"Developing inner strengths by
following the path of harmony."


Ai (Eye) Harmony, coming together, love.
Aikido (Eye-key-doe) Ai = harmony, Ki = spirit, Do = The way or path.
Aiki-ken (Eye-key-ken) Swordsmanship. According to the principles of Aikido.
Aiki Taiso (Eye-key-tie-so) Aikido exercises.
Ai Hanmi (Eye-hon-me) Equal (same) stance.
Ai Uchi (Eye-ooh-chee) Equal strike or equal kill.
Atemi (Ah-tem-ee) Defensive strike to distract or unbalance your partner so a technique can be effectively applied. It is not meant to inflict injury.
Boken (Bow-ken) Wooden sword used in practice.
Budo (Boo-doe) Bujutso techniques of war.
Bushido (Boo-she-doe) Warrior's Code -- The way of the warrior.
Chudan (Chew-don) Middle position.
Dan (Don) Aikido grade holder, black belt rank.
Dojo (Doe-joe) Training hall (formerly a term used by Buddhist priests in reference to their place of worship).
Dori (Door-ree) Grab.
Dosa (Doh-sah) An exercise.
Doshi (Doe-she) Comrade, friend (used among fellow Aikidoists).
Iie (Ee-ay) No.
Fukushidoin (Foo-koo-she-doe-in) First instructors rank (2nd or 3rd Dan).
Gaeshi (Guy-eh-she) To reverse.
Gedan (Gay-don) Low position.
Gi (Ghee) Training uniform.
Gyaku Hanmi (Ghee-ah-koo hon-me) Opposite stance.
Gyaku Te-dori (Ghee-ah-koo tay-doe-ree) Cross hand grab (right to right or left to left).
Hai (Hi) Yes.
Hakama (Hah-kah-mah) A divided, pant-like skirt.
Hanmi (Hon-me) A posture in which one foot is advanced one step and the body weight is distributed equally on both feet. Triangular stance.
Hanmi Handachi (Hon-me Hon-dah-chee) Tore (thrower) is kneeling and Uke (the attacker) approaches from a standing position.
Hantai (Hahn-tie) Opposite or reverse.
Hara (Har-ah) The center of existence. Lower abdomen, physical and spiritual center.
Hidari (He-dah-ree) Left (direction).
Hiji (He-jee) Elbow.
Hiji-dori (Hejee-doe-ree) Elbow grab.
Iaido (Ee-eye-do) The art of drawing the sword.
Iaito (Ee-eye-toe) Practice sword for Iaido.
Itai (Ee-tie) "It hurts."
Irimi (Ee-ree-me) To enter; entering.
Jinja (Jin-jah) Shrine.
Jodan (Joe-don) High position.
Jyu (Gee-you) Free style.
Jyu Waza (Gee-you Wah-zah) Free style techniques/practice.
Jo (Joe) Wooden staff.
Kaiten (Kai-ten) To revolve or rotate.
Kaiten-nage (Kai-ten-nah-gay) Rotary throw.
Kami (Kah-mee) Very simply stated: spirits; gods.
Kata (Kah-tah) Shoulder. Also means "form" practice of pre-arranged exercise(s).
Kata-dori (Kah-tah-doe-ree) Shoulder grab.
Katate (Kah-tah-tay) One hand (left or right).
Katana (Kah-tah-nah) Long sword.
Keiko (Kay-ko) Practice session; trainig.
Ken (Ken) Japanese sword.
Ki (Key) Spirit. The vital force of the body; Universal Energy; a stream or flow of positive energy.
Kihon (Key-hohn) Basic form of a technique.
Ki-no-nagare (Key-noh-nah-gah-ree) Fluid form of a technique.
Ki Musubi (Key-Moo-su-bee) Ki blending.
Kiai (Key-eye) A piercing scream or cry with practical and psychological value, meaning "Meeting of the spirits.
Kokyu (Coke-you) Breath power... the coordination of ki flow with breathing.
Kokyu Dosa (Coke-you Doe-sah) A method of off-balancing and pinning your partner with your "ki" instead of your physical power.
Kohai (Koh-hi) Junior or subordinate student.
Koshi (Koh-she) Hips, waist (also spelled Goshi).
Koshi-nage (Koh-she-nah-gay) Hip throw.
Kote-gaeshi (Koh-teh-guy-eh-she) Wrist turn out throw.
Kumi-jo (Koo-mee-joe) Advanced partner practices with jo.
Kumi-tachi (Koo-mee-tah-chee) Advanced partner practices with ken.
Kyu (Cue or Kee-you) Aikido rank, class. A mudansha, or undergraduate.
Ma-ai (Mah-eye) Distance between uke and tore, meaning "harmony of space."
Men (Men) Face, head.
Men-uchi (Men-oo-chee) Strike to the head.
Mig (Mee-gee) Right (direction).
Misogi (Miss-o-gee) Purification.
Mitsuke (Mits-skay) Eye focusing and direction.
Mokuso (Mock-so) Meditate.
Morote-dori (Moh-roh-tay-doe-ree) Attack holding one wrist/forearm with both hands.
Musubi (Moo-soo-bee) Blending.
Nage (Nah-gay) Throw. The person who throws. (Sometimes used in place of "tore.")
Obi (Oh-bee) Belt.
Omote (Oh-moe-tay) Moving in front (forward).
Omote Sankaku (Oh-moe-tay-sahn-kah-koo) Forward triangular stance.
O Sensei (Oh-sen-say) The great teacher (Morehel Ueshiba).
Oyo-waza (Oh-yoh wah-zah) Variations on basic technique.
Randori (Ran-door-ri) Multiple attack.
Rei (Ray) Salutation, bow.
Reigi (Ray-ghee) Etiquette.
Ryote (Ree-oh-tay) Both hands.
Ryote-dori (Ree-oh-tay-doe-ree) Both hands grabbed by both hands.
Samurai (Sam-oh-rye) Military retainer (feudal period).
Sempai (Sem-pie) Senior student.
Sensei (Sen-say) Teacher, instructor.
Seiza (Say-zah) Formal sitting posture.
Shidoin (She-doe-in) Certified Instructor rank (4th or 5th Dan).
Shihan (She-han) Master Instructor (6th Dan and above)-A title reserved for the highest ranking teachers.
Shiho (She-ho) Four directions.
Shiho-nage (She-ho-nah-gay) Four directions throw.
Shodan (Show-don) Holder of the first grade black belt.
Shomen (Show-men) Front or top of the head.
Shomen-uchi (Show-men-oo-chee) Strike to the top front of the head.
Shugyo (Shoo-g-yo) Rigorous daily training for overall purification.
Suburi (Sue-boo-ree) A single movement using the ken or jo, done as a solo practice.
Suwari Waza or (Sue-wah-ree Wah-zah) Sitting techniques.
Tachi (Tah-Chee) Japanese sword.
Tachi-Dori (Tah-chee Door-ree) Sword disarming.
Taijutsu (Tie-jut-sue) Body arts. Aikido techniques done without weapons.
Tai No Henko (Tie-no-hen-ko) The basic blending practice. Tenkan exercise.
Tai Sabaki (Tie-sa-bocki) Body movements.
Tanden (Tahn-den) Point just below the navel. "One point." "Hara."
Tanto (Tahn-toe) Wooden knife.
Te (Tay) Hand.
Tegatana (Tay-gah-tah-nah) Hand blade. Sword edge of the hand.
Te Kubi (Tay-koo-be) Wrist.
Tenchi (Ten-shee) Ten = heaven, Chi = earth. A position of the hands, one high (up) and one low (down).
Tenchi-nage (Ten-shee-nah-gay) Heaven and earth throw.
Tenkan (Ten-kahn) To turn.
Tsuki (T’ski) Thrust.
Uchi (Oo-chee) To strike.
Uke (Oo-kay) The person who gives the attack and receives the technique. Generally speaking, "uke" refers to the person being thrown.
Ukemi (Oo-kem-me) The art of receiving the technique and falling away from harm. Includes rolling and break falls (high falls).
Ura (Oo-rah) Moving behind.
Ura Sankaku (Oo-rah-sahn-kah-koo) Reverse triangular stance.
Ushiro (Oo-she-row) Back, behind, rear.
Ushiro Eri-dori (Oo-she-row Ear-ree doe-ree) Collar grab from behind.
Ushiro Hiji-dori (Oo-she-row Hee-jee-doe-ree) Elbows grabbed from the rear.
Ushiro Ryo-kata-dori (Oo-she-row Ree-oh-kah-tah-doe-ree) Both shoulders grabbed from behind.
Ushiro Ryote-dori (Oo-she-row Ree-oh-tay-doe-ree) Both wrists grabbed from behind.
Ushiro Kubi-shime (Oo-she-row Koo-bee-she-may) Choking with one hand around the neck from the rear, usually while holding one wrist with the free hand.
Ushiro-dori (Oo-she-row-doe-ree) Bear hug from behind.
Waza (Wah-zah) Techniques.
Yokornen (Yoh-ko-men) Side of the head.
Yokomen-uchi (Yoh-ko-men-oo-chee) Strike to the side of the head.
Yudansha (You-don-sha) Black belt grade holder(s).
Zanshin (Zahn-shin) Unbroken awareness and concentration.
Zazen (Zah-zen) Sitting meditation.


Ohayo / Ohayo gozaimasu (Ohio go-zah-ee-mahs) Good morning (used before 10:00 AM).
Konnichi wa (Kone-knee-chee-wa) Hello! Good day (after 10:00 AM).
Komban wa (Comb-bahn wah) Good evening.
Oyasumi nasai (Oh-yah-sue-me-nah-sigh) Good night (before bedtime).
Sayonara (Sigh-yoh-nah-rah) Good-bye.
Domo / Domo Arigato (Doe-moe / Doe-moe-ah-ree-gah-toe) Thank you.
Arigato Gozaimasu (Ah-ree-gah-toe go-zah-ee-mahss) Thank you (very polite).
Sensei, domo arigato Gozaimashita (Sen-say, doe-moe ah-ree-gah-toe go-zah-ee-mah-she-tah) Thank you very much for what you have done (spoken by students at the end of Aikido class).
Onegai Shimasu (Oh-nigh-guy-she-mahss) I make a request (spoken when one wishes to practice with a fellow student or teacher).
Gomen Nasai (Go-men nah-sigh) I'm sorry, excuse me.
Do itashimashite (Doe ee-tah-she-mah-she-tay) Don't mention it. You're welcome.
Ogen'ki Desu ka (Oh-ghen-key des-kah) How are you? Are you in good spirits?
Okagesama de (Ohkah-ghe-sama day) Fine, thank you.
Wakarimas ka (Wah-kah-ree-mahs-kah) Do you understand?
Wakarimas (Wah-kah-ree-mahs) I understand.
Wakarimasen (Wah-kah-ree-mah-sehn) I don’t understand.
Hajime (Hah-jee-may) Begin.
Mate (Mah-tay) Wait.
Yame (Yah-may) Stop.
Itchi (Itch) One.
Ni (Nee) Two.
San (Sahn) Three.
Shi (She) Four.
Go (Goh) Five.
Roku (Roke) Six.
Shichi (Shich-ee) Seven.
Hachi (Hach) Eight.
Ku (Koo) Nine.
Ju (Joo) Ten.
Ikkyo (Ee-kio) First technique.
Nikkyo (Nee-kio) Second technique.
Sankyo (Son-kio) Third technique.
Yonkyo (Yon-kio) Fourth technique.
Gokyo (Go-kio) Fifth technique.

[Aikido Information | A History Of Aikido | Japanese for the Aikidoist | The Aikido Primer | Japanese Sword Arts Faq Version 2.3]