XHTML Tutorial 2 Test Notes


  1. A hypertext link allows you to select to view the destination of the link.
  2. A(n)  link is an item you can select, usually by clicking a mouse, to view another topic or document.
  3. The <a>  tag creates an anchor.
  4. You assign each anchor its own anchor name, using the name attribute.
  5. To create a link to an anchor, you use the href attribute.
  6. You link to an id or anchor using the anchor name preceded by the # symbol.
  7. In a linear structure , each page is linked to the next and to previous pages, in an ordered chain of pages.
  8. A(n) hierarchical structure starts with a general topic that includes links to more specific topics.
  9. In a(n) hierarchical structure, users can move easily from general to specific and back, but not from specific to specific.
  10. When referencing a file located in a different folder than the link tag, you must include the  path  for the file.
  11. A(n) absolute path provides a precise location for a file.
  12. Most Web designers use  relative pathnames in their hypertext links.
  13. A(n) relative  specifies the location for a file in relation to the folder containing the current Web document.
  14. To reference a file in a folder directly above the current folder in the folder hierarchy, relative pathnames use two periods.
  15. To create a hypertext link to a document on the Internet, you need to know its URL.
  16. A  URL  specifies a precise location on the Web for a file.
  17. Once you know a document’s URL, you can create a link to it by adding the URL to the <a> tag along with the href attribute in your text file.
  18. The first portion of a URL identifies the  protocol.
  19. A(n) protocol is a set of rules that governs how information is exchanged.
  20. Web pages use the communication protocol  HTTP.
  21. All Web page URLs begin with the letters “http”.
  22. Following the communication protocol, there is typically a separator, such as a colon and two slashes.
  23. In the URL http://www.mwu.edu/course/info.html#majors, the protocol is http://.
  24. If the path and filename are left off the URL, the browser searches for a file named index.htm or index.html in the root folder of the Web server.
  25. FTP  servers can store files that Internet users can download, or transfer, to their computers.