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Heinrich Tschurtschenthaler
von Helmheim
At war's start, FML Heinrich Tschurtschenthaler von Helmheim commanded the 44. Landwehr Infantry Division.  This he commanded until March 1915, when he was succeeded by GM Ludwig Goiginger. Then in December 1914, Tschurtschenthaler was given command of the newly formed XVIII. Corps.  He led this force (and his division) until March 1915, when he was replaced by FML Emil Ritter von Ziegler. After this, Tschurtschenthaler was sent to the Tirol to prepare the Landesverteidigung or Land Defense network as the threat of war between Italy and Austria loomed ever closer. He was promoted to full general on 4 May 1915.  When war was declared by Italy, command of Landesverteidigung transferred to GdI Viktor von Dankl and Tschurtschenthaler was given a pension.

GWS, 2/02 [rev. 6/05]
Orders of Battle:  Podolian Front, August 1914
Immediately preceding the Battles of Zlota Lipa and Gnila Lipa

III. Armee, Gen. d. Kav. Rudolf Ritter von Brudermann
     XIV. Korps, Gen. der Infanterrie
Erzherzog Josef Ferdinand
          XLIV. Schützen inf. div., Feldmlt. Tschurtschentaler von Helmheim

Tschurtschentaler's division was flanked on the right by Johann von Kirchbach's 8. infantry division and on the left by the 38. Honved infantry division of Feldmlt. Karg von Bebenburg.
Orders of Battle:  Galician Front, January 1915
Immediately preceding the Battles for the Carpathians

III. Armee, Gen. d. Inf. Boroevic von Bojna
Puhallo Group:
     XVIII. Korps, FLM Tschurtschentaler von Helmheim
          XLIV. Schützen inf. div., Feldmlt. Tschurtschentaler von Helmheim

Tschurtschentaler's Corps was flanked on the right by the X. Korps of Feldmlt. von Krautwald and on the left by the XIX. Korps, commanded by Feldmlt. Ignaz Trollmann.
General Tschurtschenthaler listens to his chief of staff's observations concerning the ever-advancing Russians during the summer 1914 campaign in Galicia.
General Tschurtschenthaler listens to his chief of staff GM Pokorny's observations concerning border troop placements in the Dolemites in spring 1915.
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