Sandiko was born in the district of Pandacan,
He first learned his alphabet at home. He began his formal education under Capitan
Manuel de Pandacan. Later, the family
moved to Pampanga where he continued the first and second years in Latin
lessons at the
He had two years of law, but he opted to concentrate on teaching Latin in a school in Malolos rather than finish the course.
his progressive ideas, he incurred the ire of the Spaniards, particularly of
the ecclesiastical authorities. To
escape persecution, he left for Hongkong and proceeded to
many young Filipinos of that time, he extensively toured
the Philippine Revolution broke out in August 1896, he was invited by his
compatriots to return to the
In the Revolutionary Government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, he held various positions: Director of the Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores, colonel of the Estado Mayor and brigadier general of the Revolutionary Army.
Gen. Aguinaldo created the Executive Board of the Hongkong Committee, Sandiko
was chosen one of its members. He played
a significant role in the purchase of firearms and ammunitions through an
American consul, Rounseville Wildman, at Hongkong in preparation from the
renewal of the war against the Spanish colonial rule in the
the early part of the American military government, he organized the
revolutionary committees under the guise of “recreational clubs,” first in
resigned from his job to become the Secretary of Interior on
After the capture of Gen. Artemio Ricarte in Paco, manila in the middle of 1900 and as a result of subsequent defeats of the Filipinos by the American forces, the revolutionary generals resorted to guerilla warfare thoughout the entire archipelago.
as delegate to represent the
the surrender of Gen. Mariano Trias on
losing his nationalistic fervor, he became one of the signers of a memorial
which was presented to the United States Congress asking for the immediate
independence of the
He served as senator representing the third senatorial district comprising the provinces of Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and Bulacan from 1919 to 1931. He became popular in the senate for his political conviction and was dubbed “Constructive Oppositionist.” During his term as senator, he became a member of the commissions for independence headed by Senate President Manuel L. Quezon in 1921 and Speaker Sergio Osmena, Sr. in 1992.
During the 1934-35 Constitutional Convention, he was elected
delegate of the first district of Bulucan, the oldest among 202 members. He was elected Second Vice-President of the
August body, in its initial meeting on
He retired from public life and spent his last years looking after his commercial and agricultural interests. He became the manager of two cigar factories: Katubusan and La Paz y Buen Viaje.
died, at his residence in