(back to the doctor who bewildering reference guide)
timewyrm: revelation
author:    paul cornell
isbn:    0 426 20360 7 
confusion quotient: 1.74

Text in this style was submitted by Paul Cornell.
Long after having finished this guide, it struck me that I'd forgotten to make sure and refer to all the overt references to Dante Aligheri's Inferno in this book, with the characters dying and descending to Hell and so forth.  So let's just take them as read, shall we?
Prologues: Hymn From a Village: The usual stereotype of chapter names in the New Adventures is that they're named after songs.  In the 'Deadfall' guide, Gary Russell admits his wholesale use of song titles in all the books with chapter titles he's done.  I see no reason why Paul Cornell would have more than a slightly different procedure.
'But if it wasn't for the snow, how could we believe in the immortality of the soul?'  'What an interesting question, Mr Wilde.  But tell me exactly what you mean.'  'I haven't the slightest idea.': At the end of 'Human Nature' the Seventh Doctor recapitulates this quotation, sort of bookending Paul Cornell's cycle of New Adventures.  Does anybody know when Oscar Wilde said this?
They say that no two snowflakes are the same.  But nobody ever stops to check.  Above the Academy blew great billows of them, whipping around the corners of the dark building as if to emphasize the structure's harsh lines: This is very similar to the opening sentence of 'The Infinity Doctors': Sean Corcoran's 'The Infinity Doctors' webpage, accessible from the front page here, has a bit on Lance Parkin's spoilers from rec.arts.drwho, in which he said that he crafted that first sentence to have some great implicit meaning for continuity or fandom.  Something about diversity, I might venture.
Mount Cadon, Gallifrey's highest peak, extended to the fringes of the planet's atmosphere, and the Prydonian Academy stood far up its slopes: Mount Cadon isn't mentioned in 'Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible', although it is in 'The Infinity Doctors'.  It's probably first mentioned in 'The Time Monster', when the Third Doctor first recalled the Hermit eventually revealed to be K'Anpo Rinpoche in 'Planet of the Spiders'.  No, I invented the name.
But behind the Academy, somebody was tending a flower: It's K'Anpo, the Doctor's hermit mentor.  It's interesting because later on the author refers to the 1st Doctor as the Gardener.  This passage arouses interest in who K'Anpo really is; after all, K'Anpo couldn't be the name the Doctor knew him by.

"They're fools!  Blind, uncaring fools!  They can't see the way it's going, they won't -":
"I am pleased that you wish to continue your... other studies.  Have you prepared the verse?": The Doctor scraped through his exams on the second attempt ('The Ribos Operation') possibly because he spent so much time with his guru up on Mount Cadon.  The verse is the Doctor's first attempt at the power of the spoken word to resonate through space-time; look up the later part of the book.
"I have fasted for three days and three nights, I have made supplication to ... to the powers you named.": Possibly some of the universal archetypes referred to elsewhere.  Hmm, maybe K'Anpo is actually Carl Jung.
"That's the point.  Much of it you are too young to remember.": Seems to indicate that the Doctor is not an ancient Time Lord, nor is he the Other.  Of course, there is no indication that he is a young Hartnell Doctor rather than one of the faces from 'The Brain of Morbius'.  The New Adventures eventually reveal in 'Lungbarrow' that the Doctor is something of a reincarnation of the Other.
The head beneath the hood nodded, one eye glinting from the darkness: There are several instances in this book in which the Hermit is referred to as being one-eyed.  He is likely an Odin-type character; 'Timewyrm: Revelation' portrays Rassilon as an Odin type.  Or Wotan, if you prefer, and aren't confused by 'The War Machines'.  Odin is the king of the Norse Gods in Valhalla.  He gave one of his eyes for knowledge and defeated the Giants, for a time.  Rassilon submitted to the Pythia's curse of sterility and exiled the Pythic order to Karn ('The Brain of Morbius').  Rassilon also might have allowed himself to become a vampire in his research into regeneration ("Goth Opera').  So the Hermit, or K'Anpo, might be Rassilon.  Some symbolic acrobatics might mean the Hermit could be Grandfather Paradox from 'Christmas on a Rational Planet' and 'Alien Bodies'; Grandfather Paradox cut off his arm to remove the mark of the Time Lords, and if your arm spites you, why shouldn't your eye?  A maimed God is a maimed God, although the Grandfather maimed himself for freedom while Odin/Rassilon maimed himself for knowledge, wisdom or power.  Grandfather Paradox is the self-interested Id while Rassilon is the power-hungry egomaniac.

St. Christopher's: Saint Christopher is the patron saint of travellers.
The Beltic Cenomanni had called him Cernwn:

He was a traveller, known as the Doctor.  A wise, hawklike old man with a mane of silver hair and an eccentric nature: The First Doctor.  However he got there, he had his companions.
On the last occasion, the Doctor, in yet another new form, had brought his niece Melanie to Cheldon Bonniface to enjoy some brass rubbing: Here, Paul is indicating that the Doctor makes up family relationships with his companions, reducing the impact of his relationship with Susan.  He's also alluding to the fripperies of Season 24, and why the 7th Doctor suddenly became a dark, brooding character after Mel was out of the way and replaced with Ace.

verger: On p.19 of 'Happy Endings', Saul says that the Reverend Ernest Trelaw didn't have a verger.  His daughter Annie does, and his name's James.
Oxbridge bicycle: Oxford-Cambridge.  They're often mixed in this word to create the context of great universities.
Knot theory: An actual mathematical pursuit.
She (Emily Hutchings) is a character in a very big story: She eventually becomes Ishtar Hutchings' surrogate mother; she's barren.  She gets a bigger story than most New Adventures characters; Emily reappears in 'Happy Endings'.

St Benedict's School, Perivale:
little Alan Barnes grazed his knee: Alan Barnes is a fan writer for comic strips and DWM.
Outside the school gates, a dark figure stood, watching intently: The Doctor, the Doctor possessed or Ace.

1: Step On: (Text submitted by Rich Black)  'Step On' is a hit song from about 1990 recorded by the Happy Mondays. I can't remember which page the mention of the posters was on, but Mondays posters were all designed by Central Station design and were very brightly coloured.
O God!  I could be bounded in a nut-shell, and count myself a king of infinite space, were it not that I have bad dreams: This passage from Hamlet now has an added significance in the New Adventures; 'Dead Romance' introduced the concept that the New Adventures take place in a bottle universe inside the BBC Books universe.  Act 2, Scene 2.
Happy Mondays posters: (Text submitted by David Whittam) Happy Mondays were a Madchester (Was that some kind of Manchester scene?) band of the late eighties early nineties, mixing indie music with a kind of rap and were generally regarded as quite cool. They recently reformed.
cool box: A cooler? A non-refrigerated box for keeping food cool.  I don't know if that's 'a cooler' or not.
Ace was in her early twenties: In 'Battlefield' the Doctor disapproved of Ace ordering a vodka and coke, indicating that she might have still been a minor. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) As a foreigner, I feel the need to ask for clarification on this point: is it possible in England for someone to be a minor and in their early twenties?  It's not here in Australia, where people as young as eighteen are allowed to drink alcohol.  No, it's not possible.  Ace must be a bit older than in 'Battlefield'; anyways, she wasn't given a very mature role in 'Battlefield'.  Dave Owen remarked on that in the DWM Shelf Life review of the 'Battlefield' video release.  She wouldn't have been carded anyways.

So maybe she was a couple of pounds over fashionable: According to a DWM interview, (I can't find the exact number but somewhere between #200 and #250), Sophie Aldred went through a period of anorexia as a teenager. 
bacon sarnies: Bacon butties, or sandwiches.  Butties get a reference in one of the earlier Timewyrm books.
if she ever met Tim Booth, he'd love her for her mind, wouldn't he?: (Text submitted by David Whittam) Tim Booth is the lead singer of 'James' and at the time was probably quite fanciable. He's a bit old now. (Text submitted by Rich Black)  Tim Booth is the lead singer in the occasionally interesting Manchester band James, who had been together for years but only got big around the end of the eighties on the back of the 'Madchester/Baggy' scene. I seem to remember reading that Booth was a contemporary of Sophie Aldred's at Manchester University, but don't take my word for it.  Paul Cornell obviously had a thing about these Manchester groups, particularly the two best/ most famous, the Happy Mondays (1987-1993, 1999) and the Stone Roses (c.1987-1996).
"Old fella?  Look out, man.  It's inside!": (Text submitted by Rich Black)  I took this to be the Pertwee Doctor attempting to warn the McCoy about the TimeWyrm. Calling out from his subconscious, or something.
Sure, he locked himself in his room at night, but this was a man who didn't need to shave, right?: The Doctor has never had facial hair, but his hair does change; since the series ended Sylvester McCoy has appeared in character several times, most notably in the TV Movie, with hair much longer than it had been.  And of course there was Patrick Troughton's "sideburns" incident during 'The Seeds of Death'.
The Doctor's nightmares and locking himself in his room at night is part of the New Adventures interpretation of his moodiness and his relationship with the Sixth Doctor and the Valeyard; 'The Room With No Doors' explained that the Seventh Doctor fears being locked, by his other personas, inside a room with no doors in his mind along with his nightmares, after he regenerates.

Tossing Ace a robe: What was she wearing?  'Timewyrm: Genysys' seemed to indicate she sleeps in the nude.
Lewisham in 1977, the Rose of Lee pub: Lewisham is in South London, near Deptford and Catford.
Rome in 1582:
the Eye of Orion: 'The Five Doctors'.

'King Wen's gift.  The I Ching.  For services rendered.": The I Ching, or Book of Changes, is one of the central texts of Confucianism.  It consists of 64 hexagrams, each of which is made up of six divided or undivided lines, possibly created at the end of the 2nd millennium BC;  a cryptic, partly unintelligible text, written at the beginning of the 1st millennium BC;  and a treatise on the text, the Ten Wings, written at the end of the 1st millennium BC.  Although the book has long been used by fortune tellers, its main influence has traditionally been philosophical, particularly during the Han and Song (Sung) dynasties, when it was used to create theories of the universe based on numerology.  Although rejected by the empiricist scholars of the Qing (Ch'ing) dynasty, the numerological aspects of the I Ching have recently been reemphasized by Westerners interested in Eastern mysticism.
"Shh.  A simple macroscopic oracle.  Reflects the universe in a small action.": 'Full Circle'.
hooded Farm T-shirt: (Text submitted by David Whittam) Another band, a bunch of Liverpudlians, The Farm's greatest hit was 'Altogether Now'. (Text submitted by Rich Black)  The Farm were associated with the Baggy scene- all floppy clothes and loose dancing and inept indie/dance fusion...

"I remember Sherlock Holmes expressing similar sentiments."
"Yeah?" Ace was interested.  "Did you meet him?  Oh, right, he wasn't real, was he?"
"Just because somebody isn't real, it doesn't mean you can't meet them," murmured the Doctor with a sly smile: Later on, 'All-Consuming Fire' includes the first time Sherlock Holmes meets the Doctor.  It isn't necessarily the first time the Doctor's met Holmes, though.  And since 'All-Consuming Fire' involves the Great Old Ones and Ctulhu, it can always have taken place inside the Land Of Fiction or a full-blown bottle universe where Holmes is real.
Ace frowned, boggling at the concept of two Doctors in the same place.
"Would that be so bad?"
"Potentially catastrophic.": To date, multi-Doctor reunions have only been potentially catastrophic in that they're meeting up to combat some potentially catastrophic Evil.  Ace sort of saw two Doctors together in 'Timewyrm: Genesys': a projection of the Fourth Doctor warned the Seventh Doctor about the Timewyrm.
"Do you know where the word Ace comes from?  From the Latin, as a unit of weight.": The following explanations about shooting down ten aircraft fails to mention cards at all.  ten is one possible value for the ace card; one is the other.

the Black Swan: Another Black Swan appears in 'Cat's Cradle: Witch Mark'.
'Is there room at the inn?": Nativity.

"Still playing his cricket.": Fifth Doctor reference.  The Fifth Doctor is Paul Cornell's favourite.
"A bit lickerish, I fancy,': 18th. century slang for 'sexually available.'
an ocarina: (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) A type of musical instrument, usually manifesting as a small, roundish ceramic object with holes in it. The player blows into one of the holes and the blocks the others with various fingers.
"I'm Rafferty.": Rafferty is the first surname of a Cheldon Bonniface villager.  None of his direct descendents appear on the score card of the cricket game in 'Happy Endings', although several Doctor Who fans and authors do.  ISTR a Professor Rafferty from some New Adventure or other. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) He's Professor of Extraterrestrial Studies at Oxford in 'The Dimension Riders'.

"Well then, who's for a sing-song?": In 'Timewyrm: Genesys' Ace led a sing-song in a pub in Mesopotamia.  In 'The Happiness Patrol' she had said she was tone-deaf.  This is possibly the only time Paul Cornell has ever disagreed with 'The Happiness Patrol'.
"Not against a worthwhile opponent,": The Doctor's most recent chess partner was Fenric.

"That's the first time I've beaten you,":

From out of a wood did a cuckoo fly, etc.: There's some further cuckoo imagery later on.  I found it rather obscure, not knowing at the time that some cuckoos are known to be brood parasites--birds that build no nests of their own but leave their eggs in the nests of other birds, which then rear the young. Nest parasitism is characteristic of less than half of all cuckoo species.
George glanced at his wrist: Did they wear wristwatches in the middle 19th Century?  Of course not, that's the point.

Mistletoe: Mistletoe is called the kiss of death not directly because of its role in modern Christmas celebrations, although there is a certain irony about that...  but actually because of its biology and its role in Norse mythology.  It's a shrub which can grow semiparasitically on trees and causes serious injury to certain species.  Mistletoes penetrate the bark of the host tree and extract water and nutrients from the host.  They were once thought to have medicinal properties, and the mistletoe of Europe, Viscum album, was believed to possess magical powers when it was found growing on oak trees.  Western American Indians used to boil the berries of certain species as food, and a tea made from the leaves was believed to have contraceptive and abortive qualities.  Mistletoe may be toxic to browsing livestock, however, and the raw berries of Eastern species have proved fatal to children.
In Norse mythology, Balder was the god of light and beauty. The most beloved of the gods, he was the son of Odin and Frigg (Freya) and the husband of Nanna, goddess of the Moon. A famous Norse myth tells how Loki, the evil giant, had Balder killed with a dart made of mistletoe, the only thing in the world that had not promised his mother it would never harm him. Because Balder was the favorite of the gods, it was said that he would return to Asgard, the home of the gods, at the end of the world. Check p.31
moon posters:

nine-dimensional knot equation:
'Hymn number sixty-four,": There may be some significance to this if English churches all use similar hymn books. There isn't, they don't.
TARDIS spacesuits: Previously seen in 'The Moonbase', in which they looked nothing like the one Chad's wearing on the front cover.
High Barnet: Barnet is a North London suburb.  sequences from Episode 1 of 'Logopolis' supposedly took place on the Barnet bypass.
he was saving the suits for a snowy day: If the Doctor said this, he must have known the use to which the suit would eventually be put.  Which means he wasn't himself.

2: Art and Articulation: Seems to be a Blackadder III or a Jane Austen in-joke.   Jane Austen (1775-1817) had a major impact on the development of the English novel. Her six novels, written during the romantic period, combine 18th- and 19th-century concerns and modes of fiction and together have a thematic unity and a consistent excellence that make them one of the supreme achievements of English literature.  Among her works are Sense and Sensibility and Pride and Prejudice.  The third season of Blackadder had episode titles like 'Sense and Senility' and 'Amy and Amiability' and was set in the Regency period, also about 1800.
To see a world in a grain of sand And heaven in a wild flower.  Hold infinity in the palm of your hand And eternity in an hour.: William Blake later appears in 'The Pit', another story about monsters breaking into one universe from another: the Yssgaroth.  These bottle universe theories are everywhere!

"Lieutenant Rupert Hemmings of the Britischer Freikorps.  Your servant, sir.": As a Nazi-controlled police force, the BFK probably pronounce it Loo-tenant.  Hemmings disappeared from the basement of the BFK headquarters in a mysterious TARDIS in 'Timewyrm: Exodus'. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Is it worth noting that in 'Timewyrm: Exodus', he's named as *Anthony* Hemmings?  And as both in 'Happy Endings'.
pineal manipulator: The pineal gland is a small organ attached by a stalk to the posterior wall of the third ventricle of the brain in vertebrate animals.  Lying above the cerebellum, it is richly supplied with blood vessels and nerve fibers.  In certain fishes, frogs, and lizards, the gland is associated with a well-developed light-sensitive organ, or so-called "third eye," and in all species the pineal is affected by light.  The gland produces a hormone, called melatonin, from the neurotransmitter serotonin.  This hormone is associated in varying and not yet well-understood ways with a number of biorhythms, including such long-term ones as the onset of puberty, and appears to be particularly important in animals that display seasonal behavior.

'The ancient Norse Gods.  Perhaps they are the gods of Ragnarok,": 'The Greatest Show In The Galaxy' .  Ragnarok is another word for Götterdammerung, the Twilight of the Gods.  The Giants fight back and the final battle between the Gods and the Giants destroys the world.  It's all explained in more detail in the guide to 'Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible'.  'Twilight of the Gods' is the title of a Christopher Bulis Missing Adventure, which should have been titled 'The Secret of the Web Planet'.  As it is, the title is being recycled by Jon Miller and Mark Clapham; the Benny Book 'The Twilight of the Gods' is due to be released in December.

The Doctor spoke a word that sounded like glass breaking: Not really bewildering, but a wicked turn of phrase.  Plus another line in reality-resonance verse.
Lacus Somnorium: Lacus Somniorum is a lunar feature near Mare Serenitatis, the Sea of Serenity.  It's just towards the lunar limb from that Mare.  If you're familiar with the dog or poodle shape in the Moon, Mare Serenitatis is the poodle's head.

It wasn't water she was swimming through, but words, language: Is this a nod to fiction and Ace existing as a bunch of words?

"The universe is not Newtonian anymore, but prone to a synchronicity built on a very dense web on seemingly unrelated events.": The Newtonian picture of the universe is based on Newton's three laws of motion and calculus, his discovery of the spectrum, gravity and orbital mechanics.  It makes good sense even today, but was superceded in accuracy by the relativistic model Einstein constructed and the even more confusing quantum model of Werner Heisenberg, Max Planck, Niels Bohr, and a bunch of others over the years.
"Knights and squires, doctors and dicers-":
"You're twisting my melon, man!": (Text submitted by David Whittam) Reference to song lyrics from a Happy Mondays song. (Text submitted by Rich Black)  "You're twisting my melon, man" is the first line from 'Step On'.
Glyphs of talking heads: the band? No.
"Impulsive, idealistic, ready to risk his life for a worthy cause... hates tyranny and oppression... never gives up... believes in good and fights evil... Though often caught up in violent situations, he is a man of peace.  He is never cruel or cowardly.": Sounds like a BBC writer's bible for the Doctor's character type.  This indicates a variation on the books' usual frame of reference. It's Terrance Dicks' description of the Doctor from The Making of Doctor Who.

"Nah... it's Cromer.": In 'The Three Doctors' the Brigadier, after being sucked through the Black Hole and deposited on a desert wasteland in Omega's anti-matter domain, hazarded a guess that he was in Cromer, a beachy area on the Norfolk coast near Norwich.  It got a mention in The Completely Useless Encyclopedia, which suggested that the Brigadier confusedly thinks "Oh my God, I'm in Cromer" when he wakes up every morning.  Last August (1999)I arrived at Gatwick after a night flight and jumped a complex series of trains to get up to Norwich with almost no sleep.  Sylvester and Sophie were doing a small convention at Kulture Shock the next day, and afterwards I spent the evening in Cromer.
a startingly beautiful woman, clad in a long grey hooded robe: The book blurbs at the back end of my second edition of 'Timewyrm: Revelation' goes like this:

So the grey woman is the afterlife's receptionist.  A recent DWM comic strip, 'A Life of Matter and Death' produced a grey woman as a personification of the TARDIS.

Morecambe: (Text submitted by David Whittam) Grim North western seaside town.
limbo: In 'Inferno' the Third Doctor labelled the vortex between dimensions he travelled in as limbo.  In 'Planet of Evil' the Fourth Doctor said that limbo was a word people used to give to the unknown, before anti-matter was discovered.  In 'The Ultimate Foe' the Master and Sabalom Glitz were trapped in the Master's TARDIS by a limbo atrophier, a Valeyard booby-trap attached to the stolen Matrix data.

"I'm rather fond of his programme, actually.": Fourth wall!  Fourth wall!  It's interesting that pretty much the most notable acknowledgment of the audience in Doctor Who also took place at Christmas, in 'The Feast of Steven' when William Hartnell said "And a merry Christmas to all of you at home!"
Perhaps it was because Christmas in his household had been such a joyful time.  His father would prepare a massive breakfast, and they would exchange presents before the hearth: Assume this is after Hemmings' Britain is overrun by the Nazis and rationing is possibly abrogated, especially for collaborators like Hemmings' dad.  Hemmings Senior seems to be a bit of a Nazi too.

A male voice, but one that contained a kind of female potential: Is it the Doctor and his potential for female regenerations, or is it just his possession by the Timewyrm?
"Fear," the voice had muttered, "makes companions of us all.": Emily heard that on TV, but it was also a line from Serial A.  The Doctor said it when Barbara asked him why he had decided to work together with the rest of them.
"Hold this for a minute," muttered a small Scottish man, handing her a baby: Emily's foundling daughter, Ishtar.

God was a woman:
the dark audience: p.202 describes an audience, possibly a different one, as a bunch of demons from the Doctor's mind.  This dark audience might be us, though.

3: Pepper and Architecture: This one reminds me a bit more of Blur song titles like 'Coffee and TV'.  Paul Cornell is a well renowned Blur fan, as we see in his appalling Oasis/Blur double-entendre in 'Oh No It Isn't!' :-)  There's also a bit in 'Happy Endings' where Dorothée mentions she's got a very big house in the country (Probably Count Sorin's) but it would take too long to look up just now.  I've got the lyrics to The Great Escape here and can't find anything that rings a bell as far as Pepper and Architecture go, but on even more of a tangent, the title 'Coffee and TV' reminded me of some lyrics from Blur's self-titled album. Sometimes I just make up chapter titles.
The man who comes back through the Door in the Wall will never be quite the same as the man who went out: Aldous Huxley.
little blonde head: Ace, Sophie Aldred, and myself by the way, all had blonde hair as young children which darkened as we grew up.  And yes, I suppose mine would have been blond, not blonde.  You've got to watch these gender tenses.

hyperspatial reference material: A four-dimensional probe would spring into Boyle's head out of hyperspace, like an N-Form (see 'Bad Therapy'.)  The Timewyrm stores most of its body in another dimension, like the TARDIS and also like an N-Form.
Those few earthbound astronomers who were still interested in the moon: These days most professional astronomers are measuring pulsations periods of variable stars, gauging the brightness of planetary nebulae and globular clusters, or mapping distant galaxies.  If anything, they avoid the moon; it's so bright it can wash out the sky and hide all the interesting sights.  Astronomical observations are usually restricted to the nights in between lunations, when the moon is in the night sky for a short time at dawn or dusk.  Amateurs take more of an interest in it, but even they don't observe that much during the full moon; at the full moon it's lunar noon and there aren't any shadows or relief cast across the lunar surface.  Waxing and waning moon phases show the craters and other features much more clearly.

Horbiger: Proponent of the cosmic ice theory beloved of Hitler.
Jung: Carl Gustav Jung, 1875-1961, was a Swiss psychiatrist who founded analytical psychology.  The issues he dealt with arose in part from his personal background, which is vividly described in his autobiography, Memories, Dreams, Reflections (1961).  Throughout his life Jung experienced periodic dreams and visions with striking mythological and religious features, and these experiences shaped his interest in myths, dreams, and the psychology of religion.  For many years Jung felt he possessed two separate personalities:  an outer public self that was involved with the world of his family and peers and a secret inner self that felt a special closeness to God.  The interplay between these selves formed a central theme of Jung's personal life and contributed to his later emphasis on the individual's striving for integration and wholeness.
Jung viewed symbol creation as central to understanding human nature, and he explored the correspondences between symbols arising from the life struggles of individuals and the symbolic images underlying religious, mythological, and magical systems of many cultures and eras.  To account for the many striking similarities between independently originating symbols in individuals and across cultures, he suggested the existence of two layers of the unconscious psyche:  the personal and the collective.  The personal unconscious comprises mental contents acquired during the individual's life that have been forgotten or repressed, whereas the collective unconscious is an inherited structure common to all humankind and composed of the archetypes--innate predispositions to experience and to symbolize universal human situations in distinctively human ways.  There are archetypes corresponding to situations such as having parents, finding a mate, having children, and confronting death, and highly elaborated derivatives of these archetypes populate all the great mythological and religious systems of the world.  Toward the end of his life Jung also suggested that the deepest layers of the unconscious function independently of the laws of space, time, and causality, giving rise to paranormal phenomena such as clairvoyance and precognition.
In Jungian therapy, which deals extensively with dreams and fantasies, a dialogue is set up between the conscious mind and the contents of the unconscious.  Patients are made aware of both the personal and collective (archetypal) meanings inherent in their symptoms and difficulties.  Under favorable conditions they may enter into the individuation process:  a lengthy series of psychological transformations culminating in the integration of opposite tendencies and functions and the achievement of personal wholeness.
Does any of this sound familiar?

Chemical Abstracts: Abstracts are like summaries of scientific journal articles.
Fly Fishing by J. R. Hartley: (Text submitted by David Whittam) Fictional book from a Yellow Pages commercial in which an old man wanders round many bookshops asking if they had a copy of the aforementioned book.  Eventually he looks in the Yellow Pages and phones a book shop - they have a copy. They ask his name and he replies 'J.R. Hartley'. Heartwarming really.
The floor, Ace noticed, was tiled, an immensely complex pattern that curled and knotted around itself, patterns within patterns, full of little of people and places: The story?
Here was a cowled figure shaking his fist at a dark castle, and in the next picture he was cowering from something huge and fearful.  Then he was running.  But this plot seemed to connect with others.  A schoolteacher, a nice-looking one for once, looking puzzled at his class, then sitting in his car outside a junkyard, together with his companion: The First Doctor's story up until Serial A.

It was an old man, his silver hair swept back.  Yeah, he looked like a librarian as well in his red robes, peering at her down his long, hawklike nose: The First Doctor is often referred to here as the Librarian, although he takes a great interest in flowers like the Sarlain.

"Don't take any notice of the clowns...": In 'The Greatest Show in the Galaxy' Ace revealed her childhood fear of clowns.

a game of Spoof: Pub game played by hiding coins in your hand.
Blinovitch's Temporal Mechanics: The Blinovitch Limitation Effect is an often-quoted device to prevent characters from going back in time to change their history, among other things.  Adric's death in 'Earthshock' is an example of it.  It was first used in the Third Doctor's time.
Le Morte D'Arthur: Le Morte D'Arthur, a prose romance by Sir Thomas Malory, was drawn from a number of French and English sources dealing with the adventures of Arthur, legendary king of the Britons.  Malory's eight romances, which are written in plain but vigorous prose, relate the collapse of Arthur's court and the rivalry of his knights, the adulterous love of Sir Lancelot and Queen Guinevere, and the quest for the Holy Grail.  The work was first printed by William Caxton in 1485.
The Wizard of Oz: A fantasy written by L.  Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) tells the story of Dorothy, a young farm girl from Kansas who dreams that she is carried away by a tornado to a strange land called Oz.  To return home she must travel to its capital, Emerald City, and ask the assistance of the Wizard of Oz.  Along the way she meets three companions--a tin woodsman, a talking scarecrow, and a cowardly lion--with whom she has a series of adventures.  Oz emerges as a more interesting place than home, despite the didactic point of the story that "there's no place like home." The novel was adapted into an extraordinarily popular film in 1939 starring Judy Garland.
"Remember home?" the stars seemed to ask: 'Survival' established that Ace considers the TARDIS to be more of a home than her mother's place in Perivale.
big Hoover factory: Hoover makes vacuum cleaners.

"How can you dance without music?"  "How can you think without - ": brains.
Midge had once gone to Australia on holiday: I just didn't think we knew that before.
she'd even got off with an alien: In 'Happy Endings' Dorothée came forth in a Four Weddings and a Funeral Andie MacDowall-type monologue and listed all the men she'd slept with.  Sabalom Glitz was number one.  I have no idea if Paul based the idea on racy fan-fiction or made it up himself. This is from Ian Briggs' character notes on Ace.  No relation as far as I can make out, but it'd be nice to be caught out on this one.  I have a cousin in Langley Moor who's traced us Briggses back six generations to an iron ore miner in the Lake District in 1850.  Her brother, Ian Briggs, works for a television company in London, but he's a different one.
"The Hanged Man.": A tarot card.  It seems to be quite often associated with heroes in pop culture; one issue of Batman comics about ten years ago identified Batman with the Hanged Man card.  Otherwise, the only other association Batman has with Doctor Who is that the Third Doctor speculates that perhaps someone was expecting the TARDIS to be a huge space rocket with Batman at the controls in 'Inferno'. (Text submitted by Urac Daria 'Ratbat' Sigma) He also copped a name check in 'The Time Monster' - "Good thinking, Batman," Stuart quips.
'The Traveller': Another tarot card? (Text submitted by Chris Burnside) Yup - 2 of Batons http://www.tarot-reading.com/two-of-batons/index.html
'We Are Friends To The Ugly/ We War With The Beautiful': The card shows the Doctor embracing a tentacled monster and confronting a calm humanoid.  And yes, sometimes the Doctor does defend the ugly from the beautiful; for example, in 'Galaxy 4' or 'The Secret of Nematoda' for Audio Visuals fans.  There's also an oft-reprinted early DWM comic strip with the Fourth Doctor about some giant slugs, simple-minded humanoids and beautiful butterflies.

'Ka Faraq Gatri - Bringer of Darkness/Destroyer of Worlds': Shows on one side a black and white raven hovering over a crystalline city, on the other the Doctor hanging his head in shame. The black and white raven might symbolise the Hand of Omega, which bestows ultimate power through ultimate destruction.  It might also symbolise the ambivalent nature of Skaro; producing the peaceful Thals as well as the warlike Daleks, or even producing just the Daleks; the Fourth Doctor's homily for the Daleks at the end of 'Genesis of the Daleks' emphasizes their positive effects.  In any case, the Doctor is hanging his head in shame for destroying the planet.  The Ka Faraq Gatri is first referred to in Ben Aaronovitch's novelisation of 'Remembrance of the Daleks'.  It's the Seventh Doctor, and Ka Faraq Gatri translates from the dalek as the Bringer of Darkness.  Usually.  In his Decalog 3 short story 'Continuity Errors', Steven Moffat produced this paragraph:

Cheldon Bonniface, on the Bure between Wroxham and Horning: The Bure is a real river which flows through the Norfolk Broads north of Norwich.  It empties into the North Sea at Great Yarmouth.  There's a real town named Wroxham on it, just outside of Norwich, although I can't find Horning.
a silver tentacle emerged from the globe, within the constellation of Cassiopeia: Possible reference to the CVE in Cassiopeia in 'Logopolis'.

Two fingers of the Doctor's hand were curled into the Horns of Rassilon, the Gallifreyan protectional motif against supreme evil: There don't appear to be any references to the Horns of Rassilon in 'Goth Opera'; but the Old Time bits explained in that book and 'Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible' seem like another appropriate place to explain the meaning of the Horns of Rassilon.  Various Christian faiths use a similar gesture as a benediction from the minister, vicar or what have you; I can't remember the specifics, but each finger has a reason for being in a certain position.  (Later)  I just had an epiphany.  The Horns of Rassilon are nothing more than the two-fingered salute "up yours!".  And so are all those protectional gestures!  The British up yours horns date from English archers showing their bow fingers to the French.  This may be legend - it strains credibility to consider the longbowmen of Agincourt showing the French how they were going to "pluck yew".

Very seventies: In thinking about a giant enclosing wall connected with the seventies, I have to think of Pink Floyd's The Wall.
She found herself in a gleaming polygonal room.  Thirteen sides, she counted: Thirteen sides for thirteen Doctors.
"Is it...time...already?"  "No," gasped Ace.  "Go back to sleep, it's nowhere near time yet.": Besides the point about future Doctors waiting to come out from inside the Doctor's mind, this is part of a well-worn bit of comedy used in traditional skit nights at summer camps for years and years.  I didn't know that.  A bunch of people sit side-by-side with their legs crossed, and they pass up and down the line asking "Is it time yet?"  and the one with the watch says "No" until eventually it's time and they switch their legs so they're folded the other way.  An interview the earnest Eric Luskin conducted for American Public TV with John Nathan-Turner, Sylvester McCoy and Jon Pertwee also reminded me a great deal of this routine; the vaudevillean Doctors crossed and uncrossed their legs several times, to great comedic effect. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Possibly a reference to various legends of King Arthur and suchlike, mystically asleep until the time comes when they're needed again.  Or Frederick Barbarossa.  He was one of the outstanding medieval German emperors.  He lived in the 12th Century.  An intelligent statesman of imagination and determination, he was also an ideally chivalric personality. He entertained an exalted concept of his dignity as Roman emperor and introduced the use of the word Holy in the title. This was intended to reflect a mystical association between himself and the destiny of Christianity as well as his ties with Charlemagne and the ancient caesars.  Frederick undertook six military expeditions across the Alps.  Joining the Third Crusade, Frederick led his army across Europe into Anatolia, where he drowned on June 10, 1190.  But a folk legend says that he never died.  According to the tale, he sleeps in a mountain cave in Germany, seated before a huge stone table.  His red beard grows around the foot of the table.  If someone stumbles into the cave, Barbarossa awakens for a moment and asks if Germany is yet united.  When his beard grows three times around the table, he will rise again and bring peace and unity to Germany.  I read about it in old Classics Illustrated comics.  It's a bit spooky as a Teutonic King Arthur myth, and the Nazis used it as well; the German invasion of the USSR was called Operation Barbarossa.

that old fear of mannequins and clowns:  'The Greatest Show In The Galaxy' made a point out of Ace's intense distaste for clowns, just when they've turned into murderers.
"Just relax, and think of Norfolk.": Queen Victoria, when rather riskily asked about the experience of giving birth, said she just lay back and thought of England.  And this entire book takes place in Norfolk, or imitations of it.

she slammed her trainers together: Tip of the hat to the ruby slippers from The Wizard of Oz.  Usually Ace is described as wearing Doc Martens.

the congregation were starting to obey, afraid of something ancient, some hysteria that made them feel insignificant and vulnerable:  It's not so far-fetched that Saul may date back to the time or the Earth Reptiles or Silurians.  This description is very similar to the race-memory effect from 'Doctor Who and the Silurians' and 'Blood Heat'.
in a voice that sounded like the collected choirs of every Oxbridge college: As well as being academically "big", Oxford and Cambridge have a bunch of top-notch college choirs, and have produced adult groups like the King's Singers.  Check out 'Shada'; escaping from Skagra's Sphere, the Fourth Doctor cycles past a choir in full swing with 'Chattanooga Choo-Choo'.  In the narration Tom Baker recalls it as (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Fauré's Requiem or "some train song or other".   In the novelisation of 'The Curse of Fenric' Miss Hardaker puts Fauré's Requiem on the gramaphone as Jean and Phyllis come to suck her blood.
A crater two miles across: That's serious megatonnage.  According to the Guinness Book of World Records a 100-megaton hydrogen bomb would excavate a crater something like that big, and cause spontaneous combustion anywhere up to sixty km away.  This explosion seems to be a bit more contained.

4: Head Dance:
We are such stuff as dreams are made on: (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Shakespeare. 'The Tempest', Act IV scene I.  It's part of a speech that appears, glancing over it, to be meditating on the brevity and fragility of human life.  Or, on further reflection, it might be saying that life is but a dream. It's a bit confusing, although not bewildering.
Ariosto: The Italian epic poet Ludovico Ariosto, 1474-1533, wrote Orlando Furioso (1532), a narrative poem of universal importance.  This was a continuation of Matteo Maria Boiardo's uncompleted epic Orlando Innamorato (1483).  The fine and all-pervasive irony of Ariosto's work, including self-mockery and mockery of the audience, represents the highest achievement as well as the consummation of a waning Renaissance classicism.  It's amazing how relevant this Grolier encyclopedia is for these entries, even if it is a totally Americanised piece of plastic-sheathed CD-ROM.  'Timewyrm: Revelation' is, if I may be so bold, a narrative poem of universal importance for seekers for deeper meaning in Doctor Who novels, a rare breed though we might be.  Paul Cornell's work usually incorporates some kind of irony, as do many other Who authors.  Self-mockery and mockery of the audience are especially characteristics of Paul's dissertation on pantomime, 'Oh No It Isn't!'.  And arguably, the Renaissance of Doctor Who can be said to be waning, although it has been for ten years now with no sign of actually declining.
Anyways, Hemmings is talking about Ariosto saying that the moon is where everything wasted on Earth is treasured.  Which he might well have said, but you can't expect Grolier to get that in-depth.

Sartre's logic: Jean Paul Sartre, 1905-1980, was probably most famous as a representative of Existentialism, a philosophical approach that emphasizes, among other things, the ultimacy of human freedom.  In his later writings, however, Sartre attempted to combine the individualism of his existentialist work with a form of Marxism, which stresses the collective aspects of human existence.
Sartre developed his existentialism as an analysis of self-consciousness in relation to Being.  In the 1930s he wrote several phenomenological analyses of the imagination and the emotions, which culminated in his most important philosophical work, Being and Nothingness (1943; English translation 1956).  This book provided a brilliant philosophical structure for the inchoate feelings of dissatisfaction that swept postwar Europe.  The book's central idea is the opposition between objective things and human consciousness, the latter being a non-thing insofar as its reality consists in standing back from things and taking a point of view on them.  Because consciousness is a non-thing, it does not have any of the causal involvements that things have with other things.  This means that consciousness and thus humans themselves are essentially free, and that any attempt by an individual person or a philosophical theory to believe otherwise is a form of self-deception, or "bad faith."
Ironically, the freedom of human consciousness is experienced by humans as a burden ("Man is condemned to be free").  Human projects, therefore, consist in the impossible attempt to become a free consciousness, such as when a person tries to become an intellectual or a parent or to play any other determinate social role.  Because the impossibility of this attempt to become a conscious thing--in Sartre's terminology, a for-itself-in-itself--does not prevent humans from being irresistibly drawn to undertake it, Sartre declares that "man is a useless passion."
Sartre spent a year as a prisoner of war during World War II and was a key figure among the French intellectuals who resisted the Nazi occupation.  Also, if his magnum opus wasn't published until 1943 he probably never would have finished it if Europe had been totally overrun by the Nazis.  A bit of an odd choice for a Nazi's pet philosopher, but what the hell.  In any case, Sartre's logic and consciousness theory definitely holds its own in this book.
Happy as an ant: Apparently, Hemmings has got his Sartre on backwards.  Instead of self-actualisation through relation to the outside world Hemmings tries to lose himself in the greater whole of the Third Reich or its concepts.

"A time-space corridor, like Edmond hypothesized last year.":
"Of course, the fact of our vanishing from the material universe will have caused a massive energy discharge,": E=mc2, after all.  'The Daemons' is one good example of conservation of matter/energy: when Azal grows in size he sucks large amounts of heat energy (although technically nowhere near enough) from his environment to convert into matter for his larger body, and when he shrinks he radiates all his excess mass as heat energy, although still nowhere near enough.  There was greater scientific accuracy in 'The Hand of Fear', when Eldrad's hand regenerated the rest of its body by absorbing a nuclear reactor meltdown and a couple of exploding nuclear weapons.
slow dollops of Hawking radiation: Hawking radiation is named after Stephen Hawking, the Lou Gehrig's disease-stricken Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge.  Hawking's area of expertise is in the development of a unifying theory of relativity and quantum mechanics.  He has theorised exotic small black holes, results of exotic conditions in the primordial universe.  More to the point, Hawking radiation is a way he suggested for detecting black holes that otherwise swallow all forms of matter and energy.  One of the quirks of quantum mechanics are twin quantum particles that are created in fission, spiral around each other, and collide and annihilate.  Apparently these particles form, separate, and annihilate each other constantly.  Hawking throrised that in the neighbourhood of a black hole, these pairs would sometimes be separated by the black hole so that one particle would fall in and its partner would drift off into space.
"Maybe that explains the size of the congregation,": Last September a friend of mine and I went to see a production of 'Racing Demon', a play by Sir David Hare that had come over to Toronto from the Chichester Festival.  The cast included Michael Jayston (the Valeyard) and Dinsdale Landen (Professor Judson from 'The Curse of Fenric'), plus a few other minor Who character actors who didn't stand out enough to be recognised.  Well, one of them was only in 'The Twin Dilemma', so there we are.  Anyways, the subject of the play was loss of faith in the Church of England in Southwark, a working-class area of London, in the early eighties.  There were pressures such as Thatcher's ignorance of society, the Falklands War, and the AIDS epidemic as well as Thatcherism in general.  It was sort of a bad time for the working class, and the play related that hardship to low church attendance by setting the play in a struggling parish torn apart by ideologues and neoconservative bureaucrat bishops, closeted gay clergy and simply burnt-out old ministers.  And no, there was no Saul-type character, and God never answered the staff's prayers.  Anyways, I saw a statistic recently that church attendance in the UK is higher than several European countries, such as Germany.  But the program potted history of Thatcherite religion put the rate at around 5 or 10 percent.  So maybe Saul pulls them in.

"I am known to the ancients of Earth as Hel.  To the Daleks I am Golyan Ak Tana, the twister of paths...": In Norse mythology, Hel, the daughter of Loki, was the goddess of death who ruled over the cold, dark underworld of Niflheim. She had a hideous body, half black and half blue. Her table was Hunger, her knife Starvation, her bed Care, and her attendants Delay and Slowness. Her domain was also sometimes called Hel in later mythology, probably through the influence of Christian belief.
"No wonder they had trouble with time travel, with you changing the possibilities all the time.": Interesting solution to problems like Dalek and Cyberman history, and UNIT dating.  The Timewyrm just plays around with date every now and then, and feeds on the temporal gradient.  The Time Wars in the current story arc are the current convenient solution theory.
the Green and Black Books of Gallifrey: Some more ancient Gallifreyan Books of Power.  Paul might have got the idea for different coloured books from Beatles albums; among others, there's the White Album, the Red Album and the Blue Album.  It probably has an older derivation than that.  The various colours denote different subjects.  But I'm not quite sure about what all the books are and what they're about.  A while back I started compiling a page for Gallifreyan artifacts and Books of Power, but nothing's come of it. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Another possibility is the twelve Fairy Books of Andrew Lang. Lang collected folk tales and the like, and published his collection in twelve volumes, starting with _The Blue Fairy Book_ in 1889 and finishing with The Lilac Fairy Book in 1910.   It's actually from the various Welsh books that make up The Mabinogion. The sources are called the Red Book, the Green Book, etc.
"I was blocked by fierce security and powerful temporal baffles.": Evidence that as soon as they mastered time travel, the Time Lords set up barriers to protect the timeline that led to their evolution.
"They say that you will devour the first and last of the Time Lords.  That Rassilon will be crushed in your jaws during the last moments of the Blue Shift, the final inrush of matter at the end of this universe.  You will precipitate that event.  You will bend and break continuity structures throughout the dimensions.  The fabric of time-space will collapse.  The causal nexus will shatter, and the laws of physics will cease to have any meaning.": Nice.  So it's in Rassilon's interest to help the Doctor keep the Timewyrm dormant for the time being, and prevent her from kick-starting the Blue Shift.

"These legends come from the dark times when Gallifreyans dared to examine their own future.": In the Dark Time, Gallifrey was ruled by the Pythias, oracles which could see the Gallifreyan Empire's future.  In 'Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible' the Pythia lost her clairvoyance and was banished to Karn by Rassilon, after cursing Gallifrey to sterility.  In 'Goth Opera' the Doctor reveals that the Time Lords can't see their own future; a fact that has worked to their disadvantage in 'Alien Bodies' and 'Dead Romance'.

never flirted with the idea of joining Kane's mercenaries: 'Dragonfire'.

"I'm an O.": Blood group.  Universal donor.

Perry Como: He's some lounge singer guy.
"Hell is other people!": Jean-Paul Sartre's most popular play is undoubtedly the one-act drama 'No Exit' (1944;  English translation 1947), which is a discussion of such familiar negative existentialist themes as bad faith, self-destruction, and the impossibility of interpersonal relationships.  It is in this play that Sartre's famous line, "Hell is other people," occurs.

But see, my companion, are you and I not equally important?  We both matter, do we not?:
5: Roses: There are a bunch of rose references in this book, connected to the Sarlain and general feelings evoked by roses.  Check p.76, p.81, p.92, p.136

"So this Qataka, why has she brought us here?": I'm not sure myself why St. Christopher's has been brought to the Moon.

"the destruction extending to certain parts of Wroxham and nearby Stockbridge.": Wroxham is a real place just outside of Norwich to the northeast, on the Norfolk Broads by the River Bure.  Stockbridge is a fictional village from the comic strip in Doctor Who Magazine.  In its first appearance, in #68, Stockbridge was in Gloucestershire.
"The Toppings...Miss Riddler at the sweetshop...little Tony and Penny.": Keith Topping is Paul Cornell's co-author on projects like The Discontinuity Guide, The Avengers Dossier(an Avengers version of The Discontinuity Guide), and X-Treme Possibilities (an X-Files version of the same).  Martin Day also co-authored all three books.

"No..." the Doctor smiled mysteriously.  "Magic is something quite different.": Magic is a legitimate art in the Doctor's universe.  Or at least in his dealing with other universes or dimensions.  He used a bit of magic in defeating Margaine in 'Battlefield'.  At the same time he clarified his earlier position, in 'The Daemons', that all magic was jumped-up science and technology, by quoting Clarke's Law that any technology sufficiently advanced is indistinguishable from magic, and its corollary that and magic sufficiently simplified is indistinguishable from technology.  Later on, in 'Cold Fusion', the Ferutu used magic runes and chalk circles in their technology, and in 'Dead Romance' Cwej used chalk circles and incantations to manipulate the Sphinx.
"I'm looking for something, a little gift.": The Doctor is cheating, finding things left by his future self to help him out.
The piece consisted primarily of a round blue gem, in the interior of which a distant fire pulsed: It's not a Metebelis crystal.  On p.162 the lettering on its frame is translated by a Time Lord function.  On p.196 the Doctor explains that it's a portable temporal link which he stole from the black collection in the Prydonian Academy on Gallifrey while he was president of the Time Lords, knowing it would come in handy someday.  He hid it in the church the previous year, when he visited while still travelling with Mel.  This is interesting because the apparition of the Fourth Doctor in 'Timewyrm: Genesys' that warned the Seventh Doctor about the Timewyrm, although he was wearing the wrong coat, was in the middle of communing with the Matrix in 'The Invasion of Time', the only story in which the Doctor was seen to make use of the office of the Lord President after his election in 'The Deadly Assassin'.  He might have been planning for his battle with the Timewyrm that early.  And the Seventh Doctor may have started along the road to becoming Time's Champion before he left Mel behind and became an openly brooding character.

Death stood on the lunar surface, her robes billowing in the particle wind that lashed the dust continually: Probably an artistic effect rather than a realistic one.  On the Apollo missions, the American flag was wired out straight to appear as if it was blowing in the wind, when otherwise it would have drooped.  The solar particle wind does blow on the Moon's surface.
"We've met before.  Very poetic.  Very Jung.": Well, Death is an archetype.  The Doctor meets her again in 'Love and War', 'SLEEPY', and Bernice meets her in 'Happy Endings'.

She could remember the gang, and Seniors: We met a bunch of Ace's gang in 'Survival'.  Seniors are older students.
This was like that time when the Doctor had erased her memory, only then it had been sudden, all bright and shiny, waking to new things.  She'd even gained a memory, one of Mel's: Paul is correcting an error from 'Timewyrm: Genesys' in which Ace reminisced about 'Paradise Towers', a story she did not actually appear in.

The UNIT Christmas party of 1973: Not sure where I've read about it, but maybe it's fan fiction.  Maybe Paul wrote more about it in 'No Future'.  'The Time Warrior' was being broadcast over Christmas 1973.  If Paul favours a direct-correspondence UNIT dating system, the 1973 Christmas party is most likely to be Jo's wedding party.  (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Would Jo have had a wedding party? As I recall, she and Cliff were planning to get married quickly and leave immediately for the Amazon.  Or is that only in the novelisation?  Well, it's a big if. If he favours the 'near-future' UNIT dating system the 1973 Christmas party could have taken place as early as midway through Season 8 (after all, at the end of the season it was May Day).  Apparently the party featured an interesting pantomime.  (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) The pantomime mentioned in 'No Future' was Aladdin. Jo was Aladdin,the Doctor was the villain, and Captain Yates wasWidow Twankey.  It would be stretching credibility to make the Master the Vizier.  Jon Pertwee could not be more suited to pantomime, and the 'strapping lad' role is the only one for which he couldn't really audition.  Sergeant Benton would be great in drag as well, and Jo is probably the best choice for a strapping lad; Corporal Bell's hairdo rules her out of that role, and she might only be suitable as some turbaned genie or sultan. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) 'No Future' does mention a UNIT Christmas party; one of the props from the pantomime plays a key role in the plot.
I made this up.
"Now," he said to himself.  "All the world's a stage.  Stage one...": 'As You Like It', by Shakespeare.  Act 2, Scene 7.

the Pier of Seaside Nostalgia: The pier scenes between Anthony Hopkins and Emma Thompson in The Remains of the Day might just have been filmed here, as to me seaside nostalgia carries overtones of dreary , overcrowded seaside holidays that lack emotional or spiritual depth.

the Pit, the black depths where the answers lay: Sort of a crucible.

Mr Watkins, Miss Marshall: I'm just making a note of Ace's old teachers; we may have heard of some of them before. (Text submitted by Rich Black)  Miss Marshall is a reference to Jackie Marshall, fan writer and co-editor (with Val Douglas) of the influential and inspirational eighties fanzine Queen Bat, where 'Total Eclipse', the story that was rewritten as this book, first appeared. Miss Marshall is a teacher in real life, by the way.  I'm feeling very silly that I'd forgotten about the original 'Total Eclipse'.  Of course, I've never even seen a Queen Bat.  There was a thread on rec.arts.drwho a couple of weeks ago about working titles for stories, and 'Timewyrm: Revelation' was originally 'Total Eclipse Rewrite'.  Also on the subject of Jackie Marshall, there was a character in 'No Future' named Jackie who nailed Bertram's "desk" halfway up a wall and called it art. Different Jackie.
Miss Haines:

"You bastard!" she shouted: This time the Doctor's not really at fault for making Ace face her innermost demons.  But still, it's a case of the boy who cried wolf.

6: The Damage Done: the Neil Young song, "The Needle and the Damage Done".  A beautiful, sad song.  Neil Young is one of the greatest.  And he's Canadian.
Paul Travers' review of Johnny Chess live at Moles - NME 18/7/98: As far as I can make out Paul Travers is a real guy who writes for the New Musical Express; he may even be a Doctor Who fan.  The abstract writing style of this passage about Anarchy and Justicve being next-door neighbours is probably a send-up of Travers' style.  Both Keith Topping and Paul Cornell have written for the NME.  Keith created the character of Johnny Chester, the Doctor's godson.  His parents are Ian and Barbara, and he marries Tegan.  He becomes a rock star. (Text submitted by Rich Black)  I'm not 100% certain of this, but I think this was a name then DWM editor John Freeman sometimes wrote articles under.  'Moles' is a club in the centre of Bath, the historic city in the south west where I was at college until a few weeks ago. I was in Moles two nights ago, in fact. It's very small, and is (literally) underground, at least in part, but they get a lot of very good bands playing there before they get too famous. I was in Bath last Summer, so I was determined to form a band, call myself Johnny Chess, and get a gig on the date specified by the book. Unfortunately, I only succeeded in the first part. I formed a band, but I called myself Skywarp McGill, and Moles wasn't available. In the event, there was no band that night, just a couple of generic DJs.
Actually, he's the psuedonym of John Freeman when he wanted to write for DWM. I was amazed to read you went to Moles on that night!  I live here now, and I'm there every Tuesday.

They were in a garden, a garden of roses.  A gentle English sun shone overhead.  Birds sang, bees buzzed, perfume gently infused the air.  "So, that's where we are," the Doctor murmured, quite distracted:  They're inside the Doctor's mind, in the garden kept by the First Doctor. (Text submitted by Urac Daria 'Ratbat' Sigma) Might be worth mentioning that the First Doctor and his garden is straight out of 'The Five Doctors', concept-wise.

"The sin of pride, he decided.  "Yes, that's it.  I have far too high an opinion of myself.": (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) The Seven Deadly Sins? Pride, Envy, Gluttony, Greed, Lust, Sloth, and Wrath.
Her ghetto blaster: Sounds like the one the Dalek blew up in 'Remembrance of the Daleks'.
the lock of Cheetah Person hair: 'Survival'.
the catapult: 'Silver Nemesis'.
Johnny Chess. When she was fourteen, she'd been utterly in love with him: Make that around 1985, twenty years at a guess after Ian and Barbara got back from Mechanus.  Surprise, surprise, the dates don't exactly match.  To hell with the dates, this is *storytelling*, for God's sake.

"I believe she has radically altered the biochem... the bi... and she's done it to the whole garden, yes!  Hmm.": First Doctor mannerisms, right down to William Hartnell's fluffed lines.
As Ace picked her way through the rose garden, she remembered a conversation she and the Doctor had had at Greenwich once: This book predates 'Dimensions in Time' by two years, so Ace isn't thinking of the incomprehensible dialogue she traded with the Doctor at the Royal Naval College.

"A rose by any other name," he had mused, "would smell as sweet.  Not true.  No perspective.  But Will was in love.  Powerful emotions change our point of view.": (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Shakespeare. 'Romeo and Juliet', Act II scene 2.  Not sure about the "Will was in love" bit, as a simple date calculation shows this isn't a reference to the film Shakespeare in Love.  Presumably a reference to whatever the film was inspired by, then.
It's always been said that Will wrote the sonnets with someone in mind, either the 'dark lady' or 'Mr. W.H.' and that either or both were who he was in love with.
"Like Oscar and his green carnations.": Oscar Botcherby from 'The Two Doctors'?  Oh, or more likely Oscar the Grouch from Sesame Street, who is green to start with. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) No - it's Oscar Wilde again. Kicking myself for not remembering this earlier.
"Oh rose, thou art sick," he murmured: William Blake, from a two-stanza poem called "The Sick Rose".
Ace came to a maze.  It was like the one that she had entered on a school visit to Longleat: Longleat House in Wiltshire is well-known for its maze and gardens, and also by Doctor Who fans for the historic convention held there in 1983.  The Marquess of Bath, who died in the early Nineties, was a fan of the show and every summer since 'Doctor Who: A Celebration', probably the most important Doctor Who convention ever, there has been a Doctor Who day on the grounds.  Services were woefully inadequate for that outdoor convention which drew roughly thousands and thousands of people, and probably as many cast and crew members as have ever appeared at any convention worldwide.  Tempers were very short, and many people might not have been satisfied, but sixteen years later he that outlived that day and came safe home, stands a tip-toe when that day is nam'd,
And rouse him at the name of Longleat.
He that lived that day, and sees old age,
Will yearly on the vigil feast his neighbours,
And say 'To-morrow is Longleat':
Then will he strip his sleeve and show his
And say 'These wounds I had at Longleat.'
And his neighbours shall say to him,
'You are truly sad.'
(with apologies to William Shakespeare, 'Henry V Act 4, Scene 3)

But is Lord Bath dead?  His heir, Christopher Thynne, still endorses the program; there's a picture of him in an old Gallifrey Guardian column in DWM (late 1996, I think) wearing the Archimandrite's hat (well it looks like it) and pretending to be shot by a Cyberman.  The man has no shame.  While in England this summer I saw a program about Lord Bath, his unusual method of painting portraits, and his staff's attempts to hire somebody to be the Cyberman that patrols the grounds of Longleat.

Maybe this place would make her lose a few pounds.  Before the answering thought, "For what?", came, she was already moving: That's the real Ace shining through.  After seeing the anorexia references in this book, I'm sure they are more than coincidence. I talked to Sophie about that. She chose the music on the ghetto blaster, too.

Save me from the void inside my head to the time,
The petitioner to the wise man said,
Or lay my body out and
Call me dead,
And let my mind do no more thinking to the time.:

iambic pentameter: Blank verse is unrhymed iambic pentameter verse, each line composed of ten syllables of alternating stress of accent.  A versatile medium, blank verse was modeled after classical Greek and Roman poetry.  It has been utilized in English and continental verse drama and narrative poetry since the 16th century.
"There are feet knocked off and added all over the place.": English prosody commonly recognizes four principal meters--iambic, trochaic, anapestic, dactylic--and eight line lengths--monometer, dimeter, trimeter, tetrameter, pentameter, hexameter, heptameter, octameter. The meters are named after the four principal kinds of feet: the iamb, consisting of an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable (x /); the trochee (/ x); the anapest (x x /); and the dactyl (/ x x).  I find this all rather incomprehensible, but sticklers for detail complain that Paul's short play 'The Trials of Tara' written for Decalog 2, although while written in iambic pentameter, is not strictly correct and often has shoddy metre.  The hell with it, I say, it's bloody funny.  And you probably agree with me if you survived my recent violent attack on 'Henry V'.  Only as shoddy as the original use of the metre.  The whole idea of using poetic metre for drama is to break it for dramatic effect.  Shakespeare never maintains strict metre for longer than three lines!
'The Stone Roses - Too Old To Rock?': (Text submitted by Rich Black)  When 'Timewyrm: Revelation' was written, the Roses were beginning a period of inactivity that ended up lasting for years. At the time, though, they were expected to become one of the biggest bands in the world. They returned at the end of 1993 with a superb but ignored comeback, and their activities were overshadowed by Oasis. The drummer left in 94, the guitarist in 95, and the band broke up acrimoniously. So chances of them being in any position to rock are low, regardless of how old they are/will be.
'Fifi Trixabelle Geldof Interviewed': Irish rock singer, songwriter, and social activist Bob Geldof came to international attention in 1984 for raising funds for African famine victims, after leading the New Wave pop style with the Boomtown Rats in the late Seventies, and starring in the film version of Pink Floyd's The Wall. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) And Fifi Trixibelle Geldof is his daughter, now in her mid-teens.  Yes, she's a real person, and "Fifi Trixibelle" is her real name, poor kid. I suppose it's better than Moon Unit Zappa.
a burst of SMG fire: sub-machine gun.

half an album of Aztec Camera: Sophie's choice.
Thirty liquid Teflon shells travelling at hypersonic velocity reduced it to its basic components: Armor-piercing bullets are coated in teflon, but teflon bullets by themselves don't pack enough wallop.  Teflon plastic is much less dense than lead, and has even less stopping power in a liquid state, although it probably delivers pretty severe burns.

There were times when she would have given anything for body armour: Ace soon took to body armour when she left the Doctor for the Space Corps in 'Love and War', and retained it through most of her later appearences in the New Adventures.
Stupid little Slovak hijacking gun:

Cad Goddeu - Attributed to Myrddin: Myrddin is a Welsh mythic figure, the Welsh translation of Merlin the Wizard from Arthurian legend.  Grolier doesn't mention Cad Goddeu. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) "Cad Goddeu" is a poem from the Book of Taliesin; it's been translated into English by Robert Graves. (Grolier? What Grolier? I'm using the Internet.)

"Fictions are real, too, in certain forbidden regions of space-time.  There are some places even Time Lords won't venture.": 'The Mind Robber' introduced the Land of Fiction, which reappears in 'Conundrum' and 'Head Games'.  In 'Happy Endings' Spandrell and Romana discuss the annexation of the Land of Fiction to the Matrix.
Now she had forgotten her chemistry teacher's name: Mentioned a few pages ago.

mandala: A mandala (Sanskrit for "circle") is a symbolic diagram of the universe used for ritual purposes in tantric Buddhism (see Tantra).  Frequently represented in Chinese, Japanese, and Tibetan Buddhist art, the mandala generally consists of a group of cosmic deities (or their symbols or associated magic syllables) that are arranged in one or more circles surrounded by a square and oriented toward the points of the compass.

the youth club: Explicitly the building Sergeant Patterson used for the self-defence lessons in 'Survival'.

"when I used the Hand of Omega to destroy Skaro, I wasn't at all sure that I had done the right thing.": The Doctor's being manipulated to say this, but the tarot card reading earlier on suggested that he is remorseful for destroying Skaro.
a robed colossus in an angular metal mask: Omega.
reptilian creatures with three eyes: It's a twisted take on events from 'Doctor Who and the Silurians'; the Doctor was trying to stop the slaughter of the Silurians.  In 'The Sea Devils' he was somewhat more aggressive and in 'Warriors of the Deep' he was responsible for releasing the hexachromite gas and killing them all.  But according to Silurian continuity established in 'Blood Heat', 'The Scales of Injustice', 'Happy Endings' and 'Eternity Weeps' other hibernation chambers were discovered and thawed in a controlled and peaceful method, reintegrating the Earth Reptiles into Tellurian society in the 21st and 22nd Century, or at least by Bernice's native time zone in the 26th Century.
young girl in a frail classical gown: Katarina, 'The Daleks' Masterplan'.

She was dressed in a smart tunic and carried a gun at her hip: Sara Kingdom, 'The Daleks' Masterplan'.
He had a mop of black hair, and wore a yellow smock, but as he ran towards the Doctor, his clothes burst into flame, his skin scalded, and explosions of fleshy ash burst from his form, sending him spiralling towards the Doctor's feet, a living volcano: Adric.

"Do you expect me to talk?"  "No, my dear Doctor.  I expect you to die.": Goldfinger.
"That's why you introduced me to the albatrosses, I take it?": Reference to Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem 'The Rime of the Ancient Mariner'.  The narrator of the poem goes on a sea voyage and brings disaster on the entire crew by killing an albatross, an omen of good luck.
Ace guessed that she had missed out on most of the literary references.  But she got the point.
"I imitate the action of the tiger.": Shakespeare's 'Henry V', Act 3, Scene 1.
"Burning bright?  Fearful symmetry indeed.  You're trapped between your own aspirations and a base need to stay alive.  You're like one of the Songs of Experience: dangerous, intelligent," he smiled secretly, "but not as subtle as Innocence.": Blake's poem, 'The Tyger', is also recited by Tommy in 'Planet of the Spiders'.  It's a mixed metaphor between Blake's Tyger and Henry V's tiger.
Tyger, Tyger burning bright
In the forests of the night
What immortal hand or eye
Could frame thy fearful symmetry?
I hope I got that right.  Blake's Songs of Innocence and of Experience employs the mediums of poetry and colored engraving in a series of visionary poems "shewing the two contrary states of the human soul." Songs of Innocence (1789) was followed by Songs of Experience (1794), and the two were then combined. Written in simple lyrical form, as if they were children's songs, the poems contrast an innocent view of life with a more experienced and, in some instances, jaded one.

"You and I know that his death was obvious, that his destiny was to aid in the extinction of the dinosaurs.  Not even cause it.  The arrival of the moon in Earth orbit did that.  You must have known..."  "I didn't.  Not then.  I was younger.": 'Earthshock' was more scientifically accurate than 'Doctor Who and the Silurians' by portraying an asteroid-like body colliding with the Earth to kill off the dinosaurs.  The former explanation is a relic of older explanations for the mass extinction.  At the moment, we believe that life might not have evolved on Earth without the seasons, conservation of orbital inertia and motion and tidal pools, all direct results of the Moon.  The Silurians went into hibernation when they predicted that the Moon would destroy the ecosystem as it fell into Earth orbit.  Earth might have developed life when it was part of the Earth-Mondas system, and the cataclysm might have involved the ejection of Mondas and the insertion on the Moon.  The New Adventures back up opposition to the current theories that the Moon was formed at the same time as the Earth, in Earth orbit.  'Eternity Weeps' explained where the Moon came from.
"I watched as you punished your companion over the matter of Gabriel Chase, used her in the most outrageous manner to contain the manifestation of Fenric.": 'Ghost Light', 'The Curse of Fenric'.

the books of the Mabinogi: Welsh literature begins with the 6th-century bardic poetry attributed to Aneurin and Taliesin, which praises patrons and elegizes fallen warriors. Parallels in Irish literature suggest that many other early genres have been lost. The former existence of genealogical traditions, mythic tales, and epic accounts of such heroic figures as King Arthur and the poet-wizard Myrddin may be inferred from surviving prose tales of the 11th century and later periods, particularly the Four Branches of the Mabinogi, for mythological lore; native Arthurian tales, and others such as Peredur and Owein showing Norman French influence; and native historical accounts such as The Dream of Maxen Wledig.
fragments of an individual imagery that are Blakian, almost revelatory: Well, that pretty much brings back all the Blakian imagery back to a recapitulation.
low-power alpha waves in the psionic range:
"Peter, you know when you used to pop around to my flat in the evenings, when we'd make soft toys and drink cocoa?": Make soft toys... yes, indeed.  I've never heard it called that.  The application of cocoa ought to be familiar to anybody who's seen 'The Aztecs'.
"It's like that line in Candleford.  I'm loved by things I do not see.":
"Do you remember that party in Bath?  At Miles' flat?": Not Lawrence Miles? No. Mad Larry hails from Nottinghamshire.  I don't know of any authors that live in Bath, although there's a brace of them in Bristol.  William Herschel discovered Uranus in Bath.  And no, I mean the planet. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) This appears to be Miles as a first name, not a surname. And I don't think Lawrence Miles lives in Bath.  (Text submitted by Rich Black) Could be the fan Miles Booy, who is a Cornell aquaintance. This is the sort of knowledge that you pick up from reading too many fanzines.  The fanzine Purple Haze came out of Bath, as does Skaro... Cornell has written for both. Indeed.  Perhaps the party participants included some of the people involved in them?
Yes!  Bloody hell.

"The one where Stephen took off his tie and wore it like a headband?":  Stephen O'Brien.
"That colleague of yours, Lane or whatever his name was.": Andy Lane, right?
"The big lad with the curly hair, the one who thought it was a costume party.": The Fourth Doctor?   The Sixth. See? He is in here!
minor Infernal Duke:

that Jewish charlatan Freud: Sigmund Freud,1856-1939, the creator of psychoanalysis, was the first person to scientifically explore the human unconscious mind;  his ideas profoundly influenced the shape of modern culture by altering man's view of himself.  Freud was born in what is now Czechoslovakia, the oldest child of his father's second wife.  Before Freud was 4 years of age, the family moved first to Leipzig, Germany, and then to Vienna, where Freud remained for most of his life.  Freud's father, Jakob, a struggling Jewish merchant, encouraged his intellectually precocious son and passed on to him a tradition of skeptical and independent thinking.  Jakob's passive acceptance of anti-Semitic insults, however, troubled the young Freud:  his feelings toward his father were ambivalent.  Those feelings might have helped him develop ideas like the Oedipus complex.
Rabelaisian pleasures: Reflecting in his life and works the humanistic concerns of the French Renaissance, Francois Rabelais, , 1483 or 1494 to 1553, was a French scholar and cleric who is remembered today for his satirical prose masterpiece Gargantua and Pantagruel (1532-64).  A vast, rambling compendium of adventure stories and learning of every kind, this work gave currency to the adjectives "gargantuan" and "Rabelaisian";  the excesses of the body celebrated here together with the exercise of the intellect are a joyous affirmation of life.
Rabelais is a difficult author for modern readers because of the dense intellectual content of nearly everything he wrote. The grotesque adventures of his giants, the comic and often obscene anecdotes, and the author's verbal exuberance can still delight despite the fact that no English translation can quite capture the unique flavor of the original.  Chief among the many later novelists influenced by Rabelais are Laurence Sterne, Honore de Balzac, James Joyce, and the contemporary American John Barth.
tabula rasa: Clean slate.
his Utopia: Utopia (1516), by Saint Thomas More, is a Latin essay describing an ideal community, Utopia--literally, "no place." Divided into two parts, the work opens with a dialogue criticizing economic and social conditions in contemporary Europe, especially war, oppression of the poor, taxation, and unjust laws. Book 2, the narrative of Raphael Hythloday, describes the ideal community's religion, government, education, economics, wars, laws, and customs. Since its publication, Utopia has been interpreted variously as a satire against the corruption of the times, as a Christian humanist's view of a scholar's paradise, and as a blueprint for communism.
There were foundations left behind by the previous inhabitant, who had been evicted.  The previous inhabitant was vaguely akin to the Nazi: The Third Doctor?
Hemmings looked at the void and decided that it was good: Like God in the Book of Genesis, looking at the various new bits of creation and deciding that they're good.
the devil has the best tunes: Jazz or today's less mainstream music has been referred to as sinister, but ironically so have brash or solemn paeans to nationalism, at least in Nazi Germany.  The raison d'etre for the brass bands of the Salvation Army.

"He was a bit of a hippy, sir.  Kept a whole platoon of the lads around just so as he could argue with us.  He had a vineyard too - and a racetrack, where he used to drive that car of his.": The Third Doctor kept a platoon of UNIT soldiers conceptualised in his part of the Doctor's mind.  The vineyard connects with his penchant for fine wine in 'Day of the Daleks'.
a simple hut, adorned with hangings that the Nazi recognised as containing symbols of the Dharma-Body of the Buddha: In Buddhism, Dharma is the body of knowledge taught by Buddha.

symbiotic nuclei: The Sixth Doctor claimed that time machines, or at least TARDISes, must share a symbiotic link with their pilots on the cellular level.  Apparently the Rassilon Imprimature is the key to a Time Lord's control over his vessel.  This is all from 'The Two Doctors' by the way.  Chessene appeared to die when she activated her time machine without enough of the Doctor's symbiotic nuclei.  However, some fans contend that symbiotic nuclei are a bluff intended to hold up time travel research.  This despite several bits of evidence that the Doctor does have a symbiotic link with the TARDIS and some ships, such as the Privateer from 'Warrior's Gate', need time-sensitive navigators to travel the timelines.

8: It's A Wonderful Life: Frank Capra's classic Christmas movie about a mistreated pillar of a small community who doubts himself and gets help from an angel.  It's Christmas in Cheldon Bonniface, and the Doctor is getting help from Saul.
"You don't go into battle to die for your country, you go into battle to make the other bastard die for HIS country.": No idea when Patton first said this.  But it's well quoted in the film Patton.
"Because the medium is the message!": The Canadian writer and teacher Herbert Marshall McLuhan, 1911-1980, generated widespread controversy during the 1960s with his theories of the effects of the media on society.  His sociopsychological analysis of mass communications was first presented in 1952, with publication of The Mechanical Bride:  Folklore of Industrial Man.  McLuhan proposed that the "grammar" of electronic technology directly corresponds to the human central nervous system and that the characteristics of a medium such as television, much more than its content, determine what a viewer will experience.  His subsequent books include The Medium Is the Message:  An Inventory of Effects (1967).
"It's like the SETI programme.": The strategy adopted by the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence program has focused on finding carrier waves on which interstellar communications are carried out.  Although the actual inforamtion might be far too faint or incomprehensible to be deciphered, the carrier wave is the medium for the message.  And discovering extra-terrestrial communications is more important, for now, than finding out what it says.

chaos equation: A chaotic system is defined as one that shows "sensitivity to initial conditions." That is, any uncertainty in the initial state of the given system, no matter how small, will lead to rapidly growing errors in any effort to predict the future behavior.  For example, the motion of a dust particle floating on the surface of a pair of oscillating whirlpools can display chaotic behavior.  The particle will move in well-defined circles around the centers of the whirlpools, alternating between the two in an irregular manner.

Sarah Powell: another old friend.  I don't do this anymore.

He had no children.  If he were to die, Saul didn't know what he would do, without a Trelaw to guide him: So where did Annie from 'Happy Endings' come from? (Text submitted by Urac Daria 'Ratbat' Sigma) I *think* Annie was the niece of this Trelaw. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Annie's father, Mike, was the brother of the Reverend Ernest Trelaw. ('Happy Endings', p63)

He could become infinitely corrupted, as somebody had said: The historian John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton,1834-1902, was one of the greatest spokesmen of English liberalism.  He served in the House of Commons from 1859 to 1865 and was created 1st Baron Acton in 1869.
It was Acton's contention that "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.  Great men are almost always bad men."
So maybe it wasn't Thomas Jefferson said that.

"I'd say that the oxygen envelope is maintained by mag - by highly advanced science - around this building.": Magic is science, or is science magic?
scrum half: A rugby position.

"I was meditating in my hut.  Trying to get through to you, as always.": Earlier Doctors have reservations about the Seventh Doctor's methods.  'The Room With No Doors' explains that he thinks they have it in for him.

"Do you remember the Inferno project?": 'Inferno', or 'The Face of the Enemy' if you think so.
"I thought that perhaps that had been the divergent factor, that somehow it was the lack of my presence that had led the world into fascism.  Such pride.": That was hinted at.
"It occurred to me that in that fascist Earth I glimpsed, there were posters of a man, their great leader.  Old chap, it took me so long to realize.  That face was one of those that I had been offered at my trial.": Paul appears to have thought of this first, although it didn't make it into The Discontinuity Guide.  Also, the BBC Video release of 'Inferno' includes a previously cut scene in the alternate universe, after the pit head explosion.  Jon Pertwee provided the voice for a propaganda newsreader (Pertwee was supposedly doing an impression of Lord Haw-Haw, a German propaganda tool against BBC Radio during the Second World War) warning of the spreading disaster.  So maybe the Leader stooped to delivering special news bulletins.

"I wonder how much say the Timewyrm had in structuring that alternate reality?": Possibly quite a lot.
"In your meditations over the years, have you discovered any more of the machine code?": The Timewyrm's machine code?
"Is he still looking for the daisy?"  "Yes.  But he insists it's a rose.": The Sarlain.  The First Doctor is into flowers as well as being a librarian; in both of his post-'The Tenth Planet' appearences, he was first seen in a garden.

the third Doctor providing an incantation of his own that added counterpoint and tonal depth: The Third Doctor is a bit of a tuneless wonder.  His extemporised melody for 'Jabberwocky', 'Shine On, Martian Moon', 'I Don't Want to set the World on Fire' are quite awful.  He didn't even try singing in the recording of the 'I am the Doctor' song.  The Venusian lullaby is probably his best singing voice, it's a pity it's total rubbish.
"What does 'aroon' mean?": Venusian lullaby.

The eyes that had been a beautiful blue now shone a vibrant green: There has been some doubt about the colour of the Seventh Doctor's eyes.  Paul might be referring to a specific mix-up.  Leela is the only other character who changed her eye colour, although I'm sure nobody would've noticed if they'd just changed it without explanation.  After all they never explained how the Fourth Doctor's boots in 'Logopolis' changed into the Fifth Doctor's stockings in the first part of 'Castrovalva'.  There are many other examples of this laxity.
"Linford, Pound!" he screamed.  "Don't dance!":

It (sic) almost like a firework display, like a wonderful bonfire, only little Dorry was the Guy: Guy Fawkes, b. Apr. 13, 1570, was instrumental in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605 to blow up the English Parliament and King James I. An English Roman Catholic convert, he enlisted in the Spanish army in 1593 and fought in the Netherlands. In 1604 he was engaged by the Catholic conspirators who planned to overthrow the Protestant monarchy in England to stow gunpowder barrels in a vault under the House of Lords and to explode them on Nov. 5, 1605, when the king opened Parliament. An anonymous letter warned the government, however, and during a search on Nov. 4, 1605, Fawkes was arrested. Under torture he revealed the plot and was executed on Jan. 31, 1606. November 5 continues to be celebrated in Britain as Guy Fawkes Day, when Fawkes is burned in effigy and young people happily conspire to blow themselves up.

'If you can keep your head while all about you are losing theirs...': Rudyard Kipling, but where from? (Text submitted by Chris Burnside) If http://wiretap.area.com/Gopher/Library/Classic/Poetry/if.p
Of course, the first thing she thought of was chocolate:  This is Ace if she never rebelled, a conformist Dorothy dominated by bulimia and peer pressure.
the bar at Spiffy's:
tattered Jackie Collins novel: Jackie Collins writes trashy fiction for women.  Pardon me for being forthright.
white suspender belt, Tricia, Chelsea Girl: an ick clothing shop.
Alison: Just checking to see if we've met any of these girls before.

Care Bear nightshirt: Care Bears is an animated kid's TV show which promotes a line of plush toys.
long plaited hair: Different from Ace's ponytail.
a single: Music.  A pop song.
her eyelids were flecked with gold: This is Dorothy more or less grown up, in the early nineties.  I thought the spangled raver look with sparkle-cheeks only started up around that time.
Tenerife: Part of the Canary Islands in the East Atlantic.
she went out with Martin Day, the football captain: Martin is one of Paul's co-authors.  And a footballer.

"Tenerife isn't in Greece, is it?": East Atlantic.
Mr Freeman: John Freeman is probably Paul's favourite DWM comic book artist.
Dorry moved Paddington aside: Paddington Bear.  I'm not sure how Paddington developed, but my fondest memories are of that brilliant card cut-out animated series of Paddington Bear.  The theme is running through my head right now. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) I believe it all began with the books by Michael Bond, on which the TV series is based.
Simon and Elaine:
"Unchained Melody": Song.  Righteous Brothers.  Top Gun.  Peter Sellers send-up.  Better.
"You look like that girl in that film.  The one with that record by that guy.": Time to consult the  Internet Movie Database .
Dorry's little sister: Unique to this dream; Ace's dad is either dead or run away, authors have disagreed in the past.

that "A" thing: A for anarchy.  It doesn't really mean " am evil and want to kill you", but airheads will gossip.
"Did you see he had a big penta-thing on the back of his coat?": Also almost meaningless as anything other than a fashion statement.


"Voivod... no.  Jason Donovan...": (Text submitted by Urac Daria 'Ratbat' Sigma) Voivod - A French/Canadian band with sci-fi elements in their lyrics.  Jason Donovan was an Australian singer/actor, started on Neighbours, therefore hugely popular in the UK around the late 1980s/early 1990s.  The male counterpart to Kylie Minogue - only not as famous now, because she started getting good and people bought her records, while he got in trouble for drugs and artistic underacheivement. Really, his dad's a much better actor anyway.
"Tracey Dodds went away to university.": Oh, I get it.  This is Dorry if Fenric had passed her by, or if she'd been dominated by her peers, and grown up that way.  Now she's older than university entrance level, a total airhead, and probably headed for the unremarkable hairdresser's life her real mother had.

New Model Army: Not the Puritan army in the English Civil War, although another one was.
"But I liked Mrs Thatcher.  She's a woman, so she must have known what she was doing.": Well, she was referred to by the Spice Girls as a great role model.  Eeuurgh.
pop annuals: Is this something like Beano or Doctor Who annuals, only devoted to the Backstreet Boys? (Text submitted by Urac Daria 'Ratbat' Sigma) Yeah, from what I remember, your description isn't far off.
Takeaway: Manisha, Asian, word association, Indian takeaway food.

It was elegantly bound in black, with a complex spiral pattern on the outside: The Seal of Rassilon?  The Black Book?
"gods with elephants' heads and all that": Hindu pantheon.
Chapter One: Little Dorrit: Charles Dickens.
the ferryman: The Fourth Doctor, based on his punting in 'Shada'.  On the flight over to England in August 1999 it struck me how appropriate it is for the Fourth Doctor to be a ferryman over the River Styx into Hell.  Tom Baker has a macabre hobby of mowing the lawn over his own grave.  He keeps an axe beside his bed, and when he appeared on Have I Got News For You with Angus Deayton he recalled the name of the Seventh Circle of Hell, to the bafflement of the other panelists.  What drove it home was the in-flight movie, which was What Dreams May Come.  It's a Robin Williams film about a guy who dies and his dreams afterwards.  Max von Sydow plays the ferryman, in a familiar greatcoat and wide-brimmed hat.  It's terrifically spooky.  And Max von Sydow actually has a passing resemblence to the ageing Tom Baker, although his grimness is a bit less comedic.

as if he was talking to an undergraduate: Another 'Shada' joke; when the Doctor said he heard unearthly whispering, Professor Chronotis says he thinks it was undergraduates talking, and he's trying to have it banned.  Either shows how undergrads are picked on, or proves that they, or we, are a lower form of life.
"You were investigating the Matrix.": When the Fourth Doctor first heard rumours about the Timewyrm, he was in the Matrix finding out about the Demat Gun in 'The Invasion of Time'.
"He could have found a boat with an engine, at least!": The Third Doctor and Jon Pertwee both are very interested in motorsports.  The Third Doctor drove a motorboat and a hovercraft in 'Planet of the Spiders'.

Brides magazine: Typical bridal magazine, I've no idea if it's real.

the one-eyed old man in the cape: The Hermit again.  Interesting that he's never directly identified as K'Anpo.  If it was that simple this air of mystery would be sadly irrelevant.  I still think he could be Rassilon.

"But just because people aren't real doesn't mean that you can't talk to them.": Inversion of what we heard about Sherlock Holmes on p.15. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Inversion? Are you sure? Sounds like exactly the same thing put differently to me.  Yadda yadda.
Kylie: Minogue, Australian pop singer.
'Inbetween Days': A Cure song.

chinos: Off-white non-denim cotton trousers.
"Traitor!" they screamed.  "User!  Hypocrite!": The Doctor is probably being heckled for his Machiavellianism, by his conscience or some such.

white stilettos: Stilettos are very pointy high heels.

The pentagram, the pink triangle, the black flag and the raised fist: Alternative religions or lifestyles are represented by the pentagram.  The pink triangle represents the gay community (the victims of 'The Happiness Patrol' wore pink triangles, the symbol was first used by the Nazis to identify gays like Jews, who were identified by the six-pointed Star of David.)  I don't know what the black flag represents, but the raised fist has been used as a symbol of black power. The black flag is for anarchy.

 \\   ||\\  ||\\//
// \\  ||   ||
\\ //  ||   ||
 \\ \\||   ||//\\   : The closest I can come to the original in ASCII text. These runes represent the Doctor's name, independent of the ancient greek letters for theta and sigma most prominently used in 'The Armageddon Factor' and 'Alien Bodies'.  Interesting new bit.
"Look me in the eye.  Use your sword.  Take my life.": The Doctor is repeating what Mordred said when at his mercy in 'Battlefield'.  Strangely, Morgaine could tell the Doctor was bluffing through all the shouting, and decided that the Brigadier was more steeped in blood than the Doctor.  Er, wrong I think.  This is after the Doctor has been fighting monsters for nearly a thousand years, and has recently turned to intentionally destroying planets, while the Brigadier has turned from a hard-nosed officer in the British Army to a stout military buffoon.  'Battlefield' was his best outing in years, and he got the best lines.  He would not have the role in fandom he has today if he'd finished up with 'The Five Doctors'.  The Seventh Doctor likes going odd like this when faced with death - he also does it in 'The Happiness Patrol'.

10: Chaos Song:
Who shall decide when doctors disagree?:
Nine and a half stone of flying ex-schoolmate: A stone is a unit of weight in the United Kingdom.  (Text submitted by Chris Burnside) 14 pounds (lbs) to the stone.  Nine and a half stone is 133 lbs. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Or a bit over 60kg in *real* measurements. :)

"If there's a smile on my face, it's only there trying to fool the public.": Smokey Robinson's 'The Tears of a Clown'.  Hee hee hee!

"If the Timewyrm wins, you'll never get into secondary school.": Like she spent much time there the first time around.

Far below, a tiny bridge stretched from one side of the crater to the other: Um, I think I should save the revelation about this until p.171.

"Well, I'm not a complete philistine, you know,": The Philistines were one of a number of sea peoples who penetrated Egypt and Syro-Palestine coastal areas during 1225-1050 BC. Of Aegean origin, they settled on the southern coastal plain of Canaan, an area that became known as Philistia. The Philistines rapidly adopted Canaanite language and culture, while introducing tighter military and political organization and superior weaponry based on the use of iron, over which they had a local monopoly.  The military rulers of the Philistines extended their rule in Canaan, constantly warring with Israel. The Israelite king David, who had earlier been a Philistine vassal, finally defeated them, succeeding where Samson and Saul before him had failed. Distinctive Philistine artifacts in the Mycenaean tradition, such as the double-handled jug, have been found in archaeological excavations in Palestine (a name derived from Philistia).  As colonists with relative strength but less innate cultural dominance, the Philistines may have become the basis for the current use of their word to describe the unenlightened or socially dull.

"I'm not going to die because you're late.  Not again.": Was the Doctor expecting a rescue when he danced with Death?
"How long is the coast of Britain?": Although the Doctor's point is that such a question is imponderable, there's probably an answer out there somewhere.
"Don't gaze into the void," he advised.  "Nietzche said something similar, also interesting things about fighting monsters.  Pity about the rest of it.": Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, 1844-1900, was a German philosopher who, together with Soren Kierkegaard, shares the distinction of being a precursor of Existentialism.
In his first book, The Birth of Tragedy (1872), Nietzsche presented a theory of Greek drama and of the foundations of art that has had profound effects on both literary theory and philosophy.  In this book he introduced his famous distinction between the Apollonian, or rational, element in human nature and the Dionysian, or passionate, element, as exemplified in the Greek gods Apollo and Dionysus.  When the two principles are blended, either in art or in life, humanity achieves a momentary harmony with the Primordial Mystery.  In Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883-85), his most celebrated book, he introduced in eloquent poetic prose the concepts of the death of God, the superman, and the will to power. Vigorously attacking Christianity and democracy as moralities for the "weak herd," he argued for the "natural aristocracy" of the superman who, driven by the "will to power," celebrates life on earth rather than sanctifying it for some heavenly reward.  Such a heroic man of merit has the courage to "live dangerously" and thus rise above the masses, developing his natural capacity for the creative use of passion.
Although these ideas were distorted by the Nazis in order to justify their conception of the master race, to regard Nietzsche's philosophy as a prototype of nazism is erroneous. His criticism of the mediocrity and smugness of German culture led to a disintegration of his friendship with Richard Wagner as well as to a disassociation from his beloved Germany.  To correct any misconceptions concerning the superman, Nietzsche published Beyond Good and Evil (1886) and On the Genealogy of Morals (1887).
His later writings are particularly strident; although more forceful than his earlier essays and books, they retain clear continuity with his earlier ideas.  In the collection of essays published posthumously under the title The Will to Power (1901), Nietzsche further developed his ideas of the superman and the will to power, asserting that humans must learn to live without their gods or any other metaphysical consolations.  Like Goethe's Faust, humans must incorporate their devil and evolve "beyond good and evil."  That probably has something to do with avoiding the imponderables.

Fractals: A modern mathematical theory that radically departs from traditional Euclidean geometry, fractal geometry describes objects that are self-similar, or scale symmetric.  This means that when such objects are magnified, their parts are seen to bear an exact resemblance to the whole, the likeness continuing with the parts of the parts and so on to infinity.  Fractals, as these shapes are called, also must be devoid of translational symmetry--that is, the smoothness associated with Euclidean lines, planes, and spheres.  Instead a rough, jagged quality is maintained at every scale at which an object can be examined.  The nature of fractals is reflected in the word itself, coined by mathematician Benoit B. Mandelbrot from the Latin verb frangere, "to break," and the related adjective fractus, "irregular and fragmented."
"Using the equations you can write poetry, verse that corresponds to the dimensions of the Wyrm itself.": More reality-warping verse; kind of like html for the real world.

"Yippie ay-ai, toerag," Ace grinned, wiping tears on to her sleeve.  "It's a good day to die.": In the Die Hard movies, Bruce Willis' catchphrase as John McClane was "Yippie ky-yay, motherfucker!", based on some obscure reference to Roy Rogers the singing cowboy.  "It's a good day to die" seems to be derived from Worf's catchphrase from Star Trek: The Next Generation.   Actually, the Klingons nicked it from Sitting Bull

The third Doctor was standing on the battlements of a proud fortress, simple designs covering its wall.  He stood alone, his hands on his hips, staring out for the first sign of attack.  He had no need of soldiers: Very reminiscent of the Third Doctor's strategy from 'The Time Warrior', when he defended a castle against Irongron's men with a skeleton garrison and smoke-bombs.
The Librarian: The First Doctor.

Emily is reliving crucial points in the Doctor's life from his various points of view:
    (First Doctor) Such impertinence these humans had, bursting in like this!  And at such a crucial time!  Why, their presence could mean so much.  Yes, perhaps it was for the best - (Second Doctor) after all, my goodness, there were some horrible things in this universe, things that wouldn't ever be nice to anybody, my word!  Humans did get in a pickle sometimes and (Third Doctor) it was dashed uncomfortable being stuck on one planet with them.  It was really quite intolerable, and here was the Minister, on the phone again!  It was like some ridiculous cocktail party... (Fourth Doctor) well, I always did like a party, but if I was holding one I'm sure I wouldn't be invited.  Silly sort of things, humans, you know, short life spans, far too few limbs, but still, still! (Fifth Doctor) There's something rather charming about them, I think.  Absolutely.  They're very good company in difficult circumstances and I wouldn't have it any other way.  Trying sometimes, but in general, I think they're absolutely splendid! (Sixth Doctor) Splendid?  Splendid?  I have always found them to be trivial, annoying and unfortunately ubiquitous!  I can take them or leave them, preferably the latter.  (Seventh Doctor) Yes, take them, look after them, use them in games of skill or chance.  That's what they say, isn't it?  Doctor, heal thyself!"

11: Sympathy For The Doctor: Based on the idea No Sympathy for the Devil, which is probably a fragment of some old proverb. Via the Rolling Stones, obviously.
"Five of his previous selves are here." That's not inclusive, otherwise it would be a reference to the five Doctor actors who were alive at the time the book was published.  We've met all the Doctors here except for the Second.
"When the second Doctor visited the Doctor in dreams, I was there, gaining ground.": The Second Doctor appeared in cameos in 'Timewyrm: Apocalypse'.

"Give me a sword.": Ace was a sword-bearer in 'Battlefield', when she implausibly rescued Excalibur and looked just like the Lady of the Lake.
"He is only an idea in his own head now...": A contradiction which is fundamental to the book.

Out of the material of the stormy plain, creatures were forming.  Daleks and UNIT soldiers, Time Lords and the horrific dead companions that Ace had witnessed earlier: The sudden appearence of these conceptual foes is a spooky precursor of 'Dimensions In Time', in which an entire fanclub's worth of people dressed up in random Doctor Who monsters' costumes of variable quality and justification and sneered at the Doctor at the end of Part One.

12: Cruciform Blues:
When I am dead, I hope it may be said: his sins were scarlet, but his books were read: (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Hilaire Belloc. And I'm obviously a philistine, because I can't remember having read any of his books, only a series of Cautionary Tales in verse.

"I was aware that I was being controlled in my sleep.": The Timewyrm took control of the Doctor as he slept, whenever he slept, and estimates of how much and how often and why vary greatly, and used him and the TARDIS to set up this book by rescuing Hemmings from the BFK headquarters and kidnapping Chad Boyle.
In the corner stood an ancient, bearded figure, one eye blazing out from under a dark hood: Hermit!  Hermit!

"It is a cuckoo in your nest.": Cuckold derives from cuckoo.

Corporal Higgins: I don't remember a UNIT soldier named Corporal Higgins, but in The Goon Show 'The Great Bank Robbery' Henry Crun named his bank after his dear daddy Lance Corporal Higgins.  A long shot, I know, but I thought I'd mention it.   A bloody long shot!  Sometimes I invent names too!

"We're like the characters in a book he's continually rewriting.": Like Bernice rewriting her diary with post-it notes.
"Well, if this is a book, it's a severely strange one.": In The Discontinuity Guide to the New Adventures, this one deserves a spot in the double entendres section.
"The company will be pretty dangerous."  "That's okay," Ace shouted back.  "I used to go for the drinks at the Brixton Academy.": A London nightclub.
free climbing: Climbing without a rope.
Once, she hailed something that seemed to assume a flying shape, but all that came back was a strange, laughing echo:

a bit of Berlin in the 1930s, fighting the fascists, or Paris in the 1880s, flirting and plotting with everyone she'd ever fancied: Well, Ace did 1930s Berlin in 'Timewyrm: Exodus', and she eventually does Paris in the 19th Century a couple of times.  Count Sorin's time is probably early 19th Century or so.  She visits a famous Paris cemetary in the 20th Century at the beginning of 'The Death of Art'.  In 'Set Piece' she fights her way through the massacre at the end of the Paris Commune of 1871.  All certain near misses.
Getting closer to her destination, Ace counted three figures, gathered around a cauldron.  A certain suspicion, drawn from English Lit. and a dozen comedy sketches, made her know what to expect: The Wierd Sisters, from Shakespeare's 'Macbeth', Act 1.  The only comedy sketch I've seen them sent up in was in that first episode of Blackadder, although there's meat there for tons more.

"Come here, child," murmured the mature woman, her voice full of vaguely North Country experience:
"It is the omphalos, child, the world tree,": Delphi, located in Phocis, Greece, was a sacred city to the ancient Greeks. It was called the omphalos (navel or center) of the Earth, and this was designated by a large, rounded, conical stone, which was also called the omphalos. Delphi was sacred to Apollo, the god of prophecy and patron of philosophy and the arts, whose famous temple and prophetic shrine were there. The temple within the surrounding sanctuary was the home of the famous Delphic Oracle. Consulted by Oedipus, Socrates, and other well-known ancient figures, it gave its messages in such ambiguous ways that it could seldom be proven wrong.
The Tree of Life was mythically planted by one of Adam's sons, according to the Legend of the Cross, which says that Jesus was crucified with wood from the Tree.  There are more world tree myths, for example that of the Great Ash Tree from Norse mythology.
Ace looked up to see that a stout, well-constructed brick road was now visible, leading off into the distance: The yellow brick road?
"We are the Doctor's female self, the principles of maiden, mother and crone,": Joseph Campbell, 1904-1987, was the author of The Masks of God (1959-67), an influential 4-volume study of comparative mythology.  Campbell was a distinguished scholar known for his Jungian interpretations of folklore, dreams, and the role of myth in the human imagination.  His other books include The Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949).  I learned about Campbell's archetypal hero myths in grade 10.  He set out three female roles in the archetypal hero myth: those of maiden, mother and crone.

She was just the same as she'd always been, voice trembling with emotion she couldn't show, full of explanations that her daughter would never hear: Typical characterisation of Audrey, Ace's mum.
"Ashes to ashes," she muttered.  "Dust to dust.": Funeral thing to say, as the Doctor did for the Hand of Omega in 'Remembrance of the Daleks'.
Ian Brown beckoning her to a curtained four-poster ("Come on, naff or what?"): (Text submitted by Rich Black)  strange and controversial lead singer with the Stone Roses. Now solo artist. (Text submitted by Urac Daria 'Ratbat' Sigma) Ian Brown was the lead singer of a band called the Stone Roses (who originated in Manchester, and are referred to later in the piece on p95 - there, see, more rose imagery). Ace obviously finds him attractive... [ahem] At the time this book went out, toe-sucking might also have been more in the public eye due to Sarah Ferguson getting caught having her toes sucked. I mean, she didn't invent it or nothing, but the fact that it was all over the TV and newspapers has to count for something... (assuming I've got the year right) Also check p.70.
the Cheetah People calling her to come and join the wild hunt: 'Survival'.
A gigantic ash: Commander Millington from 'The Curse of Fenric' referred to the world tree of Norse mythology as the Great Ash Tree.  The Norse Gods endowed two tree trunks with the qualities of wit, breath, hearing, vision, and so on.  These tree trunks are the archetypes of the human race;  the man is Askr (an ash tree) and the woman, Embla (a creeper).  They next build Asgard, the abode of the gods.  Snorri Sturluson, the 13th-Century Icelandic historian and poet who set a great deal of Norse mythology to verse, describes in other versions how a great tree, Yggdrasil, the tree of fate, arises in the center of the world.  Beneath the tree is the well of fate, which is described as feminine in form;  the course of human life is decided here.  In some versions, the council of the gods is convened around the tree.  The tree is supported by three roots;  one of these roots stretches to the underworld (Hel), another to the world of the frost-giants, and the last one to the world of human beings.  The welfare of the entire world is dependent on the primordial tree, Yggdrasil.

And there was somebody tied to the thing: The Fifth Doctor crucified.  In comparison with the other Doctors, the Fifth seems to be the most decent, polite and troubled.  So maybe he's the Jesus of the bunch.
A wound had been inflicted on him, a great incision in his side, and round his throat were the burn marks of savage strangulation: Sort of like stigmata, but I don't know what could have cause the strangulation; the Fifth Doctor was never hanged, although he was threatened with decapitation a few times. This is the traditional threefold death inflicted on Celtic sacrifice
victims, Odin, and, as we can see in hints in the gospels, Christ.
Above the man, the three runes that Ace had recognized as the Doctor's signature were carved on the tree, brought together as one sign: Once again, ASCII fails me.
      \\ ||
        || \\
In front of the tree grew a flower: The Sarlain.  Why is it growing here?  Perhaps because at this point the Doctor knows humility, unlike the First and Seventh. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) Perhaps it's significant that, while the other Doctors are searching for the Sarlain and whatever it symbolises, the one Doctor who knows where it is can't reach it.

Sliding down the trunk came the thick trunk of a gleaming metal snake, it (sic) eyes flashing with dark intelligence: The serpent in this Garden of Eden.

"Go on!" the bully chided.  "Use your sword!  Try and take my life!": Boyle chiding the Doctor about his earlier line from 'Battlefield'.

"Sometimes I wonder if I'm just a pawn in some vaster game.": The Sarlain has been found, giving the Doctor a revelation; the buck doesn't stop here.

"I'd say brave heart - " he glanced at Ace and smiled a lovely, honest smile, which faded into a strange sort of puzzled frown.  "But I think you have one anyway.": The Fifth Doctor used to say that to Tegan a lot.

This was so far beyond his understanding that he might as well have been one of the ants that infested the canteen at Jodrell Bank: Jodrell Bank is the large radio-telescope that appeared as the Pharos Project in 'Logopolis'.  Maybe they do have an ant problem. They did then.

    "Long ago," began the Doctor, "when even Gallifrey was young, the peoples of that planet fought amongst themselves.  They used what they knew of time travel to gain advantage on their enemies.  In doing so, they saw many strange and awful things.  One mad prophet martyr journeyed too far and saw the Timewyrm."  Peter realized that the Doctor was reciting, remembering some ancient text.  Or was he describing his own memories?  It was hard to tell.  "He saw it in a timeline that he could not be sure of, devouring Rassilon or his shade, during the Blue Shift, that time of final conflict, when Fenric shall slip its chains and all the evil of the worlds shall rebound back on them in war.  For the Timewyrn is the Addanc, the wyrm that circles the cosmos, it is sleeping and it wakes, it is good and evil, choice made carnate."
    The Doctor paused, slipping back into his own explanation.  "The Timewyrm is something that the Time Lords have always expected.  Some of us were sufficiently convinced by the legends to prepare.  Long ago.  Its appearence now means that the end cannot be very far away."
    "The end of the universe?" queried Saul.  "The day of judgement?"
    " time of darkness.  Don't worry.  The Gallifreyan concept of a near time is much vaster than yours."
    "Well, that's all right then," muttered Emily: The Grolier doesn't mention the Addanc, but here the Timewyrm is clearly Ouroborous, the universe snake that eats its own tail.  Besides the Red Dwarf episode 'Ouroborous', mobius strips and klein bottles got mentioned in the Audio Visual 'Mythos' along with Ouroborous. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) There's an Addanc in Celtic/Arthurian legend, a lake monster slain by Peredur, but there doesn't appear to be any connection apart from the name.
That Adanc doesn't just live in a lake, it encircles the universe underwater.
"Is the end so preordained?": In 'Inferno', the Third Doctor thought that he'd found free will.  If the Timewyrm was in control of the alternate dimension, he might have been fooled.
"That's her dihenydd, as the Welsh would say.  I've fought her more often than she knows, already defeated her, already lost to her, chased her round the walls of Troy, been chased by her through the caverns of Nessanhudd.": I think it was Achilles that chased Hector around the walls of Troy. (Text submitted by Urac Daria 'Ratbat' Sigma) Someone once told me this word means like your ultimate destiny - as in, after you've finished being alive and everything.

The Doctor was walking widdershins around the TARDIS console: (Text submitted by Chris Burnside) Widdershins  http://www.spots.ab.ca/~cogcoa/dictionary.html#w
anticlockwise in witchy talk.
"Dorothy wanted to go home.  The Scarecrow needed a brain.  The Tin Man needed a heart.  And the Cowardly Lion, he needed courage.  Each found that the quest wasn't in the adventure, but in themselves.  They discovered that what they seeked to find was meaningless, that the only thing worth having was inside.": Well, I need only direct you to The Wizard of Oz.
"Ah well, alea jacta est!": Ever read Asterix comics?  That old pirate was always saying that as Asterix and Obelix were sinking the pirate ship.  It's Latin, and I'd give worlds to know what it means.  "It's all over", at a guess. (Text submitted by Chris Burnside) Well as a partway hint, alea -ae f. [a game of dice , game of hazard]; hence [chance, risk, uncertainty].
  jaceo-ere-ui : to stand (that which is stated).
  jacio : to cast.
  jactantia : ostentation, bragging.
  jactito : boast.
  jaculum : dart, javelin.
  jaculum : dart, javelin.
  jaculum : dart.
(Text submitted by Paul Andinach) "The dice have been thrown."  More loosely, "I've made my choice; there's no going back now."  Julius Caesar said it first, on some famous occasion.
"The dice have been thrown."  More loosely, "I've made my choice; there's no going back now."  Exactly.
The Doctor assumed a perfect lotus on the floor of the console room, his hands forming a tantric meditation posture: Look up Buddhist things.

13: Total Eclipse: Named for the Pink Floyd song from The Dark Side of the Moon, or that other pop song "Total Eclipse of the Heart"?  Maybe, but only by proxy: the main reference is to Paul's earlier short story from Queen Bat, upon which this book is based.
A seeker of silences am I, and what treasure have I found in silences that I may dispense with confidence?: My catchphrase, from The Prophet by Kahlil Gibran.
The Timewyrm guffawed: Uncharacteristically.

A for/next loop as she rationalised it: Part of one of those computer program logic diagrams? (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) A for/next loop is a section of the program that repeats itself a set number of times before going on to the next bit.
"No, they probably wouldn't appreciate a quick burst on the spoons...": Sylvester McCoy is a demon spoons player.  He may have broken them out in 'The Greatest Show in the Galaxy' or 'Delta and the Bannermen', I don't know.  Sylvester got them out to accompany an arrangement of the Doctor Who theme for that square CD (and justly so) Variations on a Theme, or something.  Anneke Wills tells an interesting anecdote about the TV Movie wrap party in Vancouver involving Sylvester, some alcohol, the spoons and a very large, threatening man.  Don't worry, it doesn't involve violence. (Text submitted by Paul Andinach) He does a bit of spoon-playing in 'Time and the Rani', and I think also in 'The Happiness Patrol'.
It was like the few seconds before kickoff: Just before the ball drops, and the tension's very high.  Face-off is the same thing in hockey, except hockey's crazy.

vast metal lami:

pinprick galaxies: In 'The Two Doctors' the Sixth Doctor mentioned pin galaxies that exist on the subatomic level, and have lifetimes of only about one attosecond.

It was what cats howled at on August nights, what the Kurylie traced across the skies of their dreamtime: Aboriginal tribe from the Melbourne area.

Trelaw, though he would not later confess it, swore he heard a voice, a voice old and terrible, echoing down the corricors from a time before time itself: God, perhaps.

"I must write a paper for the Royal Society,": Great Britain's Royal Society is one of the world's oldest and most prestigious scientific associations.  The society had its origins about 1645 when a club of learned figures, using the name "Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge," initiated a series of gatherings at Gresham College, London, to exchange information.  Granted charters from Charles II in 1662 and 1663 as the Royal Society, it has thereafter advised the British government on scientific matters in a semiofficial capacity.

"So let me grasp the rose that grows inside under the surface," he yelled.  "Allow me strength and not to hide, Or give me a friend who seeks the lie..." With a great effort he grasped the baby in Trelaw's arms and pressed his forehead to its.  "And let my mind do no more fighting!":

It's not where you're from, it's where you're at: Or who you know? (Text submitted by Rich Black)  words of wisdom from Ian Brown.

"Hello," he said finally.  "I'm the Doctor.  And this is my friend Ace.": The Doctor's always saying that.  Substitute Bernice or Sam for Ace where applicable.
'The Holly and the Ivy': A Christmas carol.
The Doctor was filling one leg of her tights with apples and oranges: That's become a tradition since back in the old days when fresh fruit was a real novelty.  In December, it still is more expensive than at other times of year.

It might have been a man's voice on the other end of the line, or it might not.  Ace had put the phone down again before she heard more than a syllable: We're not sure about the status of Ace's father.  Authors have disagreed on it.

They broke into a genetics lab in the twenty-second century, and stole a female baby, grown artificially, to leave her a mindless husk.  This, the Doctor had told Ace, was so the doctors involved could experiment on her with a clear conscience: Similar things went on in the 21st Century, like with the Ubersoldaten and Kadiatu.
Ladbroke Grove hypertube station: Virgin Books (and maybe the NME, I don't know) are based on Ladbroke Grove in West London. Just Virgin.

"I remember now, I heard about Chad Boyle from Midge a long way back.  His family moved up to Barnet before he reached Seniors, and he went on to be editor of a local paper.": He's briefly mentioned in a soon-to-follow book because out of the blue he suddenly sends all of his old friends from Perivale Christmas cards.  And this is Christmas.
Greenwich Park shone white above London's grey towers: Greenwich Park, home of the Prime Meridian.
The TARDIS had become increasingly difficult to control.  Ace hardly dared to ask about the night-time scratching at her door: Foreshadowing for the Cat's Cradle series: the TARDIS partially breaks down, and its warnings are personified in a mysterious silver cat.
"1976," answered the Doctor.  "And no, you can't go and tell Sid Vicious to be more careful.  He wouldn't listen, anyway.": 1976 was during the cult popularity of punk rock.  Sid Vicious was the second guy to play bass for the Sex Pistols.  He didn't play in the recordings for their first and, well, really their only album, Never Mind the Bollocks.  I can't remember the name of the other guy.  Nor can I remember Sid's real name.  Anyway, Sid played with the Sex Pistols after that, and did the American tour with them.  But Sid was an idiot and a heroin addict.  He was on rehab, but then his wife Nancy was murdered under mysterious circumstances and Sid OD'd and died before the police could question him.  There's a movie about him starring Gary Oldman, Sid & Nancy.  Sid was cremated, but as his mum was preparing to fly his urn back home she dropped it and his ashes got sucked into the airport air conditioning.
Perhaps you should read 'No Future', if you haven't already.
(Text submitted by Urac Daria 'Ratbat' Sigma) More on Sid Vicious: His real name was John Simon Ritchie. One of the things not often known about Nancy's death is that she wasn't actually stabbed to death, at least not in the conventional sense - the actual wound, under normal circumstances, likely wouldn't have killed her - but she was a haemophiliac, and had bled to death.  A haemophiliac heroin addict married to a heroin addict bassist in a punk rock band who kills her... these characters practically walked right out of 'Goth Opera'...
(Text submitted by Paul Andinach) You think that *now*, wait until you've read Andy Warhol's Dracula

"Old friends are like old china.": Cockney rhyming slang from Part One of 'The Power of the Daleks': china, china and plate, mate, friend. (Text submitted by Urac Daria 'Ratbat' Sigma) - it's just an expression, it's not really exclusive to 'The Power of the Daleks' or anything...  I know, that is legitimate cockney rhyming slang.  It's a set of secret phrases which have been embellished and added to over time.  It's lost its original purpose; it was originally a code East Londoners used to keep secrets from outsiders or police.  Now it's got a bit silly, not to mention more popular, as codes for words such as "Bristol City" can jokingly attest.
They walked off, beginning a conversation about Newton's rose garden, and the Doctor's lack of belief in the I Ching, all sorts of things: Isaac Newton, that is, and not his apple orchard.  And the Doctor doesn't believe in the I Ching unlike the Timewyrm thought, which has an effect on what the Doctor really thinks about free will.

Long ago in an English winter: Four of Paul Cornell's early books form a sort of an informal 'seasons' cycle.  'Timewyrm: Revelation' ends with "long ago in an English winter", 'Love and War' ends with "long ago in an English autumn", 'No Future' ends with "long ago in an English summer', and 'Human Nature' ends with "long ago in an English spring".  Any particular reason?  I don't know.  (Text submitted by Urac Daria 'Ratbat' Sigma)..and then 'Happy Endings' closes with "And a love for all seasons".  And a song and dance routine.


Copyright  Eric Briggs 1999