Back to the Austrian Commanders page
Josef Freiherr Roth von Limanowa-Lapanów
Josef Roth was born on 21 October 1859 in Triest.  The following timeline summarizes Roth's military career:

1879 Promoted to Leutnant
1879 Soldiers’ Office of Feldjägerbattailon No. 21 until 1886
1884 Promoted to Oberleutnant
1886 Part of the General Staff until 1900
1889 Promoted to Hauptmann, 1st Class
1895 Promoted to Major
1898 Promoted to Oberstleutnant
1900 Soldiers’ Office for the Infantry Regiment No. 76 until 1901
1901 Promoted to Oberst
1901 Part of the General Staff until 1908
1908 Commanded Infantry Brigade No. 94
1908 Promoted to Generalmajor
1908 Commanded 98. Infantry Brigade No. 98 until 1910
1910 Commanded the M. Theresa Military Academy in Wr. Neustadt until 1914
1912 Promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant
1914 Commanded 3. Infantry Division until 1915
1915 Commanded XIV. Corps until 1916
1915 Promoted to General der Infanterie
1916 Commanded the Tirol Defense Force until 1917
1917 Commanded XX. Corps
1918 Promoted to Generaloberst

FML Roth started the war in command of the 2. Infantry Division.  This was surrendered to GM Ernst Horsetzky Edler von Hornthal in October 1914.  In that month, Roth was appointed to replace the
Archduke Josef Ferdinand as commander of the XIV. Corps, after the latter had been dispatched to command the IV. Army.  General Josef von Roth played a key role in turning the Russian tide at the battle of Limanowa on 8 December 1914.  For this, he was conferred the honourable predicate of Limanowa by Kaiser Franz Josef.

Roth dutifully served in this capacity until March 1916, when the whole force was disbanded.  Almost a year later, the XIV. (Edelweiss) Corps was completely rebuilt under the tutelage of GdK
Alois Fürst von Schönburg-Hartenstein. In July 1916, GdI Roth organised his own Korps Roth, which he led until Janury 1917. 

He took control of Defense Command Tirol on 14 March 1916, replacing General
Dankl, who took command of of the newly formed XI. Army.  The Defense Command Tirol was disbanded on 28 July 1916, and its sector was taken over by the XI. Army.  At the time of the formation of a new XIV. Corps in January 1917, GdI Roth redesignated his force as the new XX. Corps, and led them until February 1918.  Then, he surrendered its leadership to GdI Franz Kalser Edler von Maasfeld.

Josef Freiherr Roth von Limanowa-Lapanów died on 9 April 1927.

GWS, 10/01 [rev. 2/05]
Orders of Battle:  Volhynian Front, August 1914
Immediately preceding the Austrian invasion of Poland

III. Armee, General der Kavallerie Rudolf Ritter von Brudermann
     XIV. Korps, Gen. der Infanterie
Erzherzog Josef Ferdinand
          III. inf. div., Feldmarschalleutnant. Roth
Orders of Battle:  Polish Front, January 1915
Immediately preceding the Battles for the Carpathians

IV. Armee, Gen. d. Inf. Erzherzog Josef Ferdinand
     XIV. Korps, Feldmlt. Roth
          III. inf. div., Feldmlt. Horsetzky
          VIII. inf. div., Feldmlt. Fabini
          Deutsch XLVII. res. div., Genlt. von Besser

Roth’s XIV. Corps did invaluable work by guarding the approaches from Tarnów, regarded as the key to Krakau.  Though the Russian IX. Corps succeeded in crossing the Biala River (which meets the Dunajec at Tarnów) in early February, Roth did not shy from responding with bitter attacks of his own.  He lent two divisions to GdI Arz in late February, and by this was Arz able to capture Gorlice, 40 km south of Tarnów.  Positions were unchanged through March, but in April, the Germans began to arrive, and great preparations were being made for an offensive against the entire Russian army, particularly in Roth’s sector.  Gallwitz Corps was already assembling in the rear, and would work with the XIV. Corps once the great guns opened the offensive. [rev. 5/04]


Orders of Battle:  Eastern Front, May 1915
Immediately preceding the Dunajec offensive
IV. Armee, Gen. d. Inf.
Erzherzog Josef Ferdinand
   XIV. Korps, Feldmlt. Roth
   Chief of Staff, Oberst Göttlicher
       Gruppe Oberst Morgenstern
       8. inf. div., Feldmlt. v. Fabini
                   96. inf. brig., Genmj. Ritt. v. Rziha
                   8. field art. brig., Oberst Petersilka
       3. inf. div., Feldmlt. Edl. v. Horsetzky
                    5. inf. brig., Genmj. Richard Müller
                    15. inf. brig., Oberst Gustav Fischer
                    3. field art. brig., Feldmlt. Edl. v. Sellner
      Reinforcements:
                       31. inf. brig., Genmj. v. Szende
                       11. Honvéd kav. div., Feldmlt. Gf. Bissingen
Orders of Battle:  Volhynian Front, September 1915
Immediately following the summer offensive against Russia

IV. Armee, Gen. d. Inf. Erzherzog Josef Ferdinand
     XIV. Korps, Gen. d. Inf. Roth
          II. inf. div., Feldmlt. von Sellner
          III. inf. div., Feldmlt. Horsetzky
          XXI. Schützen div., Genmj. Podhajsky
Orders of Battle:  Tirol Front, October 1915
Immediately following the Italian invasion of Austria

Rayon III, Südtirol/Trentino:
     IX. Korps, Gen. d. Inf. Roth
Orders of Battle:  Tirol Front, May 1916
Immediately preceding the Offensive against Italy

Army Group Archduke Eugen, GO Archduke Eugen
     Chief of Staff, Feldmlt.
Alfred Krauss
Landesverteidigungskommando in Tirol (Tirol Defense), Gen. d. Inf. Roth
     Rayon I (Stilfserjoch), Obst. Fhr. v. Lempruch
     Rayon II (Tonale), Genmj. Edler v. Steinhart
     Rayon III (Südtirol), Feldmlt
v. Können-Horák
     Rayon IV, 90 Inf. Div., Feldmlt. Edler v. Scholz
     Rayon V (Pustertal), Feldmlt.
L. Goiginger
Orders of Battle:  Tirol Front, August 1916
Immediately following Roumania's declaration of war on Austria-Hungary

XI. Army, Generaloberst Rohr
     Rayon III:  Feldmlt.
von Können-Korak
     Roth Korps, Gen. d. Inf. Roth
Oskar Bruch's official lithograph of General Roth, 1915
1