Co. E came from the capital city of Richmond. They enlisted June 10th and were commanded by Edward McDonnell, Jr. This company withdrew from the regiment and became Company E of the 19th Battalion Virginia Heavy Artillery. However, they were ordered to return to the 44th Virginia in late February 1863.
The 44th VA Infantry was organized in June, 1861, with men from Richmond and Farmville, and Appomattox, Buckingham, Louisa, Goochland, Amelia, Fluvanna, and Hanover counties. The unit fought at Rich Mountain, in Lee's Cheat Mountain Campaign, and was active in Jackson's Valley operations. During March, 1862, it was reduced to nine companies as Company A was transferred to the artillery. The 44th VA served in General Early's, J.R. Jones', and W. Terry's brigades, Army of Northern Virginia. It was involved in many engagements from the Seven Days' battles to Cold Harbor, then continued in the fight with Early in the Shenandoah Valley and around Appomattox.
The regiment reported 5 wounded at Greenbrier River, had 2 killed and 17 wounded at McDowell, and lost 15 killed and 38 wounded at Cross Keys and Port Republic. It sustained 15 casualties at Fredericksburg and 71 at Chancellorsville, and of the 277 engaged at Gettysburg more then twenty percent were disabled. Only 1 officer and 12 men surrendered in April, 1865.
The field officers were Colonels Norvell Cobb and William C. Scott; Lieutenant Colonels Thomas R. Buckner, James L. Hubbard, and A.C. Jones; and Major David W. Anderson.