by: Rick Johnson
PO Box 40451
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All calendars are based upon some event that us universal and astronomical. The start date (new year) may begin at random or at the whim of the government or church but the year will generally be based upon the time it take the planee to completely circle the star.
(note Islam is an anomaly in that their year is based upon 12 lunar months so by their reconing, the Islamic year is shorter than a true year and every event will occur earlier every year until Winter happens during the normal Summer)
Unless the angle of rotation of the planet (called the angle of inclination) is exactly 90 degrees, that planet will have seasons though the closer to 90 degrees, the less obvious the seasons will be. Sol has an angle of inclination of 23 degrees which means that the North Pole will point towards the Sun in the Northern Summer and away from the Sun in the Northern Winter.
Any planet that possesses an Angle of Inclination (well over 90% of them) will have seasons and these seasons will have four well-marked and easily determined dates: The Winter Solstice, the Summer Solstice, the Spring Equinox and the Autumn Equinox. Some calendars start New Year at the Autumn Equinox, some at the Spring Equinox, some at the Winter Solstice and some at an arbitrary date chosen by church or state. On Earth the year is about 365 ¼ days long.
Months, however, are based on lunar phases. On Earth the time from New Moon to New Moon is about 28 days. It is obvious that with Earth, the Lunar months cannot accommodate the Solar Year (12 months = 336 days, 13 months = 364 days) so artificial months were created to accommodate this problem.
The months are named for various reasons. July was named for Julius Caesar. September was named as the Seventh Month (before July and August were added) and so on. Other nations called the month around the Autumn Equinox the Harvest Month because it was the normally last chance to harvest the crops before the weather became too cold.
Thus although months and years are astronomical and so change with each planet, the names of each are arbitrary.
Since Earth has a year of 365 ¼ Earth Days but Mars has a year of 668.6 Mars Days of 24.6 hours (or 687 Earth days), their year will be different from Earth’s. Since this is common with every planet having a different length day and year, the Commonwealth was forced to create a Standard Day and a Standard Year. These were chosen by attempting to calculate the exact length of a day, month and year on Earth and use these as the Standard. Unfortunately, the technology of the original abductees taken from c.1100 ce was so primitive that it was almost impossible to calculate these exactly so the ‘best guess’ was made and this became the Standard.
Thus every planet has two calendars, the Local and the Standard. A new planet has an official Colonization-date where their local calendar starts and is the same as the Standard. But as each planet has a different rotation and revolution, as time goes on, these two become more and more out of sync Also as instantaneous communication is still impossible no matter how good the technology, it is impossible to be certain if the exact time on any planet more than a few light-years away.
Year = 366 days (they knew the day was 365d 6h but chose this as easier to calculate)
Month = alternating 30 & 31 days
Janvar-30, Febvar-31, Marcha-30, Aprila-31, Maij-30, Junij-31, Julij-30, Augusta-31, Septembra-30, Oktobra-31, Novembra-30, Dekembra-31 (Winter Solstice from which the year is calculated)
Day = 24 hours
Hour = 60 minutes
Minutes = 60 seconds
DRAKONAN Drakonis follows the Standard but like all worlds, adapts it to local conditions with each planet trying to adapt. As each planet terra-formed has a slightly different day and year, when dealing inter-world, the Standard Calendar is always used. All legal documents show both calendars, Standard and Local dates.
On Gaea, the Capital of the Barony, this is the Local Calendar:
Year = 370 local days + 48 minutes
Month = 6 months of 30 days + 6 months of 31 days + 4 Sabbat days.
Leap year occurs every 30 years and adds a day between November and December.
Legal name - common name - anchor point - # days
Janvar - Wolf - 30
Imbolc Day - 1
Febvar - storm - 31
Marcha - plow (chaste) - Spring Equinox - 30
Aprila - bud - 31
Beltane Day - 1
Maij - Marriage (hare) - 30
Junij - Mead (sun) - Summer Solstice - 31
Julij - Burning (mead) - 30
Lammas Day - 1
Augusta - Dispute (wort) - 31
Septembra - Harvest - Autumn Equinox - 30
Oktobra - Blood - 31
Samhain Day - 1 (+1 every 30 years)
Novembra - Migration (snow) - 30
Dekembra - Snow (oak & holly) - Winter Solstice - 31
Total = 370 days
Day = 24 local hours
New Year = 21 December (presumed Yule)
In reality, this is more complicated due to the Diurnal vs Sidreal day but this gives you an understanding of the Calendar Drakonis uses.
Also as Standard is 366 days of 24 hours, Gaea years fall out of synch with Standard by about 6 days a year. A year every 61 days or so.
Note: Spanglic has no letter “C”. All English words that contain “C” are spelled with a “S” or a “K” depending on how the “C” is pronounced. “CH”, “SH”, “NG” and a few other sounds have separate letters.