Life Cycle and Culture
STUDY OF CITIES IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA *
research applied the theory of organizational life cycle to public organizations
as opposed to private; specifically the study examines the relationship
between culture and life cycle in municipal organizations in Southern California.
The practical significance of this study is to help city managers gain
better insight into a continuous process of adaptation and unique set of
characteristics in each developmental stage of the organizational life
cycle of cities.
The research was designed to analyze the population, and revenue, patterns
of municipal organizations in Southern California and their relationship
to the age of the city to determine whether a life cycle of growth was
related to age. Forty-five cities were selected and divided into
three groups based upon their age, one to ten, eleven to twenty and over
twenty. The statistical procedure of ANOVA was utilized to test the
difference in the rate of growth of revenue and population of municipal
organizations in these three stages. Twelve cities were randomly selected
from two groups of cities based on their age and growth rates of revenue
and population. The first group was under twenty years of age and
had growth rates in excess of fifteen percent. The second group was
over twenty years in age and had growth rates less than fifteen percent.
Sixty-three administrative, technical and professional staffs from the
community development departments of these cities were surveyed using the
Kilmann-Saxton Culture Gap Survey. The t Test for independent samples
was used to test the difference in culture gaps scores (desired norms verses
actual norms) between these two staff groups. In addition, the mean scores
of cultural gap scores of these twelve cities were analyzed to determine
if they were wide enough to warrant concern by the management of the cities
and departments involved in the study.
* This study is a
partial of dissertation submitted to the dissertation committee of University
of La Verne.