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POLIVOKS is a legendary
polyphonic 2 OSC analog synthesizer; it was among the first synthesizers
produced in the USSR. Polivoks had been produced since 1982 by Formanta
electronic factory (one of the biggest at the time); it was sold exclusively
in the USSR. Polivoks has its own particular electronic parts, reliable
keyboard (49 notes FE) made in magnetically controlled contacts; synthesis
modules consist of independent boards, which is convenient for maintenance.
The synthesizer has 2-voices polyphony; each oscillator works with a keyboard
note independently; two types of filters bandpass/lowpass and external
input for cutoff control. In addition, Polivoks is housed in an original
body of uncommon design with handy controls. Being closed with a cover,
the synthesizer turns into a strong aluminum case.
Sound synthesis control
consists of 8 sections MODULATOR, MASTER, OSCs TUNING(under the cover
with the label "Polivoks"), OSC 1, OSC 2, MIXER, FILTER, AMPLIFIER.
LFO Section consists of LFO speed and modulation waveforms (triangle, saw, square, random).
MASTER section is designed to control global parameters of the synthesizer phones, master tuning, glissando, 1 or 2 voices mode switch, master volume, signal output on/off.
Oscillators tuning (the cover with the "Polivoks" label must be taken off) has the following adjustment parameters registers, pitch and shift (for each of the oscillators).
VCO 1 registers from 2" to 32", oscillators waveforms (triangle, saw, square, sine), LFO level, crossfade modulation amount.
VCO 2 registers, waveforms, LFO level, osc pitch.
MIXER section VCO 1, VCO 2 level, noise generator, external input level.
VCF(Filter) ADSR knobs, ADSR mode (/\ or /\/\, switched to auto-trigger), cutoff, resonance, BPF/LPF mode, filter LFO level, envelope level.
VCA (Amplifier) ADSR knobs, ADSR mode (/\ or /\/\, switched to auto-trigger), mod level, keyb memory.
Power knob on/off.
panel phones, pedal in (for filter cutoff control), line input and
output. Power source and fuse.
Weight (with case) about 20 kg.
Polivoks is the most popular vintage Russian synthesizer all over the world. It has inimitable peculiar sound and very powerful aggressive filters outperforming the famous Minimoog! A fat, lush and very analogue sound is achieved through instability and thanks to unique architecture of the Soviet-era components; in addition, highly reliable military technologies were applied in the process of production. The synthesizer may be used for hard electronic music, or for soft ambient/old school projects and for modelling various effects as well.