IV: In the 8DA 'The Face-Eater' the first human colony in another solar system was on Proxima II, established in 2128.
In an EMP-shielded bunker under the military cantonment at Jacksonville a stand-alone mainframe with the code designation of JERUSALEM powered up: JERUSALEM was built by soldiers in the consolidation of Mars after the war. It's rather Blakeian, reminding me of the hymn 'Jerusalem'. "Bring me my bow of burning gold! Bring me my arrows of desire! Bring me my spear! O clouds unfold! Bring me my chariot of fire! I will not cease from mental fight, nor shall my sword sleep in my hand, 'till we have built Jerusalem in England's green and pleasant land." An extreme simplification of *real* William Blake poetry, which is a bit horrific for the uninitiated. You should read 'The Pit'. ...Eehhhh, maybe not. The hymn was done up by Charles Hubert Hastings Parry, abridging Blake's original verse and debuted in 1916, surprise surprise during the Great War.
Vulture surface-to-air missiles:
complex topographical map of Mars, accurate down to one hundred metres: The laser altimeter on Mars Global Surveyor built up a picture of the Martian topography accurate to within 13 metres between 1998 and 2000.
"Human thoughts are not pictures, there is no central Cartesian Theatre where they are displayed before the conscious mind.":
In their ballistic stage, now at two kilometres a second: The Martian escape velocity is 5 km/s.
solid holograms of the KIA: Killed In Action.
seven-G backflip: Accelerating at 70m/s2.
used the gyros to lift the nose again: Gyroscopes are often used for navigation and attitude control in some spacecraft. More often for fine adjustments, though, because a gyroscope's influence is related to its mass, which is at a premium in spacecraft.
At two hundred metres altitude Francine redlined the turbines: Insane. She'd have to have crazy power behind those jets to come to a full stop in 200 metres, a drop like that could take 1/10th of a second. The Doctor recalls a 12-G turn on p.194 - that would be about 120m/s2 Which is like being in a 747 that decelerates from cruising speed to stop in one second.
Do not talk to driver while bus is moving: Standard for British bus drivers. On a country bus between Glastonbury and Taunton I saw a kid get up to ask the driver if the bus was calling at such-and-such a place. The driver shouted at him to sit the hell down. He was driving at about 60km/h or a bit higher on one of those tiny English back roads. No seatbelts in those things.
"If I should die, think only this of me, that there is a corner of a foreign field that is forever Gallifrey.": One of the British war poets from the First World War. Robert Owen, I think.
Edith Piaf: The French singer Edith Piaf, born Edith Giovanna Gassion (1915-1963), sang in a uniquely husky and emotion-laden voice that, by the end of her life, was recognized by millions. A street singer from the age of 15, she was given her stage name, Piaf--"sparrow" in Parisian argot--about 1930, when she began singing in nightclubs. She also appeared in the theater and in films. The song "La Vie en Rose," composed by Piaf, was her trademark. Don't know if she was really found on a doorstep.
scarification patterns on her high Yoruba cheekbones: Neat, I didn't know she had those.
"Bavarians," said the major, "always in a rush.":
I'm getting far too well known on this planet, thought the Doctor: By 2109 Time Lord physiognomy is on file with human medical records.
a pair of red 680s were too tight but serviceable: denim jeans?
They were made from soft elephant leather with airwear soles: Maybe says something about an elephant comeback.
"One megawatt point zero one-second burst,": The biggest of the Pentagon's high-powered lasers, the Mid-Infrared Advanced Chemical Laser (MIRACL), can generate a steady beam of more than 2 million watts for up to 5 seconds. MIRACL was one of the most sensible components of the brainless Strategic Defense Initiative, the final product of which was to be satellites with frickin' laser beams coming out of them - it's powerful enough to singe satellites several hundred kilometres up like ants with a magnifying glass. It is a hundred times as powerful as the largest industrial laser, but it's a steady-beam laser rather than a pulsed laser like Kadiatu's. .
"You're with him.": The major has an uncanny knowledge of the Doctor, some of it doubtless gleaned from his file that was attached to his medical records. How she associates him with the Yoruba God of Lightning must be a leap of faith.
He called them a bunch of FNGs: (Text submitted by Daria Sigma) Fucking No-Goods?
"I think someone's fucking with our signalling,": Seven.
Did you know the Yoruba have over two hundred deities?": Yoruba religion includes gods of the sky and earth, nature and ancestral spirits, divination, and secret societies. A lot like European belief systems, really. Many Yoruba are now Christian or Muslim.
Mind you, Shintoism has thousands.": The name Shinto is actually the Sino-Japanese reading for the more purely Japanese kami no michi, which means the "way of the kami." The kami are innumerable Japanese deities that may be thought of as full-fledged gods (such as the sun-goddess Amaterasu, from whom the imperial family is said to descend); the divinized souls of great persons (warriors, leaders, poets, scholars); the ancestral divinities of clans (uji); the spirits of specific places, often of natural beauty (woods, trees, springs, rocks, mountains); or, more abstractly, the forces of nature (fertility, growth, production).
"The Shango cult is almost exclusively female.": Like the Doctor's companions. Unlike the Doctor Who fan clubs, apart from the Paul McGann clubs.
"I was in Ife during the tenth century and there may have been some static electricity involved.": Ife is a town in Nigeria, about 170 km northeast of Lagos. The oldest town of the Yoruba, between the 7th and 10th centuries. By the 13th century it was producing exceptionally fine bronzes. Today it has more than 400 gods. Not sure if the static electricity implies lightning or Daleks. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Well, given that the Doctor's trying to explain why he's worshipped as a lightning god...
"I've visited all three Atlantises.": First one is in 'The Underwater Menace' and is somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean on the Mid-Atlantic Rift volcanic zone. The second Atlantis is just a back-reference from Azal in 'The Daemons', warning the Master; the Doctor doesn't say he was there, but if he knows of the Daemons that is one way he could have found out. The third Atlantis is somewhere in the Cyclades or the archipelago of islands near Greece. Many modern guesses of Atlantis relate to civilization on Thera, also known as Santorini, a volcanic island that exploded in 1628 BC with the power of a 7.4 megaton bomb. An associated tidal wave devastated the civilization of Knossos in northern Crete.
"Your planet just seems to be a major time-space nexus.": This is an important bit here. Kadiatu is dreaming about the curse of the Pythia from 'Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible'. The Pythia diverted the Gallifreyans' procreative powers to Earth, which is one reason why it's always being invaded, why it becomes a dominant world in the galaxy's future and why the Doctor's so interested in it.
Institute of Human Ecology on Cygni VI:
The Silurians felt that it was the manifestation of humanity's deep-seated guilt complex about their ruthless exploitation of the homeworld. But then, the Silurians said that about everything: First appearence of the rehabilitated Earth Reptiles.
The Role of the Butler Institute in the Terran Post-Nuclear Period: This is getting a bit Peter Darvill-Evans-ish. Any paper on ButlerCorp, Eurogen Butler or the Spinward Corporation is likely to be censored or spin doctored to satisfy corporate interests. ButlerCorp was tied up in the mind-computer experiments in 2005 in 'Cat's Cradle: Warhead' and was part of the Brotherhood that shepherded human psychic abilities from about 1800 until 2981 in 'So Vile A Sin'. Eurogen Butler was a major expansionist company that left Earth to take over planets for fun and profit in 'Deceit' and 'Another Girl, Another Planet'. And the Spinward Corporation was just the legacy of all that. Spinward was sunk in 'Deceit' in 2573 - it hasn't happened yet for Bernice.
There had been some interesting stuff about youth gangs and eco-terrorists: Sounds a lot like Cartmel's own book 'Cat's Cradle: Warhead'.
"Not again," said Benny: Bit of a common phrase. Check p.30.
The ersatz Benny: German for substitute.
"You are the human response to him.": How the ersatz Benny put that together we don't know, but it's right; one of the ultimate results of the Pythia's curse. Check p.237. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Given that the ersatz Benny is dead at this point, and the way the conversation starts mirroring Kadiatu's dreams, my guess is that everything from "The ersatz Benny twitched..." to "...and full of secrets" is a hallucination of some kind. Kadiatu's unconscious mind grabbing an opportunity to clue her in on some stuff or something.
"Which is the more dangerous, girl," it asked, "the male or female leopard?": Like Peter Anghelides' e-mail joke of this Rudyard Kipling quote in 'Frontier Worlds'. Kipling probably got a rise because one would think it's the male, but the female has children to protect.
"You wait ages for a train and then three come at once.": Universally known. Sometimes used for buses or taxis.
"A coward dies many times before his death,": Kadiatu knows it's Shakespeare, which is odd: she's studying time travel, not English Lit. However, check p.261. It's from Julius Caesar at the end of Act Two. Caesar is persuaded to go to the Senate, where his assassins are waiting, against the better judgment of his wife. He excuses himself to her thus, ignorant of the true meaning of his words.
He chose Welsh 12 because he figured no one watched it, not even the Welsh: On Welsh television, Channel 4 is pre-empted by an all-Welsh channel. (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) S4C, the absolute nadir of dull broadcasting. Thanks to digital tv,
there's even BBC Choice Welsh and S4C2 now. God help us. Red Dwarf made a similar joke about opening hailing frequencies in every language, including Welsh... ho ho ho.
Yang Chou, she called him, using his given name, one he hadn't heard since the war: What's it mean?
"Fuck no," said Ming. "But I wouldn't mind some of whatever it is you're on.": Eight.
The Doctor wished he'd paid attention when he'd been on that Australian beach: If he was watching people surf, then he doesn't mean the Australian beach in 'The Enemy of the World'.
The human race had gone and poked their finger right into the hornet's nest. They had punched a gateway by mistake from one dimension to another: Like Rassilon and the Time Lords breaking through to the dimension of the Great Vampires or the Yssgaroth ('State of Decay', 'The Pit').
the hitchhiker: The Doctor is picking up the reformed subsets of the Intelligence that look like Yak Harris. Check p.246.
"Morituri te selutant,": Gladiator's salute from Imperial Rome. And I think it's *salutant*. (Text submitted by Urac Sigma) Means, I think, 'We who are about to die salute you.'
the board's passenger had jumped off when it emerged from the Central Line gateway at two hundred kilometres per hour. The arms were spread to maximize wind resistance in a vain attempt to slow him down as he described a flat parabolic arc along the two hundred metre length of the station: At 200 km/h the Doctor would cover 56 metres of that length in his first second airborne. So he's kind of slowing down fast. He ought to open his umbrella, which we never see for the entire book except p.254.
"In that case I'll call you Fred.": Like Romanadvoratrelundar.
A single sustained note from a trumpet, high and sweet, suspended above the rough chords of the main orchestra. Duke Ellington, thought the Doctor: Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (1899-1974) was a pianist and orchestra leader and the most prolific composer in Jazz history.
The entire artron energy reserve of the TARDIS hit him right between the shoulder blades: Artron energy is a weird Time Lord energy source that was introduced in 'The Deadly Assassin'. It's used for a bunch of weird things with little consistency. In 'Timewyrm: Apocalypse there was a whole quasar spouting it out. (Text submitted by chocolate pilchards) it's kinda like the Force in Who books now.
"What the fuck was that?": Nine.
"If I don't come back I want you to destroy all records of me. The history files, the opera, the lot.": The opera was on p.65.
9: Chain Gang Song: I remember the song but I don't have a reference for it.
I am what I am what I am, he thought fiercely and felt a part of himself detach and go spinning down an alternative pathway. He got a glimpse of himself as he went, he had outsized forearms with anchor tattoos and a pipe: He's Popeye the Sailor Man. Or was he René Descartes?
There, it was a simple child's doll but it practically stank of guilt:When the Daleks attacked Beta Caprisis and Bernice and her Mother went into the bomb shelter, Bernice dropped her stuffed toy. The dazed mother went back out to get it and got vapourised.
Instead he came up with a lugubrious-looking bloodhound: Could be the Hound of the Baskervilles, but I think Cerberus might be a better chance.
baker's dozen: Thirteen. Coincidentally, one for each of his minimum 13 lives. (Text submitted by Daria Sigma) Don't you mean 'maximum' thirteen lives? No. I meant it more in the way of his "regulation" thirteen lives. We're talking about the Doctor, who likely has many more than thirteen lives. I don't think of the triskedecalian limit as anything more than a loophole for characters like IM Foreman anyways.
A hatstand floated horizontally above her and to her right. A cat was perched precariously at its middle. It was a large animal, half a metre long with glistening silver fur as if it had been dipped in mercury: It's the TARDIS hatstand and Lynx, the cat subroutine from the TARDIS in the 'Cat's Cradle' cycle.
The King's Buffer: The Doctor reaches the heart of the dimension punctured by the Stunnel and meets its rulers. His aim is to get Bernice back and stop the utility Fred from coming back through the Stunnel.
"What of the Minister for Irritating Oxymorons?": Contradictions.
Strange Logic was a man in a pinstripe suit and bowler hat with a large green apple stuck to his face: Like that Pink Floyd album cover.
"I like the Magritte and the invisible yuppie: I think that means the album cover. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) The man with an apple stuck to his face is from a 1964 Magritte painting called "The Great War".
"They ain't paying me enough for this shit," said Credit Card: Three.
"The golden rule," said the alien, "is that those with the gold make the rules.": I think the original was "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you."
"One last piece of advice," said the alien. "Give yourself a name, a nice unthreatening one, but not too unthreatening.": And so the Artificial Intelligence FLORANCE is born. It pops up again in 'SLEEPY' as the AI GRUMPY's grandmother. GRUMPY escapes from the Dione-Kisumu Company near Saturn, where it is an unwilling subject in the Brotherhood's psychic experiments in computer memory-RNA transfer, in the year 2227. It ends up renamed SLEEPY, dispersed among the population of the colony on Yemaya 4. FLORANCE resurfaces in 'So Vile A Sin', when "60% of her hardware is scattered over a dozen planets, moons and space installations. The part of her that's autonomous does a lecture circuit that includes the Institute Fantastique on Yemaya 4. A maser on the moon of Castari beams info to FLORANCE's receiving station orbiting Arcturus." (I, Who by Lars Pearson, p.278) In 'Seeing I' the Doctor's prison minding AI, DOCTOR, finds FLORANCE in the datascape after reforming and they go off together. But why spell it "Florance" instead of "Florence"? What's so not-too-unthreatening about that?
a twelfth-century Japanese katana: A very sharp Japanese samurai sword.
bushido: The samurai were Japan's warrior class for seven centuries. Their name was derived from the Japanese word for service, saburau. The samurai were military retainers who emerged as military aristocrats and then as military rulers. Samurai involvement in government began in 1156, and from 1160 to 1185 the warrior Taira no Kiyomori dominated affairs at court. In the Gempei War (1180-85) the Taira family was displaced by the Minamoto clan. Yorimoto established the first of the military governments, or shogunates, that dominated political life from 1185 until 1868.
Medieval samurai were generally illiterate, rural landowners who farmed between battles. Some developed the necessary skills for bureaucratic service, but most did not. During the shogunate of the Tokugawa family (1600-1868) the samurai as a class were transformed into military bureaucrats and were required to master administrative skills as well as military arts. As hereditary warriors they were governed by a code of ethics--bushido, meaning "the way of the warrior"--that defined service and conduct appropriate to their status as elite members of Japanese society.
Xss kskz: "the path of correct behaviour in most situations." I'm just filing some of these Martian words away to see how often they're reused.
"I am Samuel Robert Garvey Moore of the Second Battalion Third Brigade of the United Nations Armed Forces, I have killed more people than I can count. I come in peace.": This scene is replayed at the beginning of 'GodEngine'.
"Port off the port bow,": The port side of the ship, when facing forward, is the left side. The origin of the word "posh" is an acronym meaning "port outward, starboard home." Port is also a strong dark red wine from Portugal, surprise surprise. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) The mnemonic I was taught as a boy was "Is there of that old any port left?", which is useful not only for remembering that port=left=red and starboard=right=green, but also that port=red wine and some other stuff=white wine.
She assumed the red fruits were the strawberries: As a jet-setting prostitute one might expect even Zamina, who lives on Pluto, to have seen a strawberry if there were any still around in the 22nd Century.
"Sheffield steel,": Cutlery, or the family of knives and cutting instruments for domestic purposes, covers a wide spectrum of edged tools ranging from butcher knives to sharpening steels. Modern cutlery manufacturing centers are Solingen, West Germany; Sheffield, England; Thiers, France; and the New England states. The invention of stainless steel in 1912 and its introduction into cutlery manufacture revolutionized the industry during the 1920s.
"Can't we be partners?" she'd asked him on Heaven, just before she stepped into the TARDIS. She saw now that the question was irrelevant. Partnership would imply a measure of understanding and that was impossible: I don't know, they get really pally over the years.
"You won't like it," said the Doctor: Recapitulating p.1.
For a moment, Bernice thought she saw a nimbus of green clinging to the interior control filaments: Like the alternate TARDIS cat subroutine. What the hell is it?
The Butterfly Wing: After graduating Kadiatu moves up through the ranks to get into a position she can use to wield enough energy to power up the time-travel apparatus the's been working on for years. She becomes the chief scientific officer on the Butterfly Wing station (ironic name), which seems to be some kind of headquarters for the Transit system or its successor, seeing as how Ming's in charge. Kadiatu instructs the stations fusion power plant to self-destruct and evacuates the station before swallowing the power of the thermonuclear reaction and heading out towards the sunset. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Who says Ming kept her job after that little disaster most of the book's been about?
"What the fuck are you doing?": Ten.