The Fertile Crescent. is historic region of the Middle East. A well-watered and fertile area, it arcs across the northern part of the Syrian desert. It is flanked on the W by the Nile and on the E by the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, and includes Lebanon and parts of Israel, Syria, Jordan, and Iraq. From antiquity this region was the site of settlements and the scene of bloody raids and invasions.
 

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