Heavenly Bodies: The Sun, the Moon, and the Stars in Hawaiian

Nâ Kino o ka Lani:
Ka Lâ, Ka Mahina, a me Nâ Hôkû
Heavenly Bodies:The Sun, the Moon, and the Stars


Nâ kumu - Sources:


Ka Lâ

The Sun

Ka Mahina

The Moon

Nâ Hôkû

The Stars

Pronunciation Guide

Ka Lâ / The Sun

sun, sun heat; sunny, solar; also, means day, date.


  • pukana lâ
  • puka `ana o ka lâ


  • Lit., outlet + sun.
  • Lit., opening of the sun.
  • kahikole
  • early morning sun.
    Lit., to have lost the red glow of dawn.
  • Ua kahikole ka lâ.
    The sun is up and has lost the glow of dawn.

    • kahikû
  • before noon sun.
    Lit., to rise higher, of the sun, to a stage between
    kahikole and kau i ka lolo.
  • kau i ka lolo
  • sun at noontime
    Lit., (the sun) rests on the brains.
  • Kau i ka lolo: believed to be a time with great mana as a person's aka (shadow, image) was no longer visible and thought to have the person's sacred head (lolo = brains).

    napo`o ana o ka lâ


    Lit., setting of the sun.
    po`o = depression

    • alaula
  • sunset glow, also light of the early dawn.
    Lit., road + flaming.
  • Ke alaula a Kâne.
    The flaming road of Kâne. Fig., the eastern sky.

    Ka wehe `na o ke aluala, `oia ka paoa.
    The opening of the flaming pathway is the dawn.

    • aka`ula
  • red sunset.
    Lit., shadow + red.
  • Aka`ula was looked upon a sign that rain will clear, akin to "red at night, sailor's delight."

    "mai ka lâ hiki â ka lâ ka lâ kau "

    "from sunrise to sunset".
    Fig., a whole day or whole life span.


    • kaula`i lâ
    • pâpa`a lâ
    • `ili pâpa`a

    to sun
    Lit., to sun; to put out in sunlight.

    • sunbath.
      Lit., expose + sun.
    • sunburned.
      Lit., burnt + sun.
    • sun-burned skin.
      Lit., skin + burnt.

    lua kâlai lani

    circle (orbit) around the sun

    pôhaka lâ

    mâlamalama o ka lâ

    pâ`ana a ka lâ

    Lit., splotch + sun.

    Lit., light / illumination of the sun.


    pâ kuhikuhi manawa

    Lit., board + pointing + time.

    pua nânâ lâ

    Lit., flower + look + sun.

    pouli ka lâ

    sun eclipse.
    Lit., dark the sun.


    • Hua ho`opôkole `ana, Lp.

    Lit., day of prayer

    • Abbreviation, Sun.

    Na mea no ka lâ

    • makaaniani kala, makaaniani lâ
    • pâpale `o`oma
    • `aila pale lâ

    Sun accessories:

    • sunglasses
    • sun hat, sun bonnet
    • sunscreen lotion.
      Lit., oil + protect + sun.


    Nâ Hua `Ôlelo Hou o ka Lâ
    Modern Sun Terms


    kâ`ei kau lâ

    solar constant

    lapa ahi lâ / kiko lâ

    solar flare / sunspot

    `ale ahi lâ

    solar granule, gigantic waves of gas which roll across the surface of the sun.

    puapua`i lâ

    prominences, i.e., puffs of gas which gently drift above the surface of the sun.

    `ûomo ikehu lâ

    solar panel

    manehu lâ

    solar power

    pâhawewe lâ

    solar radiation

    poe lâ

    solar system


     Pronunciation Guide

    Ka Mahina / The Moon


    moon, month; moonlight.
    Lit., in +
    Hina (goddess of the moon); also, malama (light, moon, light).

    Mahina Kauakahi

    Moon Kauakahi

    mahina hou

    mahina hapalua

    mahina piha, mahina poepoe

    new moon.
    Lit., moon + new / again.

    half moon.
    Lit., moon + half.

    full moon.
    Lit., moon + full, moon + round.

    Hoku Palemo

    Hoku Ili

    moon which sets before daylight

    moon which sets after daylight

    Hoku: Night of the full moon. When this moon set before daylight it was called Hoku Palemo, Hoku that slips away. When it set after daylight, it was called Hoku Ili, grounded Hoku. Ka mahina o Hoku is the full moon of the night.

    Mâhealani: sixteenth day of the lunar month, night of the full moon.


    halo or rainbow around the moon or sun.
    Lit., pit + polished.

    pô mahina

    moonlight night.
    Lit., night + moon.

    mahina hapalua mua

    mahina hapalua hope

    waxing moon.
    Lit., first half of the moon.

    waning moon.
    Lit. last half of the moon.


    Goddess of the moon.
    Lit., Hina in the light .

    mâlamalama o ka mahina

    • mâhinahina
    • "Ka pâ kônane a ka mahina."

    Lit., light of the moon.

    • pale moonlight
    • "The moonlight shines brightly."

    Nâ mea o ka mahina:

    • mahina meli

    Moon-related things:

    • honeymoon
      Lit., moon + honey

    Click here to check on the present moon phase.

    Click here to refer to the Hawaiian Lunar Calendar.

    Pronunciation Guide

    Nâ Hôkû / The Stars

    ka hôkû
    he mau hôkû

    the star



    ulu hôkû


    Lit., gathering, cluster, collection.


    Nâ hôkû o ka lani a me nâ huihui ona.
    The stars of the heavens and their constellations.

    hôkû `ae`a (also: hôkûala, hôkûlewa)

    Lit., star + wandering.

    hôkû `ai `âina

    probably same as alanui o nâ hôkû ho`okele.
    Lit., stars ruling the land.


    meteor, shooting star, any moving star. Meteors are not actual stars, but pieces of rock or metal that burn up as they shoot through the air.
    Lit., star + leaping.


    small star, asteroid.
    Lit., star + little.

    hôkûpuhi paka

    Lit., star + tobacco-smoking.

    hôkû ukali

    satellite star.
    Lit., star + accompanying.

    hôkû welowelo

    shooting star, comet.
    Lit., star + streaming.

    kilo hôkû, kilo, kilo lani



    Nâ Hôkû a me Nâ Huihui
    The Stars and Constellations

    Humu, Ho`ohumu

    Altair, a main sequence (ordinary in size) star in Aquila constellation, said to have been used for navigation from Hawai`i to Tahiti; #12 in brightness.
    Lit., to stitch, to bind together.

    Kao, Hôkû`ula, Melemele, Auhaele, Welehu

    Antares, a supergiant star; #16 in brightness. Kao = dart.


    Arcturus (probably), a navigational star; a zenith star above Hawai`i; a low temperature (with an orange-red glow) giant star; #4 in brightness.
    Lit., star + clear/happy, "star of gladness".

    `Aua, Kaulua-koko, Koko

    Betelgeuse, a supergiant star which shines with a low temperature red color; #9 in brightness.
    `Aua: Lit., lean, as fish.

    Koko: Lit., blood

    Nâ Hiku

    Big Dipper constellation.
    Lit., the seven.

    Also known as Ki`aha ( a modern term) for tumbler, mug, "dipper".


    Canopus, a supergiant star; #2 in brightness.
    Lit., the chief of
    Kona in the heaven.


    Cassiopeia constellation.
    Lit., frigate bird + the little.


    Lit., look + ahead.

    Hôkû-kau-ahiahi, Hôkûkau`ôpae

    Evening Star (Venus)
    Lit., star + placed + evening, star + placed + shrimp.

    Ke-ho`oea, Keoe (probably)

    Lyra, a constellation which includes the star, Vega.


    (perhaps) Mars.
    Lit., star + red.


    Milky Way, a galaxy (star group) with more than 100 billion stars, including the sun.
    Lit., star + ruling.


    Hôkûao, Hôkûloa, Hôkûali`i, Hôkûkomohana

    Morning Star (Venus when seen in the morning)
    Lit., star + dawn, star + long, star + chief, star + west.


    North Star (Polaris)
    Lit., star + immovable.


    • Maiakû
    • Nâ-kao

    Orion constellation.

    • Stars in Orion's belt.
    • Stars in Orion's belt and sword. Lit., the darts.


    Pleiades, also known as the Seven Sisters, a loose cluster of stars in the constellation Taurus. Lit., tiny, very small, fine, wee, small-meshed.


    Pollux, a giant star with a yellow-red glow, #17 in brightness.
    Lit., look + back.


    Rigel, tutelary (guardian) star of West Maui;a giant star which sparkles with a blue light (high temperature); #7 in brightness.

    Hôkûho`okelewa`a / (possibly) Kauanomeha

    Sirius, a main sequence (ordinary in size) star with a blue-white gleam; #1 in brightness, i.e., next to the sun, the brightest star. This star was used by navigators and fishermen.

    Lit., star + to guide canoe / placed in holy stillness.


    Southern Cross.
    Lit., star + cross.

    Keoe (probably)

    Vega, a main sequence (ordinary in size) star that appears white; #5 in brightness.

    Lit., a sweet potato.

    Pronunciation Guide

    Ôlelo No`eau: Nâ Kino o ka Lani:Ka Lâ, ka Mahina, a me nâ Hôkû
    Hawaiian Proverbs & Poetical Sayings:The Sun, the Moon, & the Stars


    This page is dedicated to Louis Moon Kauakahi of the Mâkaha Sons of Ni`ihau, who in June of 1994, introduced "a new guy that's pretty good" to reknown recording engineer, Jim Linkner. That person was Keali'i Reichel and thanks to Moon, "the rest is history". Personally, I have been greatly inspired by Moon to "Ho`omau" (Continue).

    Perhaps like you, we both have "impossible" schedules with every excuse in the world to say, "I'm too busy." Besides his music arranging, recording, rehearsing, concert touring, and family life, he is also an officer with the National Guard. He stretches the limits of possibility, by
    his commitment to make the time to teach the Hawaiian language to his peers and co-workers. If he can make the time to "give back", so can I. To me, Moon is a heavenly body, he hôkû `imo`imo (a twinkling star), in my constellation of "Ka `Ôlelo Hawai`i" inspirations.

    E Mahina, mahalo â nui!

     You are at: http://www.oocities.org/~olelo/
    Aloha a hui hou, Aunty D

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