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Can we find an explanation for the great
universe? Is there any convincing interpretation of the secret of its
existence? We realize that no family can function properly without a responsible
head, that no city can prosperously exist without sound administration,
and that no state can survive without a leader of some kind. We also realize
that nothing comes into being on its own.
Moreover, we observe that the universe
exists and functions in the most orderly manner, and that it has survived
perhaps billions of years. Can we, then, say that all this is accidental
and haphazard? Can we attribute the existence of man and the whole world
to a mere chance? Man represents only a very small portion of the great
universe, and if he can make plans and appreciate the merits of planning,
then his own existence and the survival of the universe must also be based
on a planned policy.
This means that there is a designing will
behind our material existence, and that there is an extraordinary power
to bring things into being and keep them moving in order. In the world
there must be a great force in action to keep everything in order. In
the beautiful nature there must be a Great Creator who makes these great
pieces of art and produces everything for a special purpose in life.
The deeply enlightened people recognize
this Creator and call Him Allah. He is not a man because no man can create
or make another man. He is not an animal, nor is He a plant. He is neither
an idol nor is He a statue of any kind, because none of these things can
make itself or create anything else. He is different from all these things,
because He is the Maker and Keeper of them all. The maker of anything
must be different and greater than the things that he makes.
There are various ways to know Allah and
there are many things to tell about Him. The great wonders and impressive
marvels of the world are like open books in which we can read about Him.
Besides, Allah comes to our aid through the many Messengers and Revelations
He has sent down to humanity. These Messengers and Revelations tell us
everything we need to know about our Creator.
The complete acceptance of the teachings
and guidance of our Creator as revealed to all His messengers (alaihimus
salaam) is the religion of Islam. Islam enjoins faith in the oneness and
sovereignty of Allah, which makes man aware of the meaningfulness of the
universe and of his place in it. This belief frees the human being from
all fears and superstitions as it makes him conscious of the presence
of Allah Almighty, and of his obligation towards Him.
This faith must be expressed and tested
in action, for faith alone is not enough. Belief in one God requires that
we look upon all humanity as one family under the universal omnipotence
of the Creator, and Nourisher of all. Islam rejects the idea of a chosen
people while on the other hand, it approves that belief in the Creator,
and doing righteous deeds is the only way to Heaven. Thus, a direct relationship
is established with Allah and without any intercessor at that.
Islam is not a new religion. It is, in
essence, the same message and guidance which Allah revealed to all His
Prophets, like Adam, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, David, Moses,
Jesus and Muhammad (alaihimus salaam). But the message which was
revealed to Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam) is
Islam in its comprehensive, complete and final form.
The Qur'aan is the revealed words of Allah
and the basic source of Islamic teachings and Laws. It deals with the
basis of creeds, morality, history of humanity, worship, knowledge, wisdom,
mans relationship with God, and human relationships in all aspects.
It contains comprehensive teachings of which, can be built sound systems
and social justice, economics, politics, legislation, jurisprudence, law
and international relations, all of which are important contents of the
The hadeeth, which contains the teachings,
sayings, approvals and actions of Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam) meticulously
reported and collected by his devoted companions, explains and elaborates
on the Qur'aanic verses.
Arkaanul-Eeman: The Fundamental
Articles Of Faith In Islam (The Beliefs).
The true faithful Muslim believes in the
following principal articles of faith:
- Belief in one God (Allah), Supreme
and Eternal, Infinite and Mighty, Merciful and Forgiving, the Creator
and the Provider, He begets not, nor was He begotten, and there is none
equal or comparable unto Him.
- Belief in all Messengers of Allah (Ar-Rusul)
without any discrimination among them, as every known nation had a Warner
or Messenger from Allah. They were chosen by Allah to teach humanity
and deliver His Divine message. The Qur'aan mentions the names of some
of them, and Muhammad (sallAllahu alaihi wa
sallam) stands as the Last Messenger and the crowning glory of the foundation
- Belief in all original scriptures and
revelations of Allah (Al-Kutub), accepting them as the guiding light
that the messengers received to show their respective people the right
path to Him. In the Qur'aan, special reference is made to the books
of Abraham, Moses, David and Jesus (alaihimus salaam), but long
before the revelation of the Qur'aan to Muhammad (sallAllahu alaihi
wa sallam) some of these books and revelations had been lost or corrupted.
The only authentic and complete book of Allah in existence today is
the Qur'aan, which has been preserved as it was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu alaihi wa
sallam) in its pristine, pure form.
- Belief in the Angels (malaa-ikah) of
Allah, recognizing them as spiritually pure and splendid beings whose
nature requires no food, drink or sleep. They are honored servants who
are assigned certain functions, and spend their days and nights in the
worship of Allah. They do not speak before Allah does, and they act
only by His command.
- Belief in the Last Day (Yaum Al-Qiyaamah)
and the Hereafter (Al-Aakhirah), acknowledging that this world will
end someday, and that the dead will rise to stand for their final and
fair trial. People with good records will be generously rewarded and
warmly welcomed to the Heaven of Allah, and those with bad records will
be punished and cast into Hell and none will be treated with injustice.
- Belief in Fate (Qadr), whether good
or bad, which Allah, measured and ordained for all creation according
to His previous knowledge, and as deemed suitable by His wisdom. And
in the timeless knowledge of Allah, and in His power to plan and execute
His plans, nothing could happen in His Kingdom against His will. His
knowledge and power which are always in action command over His creation.
He is Wise and Merciful, and whatever he does must have a meaningful
purpose. If this is established in our minds and hearts, we should accept
with good faith all that He does, although we may fail to understand
it fully, or think it is bad.
Faith without action and practice is a
dead end as far as Islam is concerned, for faith by nature is very sensitive
and can be most influential. When it is out of practice or out of use,
it quickly loses its liveliness and motivational power.
Arkaanul-Islam: The Five Pillars
Of Islam (The Actions)
- Shahadatain (Testimony): To bear witness
that there is none worthy of worship except Allah (The Creator), and
that Muhammad (sallAllahu alaihi wa
sallam) is His Messenger. Muslims are obliged to follow his exemplary
life as a model.
- Salaah: Daily prayers are offered five
times a day as a duty towards Allah. They strengthen and enliven the
belief in Allah and inspire man to a higher morality. They purify the
heart and prevent temptation towards wrong-doings and evil things. They
- Salaatul-Fajr (The Dawn Prayer)
- Salaatul-Dhuhr (The Noon Prayer)
- Salaatul-Asr (The Afternoon Prayer)
- Salaatul-Maghrib (The Sunset Prayer)
- Salaatul-Isha (The Evening Prayer)
- Zakaah (Charity): The literal and simple
meaning of Zakaah is purity, while its technical meaning designates
the annual amount in kind or cash that a Muslim with means must distribute
among the rightful beneficiaries from his yearly net savings. But the
religious and spiritual significance of Zakaah is much deeper and more
valuable than its humanitarian, and socio-political value.
- Sawm (Fasting): The Muslims during
the month of Ramadhaan do not only abstain from food, drink and sexual
intercourse from dawn to sunset but they are also required to refrain
from evil intentions and desires throughout the whole months of the
year in general, and during the month of Ramadhaan in particular. It
teaches love, sincerity and devotion, and develops a sound social conscience,
patience, selflessness and will power as well.
- Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca): It is to
be performed once in a lifetime, so long as one can afford it financially
and physically, and it is the largest annual convention of faith where
Muslims meet to know one another, study their common affairs and promote
their general welfare without prejudice or bias as to one's color, race,
nationality as well as status in life. After all, everyone is equal
in the sight of Allah, and so Hajj therefore demonstrates in effect
the universality of Islam and the brotherhood and equality of Muslims.
- THIS IS ISLAM
- THE TRUE WAY FOR SUCCESS
- IN THIS LIFE AND IN THE LIFE HEREAFTER
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