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Mathematics

Grade 2: Patterning and Algebra

Planning: Term #

Tracking: Ach. Level

Overall Expectations

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• identify, describe, extend, and create repeating patterns, growing patterns, and shrinking patterns;

 

 

 

 

• demonstrate an understanding of the concept of equality between pairs of expressions, using concrete materials, symbols, and addition and subtraction to 18.

 

 

 

 

Specific Expectations

 

 

 

 

Patterns and Relationships

 

 

 

 

– identify and describe, through investigation, growing patterns and shrinking patterns generated by the repeated addition or subtraction of 1’s, 2’s, 5’s, 10’s, and 25’s on a number line and on a hundreds chart (e.g., the numbers 90, 80, 70, 60, 50, 40, 30, 20, 10 are in a straight line on a hundreds chart);

 

 

 

 

– identify, describe, and create, through investigation, growing patterns and shrinking patterns involving addition and subtraction, with and without the use of calculators (e.g., 3 + 1 = 4, 3 + 2 = 5, 3 + 3 = 6, …);

 

 

 

 

– identify repeating, growing, and shrinking patterns found in real-life contexts (e.g., a geometric pattern on wallpaper, a rhythm pattern in music, a number pattern when counting dimes);

 

 

 

 

– represent a given growing or shrinking pattern in a variety of ways (e.g., using pictures, actions, colours, sounds, numbers, letters, number lines, bar graphs) (Sample problem: Show the letter pattern A,AA, AAA,AAAA, … by clapping or hopping.);

 

 

 

 

– create growing or shrinking patterns (Sample problem: Create a shrinking pattern using cut-outs of pennies and/or nickels, starting with 20 cents.);

 

 

 

 

– create a repeating pattern by combining two attributes (e.g., colour and shape; colour and size) (Sample problem: Use attribute blocks to make a train that shows a repeating pattern involving two attributes.);

 

 

 

 

– demonstrate, through investigation, an understanding that a pattern results from repeating an operation (e.g., addition, subtraction) or making a repeated change to an attribute (e.g., colour, orientation).

 

 

 

 

Expressions and Equality

 

 

 

 

– demonstrate an understanding of the concept of equality by partitioning whole numbers to 18 in a variety of ways, using concrete materials (e.g., starting with 9 tiles and adding 6 more tiles gives the same result as starting with 10 tiles and adding 5 more tiles);

 

 

 

 

– represent, through investigation with concrete materials and pictures, two number expressions that are equal, using the equal sign (e.g.,“I can break a train of 10 cubes into 4 cubes and 6 cubes. I can also break 10 cubes into 7 cubes and 3 cubes. This means 4 + 6 = 7 + 3.”);

 

 

 

 

– determine the missing number in equations involving addition and subtraction to 18, using a variety of tools and strategies (e.g., modelling with concrete materials, using guess and check with and without the aid of a calculator) (Sample problem: Use counters to determine the missing number in the equation 6 + 7 = [1] + 5.);

 

 

 

 

– identify, through investigation, and use the commutative property of addition (e.g., create a train of 10 cubes by joining 4 red cubes to 6 blue cubes, or by joining 6 blue cubes to 4 red cubes) to facilitate computation with whole numbers (e.g., “I know that 9 + 8 + 1 = 9 + 1 + 8. Adding becomes easier because that gives 10 + 8 = 18.”);

 

 

 

 

– identify, through investigation, the properties of zero in addition and subtraction (i.e., when you add zero to a number, the number does not change; when you subtract zero from a number, the number does not change).

 

 

 

 

Student Name:

 

 

 

 

 Expectations: Copyright The Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2005.  Format: Copyright B.Phillips, 1998.