XHTML Tutorial 2 Test
hypertext link allows you to select to view the destination of the link.
- A(n) link is an item you can select,
usually by clicking a mouse, to view another topic or document.
- The <a> tag creates an anchor.
assign each anchor its own anchor name, using the name attribute.
create a link to an anchor, you use the href attribute.
link to an id or anchor using the anchor name preceded by the # symbol.
- In a linear structure , each page is
linked to the next and to previous pages, in an ordered chain of pages.
- A(n) hierarchical structure starts with
a general topic that includes links to more specific topics.
a(n) hierarchical structure,
users can move easily from general to specific and back, but not from
specific to specific.
referencing a file located in a different folder than the link tag, you
must include the path for the file.
- A(n) absolute path provides a precise
location for a file.
Web designers use relative pathnames in their hypertext
- A(n) relative specifies the location for a file in
relation to the folder containing the current Web document.
reference a file in a folder directly above the current folder in the
folder hierarchy, relative pathnames use two periods.
create a hypertext link to a document on the Internet, you need to know
- A URL specifies a precise location on the Web
for a file.
you know a document’s URL, you can create a link to it by adding the URL
to the <a> tag along with
the href attribute in your text file.
first portion of a URL identifies the protocol.
- A(n) protocol is a set of rules that
governs how information is exchanged.
pages use the communication protocol HTTP.
Web page URLs begin with the letters “http”.
the communication protocol, there is typically a separator, such as a
colon and two slashes.
- In the
the protocol is http://.
- If the
path and filename are left off the URL, the browser searches for a file
named index.htm or index.html in
the root folder of the Web server.
- FTP servers can store files that Internet
users can download, or transfer, to their computers.