9th INFANTRY DIVISION ( text only )
|HISTORY||It was here,some 200 years ago, that a bloody battle was waged by our ancestors and they made the ultimate sacrifice in the defence of There motherland against territorial invaders.|
At that time,
Thailand was still recovering from a state of disunity and, king
rama i the great had been on the throne for nearly 3 years.
.........So it was that King Padung of burma reckoned that Thai people would be unprepared to defend themselves as the capital city of ratanakosin had only been founded for 3 years. He therefore raised a force of 144,000 troops divided into 9 armies. Two armies consisting of 20,000 men invaded Thailand from the south; another 2 armies of 35,000 men entered from the north and the remaining 5 armies of 89,000 men under the king's own command advanced from the west through the chedi sarm
ong pass, or the three pagoda pass, intent on annihilate the Thai forces.
........The Thai King ( King Rama I ) ,together with younger brother Prince Surasinghanart,had to formulate a strategic military plan of action as the Thai forces were outnumbered by the burmise two to one. Part of their forces were deployed in defence along the Dan Chang Pass, at Bahn Kaeng Kaep and at Chong Sadao to engage in skirmishes as a delaying tactic at the various point.The main force was positioned in the mountain range from chong sadao to the kwae yai river and barn tupsila. This resulted in the burmese raiding forces having their mobility limited by the narrow space of this area and only one of their armies was able to maneuver
.......Freely. Their 5 armies,which were amassed together,were unable to bring their full complement of troops down onto the lardya plains and were thus unable to follow out their battle plan. But the Thai forces
Commanded by the Crown Prince were free to maneuver and change tactics at will.
......This strategy thus became known as the famous Thai "inside line tactical military maneuver " and has been recorded in the annals of Thai military history for posterity. It shows how a military force with only half the number of its enemy can be victorious, if their is sufficient knowledge of terrain and military intelligence upon which to rely.
February 17,1785 was the date that the Thai forces dealt the burmese armies a resounding defeat. The 9th infantry division has commemorated this day to honour the sacrifice made by our forbears, who lost their lives protecting the sovereignty of the country. To this day, Thai sovereignty has been bestowed upon us the basis of our national heritage.top
..The site of that ancient battle of the nine armies at Lard Ya plains is now the Headquarters of the 9th Infantry Division.
The 9th infantry division was established on june 9,1971 which coincided with the coronation day of King Bhumipol Adulyadej the Great, ninth monarch of the Chakri Dynasty. This division was original known as the royal thai army volunteer force which after returned from Vietnam was placed under the control of the royal thai army. Then, on april 16,1981, The 9th Infantry Division became part of the 1st army area.
|The missions of the 9th
infantry divsion include responsibility for the internal
security of the country. It is also the main combat unit
of the 1st Army Area .
In line with the country's defence plan,the 9th infantry division is involved in developing the country so that the peoples' standard of living can be improved.
Changes were made concerning the 9th infantry division on 26,1988,when it became the light infantry division in accordance with the rta's military development plan. It's most important activities now include:
|Training||the 9th infantry division's
training regulations are standard throughout the division.
Heavy emphasis is placed on individual physical fitness.
Also of special importance, the training is aimed
instilling leadership quallities in the men and boosting
commanders and chief-of-staff section of the 9th infantry
division are aware that training methods must be improved
constantly to international standards to justify the
confidence shown by the commander-in-chief in the 9th
|Apart from the annual education provided, the 9th infantry division has opened its own internal education programme to imcrease the knowledge of not only commissioned officers of all rank and to provide various courses for ncos, but also to encourage its troops to gain further knowledge outside official working hours.|
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