Created by Damien ErwanPerrotin



Words are ordered according to theirplace in the latin alphabet



N P Ph Q R S/SH T Th


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Acale : june (Latin Gloss) // of unknown origin

Acas : to make, to sacrifice // Of unknown origin

Ais, Eis : god// Old Icelandic : ass (gods of the scandinavian pantheon)// Cretan asasara (probably a divine name)// The whole hing ishowever quite uncertain. A link with Celtic and Germanic*isarn- (iron) is also possible as the first available source ofthis metal was meteorits. It could therefore be considered as of celestial origin. (See Benvéniste, 1969)

Al : to make (used with vases) // of unknownorigin

Alpan, Alpnu : willingly (imperfect form of the verb *alp (to want)) // of unknown origin

Alphaze : designates a personn, a kind of magistrate

Am(u) : to be// English: to be // Bretonbezan (to be) :Sanskrit : bhavati (hebecomes) // Latin fuisse (to have been) // Russian byt' (to be) // Lithuanian buti (to be) //Indo-european mbhew (to become)

Ame : designates a kind of offering

Ampile : may// perhaps related to Greek ampellos (vine) //Breton aval (apple) // English apple // Russian Jablako (apple)//Hungarian alma (apple) // Finnish omena (apple) // probably a etruscan related substrate word in european tongues ( (e)mbhetl)

An : he, she; marked absolutive of ia // Latin : is (he)

Ancaru : Godess of Death // Latin: angerona (roman godess associated with winter) // Breton: ankou (the Death) // Greek anankê(necessity) // Hittite henkan (death) // Indo-european Haenk-

*Antha : eagle, Boreas // Unknownorigin

Apa : father// Gothic aba (man, husband) // Icelandic afe (greatparent)

Apcar : abacus // probably a loanword from greek abax(tablett)

Ar : to do, to make // Latin : arare (to plough) // Breton arat (to plough)// Greek aroo (toplough) // Gothic arjan (to plough) //Lithuanian : ariu (to plough) //Indo-european *ary- (to plough) // c.f Breton labour (to work),from French Labourer (to plough)

*Arac : hawk// Gothic : ara (eagle) // Greek ornis (bird) // Breton erer (eagle) // Lithuanian aras (eagle) //Hittite haras (eagle) // Indo-european *oros(eagle)

*Arim : monkey// of unknown origin (probably borrowed as there are no monkeys in Etruria)

Ars : to turn away, to remove // of unknownorigin

As : to offer, to give // of unknown origin

Aska : container of leather //loanword from greek askos (samemeaning)

At : to make a ritual action, to offer // of unknown origin

Ati : mother// Gothic: athei (mother) // Oscan: aeda (father) // Hittite : attas (father)// Old Irish: aite (educator) // OldSlavic : otitshi (father) //Albanese at (father) // Indo-european : *atta(father)

Atran : some kind of priest // of unknownorigin

Athre : atrium// Latin : atrium (probably an etruscan loanword)

Avil : year// Gothic : aiws (eternity), Latin : aevus (time,eternity), Greek : ayôn (lifetime), Albanese : eshë (lapsof time); Old Irish: aes (life, age), Indo-european : *aiwon(lifetime)

 Avilxva :yearly // derivated from Avil, byadding a adjectival suffix -xva



-C : and //Latin -que(and) // Sanskrit: -ca (and) // Gothic: -uh (and) // Greek te (and)// Gaulish -k (and) // Venetian-ke (and) // Hittite -ki (and)// Armenian -kh (and)

-c, -ca : the

Ca : this //Latin ecce(that is) // Hittite kas (this) // Greek ekeinons (this)

Camthi : title of a magistrate // of unknown origin

Cap : to take away // Latin capere (to take) // Gothic haban (to have)

Capr : april// ofunknown origin

Capra : urn //of unknown origin

*Capu : hawk// Old english hafoc (hawk), from germanic *capoc

Car / cer: to buid,to make // Latin: creare (create) // Sanskrit : karoti (hedoes)

Cautha : sun,sun-god // Gothic : gud (god) // English god

Cecha : ritual / to make a ritual action // of unknown origin

Cealx : thirty// of unknown origin

Cela : cell// probably a loanword from Latin cella

Celi : september // of unknownorigin

Celu :sacred offering, holy //Old high german : heilag (holy) // Welsh coel (presage)

cen : to do, to make // of unknown origin

Cep : sacerdotal title // ofunknown origin

Ces : to lay, to set, to establish (a legal document) // Hittite kis (to comb) //Greek keimai (I lie down)

Ces : kind of magistrate

ci : three //perhaps a loanword fromUrartean kig (three)

Clan : son// Irish clann (childrenn) // Welshplant (childrenn) // Breton plac'h (younggirl) // Vannetais plantenn (girl) //Tocharian B kliye (girl)//Sanskrit kula (race) // Lithuaniankiltis (race, stock) // Old slavic celadiju(familly) // Greek telos (company)

Cletram : basket //probably a loanword from ombrian kletra

Cleva : offer// of unknown origin

Creal :magistrate // of unknownorigin

Culichna :kind of vase // probably a loanword from Greek kylix (cup)

Cupe : cup// probably a loanword fromgreek kupe (cup)

Cver : gift //of unknown origin



Ei : absolutive plural of ia

Ein :them, they , anaphoric pronoun, marked absolutive of ei //Latin is (he)

Eleivana : oily // probably a loanwordof an extinct mediteranean tongue, through Greek

-Em : from//of unknown origin

Ers : see ars

Etera : servant, foreigner // probably a loanword from osco-ombrian etera

Etnam : and,also // of unknown origin


Fas : relativ epronoun // probably borrowed from an Oscan dialect (pis)

*Falatu : sky// of unknown origin

Fan : to consacrate // of unknownorigin

Fanu : sacred place // Latin fanum (probably an etruscan loanword)

Farth : to bring // of unknown origin

Favi : dirch, grave // Latin favissa (probably an etruscan loanword)

Fashe : relative pronoun (see fas)

Fir : to bring // perhaps borrowed to Latin ferere (to bear)

Fler : sacred statue // of unknown origin

Flere : sacred statue //of unknown origin

Fleres : sacred statue // of unknown origin

Frontac :fortune teller //of unknownorigin

Fulumchva : stars // of unkown origin


Hamphe : may// variant of ampile

Hanthin : in front of // Latin : ante (before) // Greek :anti (against, in front of) //Armenien : and (in front of) // Lithuanian :ant (in front of) // Hittite : hanti (infront of)

Hec : to put,to add // of unknownorigin

Heramas : sacred statue// of unknown origin

Herme : sacred society dedicaced to hermes // perhapsloaned from Greek Hermes

hinthin : to depose (down)

Hinthial : soul, gost // derivated from Hinthin (below)

hinthin, hintha : below // Latin inferus (below) // Sanskrit adhas (under) //Avestan :ada (below, under) //Gothic : undar (below) //Tocharian A : anc (below) // Indo-european : *ndheri(below)

Hus : boy,young man // of unknownorigin


ia : it

Ic, ix, : it

ixnac how // of unknownorigin

Ica : c.fca

Ilu : to offer// of unknown origin

In, Inc : it// c.f an

Ipa : this // Hitite apas (this) //Lycian ebe (this)

Ita : this //Latin : istud (this) // Russian :eto (this) // Greek : to (the) //Gothic : thata (this) // Sanskrit: tah (this)

Itu : to divide // of unknownorigin



Lauxum : king//Latin ducere (to lead) // Breton dougen (to lead) // Gothic tiuhan (to draw) //from an hypothetical *tleuk

Lautn :familly // Old english leod (people) // Russianljudi (people) // Lithuanian : liaudis(people)

Lautni : ofthe familly, fredman // c.f Lautn

Lextum : kinof vase // probably a loanword fromGreek lekythos

Lein : to die// Latin languere (to be weak, to languish) // Middle Irish lacc (weak)// Old English sleac (slack) // Old Balticlenu (slow, indolent) //Indo-European (s)le- (to be weak)

Les : to offer, to give // of unknownorigin

Leu : lion //probably a loanword from an extinct mediterranean tongue

Lucair : to rule // c.f Lauxum

Lup- : to die,to have lived // perhaps linked toGermanic *libhan (to live) : English to live // German leben (to live) // Gothic libains (life)


-m : and// Hittite -ma (but, emphaticparticle) // Lydian -m (emphatic particle)

Macstrev : name of a magitrate // Oldenglish magan (can) // German macht (power)-veryuncertain

Mach : five //Perhaps linked to IE*penkwe, with an initial pre-nazalized, yelding thus mpenkwe //Gothic fimf (five) //Russian pjat' (five) // Breton pemp (five)

Mal- : to give, to dedicate // of unknownorigin

Malstria : miror // of unknownorigin

Man : tomb, grave //of unknown origin

Maru : nameof a magistracy // of unknownorigin

Masan : name of a month // of unknownorigin

Mata : kind of vase // of unknownorigin

Matan : in front of, over // Greek :meta (beside, after) // Gothic : mith(with)

Mech : people//Latin pagus (village) probably an etruscan loanword

Methlum : people // c.fMech

Mi : I //Latin : me(me) // Breton me (I) // Gothic : mik (me) // Russian minja (me) //Sanskrit mam (me) // Greekeme (me)

Mir : we // see mi

Mul : to offer// of unknown origin

Mulch : beautiful // Latin pulcher (beautiful) probably an etruscan loanword // Latin fulgo (to shine) // Lithuanian blizgu (to shine) // Tocharian pälk (to shine) // Greek phalos (white) //Old Slavic belu (white) // Breton melen (yellow) , probably a substratum word// from an hypothetical *mbhlg

Mlac : votive offering // of unknownorigin

Mun : tomb //Latin monumentum (tomb), probably an etruscan loanword

Munis- : to endow, to have the charge of // Latin munus (religious charge) from an older *munes-, most probably a loanword from either way

Mur : to stay,to remain (intransitive), to put, to depose (transitive) // Latin : morari (to remain) //Irish maraim (I stay)

Murs : urn,sarcophagus // of unknownorigin

Mutana : sarcophagus // ofunknown origin

*Mutu : thyme// Breton: bent (mint) // Greek: minthos (mint), probably borrowed //Latin menta (mint), probably borrowed // Old High German munza(mint), perhaps borrowed


Nac : then// of unknown origin

Nap : unit of measure for surface // of unknown origin

Naplan : kindof vase // of unknownorigin

Nefts (lemnian nafoth): nephew, grandson //Latin :nepot (grandson) // Avestan :napat (same sense) // Sanskrit : napat (samesense) // Greek : nepodes (descendents) // Albanese : nip (nephew) //Old Irish : nia (same sense) // Lithuanian : nepuotis (grandson) //Indo-european *nepots

Nes : dead person // of unknown origin

Nes : to die// of unknown origin

Nesna : belonging to the deads // of unknown origin

Nethshrac :haruspex // of unknown origin

Nuna : offerings // of unknown origin

Nurph : nine// of unknown origin


Papa : grandfather // Latinpater (father) // English father //Sanskrit pitar (id) // Armenian hayr (id) // Old Irish : athir (id) //Greek pêter (id)

Parch : attribute of a magistracy // of unknown origin

Parla : kindof vase // of unknownorigin

Patna : kindof vase // Latin : patena (same sense) probably an etruscan loanword

Penthuna :stone // of unknownorigin

Prumats :great grandson // probably a compund, the second member of whichmats coulbrelated to indo-european // Breton map (son) // Irish mac (son) //Gothic : magus (boy)

Pruchum : pitcher // probably a loanword from Greek prokhus (same sense)

Puia : wife //Greek opuien (to marry), probably a loanword from a language close to Lemnian

Pulumchva : stars // of unknownorigin

Purth : dictator // Gothicfrauja (lord) // Greek protos (first)//indo-european *per-hw (what is before)

Put : to accomplish a ritual action // of unknown origin

Puth : well,fountain // Greek potamos (river) // Latinpotare (to drink) // Hittite pasi (to drink) //Russian pit' (to drink) // Breton evan (to drink) // Indo-european *pehw- (todrink)


Phersna : from Perugia // of unknown origin

Phersu : mask,actor // Latin personna (actor, mask) probably an etruscan loanword


Qutun : kindof pitcher // probably a loanword from Greek kothon


Ril : in the age of // of unknownorigin

Ruva : brother// of unknown origin


Sha : six //of unknown origin

Sac : to consecrate // Latin sacer (sacred) // Greek hagios (holy) // Oscan sakoro (sacred) //Hittite saklai (custom)

Sacni : sanctuary // c.f Sac

San : ancestor// Breton: hen (old) // Latin :senex (old man) // Sanskrit : sanas (old) //Avestan hano (old) // Amenianhyn (old) // Lithuanian senas (old) //Greek henos (old)

Santi : kind of offering // of unknown origin

Sath : to put,to be put // English to set // Latin sedere (to sit) // Sanskrit sadayati (heputs) // Old Irish atsuidi (to retain) // Gothic satjan (toput)

Shar : ten //of unknown origin

Sec : daughter// Tocharian B soy (son)//Greek huius (son) // Irish sutthe (birth) // from an hypothetical sukt(e) (the born one)

Sel-: to do,to make // of unknownorigin

Semph : eight? seven ? // of unknownorigin

Sval : to live//Latin valeo (I am well, I am strong) // Old Baltic veliji (great)//English to swell // Indo-european(s)wal- : to be strong, to bebig

Snenath : maid, mate // of unknownorigin

Snuiaph : sacred offering // of unknown origin

Span : lowland // of unknown origin

Spanti : kind of vase // of unknownorigin

Spet : to drink // Latin bibere (to drink) // Sanskrit pibati (to drink)// Albanese pi (to drink) // Old Irishibim (I drink) // Prussian poieiti (todrink)

Spur : city //Sanskrit Pur (wall) // Greek spartê (name of a city) // Lydian Sparda (name of acity)

Spureni :civic // c.f Spur

Spuriaze : public // c.f Spur

Shran : figure// of unknown origin

Shrencve : decorated // of unknownorigin

Suth : to stay, to place // Englishto sit // Lithuanian sedeti (to sit)// Breton azezan (to sit) // Gothic sitan (to sit) // Sanskrit sidati (to sit)// Greek hizo (I sit)

Suthi : tomb// of unknown origin

Suthina : sepulchral // of unknownorigin

Suplu : piper// of unknown origin


Ta : this //Russian eto (this) // Greekto (the) // Gothic thata (this) //Latin istud (this) // Sanskrittah (he)

Tam : to build// Latin domus (house) // Russiandom (house) // Gothic timrjan (to build)// Greek demo (I build)

Tamera : name of a priest // GreekThemeres (holy), probably a loanword)// Hittite dammara (priest)

*Tamna : horse// Breton danvad (sheep) // Irishdamh (ox) // Greek dammalis (calf) //Gothic :gatamjan (to tame)

Tanasa : actor(having acted as - intensive perfective participle) //Irish :deanaim (I do) // Armenian dnem (I do)

Tev : to show, to place// of unknown origin

Tevarath :watcher // of unknown origin

Ten : to practice a public office // Irish :deanaim (I do) // Armenian dnem (Ido)

Tesh : to bring // of unknown origin

Tesinth :curator // of unknown origin

Tin : day //Sanskrit dinam (day) // Latin nundinum (nine days' laps) // Old Irish tredenus (threedays) // Lithuanian diena (day) // Old slavicdini (day)

Tivr : moon (the bright one) // Sanskritdyaus (bright sky, day) // Latin dies (day)

Tmia : holy building // C.F Tam

-Tnam : and //of unknown origin

Trin : to make a ritual action // of unknownorigin

*truna : power// of unknown origin

Trut : verb used for sacred actions // of unknownorigin

Trutnut : fortune teller // of unknown origin

Tuthi : state// perhaps an oscan loanword (Tota)

Tuthi : to give

Tuthin : public // related totuthi

Tular : stone,border // of unknownorigin

Tur : to give// Latin donum (gift) // Greekdoron (gift) // Russian dat' (to give)// Sanskrit danam (gift) // Armeniantur (gift) // Old slavic daru(gift)

Turane : july// of unknown origin

Turza : offer// c.f Tur

Turn : given// c.f tur

Tus : niche //of unknown origin


Thap : to consecrate // of unknownorigin

Thaur : tomb// of unknown origin

Thaurch : seplchral // of unknownorigin

*Theuru : bull// probably a semitic loanword

Thes : to bring

Thesan : dawn// of unknown origin

Thez : to sacrifice // of unknownorigin

Thina : kind of vase // of unknownorigin

Thu : two

Thuv- : to erect // Lycian : tuve- (to erect, to place)


Ulpaia : name of a vase // probably a loanword fromgreek olpe

Usil : sun //Gothic sawil (sun) // Latinsol (sun) // Greek helios (sun) //Sanskrit suryah (sun) // Bretonheol (sun) // Indo-European sewel

Ut : to give// of unknown origin


Vacal : libation //Sanskrit ohati (to announce) //A vestan aog (to say) //Latin voveo (to dedicace) //Greek eukhomai (to vow) //Indo-european *(w)egwh

Velitna : march // of unknownorigin

Vers : fire// Breton gwrez : (heath)

Vertun : kindof vase

Vinum : wine// probably a loanword from a mediterranean tongue


Zavena : drinking vase // of unknown origin

Zathrum : twenty // of unknownorigin

Zal : two //of unknown origin

Zatlath : companion // of unknownorigin

Zeri : rite //of unknown origin

Ziva : having lived // Sanskrit : jivati (He lives) // Avestan : jvaiti (helives) // Latin vivo (I live) // Old slaviczhivo (I live) // Greek ebion (I have lived)// Breton beva (to live)

Zil : topractise a magistracy // of unknownorigin

Zilac : magistracy // of unknownorigin

Zic : To paint, to write, to incise // of unknownorigin