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Updated OCTOBER 2008

Picture of South America

SOUTH AMERICA FROM A-Z


A fact about each country in South America
and other information about the continent.
Click on highlighted word for more information

South American is the fourth largest of the 7 continents.
It has 12 countries & 3 major territories.
Many countries belong to International Organizations

A IS FOR ARCHAEOLOGY & ARGENTINA B IS FOR BIRDS, BOLIVIA, & BRAZIL C IS FOR CHILE, COLOMBIA,& COMMUNICATIONS D IS FOR DAMS & DINOSAURS E IS FOR ECUADOR & EDUCATION F FLAG, FLOWERS & FRENCH GUIANA G IS FOR GLOBAL POSITION, GOVERNMENT, & GUYANA H IS FOR HARBORS, HIGHWAY, & HISTORIC SITES I IS FOR INDUSTRIES, INSECTS, & ISLANDS
  • Picture of an Alpaca Brazil has a variety of INDUSTRIES including an expanding production of automobile and aircraft. Other industries include agriculture, forestry, and fishing. The Mining and Wine industries unite Argentina and Chile. Chile is one of the top wine exporting countries in the world. Wool from alpacas is used to make yarns, sock, and sweaters.

  • Picture of a tarantula South America has a large variety of INSECTS including tropical insects and aracnids. Spiders include the tarantula and the recluse. Unusual insects found include the Scarab Beetle, the Giant Water Bug which is the heaviest water insect in the world, and the Robberfly which is nearly 2-1/2" long. There are a number of stinging and venous insects including the Africanized Honeybee and dozens of species of Fire Ants. Some countries have an entomological society including Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Mexico, & Venezuela.

  • Picture of Moai Statues South America has 9 principal ISLANDS. Several major islands include The Galapagos, Caribbean, South Sandwich Islands, and Easter Island where the Moai Statues, one of the Forgotten Wonders of the World, are located. The Falkland Islands are a British dependent territory and are also claimed by Argentina. Margarita is one of the most important island in Venezuela. When rivers flood small pieces of land flow into the ocean and become islands and home to many birds, reptiles and small animals. J IS FOR JAZZ & JUNGLES K IS FOR KILOMETERS & KINGS L IS FOR LAKES, LANGUAGES, LATIN AMERICA, & LIBRARIES M IS FOR MOUNTAINS & MONEY N IS FOR NATIONAL ANTHEM & NATIONAL PARKS O IS FOR OBSERVATORIES, OCEANS, & OIL P IS FOR PANAMA, PARAGUAY, PERU, & POPULATION Q IS FOR QUAKES R IS FOR REPTILES, REPUBLIC OF COSTA RICA, & RIVERS S IS FOR SEA LIFE, SOUTH GEORGIA, SPORTS & SURINAME

    T IS FOR TRANSPORTATION & TREES

    U IS FOR UNESCO, UNIVERSITIES, & URUGUAY V IS FOR VEGETATION, VENEZUELA, & VOLCANOES W IS FOR WATERFALLS, WEATHER, & WILDLIFE X IS FOR XMAS Y IS FOR YOUTH HOSTELS & YMCA Z IS FOR ZOO & ZONE

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