6-7 Ŷ ""

V.M.Tikhonov, ˻.

I. Ӹ

(philosophy of "the elect")̶ ߼ ϴ ϳ ҷ̴. κ ̵÷α ġ ü ոȭϴµ Ͽ, ޸ մȭϴ ̳ ̴. ǽ ߼ ̵÷α ʫ ҷ μ ó ߻Ǿ Ͼ. ׷, ڱ ٽ ʫ ҷ ޸, ǽ ⼺ ü Ӹ ƴϰ, ű ѵ ü Ȯ嵵 ʥŲ.

ȸ ġ ʿϴ ѵ Ϲ ϴ. ׷ κ 쿡 ǽ , Ǵ ̵÷α ު (quasi-religious) . Ư Ե ִ ̰ ⸦ ǥϴ ' ' ߻̳ ǽ ½Ű . ֳϸ, ƴ ׾ ִ ' '  (; ) ׾ 'ϭ' (, )ؾ ȴٴ ߻ ų ֱ ̴. ȸ ġ μ ſ 糪 , ǽ (doctrinal basis) ̷ 찡 Ϻϴ. , ' ' ǽ , ʦ 谡 Ǵ Ѵ.

ȸ ʿϴ ŵ鿡 ݶ, ö ǽ, ׸ ̿ ν "" ("sacred war") Ѵ. ̷ "" , ȸ ü ǰ ȮǸ ȭ ص ȴ.

ǽĿ "" Ƿ, ͯƮ 18 , ȷƼ , ʱ ̽ ī , ͧ õֱ ڸ ִ. ̳ ȸ ǰ ġ ٵ̳ װͰ 繵 ٸ, ߱ ٤ 쨰, 翡 ߻ ݰ - , ڸ devaraja, Ʈ devaprabhu - , '' ַ Ȯ 븦 չȭϴ ǽİ ־ δ.

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(Ǵ ̺ ) ǽ 밳 ''/ '' (ڽ / ) '' (sanctity), ׸ ''/ '' ( /) '' (profane) , '' ַ ϴ Ƿ żϸ鼭, ޴ '' (') '٤' (mission) Ѵ. ̷ '٤' '' , '' Ǽ ȸ (sanctification) νĵ, ǻ ȸ Ƿ ȭ Ȯ븦 ǹѴ. ̷ ' ' " " ü ȭ · Ÿ , δ "" ȸ (social action) üȭȴ. ڸ񽸦 , ڸ񽸦 , Ѱ "" ũ ȭ״ ص ƴϴ.

׷ ѹݵ Ӯ ұ Ը ߾ ձ ڿ йŲ Ŷ ʫκ Ҭ ͣκ, ̷ ٸ ۰ ϴ Ҹ ʾҴ°? ư 6-7 ( ) Ŷ ʫκ ͣκ ü ʴ°? ⼺ ȸ 翡 ϴ ȸ , ׸ ȸ ̳ ü ʷ Ѵ. ׷ Ŷ ߾ 踦 '' ð м Ŷ - ư, ѱ - ݩʾŰ . ܱ 忡 ''̶  ѱ ϴ ŸѰ Ͽ ǹ ߻ ִ. ׷ ڴ 6-7 Ŷ ̳ ü ' ' ϱ⺸ٴ ̳ ü

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翡 ̴ ν Ŷ ձ ٰ ԸϷ Ѵ.

' ' Ұ ̴ 6-7 Ŷ (spiritual complexes) ִ:

II. .

1) . 6-7 㬵, Ŷ ߱ (ʼ, ʼ ) Ͽ , Ǵ ϴ ͣ (گߣ, 宧) νϿ. Ŷ νĵ , ף () Ű ȭ ߻Ǿ. ؼȭ Ŷ ͣ, ϰ ִٴ κ δ. Ŷ ߣ ߱ DZ⵵ ϰ, Ŷ󿡼 찡 ־ٴ ȭ ´. ʼ, ʼ, ߱, ׸ ִ Ŷ , ʼ Ͽ (ksatria) ǥϿ ұ ٣ ͵ 翬ϰ ޾Ƶ鿩 ̴. Ѹ, ó ؼ ٽٴ Ŷ ų . گ ʥګǾ, Ŷ ī , ׸ Ŷ ̸ ʫ νĵǾ. 6-7

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̳ ü Ư¡ 翡 θ, ؼ ҭϰڴٴ ף 翬 δ. Ī ߿ , ִ ̷ , (ʼ) (ʼ) ڱ (گ) ѹݵ Ӹ ϶ ؾ Ѵٴ ݶ, ȭ ִ ̴.

а , ׸ ٤ ( ʫ ) ٤ ( ) ϴ ̷ ۰ 繵 Ѵ. 쿡, '', '', ׸ '' ǰ, '' '' νĵǰ, '' ǥȴ. ٸ '' '' ̸ ϸ ȵȴ.

2) κ. , , ߱ ڪ ص, Ŷ κ ٰ . , 6-7 Ŷ ġ ߰ ȭ ۡ νϿ ߱ ϸ鼭, κ ͳ ó δ.

̸ ϴ ڷ, Ŷ '', '', ϴ ߲ ִ. κ 쿡 డ Ȯġ ͯ ȡ ͯ κ μ ʴٰ . ߲ Ͻϴ Ƿ:

衁) ɿ "˽"

遁) ɿ ߲ "߲"

鑁) ҳެɿ "ؿ" (), ׸ " "

鱁) ɿ "抗" (߾ӿ ִ , )

ꁁ) ɿ Ŷ " ( ۰, ) ܴ" θ ۱͵ δ. 쿡, ͯ ƴ ͯ , ٯ "", ׸ ߾ٯ "" ۱ '' Ŷ ǹѴٰ

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ִ. ٽ '' ô

Ŷ ͣκ δٰ ȴ. ͯ Լ Ҵ ̳ ä, ׸ ۰ Լء ̰ µ ᱹ ̷ κ ó δ. ̿ '' ͣκ ͯ ̵÷α ߿ Ư¡ ̴. ̷ ͣκ '' '' չ '" (, '' '' ) Ѵ.

3) . μ 踦 ޴ ־µ, ߿ (Ư ) Ǿ. ͮף ҳ, ף , ؿ , Ƶ, ٥ ץ ħ νĵǾ. ǰ Ͽ , ƶ ؾ ϰڴ.

Ŷε '' (ٴ, , ȣ ) ٽ ̿ ؼ ߸ Ưϰ ġ ó ־ٰ ̶ . ް Ŷ ӽ Ǿ ̴.

4) . ߲, ߲, ׸ Ѻ ̴ ߾, , ׸ ڨͦ 3-5⸦ Ѵ. ׷ ߲ ߲ ϵǾ ִ ߾, , ڨͦ ǥ Ư ̷ , Ǹ ͯ Ҭ ͯ ؼ ʥ δ. ׷ ̵

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ͯ Ѣ Ŷ ҷ μ֤ Ƶ . ߾ , տ , ׸ ڨͦ ͯ Ѣ Ŷ ̫ ݿѴ. ߾ ȭ ڪ ̷ , ͯ Ѣ ʵǴ ̫, ݿ , ſ , Ͽ ڱ ڽ ų ִ ö , ̷ 忡 ʿ Ѩ Ͽ . Ŷ ڽ ʰ ݰ Ͽ ҷѴ. Ŷ ä ӥ (ʫ) ӿ Ǿ ȴ. ʫ Ȯ ų , ʫ ۵ ̰ · Ͽ ̰, ۵ ҷ Ͽ . ׷ ߵ ͯ ̵÷α ߿ Ư ʫ( ) Ƿ ̿ ʫ ݿ ߻ ִ ȴ. ̵ ߾ , ̫ Ŷΰ ׸ ᤽ ϣ̳ ޴, и θ ̷. ó غ ̫ Ҵ 6-7 Ŷε  ν Ͼ.

5) (""). ͯѢ ͯʫί μ θ ϰ Ǿ. 7 Ŷ ġڵ ̹ (" ") ƴ϶ ("")ε νϿ. ߲

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42 ֪2 鿡 ڴ ̷ · ۰ ʣϿ: "Ŷ α 鼺 Ͽ ϴ 漺 Ʒ ⸦ ϴ, [] ". ߲ 42 ֪2 鿡 ڽŵ ̾߱Ͽٰ Ѵ: "츮 ϴ ʰ Ʒ ν , 鼺 ⻵Ͽ ڱ ִ". ߲ 1 Ѻ1 ɿ ѵ ۸ '' þٰ ͵ 'ʫ ' ݿ . Ŷ ð ʫ Ŷ, ؼ ٽ 信 ٰ ٽ , θ ̷ ó ̴. Ŷ ' ' 䵵 Ŷ ϰݻ̾.

ᱹ Ŷ õ ߽ Ǵ , Ŷ

, ׸ Ŷε 6-7 Ŷ ʫκ ͣκ ̾. ̷ 깿 ȸ ̷, ⿡ ٸ ̷ ͯ Ŷ ޫ ȸ ġ ʴٴ , ұ ̵ ܷ ž ȸ Ḧ ٸϴ μ ߻Ǿ 𸥴ٴ , Ŷ ̪ ӥ ߿ ̾ٴ ϰ ʹ.

III. ӫͭ.

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̻󿡼 ҷ ̾ ȸ , ӫͭ ñ⺰ ϳ ϰ Ѵ. к ̾߱ڸ, ˭, ׸ 驿 Ͽ.

1) ߾ͯ ʫ ̳ ҷ ᱹ ϳ ӥ̾ ߾  . ߾ͯ , ʫڦ 踦 ߩ ϸ鼭 ̰ ڽ ϴ ۿ .  Φ νĵǴ, ׸ ǰ ߾ ¿ ڸűǴ ͯ 忡 ؼ Ͽ. ׸Ͽ ߾ͯ ȸ Ͽ ߲ ӵ ϴ . 쿡 ,

'ߣաۨ' Ǿ ְ, "ݫٽ"μ ة ϴ ̷ ׸ ߣ (ߣ), (), (ة) ֿ Ű ִ. Ǿ ־ ""ϴ δ. , , (䫶 κ ߻Ǿٴ ⼳ȭ Żؽȭ "ġ" ϱ⸦ ٶ), ׸ ( ͮ ) Ǿ ־Ƿν ׵ ļյ "κ " ־. ׷ ״ ݻ ݻ Ѱᰰ ڽ ӵ ϴÿ ι (, "")̶ ̷ ߲ ߲ ȮŰ 鰡 ߲ ΰ״ . ư, ߲ ̴ ܼ Ĵ Ǿ Ʋ.

2) ͯ ̫ ӫͭ Ǵ Ͱ. (514-540) ܰ "" (ϣ, 449? 480?), "" (߲, 503) "" ( ˣ, 534), " " ( ڱٯ, 539) ٲ Ͱ ĪϿ " " ( , 535)̶ θ 踦 Φ ݿѴ.

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(540-576) µ, ̵ ̷ , Գ Գ ϽϿ ߲ (,,) սŰ ׶ μ ҷ Ǿ Ͼ. ̿ܿ 566Ҵ ף ʼ (ʡ) ־ٰ ( ߿ ݻ) ſ Ͼ. õ ϳ ߿ κ, "ο " ´ٰ ף׿ (574Ҵ), 谡 ߴٴ Ѹ Ͽٴ ȭ. Ϸμ ("") (""), μ ݰ Ű ȭ ̫ Ͽ. 572Ҵ μ熆带 ٴ "" () νϱ ǹϴ . ׸ ߾ ף ؼ ڽŰ Ų ִ 鿡 , ǰ ̸ ν Ѵ.

ᱹ ۸, Գ ν ("") ҷ, , ҷ Լ  , ۡ ӫͭ Ѵ.

(579-632) ί ʫ ҷ ˭ ʿ Ͽ. ̸ ͯ õ ̸ ߴ ̷ ׵ ̹ а νϱ ۵ȴ. ߣٽ ̵ ۿ (, Ŷ ) "ٽ" ޾ƿԴ ߣ( ߣ) ߣ " ҳ" ν μ 鿡 ϱ⵵ Ͽ. ̷ õ ϳ "߾"κ ߲ ߿ ° "" Ҵ

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̾߱. 𨸸 "" ٣µ ݾ 樵 ϴ ƴѰ ʹ. ̷ , ޾ ߲ Ϸ Ӵ ̳ ̾߱⿡ ȮεǴ Գ ۡ̾ ̴. о߿, Գ (624Ҵ) Ӧ ʫ ȭװ, (579?-640?) ѿ ؼ üȭǾ, (576-579) " (گ)" ̳ۡ Ȯεǵ گ () ֧̿ ȭǾ. گ ϰȷ Ѵٸ, ۸ ܫ ˭ ӫͭ ʹ.

(632-647) (647-654)ҳۿ (642Ҵ)Ŀ

ȭǰ, ߲ ǥ ϴ ʥ ̭ǰ, £ ؼ Ѩ ȴ. Ȳ ӿ ۿ ̹ ر ۡ ϴ Ǿ ̵÷αⰡ Ǿ. ؼ ף (645Ҵ) ؼ ٽ ƿ츦 ٤ ͣ ̾. ("")μ ȸ ޾ Դ Ҫߣ մ뿡 Ŵ گߣ 宧 - , ߽ - ۵DZ ͵ и ʾҴ. ηȴٴ ̾ ⵵ θ ϴ Ͽ ̴. ̿ܿ (640Ҵ), (649Ҵ), (650Ҵ)  а ٥ʫμ ־. ᱹ, ͯ Ѣ ַ , , ׸ گ ؾ ϴ . ߾ ǽ ̷ Գ̺ 꿡 ԰ ұ伳̾ ̴. ̴ ͯ ٣, ̳ , , ڸ .

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3) ͯ ҷ ñ, ñ, Ǵ ۷μ ӫͭ . ַ ¿ ؼ ۿ ͯ ϳ ۺٴ ͣ ܫ ִ ϴ. , ٷ ߱ Ѵٴ ̾ 㭿 ѷԪ, ٥ ץԳ ܲ (671Ҵ?), ϱ κԳ ̾. ׷ ף ̻ ء ʾҰ, ̻ ٣ ̷ , 㵵 ߿伺 Ҿ . , ׵  Ͽ Ͽ Ŀ. , "ߣ" ݿ Գ̿ ԰ 帮⵵ ϰ, " " Ҹ Ƶ DZ⵵ Ͽ. 㬵鵵 ̸ ø ŭ ū ϰ Ǿ, ʫҷ 682Ҵ ̾. а ʫ ǼϷ Ȥ ݫݿ "" ܸ ⵵ ϰ, Ȥ ޾ ͳ٣ ġ⵵ Ͽ (757Ҵ). μ ̷ å ۿ ̷ ۰ 繵 ٸٴ δ. , Ŀ گ ҵ ó δ. ׷ Ϳ گ , ѽ ̴ گ  Ȯεǵ گ ӵǾ. ͯ ؿ Ÿ. Ŷ Ľ Ҹ鼭 ϰ ִٴ Ư "" ٣ ον , , ϴ Ŷ ̾ Ʋ . ߿ ( ; ڪμ £ ), (ܲ ؼ ), ׸ 翡 ã ִ " " ҷ Ÿµ, ȭ ̷ ݫ -12-

ݿ - , ߾ - ̾ ̴.

߾ ͯ Ʋ (, ߽ ̷ ) ҿ , DZ ̷ (, ) ԰ ̾ٴ ؾ ȴ. ϰ Ÿ ߣ "ݫٽ", ϰ ݰ ߾ Ѧ ν 鿡 ؼ θ . ׷ ͯ 縦 ٥ Ϸ, ׸ ߲ ٣ ã κ ޾Ƶ鿩 Ͽ. ̿ ÿ ҷ ʫҷμ گ ޾Ƶ鿩 ︦ ߽ 򤸦 ϵ. ׷ Ŀ Ү ã 㺸 翡 ԰ ȿ ξ ʫμ ΣϿ. ׷ ׶ ؿ ̵ ܫ ־ ( ߾ )̾.

IV.

̻ ʫκ ͣκ, 翡 ̴ ۰ ϰ δ. , ǽ ͯ , ׸ ƶ ǽ ƶīƮ ý׵, Ŷ ̷ ' ǽ' ϳ Ǿ. ֳϸ, ׾ ' ǽ' ٸ Ŷ ڽ '' νϿ ̴. "'ʫ' Ŷ Գ Ͽ, Ǯ ִ ϴ ٤̴" , Ŷ - ߿ Ư - Ȯ ų̾. ܨ춸 ֭ݿ ' Ͽ 񪰡 ĺ ϴ, ϴ 濡 鼺 ϰ 񪸦 ĥ ̴" ͱ ٷ ̷ ų ִ ̴. ġ ί ź񽺷 ޾Ҵٴ ̾߱, ׸ й (, ) ٴ , ϴ 濡 ''

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ų ʴ. Ͽ ´ٴ ̾߱ װ θ Ǯ ־ٴ ̾߱ Ȥ ''Ӹ ƴ϶ 'ۯ' ϰ ʾ ǽɱ ҷ ų ִ. ׸ ᧰ Ҹ 𾸦 ٴ ȭ Էμ ɻӸ ƴ϶ £ '' 絵 ش.

׷  Ŷ ¸ , ܲ 𾺸ٵ ̷ ' ' ' ٤' õ ' ' Ŀ ƴϾ ʹ. , ̰ ժ ݵ Ӯ Ŷ Ͽ ˭ ̱ ־. Ŷ ڱ ߱ ȣ ʫ ׸ ϴ 濡 '' ν ʾ , 뱹 йŰ ̰ ̾ Ͽ Ű Ͽ ̴. ϸ Ŷ ̽ ϴµ ־, Ŷ ȸ ġ '' ί, ׸ Ŷ ܱ ' ' ϴ ͵ ߿, Ŷ '' ' ' ۰ '' ϸ ȵȴٰ Ѵ.

׷ ̿忡 οϿ Ѱ ǰ ϰ ϰ Ѵ. 츮 κ(A. Toynbee) 縦 ΰ ȭ ϸ ȭ ؾ ϰڴ. ׷ٸ Ž ִ. ׷ ŻӼ̸ ġ ޼ Ͽ Ǿٴ , װ 鿡 ̶ ϴ ſ ʹ.

̻ ٸ  ؼ ߻ Ŷε '' ġο ؼ å ϴ Ǿ ִ. ֵ ϱ ⺻ ϴ ⵶ ġ Ȯ Ƿ ̿Ͽ 찡 ުުϿ ٸ, ڿ ִ. ׷ ΰ

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ȥ Ѵٴ 鿡 ٸ, ġ ٸ ð ؼ ִ ̴.

׷Ƿ Ȯ 򰡴, 뺸 ð ִ ļε Ǵܿ ñ ۿ ̴.

































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