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For other senses of the word, see mobile (disambiguation). Mobile phones from various yearsSeveral mobile phones

A mobile or cellular telephone is a long-range, portable electronic device for personal telecommunications over long distances.

[edit] Background

Most current mobile phones connect to a cellular network of base stations (cell sites), which is in turn interconnected to the public switched telephone network (PSTN) (the exception are satellite phones). Fully automatic cellular networks were first introduced in the early to mid 1980s (the 1G generation). The first fully automatic cell phone system was the Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) system, introduced in 1981.

Prior mobile telephones (the so-called 0G generation), such as Mobile Telephone Service, date back to 1945. Choose a phone number for your PC in a local area code from a variety of cities worldwide. These were not categorized as cellular phones, since they did not support handover, i. e. automatic change of channel frequency in the middle of a call, when the user moved from one cell (base station coverage area) to another.

Until the mid to late 1980s, most mobile phones were sufficiently large that they were permanently installed in vehicles as car phones. With the advance of miniaturization, currently the vast majority of mobile phones are handheld. In addition to the standard voice function of a telephone, a mobile phone can support many additional services such as SMS for text messaging, email, packet switching for access to the Internet, and MMS for sending and receiving photos and video. Get A New Cell Phone.