Seminal Books on the Circassians


A list of contemporary must-read books and theses (mainly) published in the new millennium on the Circassians and associated issues:


Balagova (Belaghi), L., I say my prayers in Circassian: Selected Poems, WingSpan Press, 2008. [The original Russian is also translated to English]

Beytuganov (Beitighwen), S. N., Kabarda: Istoriya i familii [Kabarda: History and Families], Nalchik: Elbrus Book Press, 2007. Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 19 July 2008).

Bgazhnokov (Bghezchnoqwe), B. Kh., Adigskaya ètika [Circassian Ethics], Nalchik: El’-Fa, 1999, 2000. Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 24 July 2008).

Colarusso, J., Nart Sagas from the Caucasus: Myths and Legends from the Circassians, Abazas, Abkhaz, and Ubykhs, Princeton, New Jersey, and Oxford, UK: Princeton University Press, 2002.

Kabardian, Lincom Europa, 2005.

Derluguian, G. M., Bourdieu’s Secret Admirer in the Caucasus: A World-System Biography, Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Dumen, H. M., Adigexem ya Dawedapschexer [The Festivals of the Circassians], Nalchik: El’-Fa, 2006. [Short dictionary of ethnographic terms of the Kabardino-Cherkess language]

Ghwch’e, M., Adige Pshinalhexer [Circassian Melodies], Nalchik, 2006. [Dance melodies, including ‘Wij x’wrey’, ‘Gwascheghase’, ‘Dance of the Nobility’, and ‘Party Dance’; with sheet music]

Graffer, P., Caucasus: The Paradise Lost, Florence: LoGisma Publishers, 2004.

Grigoriantz, A., Les damnés de la Russie: Le déplacement de populations comme méthode de gouvernement, Genève; Paris: Georg Éditeur, 2002.

Les Caucasiens, Switzerland: Infolio Éditions CH Gollion, 2006.

Hewitt, B. G., Introduction to the Study of the Languages of the Caucasus, Lincom Europa, 2004.

Jaimoukha (Zhemix’we), A. M., The Circassians: A Handbook, London: RoutledgeCurzon (Taylor & Francis); New York: Palgrave and Routledge, 2001.

Circassian Culture and Folklore: Hospitality Traditions, Cuisine, Festivals & Music (Kabardian, Cherkess, Adigean, Shapsugh & Diaspora), London: Bennett and Bloom, 2008.

King, C., The Ghost of Freedom: A History of the Caucasus, Oxford University Press, 2008.

Kumakhov (Qwmaxwe), M. A., Adigskaya (Cherkesskaya) èntsiklopediya [Circassian Encyclopædia], Moscow: The Boris Akbashev Foundation, 2006. [In Circassian and Russian; 1248 pages]

Mambetov (Mambet), G. (H.) Kh., Traditsionnaya kultura kabardintsev i balkartsev [The Traditional Culture of the Kabardians and Balkars], Nalchik, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999.

Mef’edz (Mafedzev), S. (Kh.), Adige Xabze [Circassian Customs and Traditions], Nalchik, 1994. [In Kabardian]

Adigi: Obichai i traditsii [The Circassians: Customs and Traditions], Nalchik, 2000.

Miyazawa, E., Identities and Gender Relations of the Circassians in Turkey, MPhil in Anthropology and Sociology, Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 2001.

Memory Politics: Circassians of Uzunyayla, Turkey, Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 2004.

Musukaev (Misiqwe), A. I. and Pershits, A. I., Narodnie traditsii kabardintsev i balkartsev [National Traditions of the Kabardians and Balkars], Nalchik, 1992.

Nagoev (Neghwey), A. Kh., Srednevekovaya Kabarda [Medieval Kabarda], Nalchik, 2000.

Panesh, E. Kh., Ètnicheskaya psikhologiya i mezhnatsionalnie otnosheniya: Vzaimodeistvie i osobennosti evolyutsii: Na primere Zapadnogo Kavkaza [Ethnic Psychology and Interethnic Relations: Interaction and Specifics of Evolution: Based on the Example of the Western Caucasus], St Petersburg: Evropeiski Dom, 1996.

Qermoqwe, H., Nartxer: Paserey L’ix’wzchxem ya X’ibarxer [The Narts: Tales of the Heroes of Yore], Nalchik: Elbrus, 2001.

Quandour, M. I., Children of the Diaspora, WingSpan Press, 2007.

Rannut, Ü., Minority Language Policy in the Middle East: Circassian Language Maintenance in Jordan, Amman: The American Center of Oriental Research, 2007. [Includes CD. Very important work on the status of Circassian in Jordan and how to promote it]

Richmond, W., The Northwest Caucasus: Past, Present, Future, Routledge, 2008.

Rosser-Owen, S., The First ‘Circassian Exodus’ to the Ottoman Empire (1858-1867), and the Ottoman Response, Based on the Accounts of Contemporary British Observers, MA Near and Middle Eastern Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, October 2007. Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 25 February 2008).

Schojen, H. and Qardenghwsch’, Z., Adige Xabzew Schi’axer [Erstwhile Circassian Customs and Traditions], Nalchik, 1995.

Sherjes, A. and Heqwn, M., Adigexemre Axem ya Xabzexemre [The Circassians and Their Customs and Traditions], Maikop: RIPO, 2000. [Relevant sections: 7, 8, and 9, pp 105-128; sponsored by the International Circassian Association]

Toksabay, B., Conflict Over Language Rights: The Case of Kurds and Circassians in Turkey, MA Thesis, Sabancı University, Spring 2005. Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 20 June 2008).

Toledano, E. R.,  As If Silent and Absent: Bonds of Enslavement in the Islamic Middle East, Yale University Press, 2007.

Unarokova, R. B., Pesennaya kultura adigov [The Song Culture of the Circassians], Moscow, 2004.

Unezhev (Winezh), K. Kh., Fenomen adigskoi (cherkesskoi) kulturi [The Phenomenon of Circassian Culture], Nalchik: El’-Fa, 1997.

Kultura adigov (Cherkesov) i balkartsev [The Culture of the Circassians and Balkarians], Nalchik: El’-Fa, 2003.

Wood, T., Chechnya: The Case for Independence, Verso, 2007. Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 11 June 2008).


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