Featured Books and Articles on Circassian Issues



McGregor, A., ‘The Circassian Qubba-s of Abbas Avenue, Khartoum: Governors and Soldiers in 19th Century Sudan’ in Nordic Journal of African Studies, vol. 10, no. 1, 2001, pp 28-40. 
 According to the author (personal correspondence), '... the importance of Circassians in 
the Sudan from 1820 to 1885 cannot be overestimated...' This research throws light on Circassian
influence in the Sudan in the 19th century.
Here is the abstract (reproduced by permission from author and Nordic Journal of African Studies):

"Departing from two qubba-s, beehive-like tombs from the 19th century in the centre
of Khartoum, the author portrays the complicated sequence of power politics in Egypt
and in the Sudan, which 'explains' the existence of those two burial monuments in an area
where most such monuments were destroyed after the Mahdi's conquest in 1885. These
qubba-s are grave monuments of two nineteenth century Circassian governors-general of the
Sudan in the service of Viceroy Muhammad 'Ali and his descendants. In the qubba-s can be
seen the passing of an extraordinary age of Circassian prominence in the Nile Valley.
Several events contributed to the end of the Circassian importance in international affairs
in general and in Egypt in particular, including (a) the elimination of Mamluk recruitment;
(b) the conquest of a divided Circassia by Russia; (c) the exile of many Circassians to Turkey,
Jordan, and other points in the Middle East; (d) the growth of Arab nationalism in Egypt and
other parts of the Ottoman Empire; and (e) the momentous changes in the power structure of
the Ottoman government that culminated in the revolution of the Young Turks. (Ed.)"

Myths from the Caucasus: Nart Sagas of the Circassians, Abazas
Ubykh, and Abkhazians
John Colarusso
Princeton University Press, May 2002.
Prof. Colarusso has been working on the Nart legends since the 1970s. 
see Bibliography of the North Caucasus (use the find-in-page facility)


The Massacre in History
Mark Levene and Penny Roberts (eds)
Vol. 1 in the series War and Genocide, New York: Berghahn Books, 1999.
[Includes ‘The Circassians: A Forgotten Genocide?’ by Stephen D. Shenfield.

Hazard in Circassia
(Hazard vol. 5)
by Vivian Stuart,
Ulverscroft Large Print Books, October 1993.
ISBN 0 7089 2962 1, 416 pages, Price: 12.99 pounds

It was spring 1855 and the winter had taken heavy toll of the Allied Army besieging Sebastopol. Admiral Lyons sent Commander Phillip Hazard to Circassia in H.M.S. Huntress to find the guerrilla leader, Serfir Pasha, and persuade him to help in the war against the Russians. Phillip found himself fighting side by side with a woman against the savage brutality of the Cossack army.


At the Edge of Empire:
The Terek Cossacks and the North Caucasus Frontier, 1700-1860, 
Thomas M. Barrett,
Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1999.
     xv + 243. Plates, appendix, index. $55.00 (cloth), ISBN 0-8133-3671-6.

Read review by Willard Sunderland, Department of History, University of Cincinnati.
     Published by H-Russia (April, 2000) 


Caucaso by  Piera  Graffer, Firenze, Italy: LoGisma, 2000.

Caucasus: The Paradise Lost, by  Piera  Graffer, Florence, Italy: LoGisma, 2004.

Foreword by Thomas Goltz



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