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PERIOD since 1936 -- CHRONOLOGY 6

The 1930s
  • 13 October 1936: H.G.Wells, as president of the International PEN Club, sends a telegram to the Spanish authorities expressing anxiety about the fate of the poet. He receives the laconic answer that the authorities are unaware of his whereabouts are unknown.

  • October 1936: Antonio Machado, , El crimen fue en Granada

  • : Investigation by Pelman

  • July 1937: : homage at the Second International Congress of Writers in Valencia

  • April 1939: : Defeat of the Republic; end of Civil War.

  • 27 May 1939: in a Times Literary Supplement review of “Poems” translated by Stephen Spender and J.L. Gili: “Everyone probably now agrees that he was one of the greatest poets of this century”.

    The 1940s

  • June 1940: : Poeta en Nueva York published in Mexico

  • Jul – Oct 1940: Divan del Tamarit published in New York

  • 29. Aug 1940: Family arrive in New York, where his father, Federico García Rodríguez dies (30 Sep. 1946).

  • 1942: His brother Paco marries Laura de los Ríos, daughter of Fernando de los Ríos († 31 May 1949 in New York).

  • 1945: First performance of Bodas de Sangre by Margarita Xirgú’s theatre company in Buenos Aires

  • 1948: French Lorca scholar Claude Couffon begins his investigations; the hostile reaction to an article he writes for Figaro 18.8.51 prompts him to publish a follow-up 2 yrs later.

  • 1948: Spain excluded from Marshall Aid

  • 1949: British writer Gerald Brennan seeks out the grave of FGL

    The 1950s

  • 1950: La casa de Bernarda Alba: the first of his plays to be put on in post-Republic Spain – by a minor theatre group La Carátula and “amid general press silence”.

  • 19 August 1951: Lorca’s family return from New York to Spain to their flat in Madrid

  • Sept 1953: Madrid Pact: Franco agrees to American military bases in exchange for economic and military aid

  • 1953: Berlanga & Bardem’s film “Bienvenido Mr Marshall”.

  • 1955-September 1956: Agustín Penón researches Lorca’s life and death in Granada

  • Dec 1955: Previously excluded, Spain is now allowed to join the United Nations Organisation.

  • April 1956: Manuel Fernández Montesinos, the poet’s nephew, is arrested and charged with spreading illegal propaganda. In January 1957 he is released from prison and later that year (October) packed off to Germany to continue his studies (and keep him out of trouble, one supposes).

  • 9 April 1958: His mother Vicenta Lorca dies

  • Dec 1959: US President Eisenhower meets General Franco in Madrid; confirming the dictator’s acceptance in the (western) international community.

    The 1960s

  • 10 October 1962: José Tamayo directs the first performance of Bodas de Sangre in Spain after the poet’s death. Decorations by José Caballero.

  • 1962: A compilation of Claude Couffon articles published; in Spanish, 1964.
    Spain applies to European Economic Community (EEC) to start negotiations for association. (Offered preferential status in 1970.)

  • 1963: La casa de Bernarda Alba produced for the commercial stage by Juan Antonio Bardem.

  • 1965: Ian Gibson starts research for a thesis on Lorca’s poetry and is sidetracked by the mystery surrounding his death.

  • 1967: Marie Laffranque. Les idées esthétiques de Federico Garcia Lorca, published in Paris.

  • 13-16 May 1968: Homage to FGL at the University of Granada: local poets Juan de Loxa; Rafael Guillén, and Elena Martín Vivaldi take part.

    The 1970s

  • 1971: Ian Gibson. La represión nacionalista de Granada en 1936 y la muerte de Federico García Lorca, published in Paris.

  • 1972: UNESCO homage to FGL in Paris

  • March-Apr 1975: The local newspaper Ideal publishes a series interviews with Gerald Brennan, Angelina Cordobilla, José Luis Vila-San-Juan and Antonia Rodrigo under the title “conversations about the death of García Lorca”

  • 1975: The Huerta de San Vicente, the family’s summer home in Granada, is threatened with demolition by a city plan to build a major exit road through it. Francisco Garcia Lorca (brother; †1 May 1975 in Madrid) sends telegram of protest to the Mayor of Granada.
    The Planeta publishing house awards the prize Espejo de España to José Luis Vila-San-Juan for his book García Lorca asesinado: todo la verdad. Nevertheless, Brenan, Couffon, Lafranque and Gibson all remain banned.

  • 20 November 1975: Franco dies.

  • February 76: The second meeting of what is now called “the committee of 33”, made up of intellectuals, poets, and artists, decides to hold the tribute not, as originally planned, on the 40th anniversary of Lorca’s death, but on 78th of his birth. The first meeting had taken place in the Hotel Victoria café at the end of December 1975, attended by Antonio Rodelas (anarquist poet), Martín Altozano (anarchist Law student), José García Ladrón de Guevara (poet, linked to PSP of Tierno Galván), Rafael Fdez Piñar (Law student), Antonio Ramos Espejo (journalist). The initiative had been introduced by Antonio Rodelas at a meeting of the Peña> of Realejo (a historic district of Granada) on 7 October 1975.

  • 5. June 1976: El cinco a las cinco (At five on the fifth): Homage to Lorca in Fuente Vaqueros. The organisers are allowed just 30 minutes to pay homage to the poet by means of tributes from José Ladrón de Guevara, Aurora Bautista, Nuria Espert, Manuel Fernández Montesinos, José Agustín Goytisolo and Blas de Otero (five minutes each). They overrun. The microphones are cut off after 36 minutes and the meeting broken up.

  • September 1976: Angel Facio’s Casa de Bernard Alba opens in the Teatro Eslava, Madrid.

  • 1976: El Público published in Oxford; in Barcelona 1978.

  • June 1977: General Elections in Spain

  • 6 December 1978: Spanish Constitution approved by referendum.

  • 1978: El público performed in Puerto Rico.

  • 1979: The Diputation of Granada opens an investigation to determine the exact burial place of Lorca’s body. Their conclusions coincide with Gibson’s.

    The 1980s

  • 24 February 1981: Lieutent Colonel Antonio Tejero’s attempted coup fails.

  • October 1982: The Socialist Workers’ Party of Spain (PSOE) win an absolute majority; they maintain power till 1996.

  • 1983: Publication of: Eduardo Molina Fajardo. Los últimos días de García Lorca

  • 17 March 1984: first authorised publication of Sonetos del amor oscuro.

  • 1985: First volume of Ian Gibson’s Federico Garcia Lorca: A Life. Second volume published 1987.
    Bodas de Sangre is staged again, directed by José Luis Gómez, for the first time since José Tamayo’s 1962/3 tour. This time the critical response is completely enthusiastic.

  • 1 Jan 1986: Spain joins EEC.

  • 1986: Garcia Lorca Park inaugurated in Viznar.

  • 4 June 1986: Lorca’s birthplace in Fuente Vaqueros opened to the public for the first time. (Regular visits from 29 July.)

  • December 1986: José Luis Gómez’s Bodas de Sangre becomes the first televised broadcast of the play.

  • 1987: official world première of El Público directed by Lluis Pascual

    The 1990s

  • 1995: The Huerta de San Vicente is opened to the public.

  • 1998: Centenary Year
    16 January: the King and Queen visit Fuente Vaqueros; attend the inaugural concert in the Manuel de Falla Auditorium in Granada.
    25-29 May: Federico García Lorca: Clásico Moderno (1998-1998) International Conference at the University of Granada.
    5 June: Centenary birthday concert in Fuente Vaqueros cancelled because of rain.
    23 June: Exhibition: Federico García Lorca (1898-1936) opens in Madrid.
    23 October – 29 november 1998: Exhibition Federico García Lorca y Granada at the Cultural Centre, Gran Capitán, Granada.

    The Twenty-first Century

  • 21 February 2004: Agreement is reached to go ahead with the plans to build a Centro Federico García Lorca to house the Lorca legacy in Granada, in accordance with the wishes of the family. (At present, the legacy is kept at theResidencia de estudiantes in Madrid.)

  • June 2006: The thirtieth anniversary of that first public homage (el cinco a las 5) is celebrated in Fuente Vaqueros. The organisers of the original homage were guests of honour. This homage, in contrast to those precious thirty minutes permitted in 1976, went on well beyond midnight and featured the Granada-born and bred flamenco artists Enrique Morente and his daughter Estrella.

  • 12 September 2008: Nieves Galindo, granddaughter of Dióscoro Galindo, shot and buried alongside the poet, hands in an official request for the exhumation of the common grave

  • 16 October 2008: High Court judge Baltasar Garzón announces that he will investigate the disappearance of victims of the Franco regime, and orders the exhumation of nineteen located unmarked graves, including the one where Dióscoro Galindo (and Lorca) was buried

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