to Spread Islam,
The Religion With Allah,
as presented by Prophet Muhammad
and his Ahlulbayt.
|We Should Work On Unitarians b/c They believe in the Unity Of God|
is a form of Christianity that asserts that God is one person, the
Father, rather than three persons in one, as the doctrine of the Trinity
holds. A number of religious groups in Transylvania, Poland, Great
Britain, and North America have been designated as Unitarian because of
this belief. It has not been their only distinguishing mark, however,
and at times not even the most important one. As significant has been
their confidence in the reasoning and moral abilities of people--in
contrast to traditions that emphasize original sin and human
depravity--and an avoidance of dogma.
Unitarianism dates to the period of the Protestant Reformation. A
Unitarian movement has existed in Transylvania since the 1560s, when the
leader was Francis David (1510-79). In Poland, Unitarianism flourished
for a hundred years as the Minor Reformed Church until persecution
forced (1660) its adherents into exile. The key figure in the Polish
movement was Faustus Socinus (1539-1604; see Socinianism). Isolated
individual unitarians lived in England in the 1600s, most notably John
Biddle, but Unitarianism developed as a formal movement in the 1700s,
partly within the Church of England but mainly in dissenting circles.
America the religious liberalism that came to be known as Unitarianism
appeared within the congregational churches in Massachusetts as a
reaction against the revivalism of the Great Awakening (1740-43). The
election (1805) of Henry Ware as Hollis Professor of Divinity at Harvard
University touched off a controversy, as a result of which the liberals
became a separate denomination. The sermon (1819) entitled
"Unitarian Christianity" by William Ellery Channing was an
influential statement of their beliefs.
1838, a divinity school address by Ralph Waldo Emerson declared that
religious truth should be based on the authority of inner consciousness,
not on external historical proofs. More conservative Unitarians were
critical of Emerson and his followers, known as transcendentalists,
fearing that such subjectivism would destroy the claim of Christianity
to be a divinely revealed religion. Since the controversy over
transcendentalism, some within the denomination have always felt it
important to maintain continuity with the Christian tradition, whereas
others have found Christianity to be intellectually limited and
1961 the Unitarians merged with the Universalists in the Unitarian
Universalist Association, uniting two denominations with roughly
parallel histories and a similar tradition of religious liberalism.
Howe, Daniel, The Unitarian Conscience (1970; repr. 1988); Robinson,
David, The Unitarians and the Universalists (1985); Wilbur, Earl Morse,
A History of Unitarianism, 2 vols. (1945, 1952); Wright, Conrad, The
Beginnings of Unitarianism in America (1955; repr. 1976) and, as ed.,
American Unitarianism (1989).
1997 Grolier, Inc.
believe in the unity of God, rather than in the doctrine of the Trinity
as found in the historic creeds of the Christian church. In addition, the term Unitarians extends to religious groups
dating from the 1500's to the present who not only rejected the doctrine
of the Trinity, but also rejected creeds as the basis for religious
Henry Warner Bowden, Ph.D., Prof. of Religion, Rutgers The State Univ.
of New Jersey.
Robinson, David. The
Unitarians and the Universalists. Greenwood,
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