Literally translated as the 'Cave of Darkness', Ghar Dalam was instrumental in throwing considerable light on the Pleistocene and early Prehistoric period of the Islands.
The origins of Ghar Dalam was an underground solution tunnel that was breached into in the late pleistocene by a river flowing along the path of the present day Wied Dalam.
Many of the river deposits entered onto the floor of the cave, leaving us one of the most complete stratigraphies of pleistocene deposits in Malta.
After the Pleistocene, Ghar Dalam was in the form we know
it today. At the end of the sixth millennium BC, man arrived on the
islands and made Ghar Dalam one of his first dwelling places. The cave
was also used throughout the Temple Period and probably also during the
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