Hungaro-Slavic Women and “National Brotherhood”
This paper uses Carole Pateman’s theory
of “national brotherhood” to examine nineteenth-century Slavic patriots
living in Hungary. Pateman interprets “national brotherhood” as a pact between
men to control women. The multi-ethnic context gave Hungaro-Slavic national
brotherhoods unique features: Hungaro-Slav patriots ascribed national characteristics
to female sexuality, and emphasized the importance of sexual endogamy among
the national women. Comparing Slavic patriotic discourses to Hungarian sources
suggests that Slavs’ marginal social status also explains these differences.
This sheds light on women’s low participation in early Hungaro-Slavic nationalism,
the gendered nature of early Slovak and Serbian nationalism, and finally
expands Pateman’s theory in a new historical context.