Tingis

Tingis

Tingis (Tangier , Morocco ) was first known as an ancient Phoenician trading post, it later became a Carthaginian and then a Roman settlement. Becoming a free city in AD 42, it was made the capital of the Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana. Greek legend ascribes its foundation to the giant Antaeus, whose tomb and skeleton are pointed out in the vicinity, or to Sophax, son of Hercules and the widow of Antaeus. When the Roman commander Quintus Sertorius arrived in Tingis in about 81 BC, the people of Tingis showed him a great mound that they said contained the remains of the giant Antaeus. Skeptical, Sertorius ordered his soldiers to dig up the mound only to find a large skeleton inside. According to the Plutarch, Sertorius was so dumbfounded by the skeleton inside, reported to be 60 cubits long (85 feet; 26 m), that the Roman general personally reburied the legendary giant with great honors. What exact;y Sertorius found (if anything) is open to debate there are rich fossil beds in the vicinity of Tingris which contain the remains of Neogene elephants, the early mammoths, as well as Eocene whales. Any of those skeletons dug up could have been confused with Antaeus. 

The next time Tingis entered history, involved Marcellus a native of Tingis, and a centurion during the reign of Diocletian. He cast away his arms and declared himself a Christian, for which he was sentenced [in 298] by the govenor Fortunatus to be beheaded. At the time of Marcellus's trial Cassian was a scribe in the court. He declared that the sentence of Marcellus was unjust, for which he himself was imprisoned and a little later suffered the same martyrdom.

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