General Information about Borneo Red Tide

 

        First bloom in Sabah, Malaysia (Balambangan Island) in 1976

        Covered from Sabah to Brunei

        Started in Jan-Feb, peak in Mar-Apr, ended in May

        Most affected area

o       Kota Marudu

o       Kota Belud

o       Sepangar Island

o       Kota Kinabalu

o       Kuala Penyu

o       Binsuluk

o       Sipitang

        Pyrodinium bahamense var. compressum

        Research by Usup et al. at Kimanis Bay to Usukan Bay

o       2 out break per year, coincide with the onset of monsoon

         Jun-Jul

         Dec-Jan

        Study at Kuala Penyu found Pyrodinium cell present throughout the whole year

o       2 bloom per year

         May-June

         Sep-Oct

        Bloom when sunny weather, good light, and calm sea

 

 

Reference:

 

Azanza and Taylor, 2001. Are Pyrodinium blooms in the Southeast Asian region recurring and spreading? A view at the end of the millennium. Ambio, vol. 30 No. 6, Sept. 2001.

 

 

 

Reference for Remote sensing and Red Tide in Borneo

 

 

SeaWiFS Observation of Chlorophyll Distribution in Regional Sea, by Shen et al. 2001.

http://www.crisp.nus.edu.sg/~acrs2001/pdf/224shen.pdf

 

Red tide monitoring in Malaysia: Using SPOT 5 data in detecting bloom Eve by Nordin and Anton, 2003. Workshop on Red Tide Monitoring in Asian Coastal Waters, March 10-12, 2003.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan.

 

Status of HAB and potential remote sensing application in detection of HAB events in Malaysia water by P. T. Lim, C. P. Leaw, G. Usup, 2003. Workshop on Red Tide Monitoring in Asian Coastal Waters, March 10-12, 2003.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan.